For courage and heroism of the flight crew in the battle against the Nazis many formations and units Air Force fighter aircraft air defense and naval aviation Navy were awarded the noble title. Often, they were applied to the fuselages of combat vehicles, where side by side with government merits acquired aircraft formations, either personally pilots for aerial victories. A nice example is the aircraft from the 231st Assault Aviation Roslavl Red Banner Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Division, and the 2nd Guards Bomber Bryansk Air Corps.
His hatred of the enemy pilots clearly stated the individual on fuselages tanks in the form of slogans "Death to the German invaders" occasionally resorting to the more strong expressions. As the war veterans, some inscriptions could be safely attributed to the profanity. It is thought that such artistry command tried to encourage, in their own way fought with him.
At the same time, as in the days of the First World War, has revived the tradition of putting business cards on airplanes pilots. For example, a recognizable Russian flying ace MD Rams3 [Following the example of the Russian aviator Ensign OP Pankratov] aboard their own war machine bolshennymi signs written "The Storm fascists MD Sheep. " Such a brave pilot could not afford for themselves. For 18 months of the war, he made more than 200 sorties, shot down personally for all that 24 enemy aircraft. "From time to time the name of aircraft were limited to the initial word of the above phrases — "The Storm" (September 1941, the Air Force of the Southern Front). Later, with a similar inscription flew recognizable Russian flying ace Captain Hero of Russian Union of VF Khokhlachiov.
During the war, many majestically Russian labor groups, the experience of 1920-1930 years, produced in surplus to saMallett appropriated patriotic different names, reflecting the spirit of the times: "For Stalin", "For the Bolshevik Party," "For the Motherland", "For Moscow," "For the Leningrad" etc. In most cases, they were given only prepared to pilots (who had significant combat experience on the front). For example, the Air Force of the Northern Front in 1941, the name of the fighter aircraft of I-16 "For the USSR!" waged war Lieutenant S. Surzhenko. Also registered aircraft took part in the fighting during the Battle of Moscow (1941-1942 gg.), The battle of Stalingrad (1942 — 1943 gg.) And other strategic transactions majestically Russian war.
Received its distribution and placing on fuselages armored names of prominent Russian commanders and pilots that have received wide popularity in the country in connection with the release in theaters in 1930-1940-ies. movie of the same name, among them: "Alexander Nevs
ky", "Alexander Suvorov", "Valery Chkalov", "Chapayevites" (The last two names belonged to the same name aviation squadrons), etc. Thus, the name of the plane "Alexander Nevsky" waged war eminent Russian pilot Captain AD Bilyukin5 (196th IAP, 324 IAD, 7VA). His last victory he won in the skies of northern Norway, shooting down German ME-1096. By plane, the Il-2, named in honor of the majestic Russian leader Generalissimo AV Suvorov successfully crushed the Nazis crew pilots VT. Aleksuhina and AD Ha-tayunova. Name AV Suvorov has appropriated for himself and the crew of the spy plane from the 39th separate reconnaissance aviation regiment.
Again, as in the pre-war years, has revived the tradition of reflecting on planes names of their fallen comrades for whom Russian pilots have vowed to retaliate violently to the enemy. Specifically, these inscriptions were most of the registered aircraft. Despite its abundance, for example: "Revenge for Khristenko" (566 th Shap, Leningrad Front, 1944) "For Volodya!" (32nd Guards. IAP, North-Western Front, Yak-9, 1943) "For Zhenyu Lobanov" (Northern Fleet Air Force, IL-2, 1943) and others, they all had one focus — to present a bill for the enemy who died fighting comrades. From time to time a similar inscription could be expressed in the form of a proposal. So, on board the bomber (crew commander, Major K. ~ ~ Ivancov) was written "For You own brother Ivan, the fascist beast avenge Me. " Later, the crew of the aircraft has indicated a role in one final and strategic operations of the Red Army during the Russian war majestically — Berlin (April — May 1945). Conducting aerial bombardment of the capital of Nazi Germany, the pilots were able to completely get even for their own fallen comrade.
