Anti-aircraft gun-missile system close deeds Armour-C1 96K6

IRC "Patsir-C1 'is a development project IRC" Tunguska-M. " Outside air defense systems are of great similarity, but is designed to perform various tasks. IRC "Patsir-C1" is designed for the air defense of fundamental and strategic facilities.

The first development to create anti-aircraft complex being conducted as per the order of the Union on Russian air defense OCD "Roman" from the middle of 1990. Cannon and anti-aircraft missile complex has been proposed as a close system acts to cover all armed formations and complexes S-300/S-300V. Little later, his offer NE, Navy, Navy. When designing a system close deeds were used materials of the "Tunguska-M" 2K22M.

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

The first model of the new complex, under the title "Roman" (Shell-C1) was ready by 1994. Next year, for the first time shown at the MAKS-1995. Because of the hideous financing package was not purchased by the customer. Acceptable funding for the project began in 2000 — the financing made the UAE. By 2005, the main customer of anti-aircraft gun-missile system "Armour-C1 'is the Russian Air Force. On this day, the need for a similar complex is estimated to be 100 units. The main set of tests conducted in 2006 07godah. Batch creation of a complex "Armour-C1" starts with 2007. It is the Tula factory "Shcheglovsky shaft" Since 2008, IRC "Armour-C1 'is used by the Armed Forces. In the same year, it was expected arrival of the first acts of the complexes close to the Russian Air Force.

First IRC DB "Armour-C1 'entered service in the amount of 10 units in the Russian Air Force in the spring of 2010. According to the available disk imaging 2015goda will be put on combat duty for another 10 complexes. By 2020 it is planned to provide Armed Forces Weave the IRC database "Armour-C1."

As part of the project "Armour-C1", according to the development of programs from ESZKV conducted subsequent development work to create a cross-species complexes:
— Redoubt;
— Carapace-SM;
— anti-aircraft gun-missile system;
— Carapace-C1;
— Gladiator.

Layouts, models, and built instances:
First layout — a set of "Roman" including:
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 2X4 9M311;
— cannon artillery weapons 2H30mm 2A72;
— Used chassis — Ural-5323-20;
— turbocharged diesel engine JAMZ-238B 300 HP;
— wheel formula — 8×8 with 2 front steering axles;
— the required load to 16 tons.

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

IRC DB "Armour-C1" — a basic version (model) consisting of:
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 57E6E 2×6;
— cannon artillery weapons by 2 2H30mm 2A38M;
— applicable chassis — MZKT-7930;
— wheel formula — 8×8 with 2 front steering axles;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

IRC DB "Armour-C1" — a basic version of the standard 2006-07 yy, including:
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 57E6E 2×6;
— cannon artillery weapons by 2 2H30mm 2A38M;
— applicable chassis — Kamaz-6560;
— wheel formula — 8×8;
— bulletproof armor cabin;
— 400 hp diesel engine;
— Speed 90 km / h;
— cruising range of 500 km.

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

ZRPK 96K6-1 or BM 72V6E, including:
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 57E6E 2×6;
— cannon artillery weapons by 2 2H30mm 2A38M;
— applicable chassis — like "Wax-1";

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

IRC DB "Armour-S1E" — export version for the UAE including:
— applicable Chassis — MAN-SX45

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

Draft version of the complex "Shell-C1" MAKS-2009 consists of:
— applicable chassis — MZKT-7930
— wheel formula — 8×8.

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

Serial ZRPK DB "Armour-C1" including:
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 57E6E 2×6;
— cannon artillery weapons by 2 2H30mm 2A38M;
— applicable chassis — Kamaz-6560;
— radar module SOC S-band;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

The export version of the DB as IRC
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 57E6E 2×6;
— cannon artillery weapons by 2 2H30mm 2A38M;
— applicable chassis — GM 352M1E;
— Formula wheels — tracked implementation;
— bulletproof armor;
— up to 70 km / h;
— cruising range of up to 600 km;
— optoelectronic station.

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

Track option IRC DB "Armour-C1" including:
— anti-aircraft armament Zour 57E6E 2×6;
— cannon artillery weap
ons by 2 2H30mm 2A38M;
— applicable chassis — GM 352M1E;
— Formula wheels — tracked implementation;
— Tracking radar (OEE).

