Jewish-Khazaria Chechen state — an assumption that Khazaria was the Chechen state.
In support of these arguments lead as:
1. The name "Khazar" recalls Chech. "Haz ape" — "beautiful country."
2. In Chechnya was the first capital of the Khazars. 
Khazars undoubtedly possessed the territory of Chechnya.
For example, the Chechen Wikipedia article Self Nokhcho people says:
Chechens joined relatives in Chechnya, is creating another realm which was called Haz Are (Beautiful land, territory) (Khazar) Khazar Khanate in Haz-headed ape which ruled Keganhoy (chech. KIaganhoy) Melchi, of Tukkhma Melchi (chech. Malhy) Melchi. the term is a term Keganhoy (Khazar) Khaganate. by the way Sasanami built the first fortress in Derbent against the forces of the Caliphate, whether we like it or not the story and the fact that not much of the Chechen-sasanov fought against the Caliphate, and most of the Chechens is the king Yazdegerd III, (son Shahriyara son Khusrau II , Grand Arena (Eran) 650g BC. Oe. kingdom Arenshahr) defected to the Caliphate and waged war against the faithful not so Sasana Chechens retreated to their ancestral land and took up defensive positions in Derbent, times were troubled Nokhchi for the people in society there were 3 of religion.
Of Christianity, a small part of Zoroastrianism, Islam, but in 730 g. BC King IbrahIim accepted religion of the prophet Moses, IbrahIim sent people to the east that they would bring the book of the Prophet Musa (Moses), after Chechen IbrahIim king called all his religious Ulama Council and, after debate, one adviser convinced him that the religion of the prophet Moses is right, this way he took the religion of Moses, in general, in the Chechen lands in 730 had already been four religions.
Jewish-Khazar correspondence also confirms that originally Khazars converted to Judaism in the mountains of the North Caucasus.
The old manuscript written in Arabic, also claims that the Chechens is the Khazars:
"Al-Vasas — the same as al-shisha, they are from the Khazars, a people destined to win in the field (Mintaka) B-D-Tuga (x), where Islam has won a landslide victory over the community of infidels." In the fields read: "Ju and Juyo Chechen language means al-yahud and Chechens belong to the people of al-yahud." In English and Russian transliteration of the name given to the Chechen Jews — dzhugti, interpreted as ju = yahud and Guti — al-Hashr Al-dayik (Arabian "unity", "close picking"). 
The neighbors Chechens andiytsev preserved the memory that in Chechnya was a Jewish principality:
"… All the territory on the left bank of the Andean Koisu considered to belong ZhugutIhanu [literally" Jewish Khan "], and the right bank of land — Surakatu Avar" .
Arabs conquest of the Caucasus and the collapse of the Khazar Khanate in the Caucasus
The adoption of Islam in Dagestan and Chechnya 700 ies.
Chechens and Jews
"It has become part of a campaign of Khazars, take people into captivity, and no one could stand against them"
Leonti Mroveli, Georgian historian of the 11th century
As is well known in the Middle Ages on the territory of Chechnya and Dagestan emerged Khazaria Jewish state.
Khazars professed Judaism, and according to the Khazar Jews, to the king of the Khazars approximate Yusuf-Joseph, descended from Jews of Armenia. According to Arab sources, after the defeat of the Khazars, the Khazars and their king renounced Judaism and converted to Islam.
In one Arabic manuscript is clearly stated that the Chechens — the descendants of the Khazars and the Jews: Late Arabic manuscript stored in a personal library of Chechen, Two parts of it copied in the month of Ramadan 1309 AH (1891), a nephew of the famous murshid Tariqa Naqshbandiya Temir Tau-Sultan, son of Bath. The text consists of three parts.
The most interesting part of the third — two pages, in part textually identical. Of a unique monument "Syrah halabiyya" written fragments containing the name of "Mansour" and thus predicts Sheikh Mansour — Ushurma. He was from Elistanzhi — Chechen tribe (Kabila) was talking about Tau-Sultan. According to this version, Mansour came from "Wara an-Nahr (region) Fergana Vasas" (options "Vishvash", "Zashvash"), and "it is — the name of a tribe in the non-Arab (Ajami) language called M-J-g sh ". Here we find the remark: "Gumiktsy called Chechen named al-m-J-r-w." (Michkizy — Kumyk name Chechens) appearance Mansour allegedly had prophesied: "Will a man from the west across the river, called Adam, and it is — the river al-Fargana called (sic) on the non-Arab (adzhamiyya) language Turks thirteenth tribe (Nasl). " Thirteenth knee text considers the adoption of the Khazars Judaism.
"Al-Vasas — the same as al-Shisha (Chechens), they are from the Khazars, a people destined to win in the field (Mintaka) B-D-Tuga (x), where Islam has won a landslide victory over the community of infidels." In the fields read: "Ju and Juyo Chechen language means al-yahud (Jews) and the Chechens belong to the PEOPLE OF AL-YAHUD." (Full text here http://www.kavkazchat.com/showthread.php?t=32908
Khazaria easily transferred to the Nakh languages. It is in the Chechen and Ingush can be translated as "The Beautiful Country (beautiful golf)" ("haz arrest" letters. "Beautiful field").
Remember the words of Shamil Basayev (in one of his interviews) that the war Chechens — is revenge for the defeat of the Khazars. Basayev denied Chechen descent from the Khazars.
German Sadulayev Chechen writer also believes that some Chechen tapes — the descendants of the Khazars http://magazines.russ.ru/voplit/2009/3/ga5.html
Some Chechens also speak of the "Judeo-Chechens, who then occupied the highest positions in Khazaria» http://amina.com/kamina/2176394-40-show.html and that in general the Khazars — nokhchi (Chechens) http://amina. com/kamina/11944.html
"The broad valley Terek, according to all historical sources, was inhabited by the Khazars. In V — VI centuries. This country was called Barsils and, according to Byzantine chronicler Theophanes and Nicephorus, here was the birthplace of the Khazars "- wrote L.Gumilev http://gumilevica.kulichki.net/articles/Article106.htm
VA Kuznetsov, "Essay on the History Alan" wrote: "It is definitely possible to say only that the steppes to the north Caucasus — the north-east of the middle course. Terek (turn the Terek River to the east and to the confluence of the Sunzha) belonged to the VII century, the Khazars »http://www.darial-online.ru/2005_5/chelehsati.shtml
"At 02.03 centuries the Khazars were still small indigenous tribe and occupied coast of the Caspian Sea between the rivers Terek and Sulak.» Http://www.djeguako.ru/content/view/26/1/
Lev Gumilev believes that the Jews have moved to the territory of the Khazars after the suppression of the uprising in Iran mazdakitov: "He saved Jews settled north of Derbent on a broad plain between the Terek and Sulak» http://gumilev.narod.ru/p1ch02.htm
"Part of the steppe regions of modern Chechnya is also part of the Khazar Khanate" (Chechentsy. history and modernity. M., 1996, p.140).
