Igor Shishkin: The concept of occupation of the Baltic states, Bessarabia and the fourth partition of Poland — the call of the Russian Security

Igor Shishkin: The concept of "occupation" of the Baltic states, Bessarabia and the "fourth partition" of Poland - a challenge to Russia's securityThe purpose of the concept of "occupation" — not the means and location of, and its sovereignty and civilization identity. Although the facilities and areas in case of surrender to the "historic" field, of course, be taken away.

In a large-scale campaign to introduce into the public consciousness of the modern concept of the second world war, based on the identity of Nazism and "Stalinism", a special place is given to Russian accession to the Union in 1939-1940. Western Belarus and Western Ukraine, Bessarabia, and the Baltic states. (The reasons for and objectives of the campaign, see "The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: the return of a huge policy"). Together with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, and in connection with it, these acts of the USSR are presented as "evidence" equal responsibility of Germany and the Russian Federation Russian for unleashing World War II.

Accordingly, the Soviet territorial gains are treated only as being grossly violated norms of international law, criminal relative to the entire international community, and, above all, to the Baltic republics, Poland and Romania. A big role in the justification of such assessment of the actions of the USSR plays smooth coordination of territorial expansion with the Russian Union of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. According to the latest concepts of war, the Covenant — a "criminal conspiracy" of Stalin and Hitler, and the "fourth section" Poland, "occupation" of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Bessarabia — its implementation.

All of these actions now proposed to consider, as an initial step of the second world war, in which the two totalitarian empire together to solve their brutal puzzles. If the effect of German aggression on its victims have been eliminated as a result of the victory in 1945, the "status quo" in August 1939 in Eastern Europe up to now not one hundred percent recovered. Therefore quite natural that the revision of meaning second world war is inextricably linked with the theme of "overcoming the consequences of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact" or another — "the consequences of the occupation."

At first glance, "to overcome the consequences of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact", the qualification of the territorial acquisitions of the USSR as an illegal occupation, trampling norms of international law, does not pose any threat to modern Russia. Russian Federation, these effects have long been so "overcome" by returning to the borders of the Soviet Union even in August 1939, and to the unusual combination of the boundaries of the Russian Empire beginning of the XVIII century, with the boundaries of the Capital of the kingdom beginning of the XVII century.

Having lost his hand, surprisingly afraid to chop off one's goals from her fingers. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are now parts not of, but the Euro Union. All claims for Vilnius, Western Belarus and Western Ukraine, Poland must now settle with Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, not Russia. Restoration of the status quo in Bessarabia applies only to Romania and Moldova. Because, apparently, the problem of the legality of the territorial acquisitions of the USSR, the problem of overcoming the consequences of the Covenant — the problem is someone else's and someone else's headache. For the Russian Federation, it is only a historical or historical-legal nature. As the saying goes, "no evil, no good."

But a similar "life-affirming" approach has no foundation. This is a problem of Russian, while not historical, but political. The problem, which is directly dependent on the security of the country and its role and place in the world.


The concept of "occupation" is the cornerstone of the state of the Baltic republics, it is unimaginable without them modern political system. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are positioning themselves as a direct extension of (the doctrine of continuity), the pre-war countries. Officially, in 1940 they were "occupied" the Soviet Union, but de jure retained its statehood, and got it back in 1991 as President of Estonia (1992 — 2001). Lennart Meri: "Local Authorities in Estonia or Estonian concept of statehood — or, if you will, the philosophy of the country — is based on the continuity of the Estonian country "(1). He is echoed today and Estonian President Hendrik Ilves in the New Year ETV interview the other day in 2012: "The Estonian government was created in 1918 and rebuilt on the basis of legal continuity, and the role of the president — to protect the fundamental principles. Fact that Estonia was occupied — one of the greatest tragedies in the the history of the Estonian people, and it was an injustice, the injustice not generate any new law, "(2). Formulated by the Estonian president position can be fully attributed to Latvia and Lithuania.

This awareness of the Baltic republics own state is directly related to the security dilemma of.

Latvia and Estonia, the composition of which in the RSFSR, the refinement of administrative boundaries during the "occupation" were transferred to some inhabited mostly Russian, terrain, immediately after independence, began to show the Russian Federation's territorial claims on Pytalovsky (Latvia) and town Pechora Isborsk Ivangorod (Estonia).

