Ivan Kozhedub was born June 8, 1920 in the farming family in a small Ukrainian village Obrazhievka Shostka district of Sumy region. Later graduated from Chemical Engineering College and Shostkinsky flying club. Reddish Army was in 1940. In 1941, he graduated from Chuguyivske Air Force Pilot School, where he served as an instructor. Since the beginning of the war majestically Russian Ivan Kozhedub coupled with flying school was evacuated to Central Asia. After filing numerous reports with a request to send him to the front, his wish was granted. In November 1942, Sergeant Ivan Kozhedub arrived at the disposal of the 240th Fighter Aviation Regiment (IAP) formed the 302nd Fighter Air Division. In March 1943, the division was sent to the Voronezh Front.
Own first sortie future ace and Hero of Russian Union held on March 26, boom ended in vain: his fighter La-5 (tail number 75) was damaged in battle, and when returning to the airfield was fired vpribavok own anti-aircraft artillery. With great difficulty, the pilot managed to bring the car to the airport and land. About a month after that flew on the old fighters, while again not received a new La-5.
Fighting through his victories flying ace opened July 6, 1943 at Kursk, knocking dive bomber Ju-87. Already for the next day Kozhedub won a second aerial victory, shooting down another Ju-87, and in a dogfight July 9 was able to knock down a descent 2 German fighter Me-109. Already in August 1943, Ivan Kozhedub became the commander of the squadron. The first rank of the Hero of Russian Union of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" squadron commander of the 240th IAP Lieutenant Ivan Kozhedub received 4 February 1944 for 146 combat sorties in which he shot down 20 German planes.
Since May 1944 Kozhedub waged war on the latest modifications fighter Lavochkin — La-5 FN (side number 14), which was built by the farmer Stalingrad Region V. Konev. Within a few days after receiving it, he knocks on the Ju-87. Over the next 6 days flying ace records on his own account another 7 enemy aircraft. In late June, it transmits its own fighter KA Evstigneeva (then twice Hero of the Russian Union), and he goes into the training regiment. But in August, Ivan Kozhedub appointed deputy commander of the 176th Guards IAP. At this time the regiment was re-pass function, with new fighters La-7. Ace pilot of the plane got airborne with the number 27. Ivan Kozhedub will fly it to the end of the war.
Second medal "Gold Star" Guard Captain Ivan Kozhedub was awarded August 19, 1944 for 256 advanced combat missions in which he personally shot down 48 German planes. At one point during an air battle on the fighter La-7, which took place over enemy territory, Kozheduba plane was shot down. By car, the engine stalled and Ivan Kozhedub, not to surrender to the Germans, chose a target on the ground and began to swoop down on it. When the ground remained quite insignificant, engine fighter suddenly again earned Kozhedub and managed to bring the car out of the dive and returned safely to the airport.
February 12, 1945 Ivan Kozhedub together with his wingman Lt. VA Gromakovsky patrolled over the front edge of the seat, while in the "free hunt". Having found a group of 13 fighters FW-190, Russian pilots immediately stormed them, knocking with all this 5 German fighters. Three of them wrote on their own account Ivan Kozhedub two — Gromakovsky. February 15, 1945 in a flight on the Oder Kozhedub managed to shoot down a German jet fighter Me-262, which was run by non-commissioned officer K. Lange of I. / KG (J) 54.
By the end of stateliness Russian war, the Major Ivan Kozhedub completed 330 combat missions, and conducted 120 air battles and shot down with all this 64 enemy planes. This number does not include two U.S. fighter P-51 "Mustang" that brought down the Russian ace in the spring of 1945. With all this the Americans attacked first fighter La-7, which ran and Russian pilot. According to surviving in this South American aerial combat pilot, they have confused the La-7 Kozheduba with the German FW-190 fighter and attack him. The third "Gold Star" Ivan Kozhedub received after the war for the highest military skill, bravery and courage.
In the middle of downed Ivan Kozhedub enemy aircraft were:
21 fighter FW-190;
18 Me-109 fighters;
18 bomber Ju-87;
3 Hs-129 gunship;
2 bomber He-111;
1 fighter PZL P-24 (Romanian);
1 jet Me-262.
La-5 and La-5 FN
La-5 — is a single-tree nizkoplan. Like the fighter LaGG-3, the main construction material used in the airframe was pine. For the production of certain frames and wing spar used delta wood. Wood details aircraft skin glued with a special KM-1 urea resin or glue Aviation Materials-B-3.
Wing aircraft, typed profiles of NACA-23016 and NACA-23010, technology was shared by the center section and the 2nd Dvuhlonzheronnoe console that had a plywood stressed skin. For iron pipe with end ribs join the main landing gear. Between the center wing spars were caissons for the fuel tanks, vykleennye of plywood, and located in the bow dome wheel chassis.