Khazars lived in areas adjacent to Chechnya, Dagestan, see eg. here http://www.kumukia.ru/modules.php?name=Pages&pa=showpage&pid=9424
According to the "Toponymy Chechnya" A.Suleymanova, it is in Chechnya in place so-called. "Shamilevskoy" castle are the ruins of the Khazar capital Semender. Some truth to push Samandar Khasav-tent in Dagestan, but had lived there mostly Chechens.
According to Gumilev Khazar capital was in place village Shelkovskaya, on the road from Grozny to Kizlyar.
But not one Gumilev thought that was located near the Khazar Samandar Shelkovskoy, spoke about it already by Kazama-Beck.
The same opinion is shared by the famous archaeologist Dagestan Murad Magomedov: "Therefore the Khazars, a new city — the second Samandar, on the Terek. Archaeologists have called it Shelkovskaya fort — now it is the territory of Chechnya, on the bank of the Terek … »http://www.sem40.ru/evroplanet/world/dagestan/19205/
Even the Chechen scholars believe that the capital of the Khazars to transfer it to the Volga to Itil, was located on the territory of Chechnya, Thus, Head of Archival Administration under the President and the Government of the Czech Republic Magomed Muse: "It is possible that the capital of the Khazars was on our territory. We should know that the Khazars, which existed on the map 600 years, was the most powerful state in Eastern Europe. Some of our researchers tend to assume that the word is derived from the Khazars Chechen word "Haza arrest."
"Because in our area, if we rely on some of the historical data, a city located Samandar — the first capital of the Khazars, and other similar forts in the valley of the Terek not, we can confidently say that it is — the citadel Semender — told a group of scientists and journalists, the head of administration Art. Shelkozavodskoy Ruslan Kokanaev. »Http://www.grozny-on-line.ru/index.php/achievement/science/212-2009-10-19-14-51-13
see also http://www.grozny-inform.ru/main.mhtml?Part=12&PubID=14708
"… A huge historical material is in this area, but no one was seriously engaged in historical sites of our country, from the words of a historian and head of the village administration Shelkozavodskaya Ruslan Hanakaeva, at all times, historians and archaeologists searched city Samandar, but the owner of the historic city is the Chechen Republic ( Chechnya) … »http://www.chechnyatoday.com/content/view/3876/159/
Thus leading hazarovedy not only claim that the Khazars lived in the territory inhabited by the Chechens, but also that it is in the current territory of Chechnya was the first capital of the Khazars.
(For the Khazars, they were not Turks, as is often supposed, an ethnologist L.Gumilev attributed them to the peoples of Dagestan type, Khazars contemporaries noted that the language of the Khazars is not similar to the Turkic).
In general, little is known of the Khazar words (Chichak, Idalia, etc.), they all resemble Chechen words:
CHICHAK (Khazar queen on the Khazar "flower") — Chechen zezag ("flower")?
Shat (Khazar King) — slightly modified teip garden / Sadoi? Chechen roughly as hard as ice?
DZHEBUKAGAN — Chechen name Jabu second part — Hagan
Khatun — the title of the Chechen and Khazar queens
Bahadar — bakhtur?
Tudun (deputies areas designated by Kagan and designed to monitor the local government and the receipt of taxes to the treasury Hagan) — comes from the Chechen Turda — literally "the father / owner of the sword"?
No word on whether "Hagan" / "hacks" are Chechen "hakam" is used to mean "chief"? http://www.nohchidu.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=103&Itemid=110
The fact that the Khazar and Vainakh languages are similar and related, is known from the Armenian historians. In ancient times, the Vainakhs called "Gargar" but by Movses Khorenatsi Mesrop Mashtots created an alphabet for Gargarian language: "Stegts nshanagirs kokordakhos aghkhazur hjakan khetsbekazunin aynorik gargaratsvots lezun" ("Generate an email to the rich sounds of the wild throat tongue White Khazars [" agh "-" white "," khazur "-" Khazar "] like the barbaric Gargarian") http://karabakh-doc.azerall.info/ru/azerpeople/ap010.htm
This shows that the Armenian historians — contemporaries Khazars, noted that the language is similar to the language of the Khazars Vainakhs.
In the English-language Wikipedia says: "Some scientists in the former Soviet Union believed that the Khazars were the indigenous people of the North Caucasus mostly Nakh peoples. Argument, the name 'Khazar' with the Chechen language translation of 'beautiful valley' »(« Some scholars in the former USSR considered the Khazars to be an indigenous people of the North Caucasus mostly Nakh peoples. Argument is, that name 'khazar' from chechen language translates 'beautiful valley'. »), see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khazar
Sheshan — the name of one of the children of Israel (Article 31 1Paralipomenon Chapter 2) and the ethnonym Chechens in Kabarda (Sheshan), the Lezgins (Chachan), Ossetians (Szasz and sasanayt) and Arabs (shashani) here can also be related the name of the once-great society in Chechnya — Chechen. Sheshan — Iishei son, father Ahlaya, from generation Ierahmeela (I Chron., 2, 31-41), the offspring of Judah, son of Jacob / Israel.
Ethnonym Chechen recalls and Achin, Ashin — the names of the Khazar race.
Mountain Jews called tatami and Chechens have consonant name Tata, Tut, Dadi — witness about Dadiyurt.
Characteristically, the Chechens believed zhugti / Jews to their tapes, which indicates the relationship. Also, keep giving that the ancestors of the Chechens left the Sham (Syria?) Of the Jews.
Chechen ethnographer and linguist Arby Vagapov revealed similarities Hebrew-Phoenician alphabet (Hebrew and Phoenician alphabet — this is the same as the Phoenicians — one of the Greek names of the Jews) and the Chechen language (http://www.zhaina.com/language/page ,7,116-sbornik-statejj-arbi-vagapova. html).
Chechens called Volga "Idalia", as the Khazars.
Ingush word kinesis / "church" according to D. Malsagov borrowed from the Jewish-Khazar knes "prayer meeting, council", and by A. Genk and G.-R. Huseynov from Kanis "synagogue."
Nahor — the name of an ancestor of Abraham and resembles the word "Nah," ie, "The people" in the Chechen language.
The word 'nahi "resembles the Hebrew name Nahum.