Lithuania, unlike Latvia and Estonia, during his stay in the Soviet Union nearly a third of the area increment, and even through Moscow regained its capital Vilnius, formerly occupied by Poland. Deprived of the ability to achieve the countryside, she decided to put the Russian Federation (Russian Union as pravoprodolzhatelyu) Cash Account: July 13, 2000 the Lithuanian parliament passed the "Law on Compensation for damage caused by the Soviet occupation."

The Act is based on continuity (similar personality) of, in accordance with which "by international law Russian Federation is the legal successor to the rights and obligations of the USSR." On this basis, the Lithuanian government instructs to calculate damages and to "start negotiations and constantly make efforts in order to offset the Russian Federation to the people of Lithuania and the Lithuanian state damage caused by the Soviet occupation" (3). Foreseen even the creation of a special account, which will collect money from the Russian Federation that are transferred for the atrocities of the "occupation regime." Defined, and how to use them. Lithuanian example awakened appetites and cash in Latvia and Estonia. In 2004, when presenting the results of calculation of the President of Estonia harm Russian "occupation", the chairman of the special State Commission of Inquiry into the repressive policies of the Institute of Toronto Dr. Vello Salo (volunteer waged war on the side of the Third Reich) proposed by the Russian Federation to claim as compensation for temporary use NSO: "Suppose, for example, will give our use of the Novosibirsk region, on the ground that in a certain number of years, we could do logging" (4).

Such a requirement is not in any way be seen as absurd. The doctor came out of historical precedent. According JuR'EVSKIJj peace treaty in 1920 the Bolsheviks not only recogn
ized the secession of Estonia, the Russian Federation, gave her a land populated by Russian Pechora Izborsk and Ivangorod, but also passed the Estonian side of the 15 million gold rubles and provided a concession one million acres of forest (about the causes, which prompted the Russian government to make such a contract, see Igor Pavlovsky "Yurievsky offshore: the cost of Tartu Peace" (5)).

Confidence doctor sets and membership of Estonia in the European Union: "There is a big difference — if the Kremlin states Estonia, the smallest is 150 times than our homeland or European Alliance, three times larger than our native land" (6).

In 2005 and began operating in Latvia, the Commission on the calculation of damages from the "occupation." In 2009 due to the global financial crisis of its activities have been temporarily suspended, but even purely for Latvian experts had previously calculated almost 200 billion dollars that our homeland is to pay the victim of its "occupation" of Latvia.

There is no reason territorial and financial claims against the Russian Federation has long been considered the affairs of bygone days or deplorable, but explainable cost of formation of new democratic countries (and grow up all by itself will resolve).

The Seimas 9 June 2011 has approved amendments to the law "On the responsibility for the genocide of the inhabitants of Lithuania", aimed at explaining the Lithuanian Ministry of Justice to ensure that "people who have suffered damage during the Nazi and Russian occupation from 1940 to 1991 had right seek compensation, regardless of the statute of limitations "(7).

Certainly, if a Baltic version of overcoming the consequences of the "occupation" was limited only to the putting up of the Russian Federation to the multibillion-dollar bills and territorial claims, then accept it as real, and not the possible danger of Russian security there would be no reason. As Vladimir Putin said: "Do not they get Pytalovsky, and from a dead donkey ears" (8).

However, the main manifestation of the policy of overcoming the consequences of the "occupation" in the Baltics are not virtual requirement of funds and areas designed for the future configuration of the political situation in Russia, and more real, carried out for two decades, discrimination against the Russian population.

President Ilves said, when asked about the reasons for the Swiss journalist reincarnation of the Russian minority in Estonia "lower economic class," said: "They (the Russian) were Herrenvolk (folk masters — the journalist notes that Ilves said the word in the German language, although the interview was conducted in UK) for 50 years, and have been in different historical sense privileged. now, when they are no more benefits, some people consider it a defeat "(9).

By focusing specifically on the concept of "occupation," ethnocratic modes Baltic legally put the Russian population of their countries in the first unequal position in comparison with the title civilizations, in the position of second-class citizens. A direct link the concept of "occupation" of the legal status of Russian quite frankly pointed chairman of the committee on foreign affairs of the Diet of Latvia Vaira Paegle, "If we give up the concept of occupation, then put under threat our policy on citizenship to non-citizens and their rights, and other the main issues. Clearly, for such a step, we can not go "(10) (emphasis added — I.SH).

