"The people who did not know their roots, not worthy of the future" — says the ancient wisdom. There is a map of our country places in which and breathe, and live differently. These sites are primarily connected with the various historical events. Did you know, for example, than the famous Shardonsky archipelago in Karelia? What secrets, except nuclear, keeps ancient city of Sarov in Nizhegorodchine? What secrets hide in the bush Black Mountain Southern Primorye? Where did the twisting mazes, huge dolmens and bizarre seids on the White Sea and Baltic Sea?
Archaeologists dig up new amazing monuments. Many of these findings have already entered the so-called inventory of sacred places in Russia. But dealing with these monuments rather young science — sacred geography. About many things she can tell. But some mysteries can not guess, because there are among them those over which humanity has wrestled with since its inception.
Have the topic and another side of the coin: one dig, while others bury these sacred territory. Mounds, pyramids, tombs and sites of war destroyed most cynical way. This brings to mind the construction of an oil pipeline in the Stavropol region: for the builders suddenly appeared over 600 ancient mounds. Archaeologists barely rescued from excavator bucket dumping "Sarmatian princess." And the construction of houses on the battlefield at Borodino? This construction also barely stopped. Today, under the threat of another sacred site of Russia — beautiful Ukok plateau in the Altai Mountains, a World Heritage Site.
Book of Doves: what to conceive princes boyars?
Many ancient civilizations have often asked the question: how do we come from? Where our history and culture? Legend: our ancestors "at hand" was the so-called Book of Doves (or rather, depth). Is the people's spiritual verse, Q & A, which consisted of information about the origin of the world, people, social classes, geographic information, natural and scientific. It reveals the secret knowledge of the origin of the world, natural and social, of its essence, the appearance of good and evil. In other words, contained an "all wisdom povselennyya." The book begins with an introduction: "In the city of Jerusalem from the clouds from the sky falls a book of enormous size, which no one dares to attack."
However, the main part comprises several pressing issues. "Why do we have to conceive a white light? Why conceive a red sun? Why we went to the land of kings? Why she conceived princes nobles? "
Questions, as we see, is really burning, because we still do not know the answers to them.
Bath in an archaeological site
Have their sacred places and the Stavropol region. One of these — the ancient pyramid near Ipatovo. It is here that the construction of the pipeline was excavated mound, which discovered the burial of a young noble woman. It was called "Ipatovskaya princess." Neck and arms adorned Princess massive gold products. Next to the mummy lay vessel, inlaid with gold. Archaeologists have found out that dumping refers to the period of Sarmatian culture (III c. BC).
These mounds, as defined by "The inventory of sacred places in Russia," the Stavropol lot. All of them are considered by archaeologists. But the construction of these monuments are not always taken into account. Some of them continue to break down, despite the fact that such objects as if it is under state protection.
A fresh case in Budennovsk: in medieval towns, trade and crafts quarter, a businessman went and dug a pit for a huge pool and sauna. He did not care about ancient monument. Recently, in the village of Vorovskolesskoy some "treasure hunters" have wrecked the ancient mound and slipped inside in search of prey.
Why are these sites so insecure? And it will save them from looting "Cadastre sacred places"?
Arintsy and Great skid
In Siberia and the Urals, too many sacred places. And they are connected primarily with the famous fairy-tale character — Great runner.
XVIII century historian Gerard Miller, in his book "Description of the Siberian kingdom" reports arintsah — the people who lived on the banks of the Yenisei. Arintsy revered big snake. The inhabitants of a settlement, according to Miller, was killed because of a mass invasion of large snakes, among which "was one of extraordinary size, with a large head and the body, brilliant as gold" (similar to the mythical story of the struggle of the Scythians with snakes recorded in History of Herodotus. this golden snake popularly called "yalpyn ui". Famous Russian storyteller Paul Bazhov in their tales "about the great whip snake", "Snake trace", "The old mine" a lot of talks about this snake. Bazhov recorded as living in the Urals felt great runner master of gold, which is "a facilitated access to the gold, the place and even the" let down gold ", others drove away, frightened, or even killed." Since the XIX century snake encountered in Perm, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District . in the XIX century, north of Chelyabinsk was recorded countless encounters with a giant snake. This can be explained by the fact that in the north of the area had many lakes and swamps. But with the increase in population, the growth of industry and environmental degradation "yalpyn ui" completely disappeared . But these places in the Urals is still considered sacred. turns, thanks largely to a brilliant storyteller pen Paul Bazhov.
