June 20, 1957 The Council of Ministers of the USSR was founded a new company the defense industry. Were created in those years Izhevsk radio plant was necessary for the country to produce various electrical components of weapons. Since then it's been 55 years, plant a couple of times changed his title, but not only did not finish the work, and became one of the biggest companies of the defense industry.
With the establishment of the plant is related a fascinating story. Initially near Izhevsk pond was constructed garment factory. But a number of causes external and internal policy of the country forced the military government to insist on changing the profile of the enterprise under construction. As a result, already partially constructed garment factory turned into factory number 444, which was planned to "sew" radio-electronic equipment control anti-aircraft guided missiles. The first shop of the plant were built and equipped in 1958. In the 58th plant got his first job — to master the creation of a batch control units K5I-1 anti-aircraft missiles. In autumn of the same year the company was renamed "Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant" (IEMZ). By the end of December 1958 plant employees collected the initial batch of units of K-5I and handed it to the customer. The subsequent 1959 was marked by continued construction of production facilities, the configuration of the structure of departments and divisions, a sharp rise in the rate of production. So, for the 59th year IEMZ the number of workers increased by almost half, and headed for the mark in a half thousand people. As for the product so far the only — block K5I-1 — is for 1959 units were produced in 1904. In the sixties, Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant entered with new shops, new employees and new positions in product mix. In 1960, mastered the creation of telemetry equipment for anti-aircraft missiles.
The following years were marked by completion of the construction of new plants and the development of advanced products. Was initiated creation of a number of systems not only for anti-aircraft, and ballistic missiles. Namely, emergency equipment undermine missile 8K11 and 8K14 was manufactured specifically in Izhevsk. The smallness later, in the 61 th, the factory number 444 was assigned to start producing several parts of army air defense missile system "Circle". To carry out these works had to expand production capacity and build another plant. Creation SAM units for the "Circle" significantly boosted the pace of development of the plant. Thus, over the period from 1961 to 1965, the total volume of products IEMZ increased four and a half times, and the list of products consisted of 70 thousand redundant positions, personnel of the company totaled almost 6 thousand people.
In the second half of the 60's and early 70's the development of Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant received a new impetus. The enterprise was given an assignment to create virtually all electronics anti-aircraft missile system "Osa" as missiles and land-based part of it. To ensure the release of the ordered devices had to make two more workshops and several special departments. In all over 70's main products were IEMZ equipment for air defense system "Osa", but by the end of the decade enterprise was preparing to release the latest electronics. At this time in the capital of the Scientific-Research Institute of Electromechanical went designing a new air defense systems "Thor." Its creation was planned to deploy in Izhevsk, because employees IEMZ in some extent involved in the development. In 1981, he built the first model of "Thor", and after a couple of years Izhevsk workers began to produce serial anti-aircraft complexes. The development of advanced products for military defense led to the termination of the assembly complex "Wasp". Since 1980, SAM IEMZ going 9K33M3 "Osa-AKM", and in the 88th completed their creation. On the basis of the design air defense system "Osa-AKM" was made the target of complex "Saman-M1" is set up to start training purposes during shooting training anti-aircraft missiles.
Since the mid-80s, Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant unfolded creation several modifications complex "Thor", including the most recent, "Top-M2". The plant manufactured electronics for military vehicles, and other elements of their towers. A couple of years back was a variant of the complex under the title of "Tor-M2E" with wheel chassis manufactured by the Minsk MKTZ.
After the collapse of the Union of Russian plant, shortly before obtained the name "Dome", it was necessary to find methods of survival and develop products civilian purpose. Already in 1992 IEMZ released the first batch of equipment for the oil industry. Later, the range of non-military goods increased climatic equipment, the first heating systems, special equipment for the nuclear industry, etc.
In 2002, Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant in view of their own expertise and vast experience in the development of electronics for air defense systems changed the legal status. The federal state unitary enterprise became a public limited company and was incorporated into the Concern PVO "Almaz-Antey". Even within the group plant "Dome" together with other companies graduated from the creation of complex "Tor-M2" and lead the future development of this family of Russian short-range air defense system.
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