Igor Shishkin: The method of reunification of the Russian civilization: the reunion as a response to the challenge of collapse

Igor Shishkin: Algorithm reunion Russian nation: the reunion as a response to the challenge of collapseDecember 26, 1991, 21 years earlier, officially ended its existence the Soviet Union. The collapse of the Russian Union was the greatest catastrophe in the history of Russian civilization. Almost 20 percent of the Russian suddenly found themselves outside Russia. We have become the world's largest frustrated people.

In the early 90's, immediately after the collapse, is popular enough to quote the words of Bismarck was not appropriate and the uselessness of the dismemberment of the Russian Federation: "Even the most appropriate ending the war will never lead to the disintegration of the Russian Federation, which is based on millions of Russian believers Greek denomination. These latter, even if they then international treaties shall be broken as quickly again unite together as a path to find each other disconnected droplets of mercury. This indestructible Government of the Russian civilization ". [1]

"Steel Chancellor" warmed the soul and encouraging. It was more than 2-decades, and no such merger particles of mercury did not. Russian as ever broken civilization. In fact, in all the new-independent states, except Belarus and Transnistria, the Russian put in the position of second-class citizens. Ethnocratic regimes in the former "fraternal" republics openly pursuing a policy of squeezing the Russian population, its discrimination and assimilation. Because now the same words of Bismarck, is often pronounced as a verdict as evidence that the Russian people are no longer current energy, the ability to protect their own interests, the ability to reunite. Extensive widespread tragic scenario of the Russian sunset, leaving the Russian civilization from the historical arena.

Certainly, the prophecy of the future — it nepriznatelnoe and unreliable. Even if it is based on the statements of prominent political figures. Together with the fact fully justified with a large modicum of probability to predict the behavior of the people in those or other circumstances, knowing his reaction to similar situations in the past. In this connection, instead of guessing the future is always better to turn to the past. Especially since our home is not the first time losing terrain, and the Russian people are not for the first time in a situation of a broken, and not the first time Russia seized the territories subjected to discrimination.

The closest example to us to overcome the collapse of the restoration of the territorial integrity after the collapse of the Russian Empire. But you have to admit that in 90 years in Russia there was no force capable of a bloody war on civilian clothes, through confrontation with the world to impose their will on the post-Soviet place as it did in the post-imperial step of the Bolsheviks. At the moment, there is no need to talk: good or bad it is. This is a fact. The experience of the Bolsheviks in the current time is not applicable, and therefore represents a purely historical enthusiasm. It is worth noting that the absence of such forces in the modern Russian Federation can not serve as confirmation of the degeneration of the Russian civilization, it loses its power and capabilities relevant to the reunion. Who-who, as spokesmen for the Russian spirit "Leninist Guards" just were not.

But the Bolshevik experience with us is not unique. In 1772 came the release of a large part of Russia from the snow-white Polish yoke, commonly referred to in the historiography "The first section of the Commonwealth." For the Russian people and RF This event was more decisive than the release in 1654 of Little Russia, and her reunion with Great. 240 years ago, for the first time after several centuries of separation, all three branches of the Russian civilization — Belarusians, the Great Russians and Little Russians — were reunited under a single Russian country.

Specifically experience of reuniting Belarus with Russia a lot more with the realities of the current day or. It is important for understanding the prospects for the reunification of the Russian civilization, and for understanding the fate of the countries in which the seized on the territory of the Russian Federation, ethnocratic Russian regimes produce discrimination. The process of reuniting Belarus with Russia was inextricably linked with the process of partition of Poland, the Polish people lost their statehood.

Sections of the Commonwealth are the greatest tragedies of Polish civilization, its non-healing wounds. On the international arena for Poland and the Poles firmly entrenched image of the "victim countries" and "people-sufferer." The main accused is always the Russian imperialism, though, and goes to the Germans for their complicity, and the rest for non-interference and indifference to the fate of a proud, freedom-loving people. With all of this usually concealing the responsibility for sections of the Poles themselves.