From the Files of "AN"
Miller Gerhard Friedrich (1705-1783 gg.) — Russian historian, academician, a German by birth. In the 1733-1743 years. participated in the expedition to explore Siberia. Assembled a collection of historical documents (called portfolios Miller).
"Titanic" in Lake Baikal
Now fast forward from the Urals to the other, no less wonderful place. Lake Baikal, certainly — one of the most mysterious in Russia. Recall that Baikal is also included in the list of World Heritage Sites. And there are real miracles. Fishermen tell how often over Baikal see … ancient castles, old ships and trains. Scientists call such phenomena mirages. But anyhow, where mirages "not found."
— Lake Baikal ideal conditions for the emergence of a mirage, — the Doctor of Geographical Sciences Vladimir Drozdov. — The flow of warm air over the chilled water in summer, clear atmosphere and extreme cold in the winter with the real air. In the layers of air with different densities of light rays are refracted, distorted and become irregular, fantastic forms. Cyclist at sunset may seem sitting down "Boeing", a fishing boat may appear in the image hovering over the water, "Titanic."
This brings to mind the world classics and mirages that are not only writers, but also sailors as Fata Morgana (ie, optical illusions). The name they received after the heroine of the epic Fata (Fei) Morgan. This poor girl has rejected a proud young man named Lancelot. Fata Morgana of grief settled in the Crystal Palace at the bottom of the sea. Since then, she deceives sailors ghostly visions.
Among the most mysterious — the image of sailing ship "The Flying Dutchman." According to rumors, it still met seafarers. Something similar can see fishermen on Lake Baikal.
Baikal researcher Vladimir Lamakin in his book "On the shores and islands of Lake Baikal" described the night mirage opposite the village of Big Goloustnoye: "Yesterday … was strong south-west wind, called Kultuk. The night was very dark. On deck, I saw an amazing sight: a very close, over the lake as it passed through the air passenger train (the train is actually on the opposite bank of the lake at a distance of 50 km). Ghost train was completely silent. The dark night of mystery and silence emphasized phenomenon. Clearly differed only in the lighted windows. "
Babylon in the White Sea
In northern Russia are mysterious labyrinth. This is one of the sacred mysteries of Russia.
Actually, there are mazes in Britain, Sweden, Norway and Finland. But — on the shores of the Baltic, Barents and White Seas. The total number of more than 500 northern labyrinths. Of them in Sweden, there are about 300 in Finland — almost 140.
On the shores of the White Sea, archaeologists found 40 mazes. More than 30 — on the Solovetsky Islands. Several monuments found in the Murmansk region near Kandalaksha.
In northern Russia labyrinths everywhere called Babylon, which reflected their intricate device. There are several legends that explain the origins of labyrinths. There it is, and the inhabitants of Kandalaksha. This story refers to the time of Pugachev. We read in the codex: "And why are you Babylon? But for example, to see it … put when Pugachev was still up will — different people have fled here after as Pugach caught, they vyklali. " And the appearance of mazes on the Solovetsky Islands associated with the name of Peter the Great. The first mention occurs in Archimandrite Dosifei wrote a description of the monastery: "On the island Zayatsky, whose standing near the Russian fleet was commanded by the Emperor Peter the Great to build a wooden church of St. Andrew. Also near the church was laid on the ground in two rows of cobbled stones of Babylon. "
Archaeologists discover new labyrinth of Babylon. And it seems that they are much more than 50 …
Another sacred mystery of the Russian North — huge walking stones — Sejdiu. Some of the expedition observed a unique phenomenon of spontaneous movement or turning the giant stones. Geologists revisit seids plateau in the mountains of Lovozero (Murmansk region), were found: some seids are in other places. But no trace of a movement! One is forced to recall the legend of the sacred Sami Seydou — flying stones. Known ethnographer Vladimir Tcharnolussky entire North-called strange flying stone.
— Indeed, there is the phenomenon of so-called walking stones — confirms the view of the ethnographer Tcharnolussky archaeologist Cyril Veselago. — The fact of ability to move huge stones mysteriously leaves indifferent physicists for many years.
Scientists to guess whether this riddle?
