The action takes place followed properly. First of March in the Sea of Japan came aircraft carrier strike group (CSG) in the United States Navy aircraft carrier and 7 escort warships for scheduled exercises with troops landing on the coast of South Korea. To monitor the Yankees in the sea came the K-314 and BOD "Vladivostok". He commanded the K-314 Captain 1st Rank Evseenko, hike provided the division commander Capt. 1st Rank Belousov.
On the seventh day of the hike K-314 has established sonar contact with South American ships. At night the boat sailed to periscope depth and not detected, "hung" as more than an hour. Defining elements of the movement AUG, the commander gave the order to dive. The surveillance lasted more than 2-days, when the sonar contact was lost with the Yankees.
March 21 at about 23:00 acoustician reported auditioning noise. To systematize goal took about 30 minutes, then decided to Evseenko swim periscope depth and clarify the situation. Popup to a depth of 10 meters, the commander saw the right, as he put it, "the airfield lights." Here, the boat rocked a terrible blow in 5-7 seconds — the second. On the order "Look around in the compartments!" From the seventh reported the beating of the propeller shaft. Commander Division gave the team float in the positional status, but Evseenko entirely reasonable objection is made that the boat he commanded, and gave the order to go to the emergency motor complex.
When dawn AUG gone away (there was only one patrol that went for a boat up to the territorial waters of the USSR), K-314 came out, and asked the commander approached "Vladivostok" look over the stern. Before the astonished eyes of the sailors was a quixotic picture: the propeller blades hung with broken somehow unnatural angle to the body. Later, after the docking, it was found that the propeller shaft between the strong and lightweight body is broken off!
The boat was taken in tow and brought into the bay Chazhma where she was in dock for repairs. By the end of summer, the repair was completed, and on August 21 K-314 entered the running tests, and in September went into the Indian Ocean on active duty, though with a different commander (Evseenko was dismissed).
But the aircraft carrier less lucky — propeller and rudder Go to-314 proporol him at the bottom for 40 (!) Meters, and it is, leaving a black oil stains, barely crawled to the Japanese port and also has a dock for repairs.
Yes, and the misfortunes of K-314 did not end! August 10, 1985 upon completion of work on the reactor refueling, due to violations of nuclear safety requirements and technology undermine the reactor lid, there was a spontaneous uncontrolled chain reaction of uranium fission reactor port side. As a result of the thermal explosion of a radioactive plume formed, which was released to the sea on the coast of Ussuri Bay. When tragedy killed 10 people.
The K-314 671V project "Ruff" (by ordering NATO «Victor 1") belongs to the class of so-called killer submarines. Their creation was justified by the emergence of missile submarines and the need for dealing specifically with submarines, but has not been removed and classic puzzles to torpedo submarine. In the U.S., the first such boat, SSN-597 "Tallibi", was put into operation in the autumn of 1960, and from 1962 to 1967. Navy added another 14 submarines stronger — like "Thresher". It was obvious that without the Russian Union of submarines also can not do.
Task of designing submarines pr.671 with the usual displacement of 3,000 tons and a diving depth of 400 meters received SKB-143 (later SPMBM "Malachite"). Tactical and technical specification was approved November 3, 1959, to March 1960, was ready to sketch, and by December — a technical project.
The performance data of the submarine pr.671:
length — 93 m, width — 10.6 m, draft — 7.2
displacement — 3500/4870 m
Speed — 10 / 33.5 knots
depth Immersion — 400 m
Crew — 76 people, autonomy — 60 days
Structurally, the 671 th was a double-hulled submarine with a corresponding "licked" fencing of the conning tower and retractable devices. Strong housing was made of solid steel AK-29, a width of 35 mm. Lightweight body, the nose of the superstructure, the vertical and horizontal tail made of magnetic steel and fencing cutting and the rest of the add-in from duralumin alloy AMG-61. To reduce the noise enclosure paste over a special rubber coating.
The arms consisted of 6,533-mm torpedo tubes can fire with depths up to 250 meters. Ammunition — 18 torpedoes (rocket-torpedoes) or 32 mines.
Speaking of K-143 ram, not to mention another, more enjoyable event. When, in 1964, Khrushchev succeeded in Egypt, to hand Gamal Abdel Nasser, the Gold Star of the hero, it just put out the audacity of American pilots who flew over the ship, nearly knocking down the mast and completely oblivious to the flag of the head of government of the USSR. Then people actually ditched the fleet, suddenly thought of it!
Soon, our divers got a secret and very daring puzzle. At noon on 14 July 1964 on the signal head the Navy Headquarters in the heart of the 6th U.S. fleet at once swam 12 (!) Of our submarines, after that our sailors took to the cabin smoke. Absolutely stunned the Americans were in a panic. Such insolence they obviously did not wait. But to no avail! Here is such a "gruel" was published …