Grain combines. Our homeland, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus as guarantors of global food security

Grain combines.  Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus as guarantors of global food securityJanuary 28, 2013 in Berlin ended 78th "Green Week" — International exhibition (fair) of agricultural, forestry, the processing industry. In the German capital brought together hundreds of manufacturers of very different products from around the world, and each tried to draw your attention specifically to its own board. At the fair this time took part in 1624 enterprises from 56 countries. Within 10 days of the "Green Week" was visited by more than 420 thousand people who had the opportunity not just to look at the finished product, and some experience, speak out so that the taste of the exhibits: drink a glass of wine or a cup of tea and even appreciate crocodile kebabs or fried Ostrich eggs.

But not far away kebabs with wine are the main theme of this international forum manufacturers. Unhealthy topic of many years of "Green Week" is food security in the world today. Under this abstract term is fully aware of certain things.

Who on Earth more than billion people (one in seven) are starving. This is due to a series of circumstances that lie in different planes: the economic characteristics or those of other countries in the world to companies manufacturing activity in terms of the creation of the supply of goods. Of course, the problem of food over time can be a major problem of human civilization, and the War of the food supply — an impartial fact, not pseudo-scientific fiction. In fact, these war there and at the moment in various parts of the world, for example in Africa.

When touching on topics of specific production and export of food products is unrealistic sidestep issues of development of the productive sectors such states that for a long time saturate the world market for agricultural products. These countries include, and our homeland. And specifically about the Russian Federation on the 78th "Green Week" in Berlin was especially the case as a country that is able to increase its agricultural potentials and in the coming 8-10 years to increase grain exports alone by 30-40%. The exciting thing is that the words of the Russian production potentials began to sound at all from the mouth of Russian representatives, and from the mouth of the European and global professionals.

The symposium on land potentials of the CIS questions open a discussion of how the modern world is in need of expanding production capacities of the Russian Federation in terms of its production of high-quality food products and agricultural products. During the symposium leading expert on land policy of so-called Eastern Committee of German economy Mrs. Sauer said that Russia's role in terms of saturation of the world market of grains can not be overemphasized. She asked all the participants to direct attention to those years when our country was required to turn off exports grains over the limit due to drought areas of strongest Russian Federation itself. Sauer says exactly what occurred at that time the most powerful rise in grain prices over the past decade. Even the low yields of corn and soybeans in 2012, with North America did not lead to such a languid consequences for the global system of food security as climate turmoil in RF. By languid consequences Sauer carries the most frequent cases of real hungry riots in almost all the world, from South America and Africa to South and East Asia. On this basis — sums up the German special — Our homeland is now one of the most powerful regulators of the global food market, on which depends the future of our food security.

Can you name the words Gerlinde Sauer exaggeration? Probably not. Why? For the answer to this question is pretty to look at the number of grain production and the number of their exports.

In 2012, the Russian Federation has produced about 73 million tons of grain. With all of this, agreements were reached on the fact that in the period from July 2012 to July 2013 grain exports RF will be at 15-16 million tons. 73 million tons — is lower than forecasts, which initially led the Ministry of Agriculture of the past year — the weather in a number of Russian agricultural centers had brought about changes again. But over the period from 2010-2011, the Russian Federation was able to increase its internal resources to the applicable values as a result of the ban on grain exports.

If we talk about the harvest of grain RF over the last 10 years, the data will then look as follows:

2003 — 72 million tons;
2004 — 82 million tons;
2005 — 78 million tons;
2006 — 78 million tons;
2007 — 82 million tons;
2008 — 108 million tonnes (record value);
2009 — 101 million tons;
2010 — 60.9 million tons
2011 — 93 million tons;
2012 — 73 million tons

On average, 82.8 million tons a year.

This is the 4th number in the world after the U.S., China and India. Only if China and India are now even at top performance with hard grains saturate the domestic market, our home has the ability to increase exports. Russian grain-purchasing countries such as Egypt, Turkey, India, Tunisia, Israel, Italy, Greece, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Kuwait, the UAE, Syria and others.

Exports grain from Russia for the last 12 years has more than doubled. If we consider that in the 90 Our homeland was obliged to purchase (as once Russian Alliance) crops in other countries (mainly in the U.S. and Canada), starting in 2001, our home was among the exporters of wheat, barley and other grains. With all of this by now, our home is among the leading countries not only for the production, and the export of grain. Of course, the future development of the land sector in the country could lead to its more significant progress, but that this development took place, it is necessary to use the mechanisms of modernization and new logistics processes.