Halacha — G1illakh — custom, tradition, law in Chechnya and Israel (in this and other matches of the Jewish and Chechen noticed Albert Machig see http://www.olerumetg.ru/048497/1/Moisey-vivodil-iz- Egipta-CHechentsev-Machigov-AD such as Hull — bread in Hebrew and khallar in Chechen, "tires" — ie, a "double" in Hebrew as the Chechen shi-shin.).
And I'm on my own experience A. Machigovu similar words Jewish and Chechen, such as "Bart" — an alliance agreement (chech.), cf. Jewish "Berit, Brit" — an alliance treaty. Or: March — authorize, Hebrew, Marsha — freedom, Chechen. Chechen name 1ubadiy/1ibady like Obadiah Jewish name (this name was carried and the Khazar king.) Chechens call kind of "pitch", Jews are called in Aramaic son "bar" / "Options", in Hebrew, "Dean" — (religious) "law", the Chechen "din" — religion ..
Some Chechen authors try to similarity of some Jewish and Chechen words to explain what is actually the ancient Israelites were Chechens http://www.nohchidu.com/index.php/2009-12-28-12-29-03/pochn/chie
Ingush, some teptaram (devotion), are descendants of Jews dzhaditov (Jews of Iran). There are many stories http://ingushforum.com/index.php?/topic/351-/ Jordanian Ingush that Ingush — it dzhadity who fled Iran.
There is a legend of the Ingush Mago (or Magal, whose name clearly Semitic), who came out of the "country of Ghalib" which is mentioned and Chechen teptary (recording). Country name resembles the name of Aleppo in Syria. The Bible mentions Caleb (Caleb) of the tribe of Judah — the participant of the exodus of Jews from Egypt, a former scout and an active supporter of Moses (Chis.13 7, Nav.15: 13).
Interestingly, the Ingush to 40% of genotype J2, which is the Middle East.
The proximity of Chechens and Ingush to Jews confirmed and geneticists. Chechens and Ingush have the most in the Caucasus [Y]-chromosome [J2], which is common among the Jews 26% and 32% respectively. See http://www.familytreedna.com/pdf/caucasus.pdf, Look Table 3 in the Caucasus. See http://www.scs.uiuc.edu/ ~ mcdonald / WorldHaplogroupsMaps.pdf the world.
On the genetic relationship of the Jews to the Chechens for example, data indicates dermatoglyphics — the so-called Th index, which in Chechen, Ashkenazi Jews and Tuareg (the people in North Africa before Islam professed Judaism) is about the same http://www.stringer.ru/Publication.mhtml?PubID=2095&Part=39
The Chechens with the Ashkenazi Jews are the same genes 14-13-30-23-10-11-12-13,16. The same is the Ingush on the same gene http://www.kavkazweb.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=30136&postdays=0&postorder=asc&start=15
Also, with the Armenians. Geneticists have found kinship and match genes Chechens, Armenians and Jews. The genetic comparison Ingush are closest to the Jewish purity of blood.
Y-DNA haplogroup J2 indicates the relationship of the Armenians, Jews, Chechens and Ingush http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_J2_-DNA
The peoples of Dagestan, the Armenians and the Jews spread Semitic Haplogroup J1, see http://rugiland.narod2.ru/gaplogruppi/gaplogruppa_j1_y-dnk/
On the Jews and the Jewish "khanate" The legend neighbors Chechens — andiytsah. Igor Semenov wrote: "According to EM Schilling, in this legend, "all the territory on the left bank of the Andean Koisu considered to belong ZhugutIhanu [literally" Jewish Khan. " — IS], and the right bank of land — Surakatu Avar. " MA Aglarov notes that this tradition is called "About 1,000 riders on white horses, the army DzhugutI Khan." "According to the historical traditions of the Andean valley village Mooney — writes MA Aglarov — there once existed a vast state, which was headed Zhugut Khan. His land extended into the mountains to Khunzakh plateau in the plane downstream Dangiza (Andean Koisu. — AM) to Harachoya. Verhneandiyskie village then obeyed Zhugut Khan. He could gather an army of 1,000 riders on white horses. The tower, which now stands in front of the village, built as Zhugut Khan "(Aglarov 2002: 32). http://www.gorskie.ru/istoria/evr-dag.htm
Thus, in the east of Chechnya from Vedeno (Zinalli reg1g1o) and Harachoya until Chirkeya (Mig1g1ikkal) in Dagestan there once a Jewish state led Zhugut Khan. Mamayhan Aglarov in the book "Andiytsy" writes that Muni was once a vast expanse of the state, which was headed Zhugut Khan. His land extended into the mountains to Khunzakh plateau in the plane downstream Dangiza Andean Koisu to Chirkeya (mich1ch1i k1k1al) — and in the north-west to Harachoya (Chechnya). http://munin.dagschool.com/istoriya_nashego_sela.php
That is, the land of the Jewish principality included the KHACHHAR in Vedeno district of Chechnya.
In "Song of Alguze" mentioned Chechen queen named Mariam Khatun enough that Mariam — a Jewish name, so more Khatun — is the title of the Khazar kagan wives! http://www.chechen.org/forums/archive/index.php/t-437.html?s=44324c045bf2dce5e3e426cffc28d4e0 Wed Khatun on Wikipedia
The Chechens have a name Chechen Sangari name (for example, is known skazatel illi Ibragimov Sangari) and the Khazars was activist Isaac ha-Sangari http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Исаак_ха-Сангари
Khazar name Tarhan — ts1en nohchiyn ts1e, which means the mighty Khan.
The name of the Khazar Sarkel easily decrypted with the Chechen language as «sar» and «kxel» — »kala" "bright city / fortress / village."
According to legend the Khazars and Khazar bersily descended from two brothers, respectively Hazarikhi (Hazaliha) and Bersoli. First name, we believe, is at the heart of the Chechen expression Haz Alikhanov / Eligio "from the beautiful / lovely Prince / King." Bersoli name, we can offer a number of possible matches in the Chechen language: Bears Elah — "Bears prince" Al burs — "terrible / stern prince", greyhound Al — "wolf-prince" or Bursch ales — "all the princes' . Bears — a proper name, is still popular among Chechens. It also lies at the basis of such a common name as Bersanov. Incidentally, the Bears — the name of the legendary Sheikh, to spread Islam among the Chechens. http://www.nohchidu.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=103&Itemid=110
Leonti Mroveli calls Hazara son — Uobosa / Vobosa koroe find personalized name Nakh tribe — "vvepy", "fyappii" (vappy / fappy) (akkhy).