Solovyov in the serious study of "The History of the fall of Poland" in the first place among the main reasons for the Polish catastrophe has put no aggressive ambitions of its neighbors, and the massive Russian national liberation movement against the Polish yoke, the fight for equal rights for the Russian community "under the banner of religion" [2].

"In 1653 — wrote Soloviev — salting the Capital of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, Prince Boris Repnin claimed by the Polish government, that the Orthodox Russian people forward in faith slavery was not and they live in the former liberties. Polish government did not agree to this demand, and consequence was the defection of Little Russia. After 100 years with anything salted Russian empress, also the prince Repnin, filed the same claim was denied, and the result was the first partition of Poland ". [3]

Catherine II, who ascended to the throne a little, found himself fit to do protect the rights of citizens abroad (at the time in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), one of the values in the external policy of Russia. In this case, first it was specifically about human rights policy, and not the restoration of the territorial integrity of the Russian reunification of the country and the Russian civilization.

The reason for such concern for compatriots yavna. German princess who came to power in Russia as a result of a palace coup and the assassination of a spouse, to save the crown of life itself was to capture the trust of his subjects, to conduct national-oriented, is popular in all parts of Russian society policy. Total dependence on the top of the nobility (Guard) inevitably made the internal politics of Catherine the second narrow social class. The only field for the national policy was the policy of external, including the policy of protection of Orthodox coreligionists.

The main reward of involving the Empress to the protection of Orthodox citizens rightfully belongs to the bishop ZHore Konisskogo. He and the other hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church and the western Russian lands was told to the latest Empress cry for help oppressed Orthodox population of the Commonwealth. "Christians from Christians oppressed — wrote Bishop Jora Konisskogo — and the faithful of the faithful more, if from wrong, ozloblyaemy happen. MIXABLE our temples, where Christ is constantly praised, and the same are open beznavetny Jews' synagogue, in whom Christ is constantly insulted. As We humane tradition in equal with God's unending law have meaning, and the ground to interfere w
ith the sky do not dare — for the schismatics, heretics, apostates, call us, and that contrary to the voice of conscience besstudno dread — for being in prison, and the wounds on the blade, condemned by the fire happen ". [4] From Kiev Metropolitan Empress came the news that Trembovlsky leader Joachim Potocki against the will of four Orthodox Church took on the union; Pinsky Bishop Jora Bulgac took on union fourteen churches, mutilated abbot Theophanes Jaworski. And these reports came to Catherine the second in large numbers. 10's Orthodox communities turned to her with pleas for help against Catholic tyranny.

Give it up without attention Catherine could. "Predecessor offended her sense of nationality, despising all Russian Ekaterina had to act vigorously in the public spirit, to return trampled honor of the people" 1 [5]. Therefore considered Kliuchevsky: "Dissident matter of patronage and other fellow dissidents, as it was then called, on the equation of their rights with the Catholics was particularly important for Catherine, is popular as a" [6]. The inability to Catherine 2nd abandon support for the Orthodox in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Kostomarov pointed: "The Case of non-Catholics in Poland was not such as to Russian Empress could throw him ". [7] In the name of self-interest, Catherine II took control of the country's foreign policy interests of the Russian civilization, and became Catherine stateliness.

Russian Ambassador to the Commonwealth Catherine asked the citizens to take under his special protection, and achieve their adjustment to the religious, political and economic rights with the Poles. Prince N.V.Repninu directed in 1763 in Warsaw, particularly the Empress ordered to "protect our same faith in their rights, liberties and liberty for the service of God in their rituals, and especially the not only to prevent further withdrawal of churches and monasteries belonging their lands and other estates, and return in the first case, all the comfort to have this taken away from them ". [8]

The intended target was practically insoluble. The Polish Catholic majority and hear not lusted after the refusal of benefits and of the equality of rights of dissidents (then called all non-Catholics and neuniatov Rzeczpospolita). Even the favorites of the ruling ("pro") the party Princes Czartoryski openly stated that soon will go to the expulsion of dissidents from Poland, you agree to allow them equal rights with the Poles.

