"On the night of 24 to 25 July 1918 by the White Army took Ekaterinburg. And in the morning, all the officers, off-duty and military outfits, were drawn to the Ipatiev house, where the Detained and 8 days ago was shot the royal family. "Everyone wanted to see the last refuge August Family … Everyone felt that something happened, something big, dark and tragic … But what? Killed? .. Yes, there was blood. It can not be thought of almost everyone. And the brutality is the limit. And, going through countless number of household items … no one is allowed that atrocity may have no limit "1.
Opened the doors of the upper floor corner room, which served as a bedroom to the Emperor, the Empress and Crown Prince. Four windows of the room looked out on the square and the Ascension Ascension lane. Looking around the ruined building, the officers noticed a strange sign on the left jamb of the right window … "2, — so began the first in the national research literature thorough publication (with the Orthodox position) on the cross gammaticheskom [i].
It was published at the second attempt. This writes the author himself RV Bagdasarov in the first separate edition: "… It was written even earlier, in 1993, failed to monarchical collection. Collectors was important to create a metahistorical frame to explain the use of the swastika Family of Emperor Nicholas II, so the work was conceived as material for discussion related to his canonization "3.
Now we can reveal some of the details of the failed publication undertaken to clarify the issue of use "sign" the Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna. The paper was commissioned by the present author to edit them while the anthology "to light." Written by Roman Vladimirovich within a specified time, it was supposed to be published in 1994 in the 17 th edition of the almanac with prisovokupleniem large number of illustrations. Makeup was already done, but intervened sided assertive will. An energetic widow of the famous scientist and MP Tatyana Kudryavtseva acted through his adept artist publishing "Spring" M. Yu Zaitsev. As a result, the material was "hacked" and the editor (the author) was forced to find a new place to apply their forces. Reasonable (ie, rationally explicable) causes this "active measures" I still can not find …
Be that as it may, the essay, but in a much expanded form (mainly due to extensive ethnographic material made by co Bagdasarova RV), was published in 1996. Separate, revised and greatly expanded edition appeared in 2001. The book is not lost: there were responses. Second edition, is preparing the third …
But the issues raised in the study, and were still very far from the more or less satisfactorily resolve them.
We are fully aware that did just the first step, but a very, very important: filmed with perennial taboo topics such.
The task of today's date is modest: to create the first set of the currently known data usage Queen martyress gammaticheskogo cross.
Unique decorating the generosity gammaticheskim cross monument of the board of the Royal Martyrs is a Russian Orthodox church, erected in memory of Leipzig 22 thousand Russian soldiers killed in the Battle of the Nations with the troops of Napoleon. Memorial Church of St Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow, was sanctified in the day centennial sword; 5/18 October 1913 in the presence of the Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich (head of the special Russian military mission), the German Emperor Wilhelm II, King of Saxony Friedrich August and the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the Swedish prince … (a total of 33 Highest individuals) with large crowds. The prototype of the church, designed by the Architect of the Imperial Court V. Pokrovsky (1870 † 1931), vozdvignuvshego in the same period in Tsarskoye Selo Theodore Sovereign's Cathedral, Church of the Assumption was the tent in the village of Kolomenskoye (such was the condition of the competition announced in 1911 , the Imperial Academy of Arts). 600-pound gilt bronze chandelier with clear jasper cups for lamps was a personal gift of the memorial church of Emperor Nicholas II.
At least as early as 1913 with the active participation of the Empress in Tsarskoye Selo was designed cave temple (consecrated 10.26.1914) "in the spirit of the ancient basilica." In the mural, the vessels and utensils of his characters have been replicated to which believers in the early centuries of Christianity were forced to resort to hide their faith in the face of brutal goneniy4. Gammatichesky cross was, as we know, one of these characters.
One of the earliest known to date images gammaticheskogo cross in connection with the Empress we can see in the photo related, apparently, to the Great War. The Emperor left on horseback, sitting in the Empress stood before him an open car. Cossack konvoets gives the car right after the Emperor. On the hood of a car mounted the Queen visible sinistral gammatichesky cross enclosed in krug5.
The picture of the cross on gammaticheskogo cartoon postcards Empress.
One of the first such "signs" was made after the signature of the Empress "A." painted on her Christmas card sent by December 5, 1917 from Tobolsk girlfriend Yu Den6.
"I sent you — Empress reported December 20, 1917 from Tobolsk AA Vyrubova — at least 5 drawn cards that you can always find out by my Office (" swastika "), always inventing new" 7.
To date, there are three such cards, addressed to AA Vyrubova and stored as part of its extensive archive at Yale University [ii] (USA). The first (4 — 5 cm), mistakenly attributed to Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich, dated to the year 1917. Ornament with two left-handed gammirovannyh crosses framed verse from the Psalms in Russian translation (Ps. 33, 19).
Other (also the size of 4 — 5 cm) — atributiruemaya Yale archivists as a Christmas card — dated most of the queen. She put down in 1918 and also played a verse from the Psalms (Psalm 102, 8-9, 17), but in Church Slavonic. In the lower right corner of the card is placed a large cross in the right-gammirovanny ornament. No time to play up to etogo8 this card erroneously attributed as a leaf of the manuscript Psalter Empress.
Finally, there is two-way card reproducing Church Slavonic text funeral Troparion 8th voice ("depth of wisdom …") and a short prayer for the repose. Yale archivists it mistakenly is attributed as a Christmas (sic!) card drawn Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich. Postcard dated (in Church Slavonic, Cyrillic, marked year of creation: 1918). At the end of the text supplied as left-sided gammatichesky cross.
All three cards signed by the same initials "M" (Mom?).
"As for the addiction to Her Majesty the swastika — wrote the best friend of the Empress Yu Dan — then in the eyes of Her Majesty, it was a not a talisman and a symbol. According to her, the ancients believed the swastika source movement [iii], the emblem of the Divine "9.
Banknotes of the Provisional Government. There is a point of view that they are printed with a cliché made in the days of the monarchy
Diary of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna. Swastika embroidered her daughter Tatiana.
On the subject:
Father Sergius, Yaroslavl village of reference:
— What do you call a swastika is actually an ancient Orthodox gammaticheskim (that is composed of the Greek letter "gamma") cross — stirring a cup of tea with a spoon, reasonably explained the priest. — Gammatichesky cross depicted on the vessel for the communion as much in the fourth century! Empress Alexandra drew it on the wallpaper in his bed and in the jamb on the day of arrival of the Romanovs in Yekaterinburg, in the Ipatiev House in 1918. Hitler later used gammatichesky cross, then was still a sucker! — He cried. — If at all in this world, then he was!
Saw the monument to Georgy Zhukov in Moscow? — It is more to inflame. — Note: the horse tramples Zhukov gammatichesky cross. This is a malicious desecration of ancient Orthodox character! That's what it is! And remember the Bronze Soldier monument in Berlin. Under the feet of him lying chopped gammatichesky cross! All this blasphemy, tricks enemies of Orthodoxy!
— If someone defiled gammatichesky cross, so it is primarily Hitler — I said. — Is not it?
— Profane, of course — sorry my father agreed. — Not until the end he had a clear line. Hitler started correctly: once came to power, was built in the center of Berlin's Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity. And then dipped in Protestantism, the occult. How it all turned out well known. Russian mothers many tears shed, how many of their sons Russia was not counted! My own four uncles were killed at the front. My father also fought. Earned medals, decorations. Nevertheless, I must say that Hitler's policies were clear moments.
I think I'm beginning to suspect that he meant Father Sergius by "sharp point." But decided not to ask him about that.