At 12:04 Moscow time the sun again crosses the celestial equator and moves from the northern hemisphere to the southern sky and the day of the autumnal equinox, ie astronomical autumn in the northern hemisphere and spring — in the south. On this day, the length of day and night on Earth is the same and is equal to 12 hours.
Autumnal Equinox — one of the four sacred festivals that honored and solemnly celebrated since ancient times. In addition to the Autumn Equinox is the Winter Solstice, Spring Equinox and Summer Solstice. Eternal cycle. And so every year in all cultures around the world, in all ages and times.
Interestingly, the period of the Autumn Equinox is often celebrated by the ancient calendar as that's such a character.
He is considered a sheaf, the provisions for threshing.
Certainly this is the case, for Autumn — a time when the summer crop is harvested.
But in this symbol clearly visible Cross — Cross Equinox!
And yet this is the rune DAGAZ, the so-called fleeces Transformation.
Time to stop, to forget about the city fuss, calm thoughts, reflect, take a look at the setting luminary communion breath of Mother Nature, the great rhythm-dimensional universe, as once did our wise ancestors …
In Russia, the autumnal equinox, and always considered a holiday celebrated pies with cabbage, cranberries and meat, as well as festivals. On this day, rowan brush with leaves inserted between the window frames in the evening, thinking that from that day, when the sun begins to wilt, Rowan will protect the house from the forces of darkness. "When the sun slabnet — it's time to stock up for the future pock. On povets remove, place evil spirits to intercede. After all, clean and a branch of mountain ash and berry. Holds the tree firmly by the autumnal equinox. And so if you evil torment, sleep does not, to the chest rises, strangles, — take a branch of mountain ash, outlined circle round it himself — and evil will disappear. "
Autumnal equinox comes the great festival Zarevnitsy. This name is due to the glow of the day got veldt palov — burned in the fields dry grass.
With Zarevnitsy days quickly run away, the night dark, and the sunsets turn red. "The day is not chicken runs and horse steps." Autumn begins to move faster towards winter.
On that day, went into the forest to pick mushrooms. The last day of collection king of mushrooms — Borovik.
Zamolotki — start in the morning pounding the fire. In overheated kiln threshed grain.
"Hands folded sheaf not thrashing", "Flail in hand, and the bread in his mouth, and a chain of hands and bread from a tooth."
Honored at this day is called a sheaf. A sheaf of that compression was threshed. Grain to a kernel of it was collected. And flour from the first sheaf bore bolshuhe. Bake good bread bolshuha, then broke bread on health. And the hammer already Fyokla — early in the morning, sparking a fire, protecting the flame from the vortex. Whirlwind flies to the barn, scattered the sparks of fire, burst into sheaves. Will be left without bread family.
"At Zarevnitsu — owner of bread voroshok and Thrasher — porridge pot." Existed: to feed threshers on the ancient Russian tradition — caring hostess. And the first dish that was served to workers was porridge. Typically, cereal, in butter, flavored milk. And the first step, which is given to the owner of Thresher, a heap, a pile neveyanogo grain. Threshers approached the owner to "neveyke" to neoveyannomu grain, and congratulations on a good harvest, health willing.
Zarevnitsy feature is not only a celebration with festivities and fun, but a collection of common business-related people, business advice — Rada.
There is a belief. He walks in the day-zarevnitsa Thekla, tucking gave red sundress. Hair at Thekla — lohmy straw. What fiery locks of hair. Does not spin their Thekla in a braid, not a woman's knot tying.
Still there is a belief that in this day all that zavyazhesh — not untie, that is, happiness is strong, and the wedding — good.
It was believed that the heart Fyokla Zarevnitsu heart opens, so the girls were wondering, asking the houses on the restriction.
Dawn takes on this day. Dawn — is the desire for love. From friends troublesome from my mother's doglyadev girl to flee barn. Barn house in the morning could tell the girl on the contraction, the sweet. And the guys made fun of, and even the elderly, knowing the girl's Dumka, secretly resolved to get into the barn. A girl with caution — do not keep track of anyone? — Hand in the barn window pokes. Asked hopefully: "barn house, father zarevnoy, do not laugh, do not dissemble, take a roll and assign orzhanoy: life and times I collect it? Whether to wait for Mr Right? "
Coley did not touch any girl's hands, did not take the girl brought the roll, the girl decides to: sit it on the shelf, to knock about the stove, the kneading not be the hostess. Cold hands swell the number concerned, it was believed that a poor girl to go. A warm touch seems shaggy — rich will take a wife.
OSENINY, Tausenev, RADOGOSCH
Ancient Slavic harvest festival Svetovita Day, Closing Svarga. Tausenev — it is the end of all the peasant seasonal work of the year, the harvest festival and the autumnal equinox. It was an old holiday of New Year (Rosh Hashanah), while Slav deserved awards for his efforts.
with the onset of the autumn equinox, the Slavs celebrate the great feast — Tausenev (Radogosch). Sun-husband Dazhbog becomes wise old sun-Svetovitom. Is not as high light (Grandfather Vseved), not warm its rays, but he has seen a lot in this world, that's why a special honor, "the old man." A little more and it will take forever for the end of the world to be reborn again.