So the logistics mechanism of views on the 1st of the speakers (German professional Robert Kloos — State Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Food) at the symposium said, looks like a probable association of business opportunities for a descent of several countries in the CIS: the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. In his view, this land specifically the integration of these countries will be able to help to solve the problem of global food security.

Indeed, if Moscow, Astana, Kiev, for example, Minsk (here you can make fully and Belarus as a rather massive agricultural producers) will go towards intensifying land with their simultaneous association, it is already possible to read about the origin of the world market of the 1st of a huge player in terms of production and exports of grain. That association of potentials led to greater efficiency, it is recommended to use the so-called cluster principle. He is, according to the professionals in the land sector, will be how, that on the ground mentioned 4 countries were established industrial clusters, which would not take into account the presence of the municipal boundaries: for example, one of the possible clusters — and the edge of the area south of the Russian Federation joined in voedinyzhdy land cluster with multiple areas of eastern Ukraine.

Already at this point the union of land can be expressed in a very important figures: Bringing the average grain yields of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, is 175-185 million tons. Naturally, this is not the U.S. and its more than 400 million tons per year, but also the potential of the Russian Federation the same with her 10% of the arable
land of the planetary values may play a role.
By 2020, Moscow had planned to approach the tightly digit annual export of 35 million tons. If these basic plans materialize, our homeland, together with its neighbors will be the coming of the true global breadbasket, from the positive in any situation will obviously depend not only on food prices, and global food security.

Integration processes 4-CIS countries in terms of land — is, of course, excellent. But for such integration, there are several obstacles, which they say both in Moscow and in other capitals. The number one reason is that Ukraine is not in the economic space that connects voedinyzhdy Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan (this, of course, on the Customs Union). It turns out that even now they say Western experts Ukrainian president that, so he sent more attention to the economic capacity for integration into the vehicle, but did not expect the mandatory benefits from European integration. But Viktor Yanukovych as before is in a "deep thought" on the occasion of where did he turn the steering wheel controls Ukraine.

The reason for the second. Even if Ukraine and dare to land integration with the Customs Union, the looming infrastructure snag, which at one time declared president cereal Association of Ukrainian sovereign Klimenko. In his view, the process for establishing the cluster of industrial associations, Kiev will have to invest in the infrastructure of more than 6 billion dollars. These funds should be spent on the construction of new elevators, transport system, crossing Fri and more. How can this discrepancy is real and not fictional, it is difficult to read. But now comes in Ukraine by 12 huge grain producers in the world and about a third of their own crops for export is sending, not particularly thinking about the condition of the elevators … It turns out that the problem of infrastructure if it really is the place to be on the territory of Ukraine can be resolved fairly quickly with flexible vkladyvatelnyh devices (from the Customs Union, for example).

The reason for the second. At this time, the integration of special positive for increasing the volume of agricultural production does not see Russian side, more precisely, one of its members — the vice-president of the Grain Union Minister Alexander Korbut. He said that Russian farmers are not profitable indefinitely increase the creation of grain. The reason for that — the deepest of Russia's integration into the global economic process.

In his view, the more Our homeland grain to create, the less it will be the world price. This will lead to a paradoxical situation where the landowner is more work, but earns less … However, describing a situation, Alexander Korbut, for some reason does not mention the South American experience, where the growth of grain production and exports by the United States are not hitting there the farmers, and bringeth them and the State of tangible income. In all likelihood, Korbut afraid devices WTO, the actions of which our motherland can not repeat most iridescent experience adjoining Ukraine, when to raise their agricultural products has become less profitable than buying it abroad. If so, then the fear of Alexander Korbut can be appreciated, because the WTO is presented as the only outside organization that equalizing the rights of subjects of world trade, and in fact serves the interests of quite a small number of large players.

It turns out that if our home is going to position itself as the world's largest producer of products of the land, apart from the production association with its neighbors will be the coming together with them to build the existing mechanism to support domestic producers, able to rapidly influence on world food prices. In the unlikely event we run the risk to remain a country with tremendous arable areas, improper implementation of which, together with disastrous dependence on foreign supply of goods put an end to the development of agriculture and food security throughout the world.

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