The side walls were wood airplane with special shelves of delta-wood (on fighter modification of La 5 FN, since 1944, mounted iron spars.) To the console with plywood sheathing joined automatic slats, ailerons like "Fries" with an aluminum frame, paneled and percale Shields-type flaps "Schrenk." The left aileron trim had.
The fuselage of the fighter consisted of a wooden monocoque made integral with the keel and the front iron farm. The frame consisted of 15 frames and longerons 4. The fuselage of the fighter was tightly secured to the center-4th iron nodes. Cockpit locked Plexiglas sliding canopy that could lock in the open and closed positions. On a frame at the back of the pilot's seat was armored plate width of 8.5 mm.
Stabilizer — Dvuhlonzheronnoe hundred percent wood with plywood stressed skin, feathers — a cantilever. Stabilizer machines consist of 2 halves, which were attached to the force elements tail of the car. The elevator trim tab had with an aluminum frame, which was edged blade and also as a stabilizer consisted of a 2-halves. Administration fighter was mixed, elevators and turning with ropes,
ailerons using rigid rods. Issue and cleaning Shitkov-flap occurred with hydraulically.
Chassis fighter was retractable, double-seat with the tail wheel. The main landing gear had oil-pneumatic shock absorbers. The main wheels of La-5 had a size 650×200 mm and equipped with vozdushnokamernymi brakes. The tail freely orientated support also cleaned the fuselage and had a tire size of 300 by 125 mm.
The power plant consisted of a fighter air cooled radial engine M-82, which had the highest power in 1850 hp and three-blade variable pitch propeller VISH-105B with a diameter of 3.1 meters. The exhaust pipes were combined into reactive type 2 collectors. To regulate the temperature of the motor used head-blinds that were on the front cowl ring, and 2 fold the edges of the hood of the motor. Aircraft engine run by compressed air. Oil tank capacity of 59 liters. located at the interface of iron and wood truss fuselage. Fuel capacity of 539 liters. 5 cans were: 3 and the center-console 2.
Fighter armament consisted of 2 synchronous ShVAK guns caliber 20 mm with pneumatic and mechanical reloading. Shared ammunition equated 340 projectiles. For route guidance was used collimator sight PBP-la. On airplanes, model La 5 FN additionally installed wing bomb racks, which were calculated on the suspension of bombs weighing up to 100 kg.
The equipment fighter than a standard set of control and flight-navigation devices cut in an oxygen device, short-wave radio RSI-4 and landing light. The supplies enough oxygen for 1.5 hours of flight at an altitude of 8000 m
Bukovkoy FN labeling of La-5 FN stands for revving direct injection of fuel to the engine and treated. Given plane began to come into force in March 1943. Its engine AL-82FN developed high power in 1850 hp and could withstand a forced mode for 10 minutes of flight. This version of the fighter La-5 was a high speed. At land vehicle was accelerated to 593 km / h and at an altitude of 6250 meters could develop speed 648 km / h In April 1943, the suburban Lyubertsy accomplished a series of air battles between the La-5 FN and captured fighter Bf.109G-2. Educational fights showed an advantage of the vast La-5 in the speed at low and medium altitudes, which were the major air battles of the Eastern Front.
La-7 was the impending modernization of fighter La-5 and one of the best mass-produced cars end of the second world war. This fighter had a good flight characteristics, superior maneuverability and good armament. At low and medium altitudes, he had the advantage over the last piston fighter Germany and the Allies. La-7, which ended the war Kozhedub at the current time is in the Central Museum of the Russian Air Force in the town of Monino.
By his own physical appearance and size fighter nekordinalno very different from the La-5. One significant differences were spars, which as the last series La 5FN were made of metal. With all of this lining and rib aircraft remained without changes. Longitudinal section dimensions have been reduced, which has freed up additional space for the fuel tanks. Weight spars fighter dropped 100 lbs. Aerodynamics has become much better fighter, it was achieved, namely, the method of transfer and improve the shape of the radiator. Also undergone improvements in the internal sealing aircraft by the complete elimination of gaps between the tubes and the holes for them in the fire bulkhead and cracks in the hood. All these improvements have allowed the La-7 to get over the La-5 speed advantage flight climb and the highest ceiling. The highest rate of the La-7 was 680 km / h
As weapons on La-7 would be equipped with two 20-mm cannon ShVAK or March 20-mm gun D-20. The guns were hydro synchronizers that prevent the ingress of shells into the propeller blades. Most of the La-7, as well as La-5, was armed with 2 guns ShVAK who possessed ammunition, 200 rounds per gun. The structure of ammunition fighters were armor-piercing incendiary and fragmentation-incendiary projectiles weighing at 96 grams. Armor-piercing incendiary rounds at a distance of 100 meters along the normal armor penetrated up to a width of 20 mm. at 2-under-wing fighter nodes can be hung bombs weighing up to 100 kg.
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