Constructors KNRTU-KAI has successfully tested the device outlandish — UAV, flying up and sitting down in a helicopter and fly in an aircraft. The university assured that this is not just a nice experiment, but the work that has immediate practical value. Debriefing reporter tried to "Business Online».
The idea of an airplane-helicopter aircraft designers have long occupied. But here is to create such a device has proven extremely difficult. Today the only scheme satisfying Aircraft-helicopter-conditions — a tiltrotor. This is an aircraft that combines the vertical takeoff and landing by helicopter to the principle of high-level flight, aircraft speeds. "Hybrid" is achieved by changing the position of the flight nacelle with turboprop engines — from vertical to horizontal. There experimental design in which the wing turns all and not only engines. In the world there is only one serial tiltrotor — American troop-V-22 Osprey, born (aircraft manufacturers monsters Bell and Boeing-Vertol created it as much as 30 years), in the throes of disaster, and the problems have not been solved so far … Vintoplan was designed and in the USSR, but the project E-30 prevented the restructuring.
We developed the tiltrotor design team KNRTU-KAI already have solid experience in building unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to order the famous "unmanned" Company Ltd. "Izhmash" — Unmanned Systems ". "But in those projects, our task was solely to create a" aerodynamics ", we did not consider the" brains "of aircraft, — explained the" Business Online »supervisor job, head of the construction and design of aircraft KNRTU-KAI Vladimir Gainutdinov. — Now we have decided to do and them. "Brains" — a software UAV. Here in Russia will start to collect the Israeli drones. But we will only do gliders! Israelis will never allow us to look into the "brains" of these devices, because they have — everything. And imagine: you're holding robot programmed not you, and you do not know at what point it will work for you, and how much — against. "
In fact, without this complex mathematical software tiltrotor and even impossible — the transition from horizontal to vertical flight requires high management automation. It is in this segment flight fought and continue to fight a few tiltrotor.
Until recently, there was unmanned and konvertoplanov, only last year, the Israeli company Israel Aerospace Industries has demonstrated a device called the Panther.
Why do I need a UAV? For example, light drones, following the flight plan, down to the ground on a parachute: Field can not lock the device in an aircraft — broken, and too difficult. Range from small devices such as parachutes — bright. So that the enemy can easily determine where the person who runs this UAV. And no one knows whether the benefits of such a device in a battle: Do you even have time to take advantage of the data that I saw from the air?
Konvertoplanov not need bulky (in varying degrees) starting appliances, like a catapult — it takes off and lands anywhere. But then why not just make the UAV helicopter type? "In the helicopter flight you spend four times more energy than when flying airplane that is reduced while in the air — explained Gainutdinov. — Plus the plane much faster … But, at the same time, there is a need at some point to hang — shoot, launch a rocket. This is a tiltrotor. However, there is a "but": tiltrotor, although better helicopter, but will always be worse than the aircraft. "
The task of creating an aircraft helicopter was placed before KNRTU-KAI experts "Izhmash" — Unmanned Systems ". Today patented two tiltrotor scheme. On the device, which was built by one of them, the first results on 27 September Kazan tiltrotor flew for the first time on both ways — hanging and an aircraft.
"A lot of work on the subject — says Gainutdinov. — However, in the Russian unmanned tiltrotor, except us, no one did. We — the first. Bye. And do not delude — a lot of questions and answers — not so much. But we are working … While it is an initiative to develop, but is planned and the contract. The transition from our prototype to real UAVs would not be very difficult. "