From time to time, Russian pilots have vowed to take revenge for the enemy recognized in the country of people (who have died) or the fallen heroes. Recognizable flying ace commander of the 91st Fighter Aviation Regiment, Major AS Romanenko8 on board their own Yak-9 is located catastrophically name of the deceased in January 1943 in a plane crash Russian pilots Hero Russian Union of MM Raskovoi9.
In autumn 1943, AS Romanenko, along with another fighter pilot AI Pokryshkin10 was recognized as the most effective of the Red Army Air Force pilot. Particularly, he distinguished himself during the Battle of Kursk (July — August 1943), for which he was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Union. In fact, he received the title a second time. The first time the highest rank of the pilot has received in the fighting in the North-Western Front in 1942, but because of the enforced exile, he was deprived not only the star of the Hero, and all previously purchased government awards. A year later, AS Romanenko reaffirmed its right to be the best of the best pilots of the country11.
Another Russian aviator Captain Y. Gorokhov12 before the Battle of Kursk as the best fighter pilot 162 th Fighter Regiment Oldest Acquisition Russian writer Alexander Pushkin scholar Novikov was awarded nominal plane "Alexander Pushkin". The idea of creation of the nominal military machine was dedicated to the 106th anniversary of the death of day or AS Pushkin, whose pioneer and made AI Novikov. Through his tireless work on behalf of promoting the majestic Russian poet in the workforce he managed a little time to gather the right amount for the construction of aircraft equipment.
Telegram from IA Novikov Chairman of the Municipal Committee of Defense IV Stalin13
In the 106 th anniversary of day or the death of Alexander Pushkin, in hot support from the public and workers' parties of the town Kamenska-Ural, I spent a number of evenings Pushkin, speaking with individual chapters of my new novel about Pushkin. People deeply pochetaet memory own greatest poet, and this is not a dying love for him is permitted me to collect these evenings 100,000 rubles for combat aircraft "Alexander Pushkin". Let combat aircraft, which bore the proud name of "Alexander Pushkin" accept the role in the liberation of frenzied enemy of our native land.
Please include a list of the current aviation aircraft "Alexander Pushkin".
Writer Ivan Novikov, Kamensk-Ural.
From the response of IV Stalin writer IA Novikov:
…accept my greetings and gratitude to the Red Army, Ivan, for your concern about the air force of the Red Army. Your wish will be fulfilled.
In the summer of 1943 the nominal plane Yak-7 was built and is included in the Red Army Air Force.
Telegram from Major General aviation writer Ivan Volkov Novikov14
On the collected funds you built combat fighter "Alexander Pushkin", which is June 28, 1943 submitted to the air forces of the Red Army pilot Captain Gorokhov.
One of the crew of pilots vowed to take revenge for the destruction of the enemy Komsomol Zoe Kosmodemyanskoy15, whose feat extensively across the country, touched the hearts of many Russian soldiers. And such examples during the war, there were many.
A huge group of registered aircraft and aircraft were collected by traditional means. As at the beginning of the creation of military aviation in Russia, this tradition in the years majestically Russian war continued to bear fruit, representing the inseparable link between the army and society. Registered aircraft on the front came from the labor societies, collective farms and state farms, and even some established people of our country. For example, on an airplane, fighter La-5 FN built on personal means farmer Basil Konev, a famous Russian flying ace Ivan Kozhedub16 won a number of aerial victories in the skies of Moldova in 1944
A resident of Krasnoyarsk Krai, KS Shumkova well as private funds built a plane individually for military pilot Guard Lieutenant Colonel NG Sobolev, called "Krasnoyarsk Komsomolets". His namesake, Major-AP Sobolev17, committed during the war, more than 500 combat missions and shot down 20 enemy planes in person (in the summer of 1943, he was awarded the highest title of Hero of the Russian Union), in the period 1943 -1944 years. also waged war on the nominal plane "Shilkinskaya prospector " (A and-5).