Khazars called Togarmah his ancestor, descendant of Noah, while the Ingush Targimhoy name is reminiscent of Togarmah. Wikipedia says: "In medieval genealogical legends Khazars were built to Noahide Togarmah."
Even the words are similar to Canaan (Israel) can be found in the Chechen and Ingush yazykah.Na Ingush, Canaan Mother Time Ha-time Naan-mother.
Canaan (Israel) — Kinah country Nakh .
Nahi builders towers called "dzhelti" apparently from "dzhugti."
Vainakhs consider themselves descendants of Noah, as well as Jews (from Noah's son, Shem), which indicates that the Biblical influence. Self-Chechen "Vainakh" comparable to the Hebrew expression "Bnei Noah."
Many place names in Chechnya linked with the Khazars http://www.chechen.org/toponimia/149-toponimija.-akhmad-sulejjmanov.html
For example Khazar-duk (Khazar duk) "Khazar backbone" — the southeast HIiylah side, in the environs of the same HIiylah Hazarcho and Khazar Baso.
GIazar-GIala (Gazar-Gala) "Khazar fortress" ("Khazar strengthening") — is on the right bank of Ivgy on to. by Boon-Yurt.
There was the village of Roshni-Khazar, located in the south-west side of the Urus-Martan.
In the vicinity there are places HIiylah Hazarcho, Khazar Baso.
GIazar-GIaliytIa (Gazar-Galiyta) "Khazar strengthening" — within the village GIachalka. Perhaps Ialhan-EVL, GIazar-GIala are the oldest parts of the (settlement) GIachalka village.
"GIachalka village must have arisen out of five small towns, with the strengthening of the Khazar center: Barchhoyn Coop Zandakoyn Coop Ialhan-EVL, Ohchoyn kup and Khazar strengthening", — A. Suleymanov.
When the Khazars in the place of today's Upper Chiryurta city was Andrew, who controlled the whole of the North-East Caucasus
The society Mulk (IALC — God, the king and the proper name of the ancient Jews) is the ruins Pezir-khelli (Gezira-khelli — "Khazar settlement") — next to B; OVT; arhoy on, etc. b. River Mulkoyn Erk, to c. from Hurika. The society was Mulka village GIezar-Khelli — Khazar settlement until 1940.
In society there is a river Nashha Khazar-hee.
Mozharskaya beam — tract in the north-east of the village of Kalinovskaya where Cossacks went for salt. The name goes back to the "Madjars" — the medieval Khazar settlement, where many craftsmen gunsmiths. Hence the fire spread "madzharskoe" weapons mentioned in the heroic songs of Chechens, "Mazhar top" — madzharskoe flintlock rifle. Or "barhI sonar Mazhar top" — octagonal madzharskoe (flint) gun.
The name of the village in Chechnya Braguny derived from Bersiliya / Barsaliya, where, according to Michael of Syria, came the Khazars (http://www.kumukia.ru/modules.php?name=Pages&pa=showpage&pid=9234).
Bersiliya / Barsaliya, where, according to legend, saved in the XII century. Michael the Syrian, came the famous Khazars, are also among the ancestors Kumyks.
Of the Khazar-Jewish language came to the Chechens (and to Russian) name Bayan / Bayant. These names come from the Khazar-Jewish name Vahan / Baan (Armenians of Van in Turkey believed to be descendants of the Jews).
The Chechen language can find Hebrew words. For example, Chech. cad "cup, a glass." On the other hand, for example, "Pison" in Hebrew means "abundance of water" was the name of the river, mentioned in the Bible, originally called "hison" (differences of the "x" to "f" are also typical of the Vainakh languages), which resembles Vainakh "chi" — "water", "river".
The Chechen title Saturday clearly came from the Jews — shoatta — that is the Sabbath. Characteristically, as they say, the Ingush as well as Jews, evening, Friday night, Saturday night call, and how to prepare for each of the next day, in the evening.
I note that the designation of masks, the rain (it poured water), in the Vedeno district of Chechnya and Chechens among Akkin — Z1emmur, dating back to the Jewish — in the dialect of the Tat language there is a religious term zemiro "religious chant." The same framework is presented in Karaite zemer "religious hymns, religious poem," Zemer "verse from the Psalms."
Moscow businessman of Chechen origin and amateur historian Waha Mohmadovich Behchoev in his work "The Caucasus and the Jews", Moscow, 2007, proved that the Chechens — is missing Israeli tribe of Dan. In this connection, he developed a political program of reconciliation fellow Semites: Jews, Arabs and Chechens, according to which the Jews accept Islam and create with the Arabs and Chechens single Islamic state Semitic "The Islamic Republic of Ichkeria Israel."
On the other hand, the Internet has Ingush writer Felix M. ("Saul"), proving kinship Ingush and Jews.
The origin of the tribe of Dan is the fact that before one of the names of the Ingush and generally Vainakh was G1aldini where Dani Dani's obvious name. Denis — Chechen ancient name, non-Muslim, but the value of which they do not know themselves and connect with the Hebrew name of Dan http://www.vchechne.ru/showthread.php?t=1021
Grozny Ermolov built on the site of the Jewish village Dzhuhur-Yurt.
In the district of Grozny, there is even a place name as Zhugty bayinchu Hound (Zhyugty bayinchu Hounds) "to the mound, where the Jews were killed."
The Chechens have parables, proverbs, legends of the Jews, for example the story condemning the Jew, who had beaten his son for no reason. Somehow went Chechen river Sunzha. There's Jews started doing animal skins. Sees the Jew for no reason, no reason grabbed his son and began to peel. Chechen surprised: "What beats up the boy, because he did not do anything?" — "Do you want me to beat him after he spoiled skin?" Since then, the Chechen conversations heard: "How the Jew of his son. '
The Chechen Nokhchi Chronicle speaks of the Jews, led by Prince Surakatom and Kagari, and their war with Dagestan and Arab Muslims. Suleymanov Ahmad in his book "The toponymy of Chechnya", wrote that "after the fall of the kingdom Simsim Surrokat king and his entourage retreated to the west with a large caravan, laden with weapons, treasury, with the remains of troops, sometimes stopping in the path of the motion, reached the river Chanty- Argun and on the left side of his, on the promontory, laid a powerful turret strengthening. The remains of this building survived to this day called "KIirda bIavnash." The descendants of the king tried to establish themselves here, appointing his princes and nobles Biyrig Bicci Eldi Talat, who immediately began the civil war. The king and his son Surrokat Byrom failed to gain a foothold here. "
According to historical records in the eastern Russian Alanya (Chechnya), near the present city of Grozny, "beyond the river Terek River Seventse (Sunzha) Iasi (Alanian) city, nice Dedyakov (Tetyakov)." Its name can be understood as the Tat (Mountain Jew) — Jacob? JS Vagapov see this Dedyakove historically witnessed the Chechen village of Dadi Cove / / Dadi-Yurt.