And one of the leaders of the opposition Soltyk Bishop of Cracow and most declared: "I can not treason to the king and fatherland allow to improve the rights of dissidents. If I saw otvorennye for dissidents doors to the Senate, hut embassy to the courts, then I would have shielded them these doors his body — let me be worn. If I saw a place prepared for the construction of non-Christian temple, he would lie on this place — even on my head would have laid the cornerstone of the structure "[9].

Only 5 years later in 1768 under the enormous pressure of the Russian Federation Polish Diet has been obliged to recognize the equality of the Orthodox and the Catholics in the Polish republic. With all of this is specifically provided for the dominant position of the Catholic Church and the exclusive right of Catholics to the royal crown.

But the Poles, and in this form of equality with the Russian was not accepted. For their equality of rights with the Russian was the equivalent of taking all the Polish liberties. The Catholic clergy, magnates and gentry formed the Confederation of Bar, entered into an alliance with the Turks and revolted. Poland flared.

As written by Catherine II, the Poles, "took the cross with one hand and with the other signed an alliance with the Turks. Why? Then, to prevent the quarters of the Polish population to exercise the rights of a citizen". [10] In figurative definition Kluchevsky began the "aristocratic Polish-Pugachev robbery of the oppressors right suppression "[11].

The result is known. Exactly 240 years ago, in 1772, a significant part of Belarus, thanks to the victories of the Russian guns over the Turks and aristocratic Confederates, freed from the yoke of Polish and reunited with Great and Little Russia in a single Russian state. Immediately there was a first section of the Commonwealth.

Experience has taught Poles nothing. At the first case, a comfortable (as it seemed), enlisting the Union is no longer with Turkey, and with Prussia, they "enjoyed the pleasure to kick the lion, do not make out that the lion had not only been at the death, and was not even sick," [12 ]. Orthodox, still remaining under the authority of the Commonwealth, the newly legislated relegated to the status of second-class citizens. Moreover, the Poles tried to split off from the Polish parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church, to make an independent from Moscow Autocephalous Orthodox Church of the Commonwealth. Attempted to use for this purpose the patriarch of Constantinople. In reality then, the separation of church could mean a much more severe and dangerous division of the Russian civilization, than a political division. "Poland was threatened by the division of the Russian Federation — wrote Solovyov — and our home was to hasten the political connection to prevent the separation of the Church". [13]

Happened that was supposed to happen. The oppressors did not want to abandon the suppression. There was no way — absolutely had to release them from the oppressed. Russian civilization reunited. All of the Russian land, except Galicia, centuries later merged again in the same state.

For the opportunity to free citizens from discrimination, for the reunification of the Russian people of the Russian Federation had to give Austria and Prussia a free hand against virtually Polish lands, which led to the disappearance of the Polish country for 100 years with excessive.

After gaining independence in 1918, Poland, supported by the UK and France in 1921 captured in civilian clothes wrapped in the RF part of the war on the western Russian lands in Ukraine and Belarus. In the second part of the Commonwealth once again proved the Russian minority and the Polish majority. And the same thing happened.

Russian Poland were immediately struck by the rights. Began an active process polonization, configuration ethno-demographic balance in the occupied Russian territories. For 20 years exclusively in Western Belarus were resettled with vesting large earthen plots, about three hundred thousand Poles, so called, "osadnikov." If prior to the occupation in Western Belarus was 400 Belarusian schools, 2 teachers' seminaries, and 5 high schools, by 1939 they were converted into Polish. Two-thirds of the Orthodox churches have turned into churches. In 1938, the President of Poland signed a special decree, in which proclaimed that the Polish policy towards Orthodoxy should "turn lead to a leveling influence of the Russian Orthodox Church, and in order to speed up the process in the middle of the so-called polonisation Belarusians". [14] A similar policy is pursued Poland and western Ukraine.

But if in similar circumstances Poles behaved like their forefathers half a century back, it is not changed and Russian. In the occupied territories, in spite of the repression of the Polish authorities, Ukrainians and Belarusians opolyachivayutsya, and from year to year more and more intense fighting for their rights. Our homeland, now called the Soviet Union, quickly recovering from the collapse of the empire of war and civilians. Unfortunately the second Commonwealth lion was again alive. September 17, 1939 Reddish Liberation Army has undertaken a campaign. Oppressors again freed from oppression, only now on all Russian territories, including Galicia. So Stalin continued the work of Catherine stateliness and graduated,
started by Ivan Kalita, the process of gathering Russian lands.