EC: With the archaeological map
What is the conclusion? Russia — a rich country and it is not only rich in natural resources. We — the rich history, but we are slowly losing the story. Casually get along with ancient monuments. Construction of the pipeline is more important than the preservation of the ancient mound, and the pipeline — more important protected areas in the Altai Mountains!
By the way, the civilized world is shaking over his every even the tiniest monument. And to join the EU must perform (such a task, for example, was Poland), one of the conditions of the country have an archaeological map of scale 1:500. Poland has brought the card.
Is there such a map with us? Russia, too, as if it claims to be a civilized nation. It's as clear as day: the conservation of monuments of the past — it is a way of self-preservation of the people. Ivana, not their roots, to live as natives in the colony. This was, by the way, prevents and Book of Doves.
Arch: Ancient Observatory
— The fact that our ancient ancestors were trying to guess the many mysteries, says one of the recently excavated sacred places of Russia, — says "AN" archaeologist Cyril Veselago. — This ancient settlement Arkaim (Chelyabinsk region). Discovery of Arkaim in the south of the Urals became the largest archaeological sensation on the threshold of the XXI century. Arch older than the Egyptian pyramids. This is an unusual settlement was both a temple and a fortress, and manufacturing center, and accurate astronomical observatory.
Archaeologists have found evidence of a highly Arkaim in metallurgy and metalworking. Arch in those days was a city with a clean water filtration systems and other water treatment plants. The ancient settlement have effective recycling and reuse of waste. It lived in harmony with nature. On top of Arch had a ring structure, and was clearly focused on stars: ancient Aryan culture astrology attached great importance. But about four thousand years ago in, for unknown reasons, left the city.
Sacred geography continues to study the phenomenon of Arkaim.
Such ethnographic map totaled Diveevskiy district of Nizhny Novgorod region.
These places are known all over Russia: much in Diveevo area associated with the name of the great devotee of St. Seraphim of Sarov. In the village school Suvorovo sacral inventory created the pupils themselves. They decided to organize all of the legends and epics. A This is a really unusual. For example, the boulders, the stories have grown out of small stones, vyronennyh St. Seraphim of his pocket. These places and keep the memory of the ancient culture of Mordovia: near the town grows Diveevo Chrevatovsky elm. This cult tree Erzya people with a long history.
Suvorov School, which became the cultural centers of the village, was sacred to their development 1 million rubles. the national project "Education".
Many legends goes on Sarov, which is located near the village of Diveevo. In its place was once situated the royal city of the Golden Horde. And they called it Saraklych. Translated from the Turkish — "golden sword." 90 years spent Saraklych capital. And after the last ruler, Prince Behan, left it, the city was abandoned. Later, in these places there was the famed monastery of Sarov.
Sarov is still present gifts archaeologists recently unearthed in central cemetery.
How to save Ukok
Danger looming over Ukok Plateau in the Altai. Then decided to build a gas pipeline to China. Construction of the highway will pass through the nature reserve, unique places along Chui tract: and this is the pristine mountains, pristine rivers and relict taiga. But why do most "promising corridor" for the construction of this highway Ukok chosen? Social activists and environmentalists oppose the construction of the pipeline. Representatives from 42 public and environmental organizations have sent an open letter to President Dmitry Medvedev and Vladimir Putin to work out alternative gas pipeline.
The letter noted: Ukok plateau contains many ancient archaeological sites. In 1993, archaeologists discovered the ancient burial mound on a plateau with the mummy of a young woman. Find — more than 2.5 thousand years. This is one of the most important discoveries of the last time in archeology. Indigenous Altai mummy believe their ancestor. They call it "Altai Princess".
In 1998 Ukok recall, joined the list of World Natural Heritage.
But bulldozers about to be announced on Ukok.
Meanwhile, in the Gorno-Altaisk start compiling ethnographic mapping of areas, which will include all the sacred places. The main task of the beginning of development etnokart — that preserve the sacredness of the ancient Altai Mountains. This will be taken into account in the development of tourism programs, which becomes one of the main economic sectors of the country. Etnokarty to be dealt to all religious places of worship sacred Altai Altai, the spirits of mountains and rivers. This medical sources — Arzhaan-suu, forbidden peaks, ancient tombs, mountain passes and stone sculptures Kaeser (soldiers).
Ethnographic maps of the whole country and will form the basis for making regulations for the protection of sacred sites, and possibly make the appropriate changes to the Constitution of the Republic of Altai. Then, perhaps, Ukok left alone?