The primary focus of the Khazars was, according to the Khazar king Joseph Serir country, which was at the site of the present Chechnya and adjacent parts of Dagestan.
MI Artamonov ("History of the Khazars"), speaking of the place names in the Khazar-Jewish correspondence, said: "The name of Mount Seir asking for identification with the ancient name of Dagestan — Serir. Valley Tizul closely resembles country-Q-lu, after which, according to Josephus, was Samandar, and similarly the Greek Zouari, Chul Arabic, Armenian Chora, mean the same thing, namely, the Caspian pass, Caspian valley, and, together so, stopped his fortress of Derbent. Mount Varsan involuntarily evokes Varachan city, the capital of Dagestan Huns and Barshaliyu or Varsaliyu — ancient homeland Khazars. If so, then the place where the Khazars adopted Judaism, should be considered as Dagestan, the country where the original center of the Khazars. "
Archaeological work 1965-80 found that the Khazars lived on the north bank of the Terek River and the Caspian Sea coast between the mouths of the Terek and Sulak.
Tribal custom Highlanders — Adat — similar to the ancient Jewish law — once vendetta, drinking wine, bride kidnapping, etc.
For example elders taught boys the tribe of Benjamin: "This year there is a feast in Shiloh. Go there and lie in wait in the vineyard, and when you see that the city girls go to dance in dances, then come out of the ambush, grab yourself one any of them and return to their own land. " Bishop of Israel, describing the funeral rites of the Hons, ie Khazars, notes that the drumming of the corpses, was applied to the wounds of the face, arms, legs, naked men beat their swords at the grave, competed in horse riding, and then indulge in debauchery. These practices are reminiscent of the ancient customs of the Phoenicians and Jews. Sages wrote that the Torah is given to the Jews because they "azey Panim" (cf. "Ezdel" — spiritual and moral code of honor Vainakh). This term includes the courage and audacity simultaneously.
Vendetta was also among the ancient Jews, for example, the Talmud agrees: "The Day of Atonement forgives sins against God, not against man, until the injured party does not receive punishment" (Mishnah Yoma 8:9).
The term e-Catalog surprisingly in tune to Jewish law — B'DAT Moshe ve Israel "according to the law of Moses and Israel."
B. Malachihanov, notes that the term "utsmy" could arise from the Hebrew word "otsuma" — strong, powerful.
You can say the opposite, Mountain Jews live according to the customs of mountaineers: the belief in spirits, hospitality, kunachestvo, polygamy, etc. The Mountain Jews. names are formed by the name of his grandfather, as in Dagestan (Ilizarov — Ilizarov Nissim — Anisimov). At the same time, big family united in tribal districts (Taipei, rarely dash from Karachay-Balkar tiyre — quarter), retained the name of a common ancestor, such as Bogatyrev Myrzahanovy (in Karachai). In Azerbaijan, the names of the Mountain Jews are often written in the form Turkicized — Nisim-oglu, for example. It is also necessary to note that, while living in Kabardino-Balkaria, the Mountain Jews preserved, unlike their own tribesmen Karachai Dagestan form of education tuhumov named grandfather EMIS — Isupova, Shamil — Shamilova, Ichilov — Ihilovy, Gurshumov — Gurshumovy etc. .
In this case, there is no contradiction, that these people do not profess Judaism now, because among the Khazars themselves was widespread paganism, Christianity, and Islam. Movses Kaghankatvatsi writes that the bishop "Israil many countries Khazars and Huns to Christianity," especially in the capital city of the Huns — the city Varachane (Seaside Daghestan). Similar information is given in the history Khorenatsi.
At the village of Chir-Yurt on the river. Sulak found the ruins of the ancient capital of the Khazars — Belenzhera. Ancient settlement closes the valley of the river Sulak at the exit from the foothills to the plains. From the steppe town was fortified by a moat and a wall. The second city of the Khazars — Samandar was near Derbent. Prime location at sea harbor elevated him and for a while it became the capital of Khanate. Powerful fortresses known and out of the pool Sulak — by Aktas and Terek.
Some villages in Dagestan in the local chronicles and is popularly called dzhugutskimi (Jewish) — Zubutl, Mekegi, Arakan, Mooney and others, and in some villages in the mountainous part of Dagestan, there are so-called. Jewish neighborhoods. The memory of Judaism connects many villages in Dagestan. The most revered names in the Dagestan people — Ibrahim, Musa, Isa, Shamil, Yusuf, Yousuf, Salman Dawood Suleiman — is also formed from the Jewish. Many well-known family in the Caucasus link their ancestry to the house of David. Genetic anomaly "G-6 F-D" was found among Jews is 10 times greater than that of other nations. The same researchers found% in some tribes living in the Caucasus. Lezginka — Jewish dance. Horseman like dzhuhud (Jew). Jewish origin attributed not only to individual aouls but entire nations, for example., Andiytsam, Tabasarans, kaytagtsam.
Why rowdy drunken anti-Semitic Stalin destroyed the sources for the history of the Chechens (Witnesses said that in the central square of Grozny in 1944, a huge pile of books burned brightly, burn out, more than a month)? He wanted to give the Chechens to forget their roots? But it was not — allowed to be Chechens Chechens and Central Asia. Just then he began against the Jews and the company, including and in terms of history, for example, was crushed hazaroved Artamonov. Perhaps, in the history of the Chechens was irritating Stalin Jewish trail? Note — Putin repression unleashed on the oligarchs who have been associated in business with the Chechens — Berezovsky, Gusinsky, Khodorkovsky.
According Mas'udi (X c.) Samandar (Tarki = Makhachkala) was the original capital of the Khazars, and only after the capture of the city by the Arabs (in the VIII.), The capital was moved to the city of Itil on the Volga. This proves that the Khazars were iznochalno Dagestan. Moreover, Mas'udi says that in his time Samandar inhabited by the Khazars. According to Ibn Haukal (X c.) Semender ruler, like the Khazar rulers who professed Judaism and was related to Kagan. Despite reports of the conquest Mas'udi Semender Arabs, other sources in X. (Ibn Haukal, Al-Muqaddas, author of "Hudud al-Alem", King Joseph) unanimously consider it within the Khazar state. Prince Svyatoslav took Samandar as Khazar city.