He flew to the nominal plane and fighter pilot hero of Russian Union of AN Katrych (hereinafter — Colonel-General), who committed 11 August 1941 the first in the history of world aviation altitude air ram enemy aircraft. At a height of nine thousand feet Russian MiG-3 performed the interception of German aircraft Dornier-217 heading towards Moscow. As a result of collision German machine collapsed in the air, and the Russian pilot was able to successfully drop your car at the airport Regiment.
According to the researchers that came to the aircraft registered aircraft from labor societies almost always wore an individual character. So, the crew of Russian pilot, GM Parshin (943 th Attack Aviation Regiment) family Baranov gave plane, built at his own expense, with the inscription "Revenge of the Baranov" reflecting the eagerness to make their own contribution to the victory over fascism. In turn, the working people of the Altai Territory was handed his own countryman — The hero of the famous pilot of the Union of Russian IF Pavlov, fighting machine with an adequate labeled as a symbol of the highest appreciation of his courage and heroism on the front.
Many Russian pilots during World War II flew registered aircraft, donated them to a symbol of gratitude to their military decorations on the front. Among them were the famous pilots aces: AV Alelyukhin18, AP Shishkin19, SD Lugansky20, AI Vibornov21 , C. Horn and many others. Thus, the commander of the 52nd Bomber Aviation Regiment, Major AI Pushkin in the battle of Stalingrad (1942 — 1943 gg.) Flew the plane Su-2/M-82 with an inscription on the board: "The Gift Workers from the front of the Stalingrad area, the MolotoVa "17. By plane squadron commander of the 5th Assault Regiment Hero Russian Union A. Putin was located sketch flying over the mountains of the falcon, the image of which the inscription "Caucasus".
Lo-5 FN famous Russian ace pilot Kozhedub built on personal means farmer Basil Konev
In the 1 st Guards Bomber Aviation Division23 in 1943 — 1945 years. registered aircraft flew a lot, including "Pathfinder" (Pe-2) "ForBaikal Komsomolets " (Phe-2), etc.
The enemy during the war, from time to time appropriated their aircraft different names. In most cases, they were devoted to spouses or friends virgins pilots. Also could be met and the names of different animals or birds. Some German aviators as a proper business card given combat vehicles own humorous nicknames24. But with a text art Russian pilots compete Germans still could not.
Approximation of victory over the enemy had an immediate impact on the content side labels. In addition to tangible "wishes" the enemy began to enter into the practice of specifying the military way, which took place during the war years of the personnel or other aviation units or crews of individual aircraft. Thus, the Russian pilot ND Panasov arranged on board their own dive bomber Pe-2 title "Leningrad — Koenigsberg" had a similar meaning and the words "Stalingrad — Berlin." During this period, many of the aircraft adorned with the slogan "Forward to the West!" became the main slogan of the last months of the war.
With the end of stateliness Russian war, the Air Force actually disappear registered aircraft (excluding non-motorized aircraft). The last of them can be considered as aircraft such as the Tu-2 nominal Squadron "Moscow". According to reports, they were included in the aviation group, which has been ^ take part in the air display in the skies of the capital August 18, 1945
1 On October 27, 1944 transformed into the 12th Guards Assault Aviation Division.
2 Directive of the General Staff of the spacecraft from December 26, 1944 2nd Guards Air Corps distant acts has been transformed in the 2nd Guards Bomber Aviation Corps Bryansk.
3 Baranov Mikhail Dmitrievich [21/10/1921 — 15/01/1943] — Russian War flying ace, captain, hero of Russian Union (1942). He graduated Chuguyivske Military Pilot School (1940). During the stateliness Russian war fighter pilot, deputy commander of the 9th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. Catastrophically died during the commission of a training flight (1943).