Certainly, unlike the days of Catherine II, in 1939, discrimination against fellow citizens was not the main premise of the collapse of the Polish country. Together with the fact you can not refute that this factor had a significant impact on the motivation of people in the Soviet Union and in the occupied territories. Local Belarusian and Ukrainian population story of the Red Army liberators from the yoke of the Polish and Russian authorities considered it necessary to refer to a campaign of the Red Army — "Liberation".

As at the end of XVIII. the liberation of Ukrainians and Belarusians from the Polish yoke required to provide a free hand to the Germans ethnically Polish lands. The Polish government has once again ended the existence — come to pass, so called "fourth partition of Poland."

Undeniable link reunification of the Russian people with the death of the Polish country and in the XVIII and XX centuries. has led to the fact that Russia has decided to declare a party, and even the main culprit of the partitions of Poland. This charge, as a matter of course, firmly entered the public consciousness of the West, well, not just the West. It is significant that at the official level and in the Russian Federation and Belarus, and the Ukraine have preferred "embarrassment" does not see the 70th anniversary of the liberation campaign, and the 240th anniversary of the reunification of Belarus and Russia.

But despite the apparent obviousness of the charges against the Russian Federation, they have no case. Even Catherine II clearly and correctly expressed the essence of the events — "not a single inch of land to the" old "is not true of Poland took and did not want to get … Russia … land inhabited by Poles do not need … Lithuania, Ukraine and Belarus — Russia land or Russian population "[15]. Such a disposition Policy, emphasized Kostomarov in the monograph "The last years of the Commonwealth" has determined that "the acquisition of Catherine the Russian provinces of Poland perhaps the most just cause". [16] Says the same, and modern Russian researcher O.B.Nemensky: "The commemorative medal is awarded on the occasion of the sections depicted a Russian eagle, connecting the two parts of the card with the west lands, and on it was written" rejection vozvratih. "This is a very important to emphasize: Our homeland for all three platforms is not actually received an inch of Polish land, has not crossed ethnic boundaries of Poland (highlighted by the author. — I.SH). Ideology Russian role in the sections was specifically reunion before one — the Russian land "[17 ].

Nature restoration of the territorial integrity and unity of the state and had the liberation march of the Red Army in 1939 — to the Russian Union were attached only eternal Russian land. Because, as noted in the book M.I.Meltyuhov "Soviet-Polish war," even in the West at that time, "many believed that the Soviet Union was not involved in the partition of Poland, because the western regions of Ukraine and Belarus were not Polish territory, and the problem the restoration of Poland was associated only with Germany. Accordingly, the United Kingdom and France advised the Polish government in exile did not declare war on the USSR "[18].

In this regard, all have reason to believe that the charges of in the partitions of Poland is not fully correspond to reality. In the XVIII century. Poland is divided between Prussia and Austria, and in the XX century. Germany — between the Reich and the General Government. Our homeland Poland did not share. We returned home of their own. The return of their own, by definition, can not be someone else's section.

But the non-participation of the Russian Federation to the partition of Poland does not mean that the elimination of the Polish state was not directly related to, and even justified Russian policy aimed at protecting the rights of citizens and the restoration of its territorial integrity. Our homeland and in the XVIII and XX centuries. to achieve their goals provided the Germans a free hand to the fact that the Polish territories and predetermined the fate of the Polish country. Specifically for this vinyl Kliuchevsky Catherine II: "It was necessary to reunite the Western Rus, instead of partitioned Poland. Course, it is different in essence acts — first sought urgent enthusiasm of the Russian people, the second was a matter of international violence. History indicated [Catherine ] to return to Poland that Russia was behind her, but did not inspire her to share Poland with the Germans. Reason national life sought to save Russia from Western opolyacheniya and only Kabinetskaya policy could give Poland to Germanize "[19]. But if these allegations are true? Could Catherine the second release of the oppressors from the oppressed without the participation of Austria and Prussia?