The same Derbent on Brutskus, called the Armenians and Greeks Uroparahom — "Jewish fortress". I might add that both early medieval name Derbent — Chor derived from "dzhuur" ("Jews"). And the Arabs called Derbent — Darband and Hazaran — "Khazar fortress." Already mentioned in the Jerusalem Talmud rabbi from Derbent.
Arab historian and geographer Ibn Iyas wrote about the Khazars, "they — the people of the Turks in the vast mountain of Bab al-Abvab (Derbent)," that is, the Khazars — Highlanders.
Khazars (correspondence diplomat Hasdai ibn Shaprut and Khazar king Joseph), speaking of Sway homeland, claimed that "our ancestors have told us that the place where they (the Khazar Jews) lived, was formerly called" Mount Seir. " Ie birthplace of the Khazars — the country of Seir / Serir (now part of Chechnya and Dagestan, Avar), which Masudi wrote that he was "it is a branch of the Caucasus. … It is in the mountains ", ie Khazars — the Caucasian highlanders.
Assa — a river, a tributary of River. Sunzha, as scientists believe, takes its name from the ancient Jewish sect of the period of early Christianity, which was brought to the North Caucasus, probably the Khazars. In the concept of the Ingush 1asa means "apostate," but literally means "pagan" or "heathen."
Chechen "ollohumi" and Jewish "ellohim" is an appeal to God. http://www.juhuro.com/index.php?option=com_kunena&func=view&catid=2&id=433&Itemid=572
Friendly nature of the relationship between wearing Jews and Lezgins andiytsami (Gandhi). These Gandhi, of Jewish origin who speak the native legend, live in Dagestan and Chechnya. They were Jews before the invasion of Tamerlane Andiyu squads, extermination their ruling house in Khan Yoluka Gagatle and adoption of Islam. Shamil finally turned it all Andean valley. The people are legends about people Gumbet, many of whom preferred death to Islam. What Gandhi linked the origin of the Jews and the Khazars is confirmed by the fact that one of the capitals of Khazaria called Anji (Anji / Inzhi). In "Darband-name" write the following about him: "The city Semend — a fortress tarhi. But Angie, who is now destroyed, was on the beach in 3 farsakhs from tarhi, it was a great city. " Only a huge army of Arabs, after several days of heavy fighting could "conquer the people Anji and convert them to Islam." Chronicle "Derbent-name" Muhammad Avabi Aktas shows that were "connected 2000 vehicles and warriors of Islam, moving them in front of him, get them to capture the city by storm." These developments are reflected in the literature Kumyks, for example. in "Anji-name" (1780) Kadir Murzy of Amirkhan-Ghent (Kyahulaya). Destroyed by the time the city called Inzhi-kend in XII century. notes and Mahmud of Kashgar. Oikonym Gandhi often heard in Kumyik (Khazar) Place Name: Anji-Arka (Anji Hill), Anji, Beth (Anzhi-City), slope-Anji, Anji-tau (Anji Mountain).
In Avar chronicle "Irkha History" states that the Sultan Irkha (Accidents) — brother Hakan Khazars. In the accident settled Jewish princes Surakat and Kagari (Hagan?): "Then came in the accident, and the princes Kabatiyskie Surakat Kagari, Jewish princes." Avar khans, Shamil finally exterminated, were, according to legend, of Jewish origin.
Name a closely Kumykov tribe — okochan / okochir — Akkin originating from a company Vainakh Akka (source end XVIII-XIX centuries. Localize them in the upper river. Gehi and Fortanga on right tributaries Sunja), known by their kumykskom name — "auk" (auhi). Of subordinates' Hun Emperor "in the North Caucasus 14 Turkic tribes in the Armenian history (V c.), Along with" hong "," masskut "," pukur "(Bulgars)," cuz "," Jam "," Coutard " "Jochi", "guan", "Masgut", "volume" and the tribe called "akuk." Basic shapes ethnonym "okuki" and "okochan", consider the form and akuk akachir found in the sources yet VI-VII centuries. It is derived from an earlier name Khazars — Akatsirs (from the Turkic aq + kasir qazar aq qazar). http://www.kumukia.ru/tpl/main.php?vm=article&vi=5001 # s150
Akatsirs — is the Khazars. On okukah (okochirah, okochanah) XVIII century. there is evidence to support their kumykskom-Khazar origin. A Gildenshtedt, left a description of Kizlyar 70s. XVIII century., Calls "Okochirsky quarter" Kumyk residents of the village, "referred to Kizlyar and settled there." In Kumyik sources (email Adil Hera Tarkovsky Peter I), and they are known as "the people called by ohuhom-Circassians" and how akochany. Peter Henry Bruce (1722) identified them with the Tatars and Circassians wrote about Turk ("capital of Tatarstan Cherkess"), that "… their language is shared with other neighboring Tatars."
Akkhy (akintsy), according to various sources, the descendants of Khazar http://www.vchechne.ru/showthread.php?t=1130
Russian Chechens, initially called "okochanami» http://www.zhaina.com/2007/07/23/chechency_akkincy.html
The aforementioned okochane (okohi, akintsy) is the name of the local Dagestani Chechens — akintsy (auhovtsy). In the Khazar-Arab wars participated akkinskie crew headed ASUCA Shahin. In 735-36 Arab commander Marwan was able to capture and kill two Khazar fortress inhabited auharami — Keshne (Keeshan, Auch) and Hasni-Hisnumma. Akinets known from Dagestan who wanted to enter into an agreement with Ivan the Terrible — his name Shubut one hand like a "Sabbath" on the other parts of the elements of the Khazar names "S.b.t.."
Chechens also have a connection with the Khazars, hence the name Bogatyrev, Khazar is occurring element Chechen names of "Edel" (from the Khazar name of the Volga, and / or has been on it the Khazar capital — Itil, Idil — river): Edelhanov, Idalov.
Surnames Dudayev Dadashev Tata Tatashev formed from the "Tat" (Tats = Mountain Jews). Speak for themselves names Ibragimov Izrayilov, Israpilov, Isaac, Daoud, Musayev, Muso, Nukhayev, Sulaymaniyah, Yakubov. There Alkhazurovo village in the Urus-Martan district, the name or the ethnonym "Khazar" or Chech. "Bird" (Alkhazur). From the ethnonym Khazar likely occur surname Gaziyev, Kazi, the Khazars.
In Odessa, a Chechen terrorist arrested Khamzat Khazars. Last name clearly indicates the Khazar ancestors. Hence the old name of the Khasi.
Interestingly, among many Chechens Israilovs: rebellion against the Soviets lifted Hassan Israilov opponent of Kadyrov Umar Israilov journalist Asya Israilov general Khunkar Israpilov, head of the administration of Chechen President Abdulkahar Izrailov, field commander Aslan Israel and many others.