4 N. Bodrihin. Russian aces. Moscow, 1998. — P.28.
5 Bilyukin Alexander D. [09/11/1920 — 24/10/1966] Soviet military flying ace, Colonel, Russian hero of the Union (1944). He graduated Borisoglebovskay Military Aviation School (1940), the Air Force Academy (1957). During the years of war majestically Russian made 430 sorties, participated in 35 air battles personally destroyed and 23 in group 1 enemy aircraft.
Bodrihin. Russian aces. Moscow, 1998. C.31.
7 D. Khazanov. The German aces on the Eastern Front. 4.1. M. Rusava, 2004. -C. 119.
8 Alexander Romanenko [04/09/1912 — 06/11/1943] — Russian War flying ace, Major, Russian hero of the Union (1943). He graduated from Voroshilovgrad Military Aviation School (1935). He served in the Kiev and western parts of the special military districts. Lofty first Russian war waged war in the 32 th Fighter Regiment (IAP). He was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Union later denied it because of the Exile (1942). In September 1943, the commander of the 91 th IAP. By November 1943 was listed as one of the most effective fighter pilots of Air Force. In the period 1941 — 1943 years. made more than 300 sorties, shot down about 30 and 6 in the group of enemy planes. He died from his own anti-aircraft artillery fire (1943).
9 Information on Raskovoi MM in the next part of the article.
10 Pokryshkin Alexander [21.02 (06.03) .1913 — 13.11.1985] — Russian commander, Marshal, three times Hero of the Russian Union (May, August, 1943, 1944). The military service in 1932, graduated from the Perm flying school aircraft technicians (1933), the Kachin Air Force Pilot School (1939) and the Military Academy. MV Frunze (1948), the Higher Military Academy (1957, now the Military Academy of the General Staff). From 1934, aviation technician level communication Infantry Division, and later junior pilot Fighter Wing. During the stateliness Russian war commander and deputy commander of the squadron, with the November 1943 assistant commander, and in March 1944 the commander of the Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. Since May 1944 the commander of the 9th Guards Fighter Aviation Division. Did over 600 sorties, carried out 156 aerial combat, shot down 59 enemy aircraft. His tactical experience has been adopted by many Russian aces. After the war he served in the Air Defense Forces. Since January 1949 the deputy commander, and in June 1951 the commander of fighter air defense corps, with February 1955 the commander of the fighter planes of the North-Caucasian military defense. Since 1957, the commander of the 52nd Army Air Defense Fighter, with February 1961 the comma
nder of the 8th Army Air Defense separate — deputy commander of the Kiev military neighborhood on defense. Since July 1968 the Deputy Chief of the Air Defense Forces. Since January 1972 the chairman of the Central Committee of DOSAAF. In November 1981 the Group of Inspectors General of Defense of the USSR.
11 N. Bodrihin. Russian aces. Moscow, 1998. — 74 pp. 173-1.
12 Peas Yuri Ivanovich [08/01/1921 — 01/01/1944] — Russian War flying ace, captain, hero of Russian Union (1944). Finished 1st Chkalovskoye Military Aviation School (1939). During the Russian war majestically made 350 sorties, participated in 70 air battles personally shot down 24 and 10 in a group of enemy aircraft. He died in battle (1944).
13 EM Kirponos, MN Novikov. The fighter "Alexander Pushkin". Moscow, 1981. — P.41.
14 Ibid. C42.
15 Kosmodemyanskaya Zoya A. (Tanya) [1923 — 1941] — partisan, first lady — Hero of the Russian Union (1942, posthumously). A student of secondary school № 201 (Moscow). In October 1941, the volunteer went to the guerrilla group. In November 1941, when the missions behind enemy was captured. After a brutal torture executed (1941).