Harvested, the autumn sun-light is not burnt, the tree is ready for the winter sleep, throwing herself beautiful outfits. To this day a huge baked honey cake (the cake was in the old man's height), for which, after introductions hiding priest or elder, and asked all those present: "Does sees me, detushki?" If the answer is, "Do not visible, Father!" it means a good harvest, and if the "visibly!" that thin, then the priest blesses the people with the words: "So let the gods do you that for the next year is not mature!" and signaled the beginning of the holiday "feast mountain" …
According to Slavic beliefs on this day begins "close" Svarga, where "leave" from the Manifest Light Gods before next spring, remaining, however, in the hearts of all who live by the rule … In a sign of the pagan temple to burn straw bird, "seeing "it along with light gods and spirits of ancestors in Iriy.
On this day, played out the tale of heroes and the underworld, to be reminded of the fading sun and the coming winter. Before nightfall kindle a little fire and jump through it cleaned. Priests walk barefoot on hot coals.
By the first day of the holiday was timed Osenin ancient funeral rite funny flies and cockroaches, annoying residents Russian summer.
In Mexico, the autumnal equinox, many are trying to visit the famous pyramid of Kukulkan (the Mayan language — "feathered serpent") in the ancient city of Chichen Itza.
El Castillo is a pyramid, at the top of which is a temple. Sides of the pyramid are clearly oriented to the cardinal points (north, west, south and east). On its sides raised four broad steps, each of which has 91 steps. If the number of stair steps multiplied by the number of stairs and examine the platform at the top of the pyramid, where the temple stands as one more step, then we get 91 × 4 +1 = 365 — the number of days in the year.
The pyramid is oriented with respect to the sun so that it is in the vernal and autumnal equinoxes shadows rays design platforms on the edge of the main staircase in the form of alternating triangles of light and shadow. As the sun sinks lower shadow is becoming more distinct contours wriggling snake. Her tail is on the upper platform, the body stretches along the stairs to the ground ends head. Light Illusion lasts exactly 3 hours and 22 minutes, and were believed at the time to be on top and make a wish.
Zoroastrianism, holiday Sede
Sede Zoroastrian holiday falls on 23 sentyabrya.Proshlo summer, all that has to give its fruit, and now dies, loses its former shape. The life force transfer the fruits and seeds. Sede embodies the law under which certain forms are destroyed and replaced by other natural and harmonious way. This law is very important for people. Zoroastrians believe that it also has to work in harmony in the inner and the outer world of man. As a symbol of separation of grain from the chaff, grains of valuable experience from waste material — in this holiday eating sunflower seeds.
It is believed that when the Sun enters the first degree of Libra, the forces of evil in the world — the strongest and most manifest. On this day the soldiers and priests, and all the righteous Zoroastrians gather at the Lights. Or the eight lights in the house, but most do in nature, the campfire in the shape of eight stars. Gathered at this fire and read the mantra to stop the spread of evil.
The festivities continue from noon to sunset. Read prayers to Ahura — Mazda and Mithras — the patron of law and order.
In Japan, the autumnal equinox Shubun-but-he is an official holiday and is celebrated with the holiday in 1878, there is another name — Tunit, which means "average day." This name is associated with the fact that the autumnal equinox is in the middle of the week, called the Higan.
In the autumn equinox Japan performs stretching into the depths of history rites Buddhist holiday Higan. According to the "Law on National Holidays" in the autumn equinox and the appropriate embedded meaning: "To respect the ancestors, to honor the memory of the departed to the other world."
The Buddhist concept of "Higan" can be translated as "the other shore", that is a world away where our ancestors settled and where their souls. The days of autumn Higa — is the week, including three days before and after the date of the autumnal equinox and the autumnal equinox itself. Prior to the Japanese Higa provide a thorough cleaning of the house, especially the home altar with photos and belongings departed ancestors, refresh flowers, put food and ritual offerings. During Higa Japanese families go to worship the graves of their ancestors, and have a prayer book for ritual honors.
Legislative day for celebration was set in 1948, and he has, as they say Japanese sources, "about September 23." The exact date of the day of the autumnal equinox to the next year determined by the National Observatory on February 1 of this year, producing a corresponding celestial measurements and calculations. Week following this afternoon, called Aki-no Higan.
By 23 September is the peak of the summer heat and sweltering heat of the day ("heat — up days Higa"), and there comes a blessed sunny season of "Indian summer." In Japan there is a saying: "Autumn Higan Higan like spring."
"And the heat, and cold — before the days of Higa." So they say in Japan during both autumn and spring equinox days.
During Higa bloom Higan-bana, "flower of the autumn equinox." Another name for the flower — "mandzyusage", which means "heavenly flower". In Buddhist sutras was mention that fall from the sky bright scarlet flowers, heralding happy events.