The reunification of the Russian civilization and the return of the seized western Russian lands of course had to strengthen Russia. But at least some strengthening of the Russian Federation in the West, there were always a direct challenge to its security. What is the background of the case and as such it is justified — a separate issue. The main thing that's a given. Significantly, in 1791 one of the greatest British Prime Ministers — Pitt the Younger, was ready to declare war on the Russian Federation, to enter into the Baltic Sea 35 ships of the line and even give Prussia for his role in the Russian campaign is not owned by the UK Danzig. And all that in order to, as stated in his opponents in the House of Commons is not allowed Russia to get a piece of the steppe between the Dniester and the Bug on the basis of a victorious war with Turkey. Not far behind England and France, as well separated from the borders of the Russian Federation tyschami km. As noted by the French historian Albert Vandals in the study "The break of the Franco-Russian alliance" in almost all specifically the royal tradition of foreign policy of France led to the idea of Napoleon "to drive Russia into Asia, the invasion of which in terms of an old majestic powers upset the European political system — the system that created was the wise policy of our [French] rulers and ministers. Louis XV during most of the reign of their own, from time to time and Louis XVI, and their most eminent advisers believed it necessary to put an end to Russian onslaught. wanted to make a dam of a firm set up and is closely associated with Sweden , Poland and Turkey "[21]. Moreover, if less painful to strengthen the Russian Federation responded Austria and Prussia.

Neither of which are isolated, only between Russia and Poland, from western addressing the issue is not out of the question. Such an attempt will inevitably plunge the country into war with a coalition of European powers. By the way, of the belief that "Europe will protect us," and stemmed Poles confidence in the ability of the Russian population with impunity, suppress and ignore the requirements of the Russian Federation to grant the Orthodox equality. Polish Vice-Chancellor Borch shortly before his death, the Commonwealth so assured about the safety of the republic pursued public policy, "there is nothing to be afraid of the Russian Federation, although she defeated the Turks in this campaign, then, of course, will be defeated in the future, and even if this has not happened, then the whole of Europe to prevent the strengthening of, plead for Poland, especially in Austria, which is correct, would not look warehouse hands on Russian victory over the Turks and plead for Poland (my emphasis — IS) "[20].

The Polish authorities did not consider only the 1st: in the stately powers not endless enemies, there are only endless interests. Friedrich Lofty — the main ideologue and practitioner of the partition of Poland — really b
elieved Russia strategic enemy of Prussia and the whole of Europe. But in certain conditions the second half of the XVIII century. the interests of his kingdom, sought, first, joining West Prussia, Pomerania, Danzig, Thorn and other cities and lands belonging to the Commonwealth. Without an alliance with Russia to achieve this was unreal. In the Polish lands no less than at the time was interested and Austria. Achieve their goals for the sake of the two German countries were willing to accommodate the interests of Russia and come to terms with her imminent intensification eventually return the seized Rzeczpospolita Russian territories.

So the aggressive policy of Prussia and Austria had joined her in front of Russia opened a window for solutions from western powers issue without a bloody war with the stately European powers. Austria and Prussia were allied with Russia, and France and Britain did not consider themselves likely to oppose their act together (in spite of all the appeals of the Poles).

Naturally, for the release of fellow believers and the return of eternity Russian territories had to close my eyes to eliminate the Germans in Poland. It was a languid fee reunion. And it's not in the fate of Poland. Why Catherine Lofty had to take into account the interests of Poland, when the latter is not lusted after taking into account the interests of Russia and Russian citizens? Empress quite rightly disturbed only capture Austria Russian province of Poland (modern Galicia), which it has not managed to change the conquered Turkish lands.

For Russia the burden of payment for the reunion was different: gone buffer between Russia and the Germans. Austria and Prussia were specifically on the Russian borders. But this candidate would be only the rejection of reunification. The third was not given. Option of war with Poland, Prussia and Austria, can be supported by England, for the preservation of Poland in its ethnic boundaries is beyond any logic. Politics Art probable. A majestic Catherine made it impracticable: without the shedding of the blood of the Russian seas of the Great reunited, Ukrainians and Belarusians in the Russian state, freed from fellow Polish yoke. Paying a languid, but the right cost.