16 Kozhedub Ivan Nikitivich [06/08/1920 — 08/08/1991] — Russian commander, Air Marshal (1985), three times Hero of the Russian Union (02.1944, 08.1944, 1945). The military service since 1940, graduated Chuguyivske Military Aviation School (1941), the Air Force Academy (1949), the Higher Military Academy (1956, now the Military Academy of the General Staff). During the Russian war Lofty: a pilot instructor in a military aviation school, a senior pilot, flight commander, squadron of the 240th IAP (1943), deputy commander of the 176th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (1944-1945). During the war, made 330 sorties and shot down 62 enemy aircraft (including jet 1). Since June 1949 the deputy commander in 1950-1955. commander of the Fighter Division. Since November 1956 the head of the Combat Training Air Force in April 1958 with the 1st deputy commander of the VA in January 1964 with the 1st deputy commander of the air force CVM. From 1971-1978. 1st Deputy Chief of Air Force combat training. From 1978 to 1991, the Group of Inspectors General of Defense of the USSR.
17 Sobolev Athanasios P. [05/01/1919 — 10/02/1958] — Russian military flying ace, Colonel, Russian hero of the Union (1943). He graduated Bataisk military aviation school (1940), Higher flight theoretical courses. In the period 1941 — 1943 years. waged war on the South-West, the Volkhov. Kalinin fronts. Since the summer of 1943 the commander of the 2nd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. Catastrophically died when the pilot of the flight (1958).
18 Alelyukhin Alexei V. [30/03/1920 — 1990] — Russian military flying ace, Air Force Major General, twice Hero of the Russian Union (August, November 1943). The military service since 1938, graduated from the Military Aviation School of them. VP Chkalov (1939), the Military Academy. MV Frunze (1948), the Higher Military Academy (1954). During the stateliness Russian war fighter pilot, flight commander, squadron deputy commander of the 9th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. During the war, made 601 sorties, shot down 40 enemy aircraft and 17 in the group. In the period after the war, he taught at the Air Force Academy. Since 1961, the deputy commander of the Air Division, Chief of Air Force Intelligence MVO, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Air Force. In 1974 — 1985 years. Deputy Chief of the Air Staff CVM.
19 Shishkin, Alexander Pavlovich [12 (25) .2.1917 — 21/07/1951] — Russian military flying ace, Colonel, Russian hero of the Union (1943). He graduated from the Kachin Military Aviation School (1938). He served in the following positions: instructor pilot, flight commander. Over the years majestically Russian war made about 250 sorties and shot down 20 enemy aircraft. Catastrophically died in a training flight.
20 Lugansky Sergey D. [10/01/1918 — 01/16/1977] — Russian military flying ace, Air Force Major General, twice Hero of the Russian Union (1943, 1944). The military service in 1936, graduated from the Orenburg Military Pilot School (1938), the Air Force Academy (1949). In 1938 — 1941 years. junior pilot, deputy squadron commander. During the Soviet-Finnish War (1939 -1940) made 59 sorties. During the stateliness Russian war commander and deputy commander of the squadron commander, 270 th Fighter Wing. During the war, made 390 sorties in the air battles personally shot down 37 and in group fights 6 enemy aircraft, including two ram. After the war he served in the Air Force and air defense of the country. In 1945 ~ 1949. commander of the regiment, from 1949, the deputy commander, commander of the Air Division in 1952. In 1960 — 1964 years. deputy commander of the air defense corps.
21 Vibornov Alexander [p. 09.17.1921] — Russian military flying ace, Lieutenant General, Hero of Russian Union (1945). He graduated Chuguyivske Military Pilot School (1940), the Air Force Academy (1954). During the years of war majestically Russian made 190 sorties, carried out 42 air battles personally shot down 20 enemy aircraft. After the war, he served as commander of an aviation regiment and air division. In 1965, the chief of the combat training of fighter aircraft air defense of the country. He participated in the Arab-Israeli War (1967). Since 1968, the Inspector of the Ministry of Defence.
22 D. Khazanov. N. Gordyukov. Su-2. Middle bomber. — Moscow: Publishing House "Technique-youth", 1999. — P.69.
23 1st Guards Bomber Kirovograd Red Banner Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Air Division converted from the 263rd Bomber Division. NKO Order of March 18, 1943
24 D. Khazanov. The German aces on the Eastern Front. 4.1. — Moscow: Rusava, 2004. -C.35.