Exclusively in Estonia during its separation from the Soviet Union about a third of the population is at the legislative level is limited to civilian rule to have a unique status of "persons with undetermined citizenship" (most of it's own people born in the Estonian SSR). As a result, in a democratic country, a member of the European Union, a significant portion of the population regularly paying taxes is deprived of democratic consulate, faced with the practice of "prohibitions on the profession," restrictions on economic activity.

Restricting the rights of some groups and even their complete withdrawal occurred in the history not just once, but in democracies similar previously observed only in the United States of America (until the abolition of racial discrimination as a result of mass public movement for the rights of black people by a special law in 1964 g).

In Europe, the Baltic states are not yet attained independence, the precedents of similar policies were not. As you know, the 3rd Reich, democracy itself is not declared.

Baltic regimes imposed restrictions involve not only basic political, and basic human rights. In the last two decades in the Baltic deliberately and methodically carried out the policy of restricting the rights of the Russian minorities to receive education in their native language and its implementation in the public and political life.

Substantiates this linguistic discrimination, again an "occupation." President Ilves in the above mentioned interview correctly identified: "We occupying your country and after 50 years, saying that you have to make Estonian official language. Occupation authorities seize land, hundreds of thousands of people deported to Siberia and send in their own people on the land. Now when we are again independent, the language of the occupation authorities should be the second language of the municipal? Do not ask me funny questions! " (11). It should be noted that the policy of ethnic discrimination against the Russian population in the Baltic region and will be conducted with the full support of the Euro Union and the West in general. No international human rights organizations did not consider it his duty to act to protect the rights of Russian. They all exhibit the greatest awareness and compassion to the authorities of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, to overcome the legacy of enforced Russian "occupation."

According to the views of Lauri Myalksoo — Estonian lawyer, spices in the history of international law, but from the beginning, the concept of "occupation" — such an approach "can not cause a huge surprise in light of the fact that most of the members of the international community recognized the restoration of the Baltic States in 1991 . the event that the Russian immigrants in Estonia and Latvia in 1992-93. become stateless, was not seen as "discrimination" ipso facto "(12).

Indeed, "a huge surprise" similar to the rights of Russian does not. A half-century back N.Ya.Danilevsky noted this feature in Europe, "Hangman, equipped by Dagger and arsonists become heroes, as long their bad deeds turned against Russia. Patrons nationalities fall silent as soon deal with the protection of the Russian nation" (13). Time to drastically change the political forms, but the essence of civilization remains constant.

In fact, unquestioning support of the Western democracies anti-democratic policy does not prevent the Baltic Ethnocracy complain to limit the sovereignty of their countries the EU because of the Russian minority. According to Lauri Myalksoo, Estonian and Latvian state "was denied full freedom in implementing the policy in the area of citizenship. Meanwhile, these countries do not have full" freedom "to decide when and based on what criteria they provide citizenship Russian immigrants" (14) .

Such complaints particularly exciting due to the fact that the current state of Russian, in the absence of criteria for "complete freedom of action," is usually characterized as a European kind of apartheid.

Of course, in Russia there is quite a powerful force for which the infringement of the rights of Russian in the Baltic States is not a problem of Russian. As clearly given to understand Russian President Dmitry Medvedev at a joint press conference with his Latvian member of the results of Russi
an-Latvian negotiations: the position of Russian in Latvia — Latvia's internal affair of the country. Responding to a reporter's question on the status of citizens in Latvia, President of the Russian Federation, said: "I believe that these issues are, in fact, need to ask our employees, as we are talking about a situation that in Latvia, not in Russia" (15) .

There is nothing unusual in the presence of such an approach is not. In the liberal system of coordinates, the population of the Russian Federation makes plain clothes civilization "Russians", ethnicity, which has no significance for the country and is an intimate affair (or even one) of each citizen. According to Dr. V.D.Kuznechevsky, Russian liberals' attempt to revive Suslov, Brezhnev chimera in a different form to return to the concept of "Russian people", selected at this international homunculus all generic national characteristics. Was invented brand new category — "Russian civilization" (16), or a civilization, "the Russians."