First of XX century. geopolitical situation is actually quite repeated. As in XVIII. Polish authorities conducted openly anti-Russian policy in the occupied territories. No ability to solve the problem by peaceful means were not: confident in the support of the West ethnocratic regime flatly refuses to conduct plebiscites in the occupied territories. Military return by Western Belarus and Western Ukraine and the USSR could not. This would lead to a war with virtually the whole of Europe.

But in 1939, the Third Reich in the first step unfolding battle with Britain for world domination was actually important neutrality Russian Union. Stalin, like Catherine the second, made full use of the opened window abilities. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact has provided non-interference in the affairs of Germany on post-imperial space, and in fact the peaceful reunification of Western Belarus and Western Ukraine with Russian Russia. Immediately the same Pact has provided freedom of action against the Germans in Poland and ordained her section. But after Stalin's Polish anger reason to put Poland's interests above the interests of Russian citizens and security of the country was still less than that of Catherine the stateliness. In 1939, the reunion was the only candidate transmission of Belarusians and Ukrainians in the western Russian lands of the German occupation of Poland, the Wehrmacht and the provision of profitable positions for the attack on the Soviet Union. Go for a Russian alliance could not. Option of war with Germany for the freedom and territorial integrity of Poland, including captured Russian land, stupid and treated.

The disappearance of the Polish country was the price to pay for the Polish anti-Russian and anti-Soviet policy. For this policy, both in respect of the Russian community, and in relation to the Soviet Union, no one except the Poles can not be held responsible. They chose it themselves.

It must be emphasized that in the upcoming France, England and the United States, in accordance with its endless interests, remembered the Curzon Line, and the fact that they have always stood for Poland in its ethnic boundaries, no Western Belarus and Western Ukraine.

The experience of reunification and modernity

As we see the example of the partitions of Poland, the answer to discrimination on the Russian territories seized by the Russian Federation each time was the development of events by the same method:

— Russian community is not tolerant, not emigrated and assimilated, it preserves national identity and fought for equal rights;

— Russian government inevitably become involved in the fight for the rights of citizens;

— ethnocratic mode, focusing on the support of the West, did not go on the establishment of equality with the titular Russian civilization;

— the risk of collision with the West did not allow the Russian state prinevolit ethnocratic regime to respect the rights of citizens;

— need one or more of majestic powers, for the sake of principle itself relevant interests, in support of the Russian Federation opened a "window of capacity" for Russian policy in the field of protection of the rights of citizens;

— the result is a radical solution to the difficulties, the reunification of the Russian civilization and the elimination of not only ethnocratic regime, and led them to the country.

So it was in the XVIII century and in the XX century. All there is reason to believe that it will be so in the century XXI.

Catastrophe 90s. Russian civilization survived. There is, though unhurried but steady rise of its current strength, the growth of Russian national identity. The failure of the post-Soviet Ethnocracy, the lion did not die again. Certainly, the Russian civilization has a lot of very unsafe problems. At this reality need not turn a blind eye. But they were in the 20s and 30s. That absolutely did not prevent either reunification or the flag of victory over the Reichstag become a reality.

Russia's post-Soviet uniform recovering from the shock of the collapse of the Soviet Union. After more than 20 years, we can say that no exodus, no assimilation, or the collapse of the Russian identity is eternally on Russian territories who have joined the new independent states, did not work. Even in Ukraine after almost 100 years of forced de-Russification and just frantic in the last decades of propaganda "Ukrainian nationalism" most of the population in all regions (except the West), in all age groups and all types of communities support the idea of Ukraine's accession to the Union of Belarus and Russia. As evidenced by the results of a large-scale survey conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Ukraine in 2011. [21] And this is pretty Ukrainian people's awareness about the virtual temper Union countries. These are the results of the fortress and provides resistance to the all-Russian Ukrainian national consciousness.