Chechen named Aslan Khazarov was one of the architects of the famous scam "Chechen memo."
Georgia is known for acting in a field commander Jambul Khazars.
Popular names like Salman and Shamil also indicate a relationship with the Jews, as well as a scarf or headband used by Chechens.
M1aystintsy are believed, professed to Islam mixture of paganism and Judaism.
S.A.Dauev: "One of the first etymology of the word" Ichkeria "U.Laudaev tried to open in 1872, he wrote," is the word of Ichkeria Kumyk; 'ichi Eri' means' land inside "…" It draws attention that the etymological analysis of the word "Ichkeria" ("achkar", "ichkir") at U.Laudaeva falls guttural "k", which is the case, should not fall out.
The fact that the second part of "Geri" ("Kerry") refers to the Geres (Geres or Saturdays) — Judaizing aliens that appeared in the region since the Khazar Khaganate. Geres called aliens who committed a rite of passage in the Jewish religion — convert to Judaism (from it is the word "giaour") … The Khazar kingdom was the dominant religion of Judaism, at various times in the North Caucasus with the Persians and the Jews entered, which is called the Caucasus Mountain Jews traces of Judaism are not only in southern Dagestan, and to the north and even in Chechnya. If we look closely at the geographical position of Ichkeria, we will see that it borders Andiey (Dagestan) and andiytsev many refer to the Jewish ethnic group. From the south-west of Ichkeria in contact with society Tat-Butrym (Charbali), whose name (Tats — Mountain Jews) speaks for itself. To the west it borders the Chechen society Vedeno, around which we have strong traces of Judaism, and is located next to the former Persian Vedeno farm Hinzhoy Kotar, north we go in Kumyk society that once hid the religious and political leadership of the Khazar Khaganate and from the east — Salavat society strewn mountain Jews and Persians. The approach explain the word "Ichkeria" with the Persian language — the language of communication of social, political and religious leaders of the Khazars is justified … Imam Shamil, who introduced the concept of "Ichkeria" in turn to indicate the administrative unit — naibstva — could not know it … ".
So that the name is derived from the concept of Ichkeria Geres (converted to Judaism).
And further: "" … Even today it is difficult to determine precisely the ethnic origin of the Shamil, who claimed in his later years that he kumyk, but, obviously, as we shall see below that it is mainly surrounded by persons adhering in marriage endogamy — the custom of marriage between close relatives, typical for Mountain Jews … It is symbolic looked demonstrate October 2, 1998 in the "Time" from their native village of Imam Shamil tombstone his murid, which sported a tie of the Arabic script and the star of David … The Jewish elite of the Khazars largely disappeared among Kumyks. The religious elite of the Khazars, and the period of Islamization undoubtedly converted to Islam, was, once again, among the religious elite. Apparently, this is explained by the fact that virtually all religious figures appearing in Chechnya since the mid-18th century, is Kumyks and possession Kumyks as the Mountain Jews, endogamy — marriage between close relatives up to the cousins … Imam Shamil was one of the executors gazavat ideology (ideology Khazar revenge — on S.A.Dauevu). He, according to his biographers, "was born in the Avar village, village Gimry in 1797. '" It should be noted that the author, calling the village Gimry "Avar" gives the wrong information, even though it came from an already captive Shamil and his associates in while in Kaluga. Gimry — Koysublinskogo village society. Shamil's father, "Dengau-Magomed — wrote M.N.Chichatova — was Avar Uzdenov (freeman). Gimrsky resident, son of Ali, his ancestor was kumyk Amir Khan … ". In this case we see an elaborate disguise ethnic roots Shamil. If his ancestor was "Kumykov" that he could not be "Uzdenov" Faults where Uzdenov as in Chechen society, recognized only native of … real name was Ali Shamil. The new name was given to him after the manner of "hiding the" evil spirits and enemies. N.Krovyakov writes: "Later Shamil found in books that his real name Shamuil." The fact that the name of Shamil Jewish, by the following observations in the environment Subbotniks I.Slivitskogo-Jews in the late 50-ies of the 19th century. "They (ie Saturdays, Geres — AZ), his children, written by off-site description Iwanami, Mikhailov and other Orthodox, Russian names, called Yankel, Shmuley. '" (See above and Zd. S.A.Dauev, ukaz.soch., P. 8-10, 43, 113).
"The descendants of the Khazars" Dauev also considers all those who have ever resisted the aggressive policy of Russia in the North Caucasus, including such national heroes of the Chechen people, as Sheikh Mansour, Kazi-Mulla, Shamil, — all of them are separated from Dauev Chechen people and accused of trying to restore the Khazars (Dauev 1999. pp. 65-135).
Dauev believes that "the descendants of the Khazars," who had taken illegally act on behalf of the Chechen people, signed the documents of the sovereignty of Chechnya. Thus the "reanimate relic ethnic descendants of the Khazar Khanate layer, as we see, was not slow to show themselves in ethno-political processes in the region … then we are in the face of the rulers Maas could easily learn the Jewish government of the Khazars, and in Chechnya under the emblem of the wolf — they are a true mercenary army of Gurgan country. " He zakpyuchaet: "Thus, we see a revival of the Maas-Khazar-Gazaria Galgarii not in Persia, in their homeland, and the Chechen land the Khazars prudently called Ichkeria" (Dauev 1999. S. 47).
Turned his attention Dauev and Ingush, which in his opinion is the Khazars, and they built the city of Magas Maas, allegedly on the Jewish conspiracy. Dauev warned the Russian government that the Ingush perform an operation to restore the Jewish Khazars, the eternal enemy of Russia. Ingush he calls veynahami, tavlinami and adds to them a part of the mountain Chechens "Ichkeria" eastern Chechens, proves that they were an army in the service of the Jews Ingush Ghazarian.