Accordingly, the Russian government must protect abroad are not Russian, and "Russians", ie Russian people. The necessity to protect and support the Russian language abroad by the fact that he, by virtue of the historical practice of "Russians" to use it, is recognized as the language of municipal Russia.

By this logic, the situation in the Russian Baltic Russian Federation for more than a position of Ethiopians in Zimbabwe, just because of the Russian-speaking first. Speak Ethiopians in Russian for Russian authorities have lost all difference.

But in addition to a liberal society in Russia there is also the state-Russian civilization, which number exceeds 80% of the population. How is this "intimate" property or selection (by liberal standards) the vast majority of "Russians" makes the problem of discrimination in the Russian Baltic, in the problem of Russian country indicates the example of Israel. In Israel, a little more than 70% of "Israelis" intimate chose to Jewish ethnicity. Israel — the government, with a deep-rooted democratic government is committed and sacred duty to defend on the rights of Jews all over the world, regardless of whether their Israeli citizenship. This is done not out of philanthropy or plain forgetfulness liberal principles of civilization, and in view of clear awareness of a trivial truth: the interests of the country and the state-of Civilization (real, not virtual — "plain") are inseparable.

Civilization flegmantichnaya to pripiraniyu fellow unsustainable, unviable dergavotvor civilization does not viable and it has made the government. In turn, the non-viable government can not perfectly protect the interests of the civilization that created it, which has a negative impact on its current strength. The vicious circle.

All this applies not only to Israel and the Jews, and to all other peoples and nations, including Russia and the Russian people. Because infringement of the rights of Russian in the Baltic region under the theme of overcoming the consequences of the "occupation" is a direct and undeniable challenge to security of.


In contrast to the Baltic republics Polish government did not formally spoken of the need to overcome the consequences "caused" the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact "fourth partition of Poland" and, accordingly, neither territorial nor monetary claims not yet put forth. But this is only one side of the coin.

Poland — a recognized generator Eastern policy of the EU, the chief inspirer and motor programs from the EU "Eastern Partnership". With all of this, as the chief editor of a REGNUM Modest Shades: "There is no evidence that Poland is ready to admit its two hundred year old classic imperialist aims in the East and reincarnate this tradition into a base for the partnership. Warsaw in dialogue, so that our homeland atone for the USSR , and shall be removed from their own common goals in the East "(17).

In 2009 the Polish Sejm qualified liberation of Western Belarus and Western Ukraine from Polish domination, as the Soviet anger, and their reunification with the Soviet Union as the "fourth section" of the Commonwealth. "Seventeenth of September 1939, — stated in the Resolution — Soviet troops without a declaration of war did rage against the Commonwealth in violation of its sovereignty and violating the norms of international law. Base for the invasion of the Red Army gave the Molotov — Ribbentrop Pact, concluded August 23, 1939 in Moscow between the USSR and Nazi Germany. makarom this was made the fourth partition of Poland "(18).

This resolution in no way be regarded as a document reversed only to the past and expresses only the world's highest legislative body of the country of the Polish events of seventy years ago. The purpose of Resolution — not the past and the future. The resolution for the first time officially, at the level of the supreme legislative body of the European countries, Russian Alliance announced the aggressor, on par with Germany, responsible for the beginning of the second world war.

It provides the legal basis for the probable (for suitable criteria) and totally logical for such assessment of events in September 1939, the requirement to overcome the effects of "anger" and "fourth partition" of Poland. Especially since that information and propaganda level similar training has been going for many years.

The trend has already yavna so that after the fall of the summit in 2011 the "Eastern Partnership" President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko has not sustained and undiplomatic name things by their proper names, accusing Poland of trying to "hook or crook" rob Western Belarus. "The last event was a thousand diplomatically quirks of them. Poland is! They'll stately figures! They behold the alert and that the border of Poland held near Minsk, they can not accept the fact that the border — at Grodno. Buy in Poland geographic card, you will see there: the border near Minsk. Stalin It's bad — and took away the land from the Poles in Western Belarus "(19), — said Alexander Lukashenko.

Naturally, the outspoken and alternately land preparation to presentation of claims to the Western Belarus and Western Ukraine, first, for today's Belarus and Ukraine. But we must not forget that Belarus and the Russian Federation form the Federal Government (even if almost everyone and formally), part of the company contracted to the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), and together build a Eurasian alliance. Because the possible (yet, perhaps) threat to the territorial integrity of Belarus, coming from the "politics of history" Poland is fully possible safety hazard and Russia.