Begins to unfold and the Russian fight for their rights. In a referendum in Latvia in 2012 for the first time in post-Soviet Russia were united against the policy of ethnic discrimination. But they definitely said they no longer want to put up with the position of second-class people, "the lower economic classes" in the Latvian state. How not want either to emigrate or assimilate. Earlier, there were mass protests Russian and Estonian russkokulturnyh in defense of "the Bronze soldier". After a couple years of delays Party of Regions in Ukraine was obliged to accept, albeit flawed, but still a little protecting the rights of Russian language law. The end of 2012 brought reports of Russian intensify the fight for equality in the 2nd o
n the value of the town of Moldova — Balti. All this is the first swallow. Spring they do not, but the trend can be judged.

Immediately begin the process of engaging and Russian countries to protect the rights of fellow citizens. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in the presidential election program article "Our homeland and the Changing World" highlighted: "We will be in the strongest terms to enforce the authorities of Latvia and Estonia numerous boards of notable international organizations regarding compliance with the recognized rights of national minorities. With the existence of shameful status" non-citizens "can not be tolerated. Well, as you can put up with the fact that every second inhabitant of the Latvian and Estonian inhabitant of every thirteen as" non-citizens "are deprived of fundamental political, electoral and socio-economic rights, the ability to freely use the Russian language" [22].

Naturally, in the Russian ruling class is quite powerful forces who do not care about the needs and interests of Russian civilization, which consider it appropriate to distance himself from them. Suffice it to recall the statement of Dmitry Medvedev that the discrimination of the Russian population in Latvia — Latvia's internal affair of the country. A journalist who asked him a question about the situation of fellow citizens in Latvia, the then President of the Russian Federation (and its current Prime Minister) said: "I believe that these issues are, in fact, need to ask our employees, because we are talking about a situation that in Latvia , not in Russia, "[23].

For all the well-known self-commitment to liberal values and underlined deference to the rule of law, Dmitry Medvedev, as we are talking about the rights of Russian, here forgot the basic principle of liberalism, and all modern international law — respect for human rights are not an internal affair of the country.

It is significant that the head of the Russian Cooperation, ie primarily in Russia, for the post, and the defender of citizens of the Russian language in the former Soviet Union, is Kosachev — a man who opposes the equalization of rights of the Russian language with the languages of the titular nations in the former Soviet republics. "Yes, there is the problem of the Russian language, it is clear that a significant portion of the population of Ukraine continues to use it, believing his family. But just saying that if you give the language the same opportunities and freedoms as Ukrainian, then this could have affected the Ukrainian language it would be quite incorrect for the fate of nationhood, sovereignty of Ukraine "[24] — is not representative of the Bandera words" Liberty ", they said, now the head of" Russian Cooperation ".

Blatant examples of putting the interests of the ruling class Russian Russian citizens can bring a lot. But similar examples, it was as frustrating it did not sound a lot, and in the XVIII and XX centuries. Because they do not cancel the trivial and the indisputable fact that begins the process of engaging Russian country in the fight for the rights of Russian post-Soviet space.

If the fate of the Russian civilization depended on the good or ill will of the rulers or of certain high-ranking officials, no Russian has long since would have happened.

It is significant enough that to win the presidential election speech on the protection of citizens now consider it necessary to pronounce. Just as was the need to raise the question of the special needs of the Russian civilization, and its role in the Russian state. Directly to all "subversive" by the standards of past statements by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin nedavneshnego "Russian is a state-forming people — by the presence of the Russian Federation ". [25]

If in the 90s. Russian policy to allow themselves to openly show contempt for everything Russian, and now so do only marginal. Now we talk about Russian interests — a sign of political respectability. Accordingly, it will soon have to reckon with Russian interests. Not far off, and the time when they will be managed. The color of time is changed to sight.

Russia in the XXI century. were Russian. Because the action on the seized territories and in Russia itself in response to the Russian discrimination begin to develop on the centuries-old method.

Has not changed in the XXI century and the nature of ethnocratic regimes. They do not want to hear about equality with the titular Russian civilization. It is also fully convinced that the support of the West, particularly NATO membership, are a guarantee of impunity Russian discrimination.