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

The unit complex 96K6
Complex is created in a modular design that can be set to at least some chassis. The design of the complex consists of the following modules:
— module with weapons;
— tower plant;
— control module;
— SEP module

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

Module with arms carries for yourself missile and artillery armament:
— 12 bikalibernyh be controlled antiaircraft 2-stage rocket 57E6E with starting the engine (front stage), separable first line of motion of the flight. Marching step — warhead, contact and proximity fuzes, on-board equipment. Aerodynamic design rockets "duck." At launch, the rocket, and a few seconds achieves speed of 1300 m / s. Missile length 320 cm, weight of 74.5 kg, warhead weight of 20 kilograms. SAM 57E6E created to destroy airborne targets at a height of 5-15 meters and a distance of 000 km 1-20. Possibility of falling — 0.7-0.9. The response times set to 6 seconds. Provided by radio command-guided missiles;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

— two twin-caliber automatic guns 2A38M 30mm. Type of ammunition used — armor-piercing incendiary rounds. Guns are designed to defeat air targets at altitudes of up to 3 km and a distance of 4 km. The shells have a reference speed of 960 m / s. Rate 5 thousand guns height / min., At rate of early versions 2A72 height did not exceed 700 / min. Weight 842 grams of ammunition, shell weight 389 g. Guidance is carried out using data from the radar (PAR), or using infrared sighting device.

Tower plant is on a module for weapons, radar, electro-optical detection system, a radar unit SOC S-band navigation systems and drives weapons and equipment.

The control unit has control equipment, communications equipment and accessories. It houses the calculation of the combat vehicle — vehicle commander, gunner, operator.

Feature of the complex is the possibility of combining multichannel acquisition and tracking aerial targets with artvooruzheniya. "Armour-C1" can be used for firing at ground targets. To increase noise immunity SU SAM can change the frequency of the radiation with the highest rate of up to 3.5 thousand IMZ / s under the laws of randomness in a wide range. The complex has the ability to do combat missions in standalone mode or as part of subdivision (PVO). First layout could lead to fire only place. Follow-up, modernized versions (CS), have provided the opportunity to fire on the march.

Detection and tracking:
— radar with a phased antenna array cm-range 1RS1-1E;
— radar with phased array antennas cm and mm ranges 1RS2 and 1RS2-1E "Helmet" for maintenance of air targets and missile guidance;
— Optical self-position consisting of opto-electronic complex with a thermal long-wave receivers (IR-DF) for additional research purposes according to radar detection with the definition of the angular coordinates of objects and missiles. It is used at any time of the day;
— central computer system created for the digital processing of received signals and auto-tracking purposes. Once can be support on two goals by radar and optical-electronic channels. Providing shooting on goal with 2 missiles. The highest rate of capture of airborne targets up to 10 units per minute;
— Radar module SOC S-band is used for the detection, and auto-tracking purposes in the presence of active or passive interference detection and tracking range of 40 km. Immediately target tracking can be up to 40 units.

Ability to combat the introduction of the complex:
— single (stand-alone) to perform combat missions — detection, tracking, defeat the purposes of their own means, without verbovaniya additional funds;
— execution of combat missions in the battery — one of the complexes acts as a BM and MP immediately. Other complexes (3-5 units) connected to it for target designation and production Target shooting;
— execution of combat missions as part of battery with the standard manual — complexes are connected to the gearbox, which is responsible for the CO kozhdogo complex. IRC DB "Armour-C1 'lead Target fire;
— execution of combat missions as part of battery with the standard manual of early warning and radar — radar provides information on the CP, which processes it and outputs on the CO complexes to perform fire on targets;
— combat missions in automatic target indications on the outside as a single combat unit or a unit consisting of several MB.

Of the battery:
— 3-6 BM IRC DB "Armour-C1";
— control point (battery);
— 1-3 TRV based on machine 2 BM. TRV is made on the KamAZ-6560. Provided manipulators (crane type). Ammunition in store — 24 transport containers with missiles and artboekomplekty;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

— training and training equipment;
— facilities maintenance and repair in the composition of which comes MRTO (support vehicle);
— Machine options (alignment) systems and complexes IRC "Armour-C1."