If "overcome" the Austrian-Polish-Bolshevik-liberal myth that only the Great listed as Russian, and Belorussians and Ukrainians are deprived of this right, and to return them to the classical understanding of how 3-branches of the united Russian civilization, whereas the specific relationship official Polish concept of "the fourth section," Poland and Russian Federation security issues will become even more yavna.


The situation with overcoming the consequences of the "occupation" of Bessarabia has a pronounced specificity.

In Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to overcome the consequences of the policy of "occupation" is actually realized in the life at the municipal level, since their separation from the Soviet Union.

In Poland, alternately purposeful and is only preparing the legal and political ground for a possible future in overcoming the "fourth division" of the Commonwealth.

In Romania and Moldova, the legal basis for overcoming the "occupation" of Russian Union of Bessarabia were laid two de
cades back. Accordingly, in the "Declaration of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and its consequences for our country" on June 24, 1991, and in the "Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Moldova" on August 27, 1991 in the Declarations of Bessarabia (Moldova) was declared "occupied" Russian Union territory of Romania and posed little problem "liquidation of political and legal consequences of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact" (20).

All these years, the Romanian authorities and pro-Romanian forces in Moldova stubbornly try to translate this framework into actual policies to overcome the consequences of the "occupation." While unsuccessful. Independent Transnistria and the reluctance of the majority of the population of Moldova is Romanian, do not give them to expand the boundaries of Romania.

Despite this, they do not lose hope. It is significant that Romania, which first recognized the separatist regime in Moldova, to this day refuses to sign a contract with the sovereign Republic of Moldova on the border. As stated Romanian President Basescu: "Who can imagine for myself, that the head of the Romanian countries will sign a contract that would legitimize the Covenant" Molotov-Ribbentrop? "Only someone who is not your brain comes to what it means to the responsibility of Romanian head of the country" (21 ).

If the "politics of history" of the Baltic republics is the real challenge of, and Poland — perhaps the zeal to overcome the consequences of the "occupation" of Bessarabia may seem do not affect the interests of the Russian Federation and does not threaten its security.

Indeed, what is the difference of the Russian Federation, will join or not between the Dniester and rods of Romania or not? Russian, it is not a long time. Moreover, this development can even be profitable for the Russian Federation.

Overcoming the effects of the "occupation" opens in the legal sense of the Russian Federation to the Transnistria-term friendly international recognition of independence, and the next legal entry into the Russian Federation. In a referendum in 2006 97% of Transnistria voted for the "independence and the next available connection to the Russian Federation." The grounds for such a point of view gives the Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Moldova. It contains a very fundamental statement that the Education Act of the Union of the Moldavian SSR from 08.02.1940 and the following legislative acts were adopted "in the absence of any real legal justification" (22). This is a unique feature of the Declaration. As noted by Dr. N.V.Babilunga, "the announcement of its statehood product of foreign occupation regime is not so uncommon in the world" (23). In accordance with the Declaration of Independence upon which the modern Republic of Moldova, Transnistria de jure to this state does not apply. The left bank of the Dniester River, formerly part of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, joined with Bessarabia just declared null and void by the Act of 2 August 1940.

It follows, consequence of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact for Bessarabia should include not only the accession of Moldova to Romania, and the recognition of the independence of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic. Transnistria, in turn, willingly without the help of others to decide how to live on and with whom to unite.

Full idyll for Moscow. Change Moldova to Transnistria. As a result, Romania gets what RF do not already own. Our homeland is not making any effort and without coming into conflict with the West, protects the interests of their own people (over a third of the inhabitants of Transnistria — the citizens of the Russian Federation), and its geopolitical interests on the Dniester.

But reality is it has no business. Here we see the smooth lines of "historical policy" of Lithuania. On the one hand, overcoming the effects of the "occupation" in Lithuania built to the level of state policy. On the other hand, no one not even occur to expect that Lithuania under this policy will give Vilnius Poland. Condemnation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact gets along there with the celebration of the return of day or Vilnius.