At the moment the West, indeed, in the name of easing of, as its own geopolitical rival, it supports discrimination against Russian post-Soviet Ethnocracy. But the geopolitical picture of the world is rapidly changing. The unipolar world has failed. The United States failed to establish their dominance over the world. For our topic completely unprincipled who will throw the U.S. challenge in the fight for the lead. Will it be Germany, if it happens to subdue the European Union or China — did not fundamentally. Basically, the balance of power in the world begins to change dramatically. These criteria leading players will have such force of things, for the sake of their own support for Russian interests endless reckon with Russian interests. A window will open again abilities. And about ethnocratic modes and the states they lead no one will remember.

Because everything can be argued — the reunification of the Russian civilization inevitably. Of course, it does not happen by itself, "as if by magic." You can not foresee — now or after the RF President deems it best himself to become the mouthpieces of the Russian people. Will he or does not use a window of abilities and play in the history of Russian civilization the same role as the majestic Catherine and Stalin. But, in fact, this is not the problem of civilization, and the problem of the future specific policy. The main thing in the other. While Russian are Russian (reason to say no recycling) response to the challenge will always be the collapse of the reunification of the Russian civilization. The other is not given. Bismarck is well aware.

1. Bismarck A. Letter ambassador in Vienna Prince Henry VII Flight 05.03.1888.
2. Sergei Solovyov Works at 18 kn. Prince. XVI. Moscow, 1998. — P.84.
3. Ibid. P.97
4. Cit. by SM Solovyov SM Works at 18 kn. Prince. XVI. Moscow, 1998. — S. 102.
5. Klyuchevskii VO Works. At 9 that T.5. — M., 1989. — P.34.
6. Ibid. P.48.
7. Cit. by: LM Arzhakova Dissident question-and-drop of the Commonwealth (the pre-revolutionary Russian historiography prepyadstviya) / / St. Petersburg Slavic and Balkan studies. — 2008, № 1 (3). C.36.
8. Sergei Solovyov RF history from ancient times. In the 15th book. Kn.XIII .. Moscow, 1965. — S.258-259.
9. Sergei Solovyov Compositions: 18 kn. Kn.XIV. Moscow, 1998. — P.164.
10. Sergei Solovyov Compositions: 18 kn. Kn.XIV. Moscow, 1998. — C.337.
11. Klyuchevskii VO Works. At 9 that T.5. — M., 1989. — P.50.
12. Sergei Solovyov Works at 18 kn. Prince. XVI. Moscow, 1998. — P.233.
13. Ibid. P.252.
14. Nicholas Maliszewski: What was life like in the Belarusians "Polish Paradise." — Http://regnum.ru/news/polit/1424781.html.
15. Cit. by: EV Tarle Catherine second and her diplomatiya.Ch.1. Moscow, 1945. — P.19-20.
16. Cit. by: LM Arzhakova Dissident question-and-drop of the Commonwealth (the pre-revolutionary Russian historiography difficulties) / / St. Petersburg Slavic and Balkan studies. — 2008, № 1 (3). C.36.
17. Nemensky OB Our homeland has never participated in the partitions of Poland. — Www.regnum.ru/news/1608090.html
18. Meltyuhov MI Soviet-Polish war. Military-political confrontation 1918 — 1939 years. — Moscow: Veche, 2001
. — P.356.
19. Klyuchevskii VO Works. At 9 that T.5. — M., 1989. — P.55-60.
20. Sergei Solovyov Compositions: 18 kn. Kn.XIV. Moscow, 1998. — S.355.
21. Vandals A. Rupture of the Franco-Russian alliance. — Http://lib.rus.ec/b/169049/read
22. Shulga N. wishes to Ukraine to be with Russia? — The weekly number 2000 24 (562) 17 — 23 June 2011
23. http://mn.ru/politics/20120227/312306749.html.
24. http://prezident.rf/transcripts/9855.
25. http://www.nr2.ru/kiev/323821.html.
26. http://www.ng.ru/politics/2012-01-23/1_national.html.

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