Scientists are assessing who they will meet in the Antarctic subglacial lake, which have recently been able to doburitsyaEst there life in Lake Vostok, which got to the well depth of almost 4km Russian researchers?
Under the crust of ice, in darkness and under enormous pressure? It is not known. Get the answer to this question is yet to come. In the words of the head group of the Laboratory of Genetics krioastrobiologii eukaryotes Petersburg Institute of Nuclear Physics, Sergey Bulat, if at least some bacteria in the water of the East is still to be found, it will be "extra-terrestrial life on the planet Earth …
And if life is not there, then it is not smaller opening, so this is the only region in the world lifeless. "We must understand that scientists want either option. Will be interesting from a scientific point of view. But please, of course," extraterrestrial life. "Since will have a chance to find it, not only on our planet.
So on what creatures might be expected? Perhaps those who are already living in extreme conditions similar to Lake Vostok. They sometimes come across. For example, from the darkness, located a kilometer from the sea level, scientists have caught these monsters from the mind. This toothed and horned worms — poured out devils. Well that small — about three centimeters in length.
It is possible that such a monster — horned worm — the first to come out of the East Lake
Off the coast of New Zealand with an even greater depth — more than seven miles away — were extracted giant crustacean creatures. Their closest cousins called Amphipods usually do not exceed 2-3 inches. In the abyss they have grown to 34 centimeters. And caught in the trap lowered scientists. — The creatures are like cockroaches the size of shoes — said the find Alan Jamieson of the University of Aberdeen.
"Cockroach-boot", raised from a depth of 7 km
Scientists managed to trap a few "boot"
And in the very Antarctica find something unexpected. In addition to Russian researchers then drilled wells Americans — from NASA. Recently, drilled a little more than 200 meters in the western part of Antarctica, was lowered into the resulting hole camera. And we saw that it stuck shrimp measuring about 8 inches.
— It's not quite the shrimp — says Robert Bindschadler of NASA (Robert Bindschadler). — And being remotely similar to it. Amphipods. Being very surprised scientists. And encouraged. According to them, it could not possibly sail out of the ocean — well, almost 20 kilometers. So, being local. He lives under a thick layer of ice. And much more adapted to the extreme conditions than is generally assumed. NASA did not accidentally doing research in Antarctica. And trying to figure out what's going on in the dark and cold under a layer of ice. After all, similar conditions may exist on Europa — an icy satellite of Jupiter. Or Mars under the ice of its polar caps.
Shrimp, adhering to the wire in the Antarctic hole NASA
In addition to the shrimp caught in the lens of jellyfish tentacle. According to estimates, the very jellyfish could reach 30 centimeters. So, worms, shrimp, "cockroaches" in size with boots and jellyfish — these are the main candidates for the residents of East Lake and similar bodies of water of Mars and Europe.