Likewise, the pro-Romanian policy of Moldova, the Moldovan statehood proclaiming a product of Stalin's policies and seek to eliminate the consequences of the "occupation" of Bessarabia, an inch is not going to turn away from the borders drawn by Stalin, and insist on their own sovereignty over Transnistria. Moreover, they are under the anti-Stalinist slogans and with the support of the Romanian organized anger against proclaimed the independence of Transnistria. The goal of anger was yavna — return the attached Stalin areas, and go with them to Romania.

The need to restore the territorial integrity of Moldova (synonym accession PMR) constantly states and Romania to the European Union and the United States.

Nothing unusual about that, and the unfortunate "double standards" has nothing to do with it. The standard is always the same — interests. The policy goal of overcoming the "occupation" is not the restoration of the violated Tipo once Stalin norms of international law, and the realization of the interests of the elites of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Moldova and Romania. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact "occupation"As well as general international law — for all their only tools, a means of ensuring their own interests.

Because count on Romania and Moldova's pro-Romanian forces put slogans and tools (the law) above their own interests, against their will, and to agree to the independence of Transnistria, there is no reason. For Transnistria they fully supported by the West and liberal society RF fought, are fighting and will fight.

Not the case, taking advantage of the announced "reset" of relations West once tried to achieve delivery of Russian Transnistria. Change Transnistria on the abolition of visas. RF practically offered for the withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers from Transdniestria sometime in the future to abolish the visa regime with the EU.

In this case, all the spices, as in the RF, and in the West, perfectly clear that only the presence of Russian peacekeepers restrains the latest rage against the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic and its annexation. As the director of the Center for Political Technologies Sergey Mikheev, if Russian troops withdraw from Transnistria, then there's going to brand-new war, "and if there will be Romania, there will be a massacre" (24). In Washington, Brussels, Berlin and Paris did not understand it worse.

In particular, catchy that in the recent attempt by Russian liberals to oust Russia from Transnistria first violin plays Germany, and not Romania.

Does not correspond to reality, and the idea that overcoming the consequences of the "occupation" of Bessarabia, suggesting accession of Moldova to Romania, does not affect the security of Russia. Review of the geopolitical importance of the Prut and Dniester rivers is not the purpose of a true, fully sufficient for links to the world competent in the issues of "professionals."

The border of the Russian Empire exactly two years ago, was moved from the Dniester to the Danube and bars thanks to military leadership and diplomatic talents Kutuzov. It goes a little surprising to attach importance to the results of the Russian Federation wonderful feats of heroes Suvorov (the border on the Dniester — roughly, modern Transnistria) and do not recognize the significance of the victory of Kutuzov (the border on the Danube and rods — approximately a modern Moldova). In the twentieth century Bessarabia, lost during the war, civilian clothing, found it necessary to return the Russian Union of Stalin. There is no doubt that competence in matters of strategy Kutuzov an
d Stalin no less competence of modern Russian politicians.

Reason to change the geopolitical interests of the time contradicted the policy of NATO and the EU (and not only in Romania) not accurately aimed at ousting the Russian Federation as of Transnistria and Moldova. Hard to imagine that they do it by taking care of the interests of, or that they are not competent in strategic issues.

Trivial fact almost complete loss of Russia's own positions in Moldova does not negate the need for an impartial recovery. Make it after the Moldova into the EU and NATO will be more difficult times. That too of course.

With all the geopolitical importance for Russia between the Dniester and bars, more than if the principal is a perennial spiritual and civilizational unity of the Moldovan and Russian peoples, their identity, by definition, His Holiness Patriarch Kirill to the Russian world.

From a geopolitical point of view, as already mentioned, to overcome the consequences of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in the form of annexation of Bessarabia to Romania is a pending challenge in the current time to the RF virtually nothing will change — moving NATO's borders from the Danube to the Dniester not fundamentally affect the security of Russia.

Completely different is the real consequences this will have for the Russian Federation from civilization, the spiritual point of view. Accession of Moldova to Romania will inevitably entail its separation from the Russian world. Moldovan people for such a development is fraught with the loss of his own "I" own identity. But the more severe the consequences will be for the entire Russian world, as the integrity of civilization. Including the Russian Federation. Russian civilization — the root of the Russian world. Because it means the weakening of the Russian world and its spiritual weakening. Spiritual weakening state-civilization — flat and specific danger to the security of the country made it.