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

Modification of the complex:
— IRC "Roman" — the first layout made on the chassis Ural-5323-20. Created in 1994;
— IRC 96K6 — production version, made on the KamAZ-6560. Created in 2005.
— IRC 30YU6 "Armour-C1-O" — remodernizirovanny option 96K6 "Armour-C1." No tracking radar, an optical system management tool.
— "Armour-C1 'of the hospital — a draft version of IRC without the chassis;
— IRC "Armour-S1E" — IRC 96K6 "Armour-C1 'export destination configured on the chassis MAN. Applied equipment of foreign manufacture. SAM — 9M311;
— IRC "Armour-2E" — a special model, developed in 2006. Tracking radar with advanced settings;
-IRC 96K6-1 "Armour-C1 '(BM 72V6E) — modification of the complex, made on the chassis" BAZ-6909-019 ";

— IRC "Shell-C1" with a radar unit SOC S-band. The layout of the complex according to the Defense Ministry TsKBA TK. Has successfully passed the tests in the middle of 2011.
— IRC "Armour-M" (Mace) — Ships modification of the complex. The development layout. It is expected, installation of the project on the aircraft carrier 11435, approximately 6-IRC. Installation is planned for the modernization of aircraft carrier.
— IRC "Armour-ME" — export version of the IRC "Armour-M".

Reporting dates:
— 2008 — taking into service in the Armed Forces;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

— 2010 — Russian Air Force receives 10 Th IRC "Armour-C1";

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

— 2010 — the manufacturer has received orders total cost of 2.5 billion dollars, which corresponds to a minimum of 175 units of IRC "Armour-C1";
— August 2012 — planned shooting complexes "Armour-C1" on Ashuluk range.
Export deliveries:
— Algeria — plans to deliver 38 systems by 2016;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

— Iran — perhaps is armed with 10 complexes "Armour-S1E";
— Morocco — made an order for 50 systems "Armour-S1E";
— UAE — of the 50 complexes for the time being put about 30 units. Expected closing of the order this year;

Anti-aircraft gun-missile short-range "Armour-C1 '96K6

— Oman — probably is armed with about 12 complexes "Shell-S1E."
— Syria — is armed with about 36 units of IRC "Armour-S1E." 22.06.2012, of the Syrian IRC "Armour-S1E" shot down a Turkish spy «RF-4E»;

The main properties ZRPK 96K6:
— Estimated price (export) — 13-14.7 million bucks;
— fighting weight — 20,000 pounds (depending on chassis);
— a crew — three people;
— translation into the firing position — less than 5-minute;
— complex reaction time — less than 6 seconds
— detection range of more than 36 km;
— support a range of 30 km;

Cannon Missiles:
two twin anti-aircraft machine 2A38M
— ammunition — 1400 rounds;
— range of effective destruction of up to 4 km;
— the rate of fire (total) — 5 thousand high / min;
— ammunition — armor-piercing incendiary;
12 be controlled anti-aircraft missiles 57E6-E
— execution — supersonic 2-stage solid-fuel;
— homing missiles — radio command;
— length of the rocket — 3.2 meters;
— flight speed max / average — 1300/700 m / s;
— destroys targets speed up to 1000 m / s;
— effective range of fire 1.2-20 km;
— target height of 15 km;
— -90/76 bikalibernaya caliber;
— weight — 74.5 kg;
— BB weight — 5.5 kg.

Additional Information:
In 2012, the open scientific conference and the Defense Ministry was announced RARAN assessment IRC "Armour-C1."
The main advantage of IRC DB "Armour-C1" — automatic operation.
The main drawbacks according to field tests:
— ability to fire small air targets, hovering and maneuvering with foreign exchange option 2-3 km;
— not proved the feasibility of target, hovering at speeds of 400 m / s and more than (TTC — 1000 m / s);
— to the highest range of fire is on air targets, flying at a speed of least 80 m / s;
— used bikalibernaya missile has a pointing error by intense maneuvering targets;
— There was no evidence the ability of the defeat of tactical missiles or their blocks;
— little ability pointing missiles;
— ineffective coordination of parts SAM;
— perceptible impact weather criterion for the detection range of air targets;
— overall properties and the complete lack of body armor does not allow the use of complex orders in the front cover your units;
— dimensions BM IRC DB "Armour-C1" do not allow it to move by train;
— the time required to transfer complex in the firing position exceeds 1.5 times the stated time.
— great time of shipment of ammunition with TRV (up to 30 minutes).
— there are no precise data on the safety of firing missiles;
— the existence of tipping capacity in the management of fire artvooruzheniya;
— dependence on imported hardware components;
— Tracked complex is almost 50 percent more wheel options

Round-up:
— in terms of cost-effectiveness "Armour-C1 'is the note;
— RL active agents cause unmasking of the complex;
— for the transfer of CEA complex on the Russian element base may be useful for more than 3 years;
— to the need for "Armour-C1" will need a lot of work to harmonize the different programs.

Sources disk imaging:
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/197121.html
http://pvo.guns.ru/panzir/index.htm
http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-558.html
http://army.lv/ru/pantsir-s1/703/461
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lu50snDorVY

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