His Holiness Patriarch Kirill during the pastoral visit to Chisinau figuratively and accurately disclose this relationship and interdependence: "How the Lord will give me strength and my fortress in the implementation of the Patriarchal ministry, Moldova and the Moldovan people will always be in my heart.'s Periphery — in the center, like the heart has no periphery. If heart disease strikes, it is indifferent in what place of the heart muscle is a heart attack — all the heart is shaken pain. And if the pain lasts, the heart stops "(25).


Consideration of the manifestations of the policy to overcome the consequences of the "occupation" in the Baltic States, Poland, Romania, and Moldova, leads to the conclusion that the concept of "occupation" and based on it, "politics of history" are either direct or possible challenges to the security of the Russian Federation around the perimeter of the Baltic Sea up of the Black Sea.

Together with the fact that the call can not be reduced to questions of regional security.

Overcome the consequences of the policy of "occupation" has a very specific global dimension. If the territorial expansion of the Russian Union in 1939-1940. recognizes the "occupation" of the Baltic states, Bessarabia and the "fourth partition" of Poland, then there is a chance to put the Soviet Union on an equal footing with the Third Reich. There is the opportunity to "prove" that the first step of the second world war two brutal empire shared with the world, while the imperialist instincts pushed them into a deadly confrontation. That's why the concept of "occupation" is given one of the major sites in a large-scale campaign to replace the West meanings second world war. Together with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the concept of "occupation" is intended to promote the translation of Russian Federation and the founders of the favorites of the contemporary world order is placed to pravoprodolzhatelya defeated aggressor.

So, it would seem purely regional and even a small-town historical claims limitrophe countries become elements generated by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the bipolar world order of the struggle for geopolitical division of the world. Struggle, the rate at which RF is not for the money and pieces of terrain, and its future, sovereignty and civilization identity. Although the facilities and the area in case of damage to the "old" field, of course, be taken away.

In this regard, the question of the legality of accession to the Soviet Baltic, Western Belarus and Western Ukraine and Bessarabia for the Russian Federation is not a matter of historical or historical-legal, and political, from which specifically depends on the safety of the Russian state. Get away from it does not work, despite all the Russian authorities wish to avoid confrontation with the West and throw history to historians. ***

(1), p. by: L. Myalksoo Russian annexation and municipal continuity: The International Legal Status of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1940-1991,. and after the 1991 conflict between research and the power of normativity in international law. Tartu. Publishing House of the University of Tartu. 2005. P.73.

(2) http://www.dzd.ee/684266/ilves-okkupacija-jestonii-byla-nespravedlivostju/

(3) p. by: L. Myalksoo Russian annexation and municipal continuity. S.372-373.

(4) http://lenta.ru/world/2004/05/12/estonia/

(5) http://www.regnum.ru/news/948103.html


(7) http://www.regnum.ru/news/1370061.html

(8) http://www.newsru.ru/russia/23may2005/otmertvogoslaushi.html

(9) http://www.ves.lv/article/197306

(10) http://www.regnum.ru/news/1485565.html

(11) http://www.ves.lv/article/197306

(12) L. Myalksoo Russian annexation and municipal continuity. Page 259

(13) N. Danilevsky Our homeland and Europe. M., Book, 1991. P.49

(14) L. Myalksoo Russian annexation and municipal continuity. S.262-263

(15) http://prezident.rf/transcripts/9855

(16) VD Kuznechevskaya Russian civilization in the criteria of globalization. Or why the liberal ideology could not cope with the challenge of the time of post-Soviet Russia. MA, RISI, 2011. P.16

(17) Modest Shades: Poland's Eastern policy and our native land: historical limits of reconciliation / / http://www.regnum.ru/news/1353467.html

(18) http://www.ekhoplanet.ru/statements_528_1630

(19) http://www.regnum.ru/news/1485942.html

(20), p. by: Stepanjuk B. State of the Moldovan people: historical, political, and legal issues. Chisinau, 2006. S.422.

(21) (22), p. by: Stepanjuk B. State of the Moldovan people. S. 423.

(23) Babilunga NV The split of Moldavia and constitutional acts of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic / / yearly historical anthology of Transnistria. Tiraspol, 1999, № 3. C.4.

(24) http://www.regnum.ru/news/1348327.html

(25) http://ava.md/news/012995-patriarh-kirill-moldova-i-moldavskii-narod-vsegda-budut-v-moem-serdce.html

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