Opinion Daueva can confirm the fact that now there are in France (?) Group of Chechen separatists, who created a site "Khazar news agency," and that said Khazaria Chechen State http://www.atelpress.com/joomla/index.php? option = com_content & task = view & id = 71
Opinion Daueva close to some other Chechen writers such Avhana Malaeva who believes:
"In Chechnya, the descendants of the Khazars adopted ethnonym local people Taipei — tribal alliances. Despite the fact that it took a very long time, at least enough to melt into the local population, the descendants of the Khazars retained their ethnic face. This applies particularly to the Jewish and Turkic Khazars branches and persons of Gurgan — "wolf country" — the North of Iran. "
Avhan Malaev wrote: "According to local legend, the question was not so much about the Russian fortress of Grozny, but about the inherent here Ermolov two simultaneous Slobodka of Mountain Jews near the fortress, on the right side of the River. Sunzha (street Moscow) and the left bank. Sunzha three hundred meters from the fortress (street Kabardinskaya) of the same mountain Jews. In practice, this meant another apparent attack dynasty descendants of the Khazar Khanate on Chechnya. And the fortress itself (top view) resembled the Star of David — mandala — a hexagon. "
About the same Shamil Malaev says, "" imam "in 1840, he moved to the active business, for sure, in order to enrich. He raided other Muslim nations and this was done manually Chechens than distract soldiers from their core responsibilities to protect the homeland — Chechnya. After Imamate was established Chechens to protect against external forces, not to plunder the neighboring tribes and enrich "the imam." Let us mention some hiking, committed by him or by his orders: to Tusheti — twice Dzharobelokansky District — twice, in Georgia — three times (Tsinandali. Kakheti. Havsuretiya) Dargin county Rutul, Akhty, Kazi Kumukh, Kyurinskoe Khanate Accident ¬ constantly … these predatory wars were made in favor of the colonizers, distracting defenders Chechnya from their cases. How remarkably similar to the actions of the Chamuel his ancestors in a thousand years old. Then the leaders of the Khazars for large rewards recruited Chechens robberies in the Caucasus and other regions. Meanwhile, in Chechnya send them relatives of the Turkic nomads with the same mission. Therefore, I would not be surprised if it turns out that Chamuel, Khazar descendant, who served in the shell of the "hypocrites" order of their patrons in Moscow nobles, comes from the same Khazar yoke (?).
The same was said and printing of "Imam" Star of David … »http://my.mail.ru/community/rus-kavkaz/3CF6B2A082E20F72.html and http://www.nohchidu.com/index.php/2009- 12-18-12-20-01/chir/chvr # comments
I. Slivitsky, officer of the imperial army, wrote: "In 1847, I served 13 ranks of the Caucasian Army. Deep in the winter, a few days before Christmas by participating in a campaign squad ravaged Chechnya aldinskie farms — I happened to spend the night in a tent on the square vorstadt fortress of Grozny. Severe frost has not given much sleep. Early in the morning, coming out of the tent, I could smell the children of Israel, so that I know in Odessa and Chisinau. My nose is deceiving — I thought — how come the Jewish smell to Chechnya, to the fortress of Grozny. But the nose is not deceive our camp was laid out on the market, which stretched along the Jewish little shops … Here, I brought the first contact with the Asian Jews … "
Was a medieval historian Vainakhs Azdin Vasari (died in 1460), he says he was trying to preach Islam among the Vainakh, but he did not succeed, because at that time professed Vainakhs two religions: one part — the Christian, and the second — "Magos tsIera din. " ding on the Chechen — religion (faith), "tsIera" — in this case the designated area "Magos". Magos — Maas / Musa. That is the religion of Moses.
Juice Skopetskaya wrote "On the findings of ceramics from the territory Gudermes settlement Khazar time (Chechnya)," in the book. "Materials and research on the archeology of the North Caucasus (MIASK). No. 5 ".
Leontiev journalist argues that according to the instructions of the NKVD Grozny to work with agents (1936) to 30% of Chechens while secretly practicing Judaism, see http://www.rons.ru/zhen-ev.htm
This news coincides with the amazing old Chechen folk joke, saying that when they gather three people, then one of them will be a Jew http://objectiv.narod.ru/bc_10.html
He was echoed by Khasbulatov, saying that about 30% of Chechens have Jewish roots and more quietly perform Jewish rituals. Dudayev, a Chechen also Jewish but from a very good family according to the same Khasbulatov.
Dudayev urged the people to pray three times a day, which corresponds to the Jewish custom, not Muslim. Some say that myalhi Dudayev "neki thieves."
In the newspaper "Arguments and Facts» (N 3, 1996) in the article "The Chechens and tapes" reported that Johar Dudayev "paternal came from an obscure teip — yalharoy, which is a kind of tatyyneren, descended from the Mountain Jews, and the maternal Dudayev line — from the noble teip nashhoy, consisting only of the Chechens. "
About the so-called suli (Chechens Dagestani origin) in the internet as it is sometimes the Jews. So anonymous Members wrote, "allows adat Awarians marry a cousin? Shichang yalor zhugti iedal do. back in the seventies, as a student CHIGPI I interisovalsya in the elderly, in Shatoi, Vedeno, Urus-Martan, Nozhai-Yurt, who are suyli? Suli — the Jews who came to the country (Chechnya) from Iran through Dagestan ".
Speaking of these Suli must say this. Mas'udi reports that "Sabir" — Turkic name of the Khazars. Referring ethnonym Khazars Mas'udi writes that the Turkic name of Sabir, Persian — Hazaran. Chechens, Avars called "Suli", Ingush — "strength", Ossetians — "Saul." From this word came the name p. Sulak: Sulah — ie at sulov-Avars (xx — Avars suffix places). To root "Sul" or "forces" adjoins the suffix "-vi" or "bi" — plural. h to the name of the people increased and p (-ri), a suffix of space is taken to mean the country, inhabited by Savir. Thus, Savir (Suvari) — the name of Silvio — Savirs. Savir and are salatavtsy.
Name p. Sulak resembles the place where in the opinion of Rabbi Hanina were taken away by the Assyrians 10 tribes of Israel — the mountains Salug (Sanh. 94a).
It was even said that the Chechens — the descendants of the tribe of Benjamin, cf. accessories out of the Khazars, and the fact that, according to the Book of Genesis (49, 27), the tribe of Benjamin, the flag was painted wolf.
In the book The Chechens. Amjad M. Jaimoukh states that "The Khazars built many fortresses in the north-eastern plains of Chechnya."
The first person among the Khazars adopted Judaism Jewish-Khazar correspondence or calls the commander of King Bulan, whose name is thought Turk, however, the Chechens have a similar name Buol, and similar-sounding words bulan, Bilan, Balin (s), etc. http://www.amina.com/kamina/11944-p5.html
The Khazar origin indicated by the Vainakh Masudi about Alans their kingdom borders Serir (Dagestan) that they are the kings title Kerkandadzh that the capital of the country is called the Maas and the king Alanian intermarried with the king Serir. Kerkandadzh — the name of the Khazars, akin Ishaq Kundadzhik (Arab commander of the Khazar origin), Ishaq Kundishkan (Jewish ruler Akhty village in Dagestan), Maas is clearly established from the Musa / Moses.
The name of the village dates back to Asino name Khazar kagan (Ashina = wolf). Wolf revered Chechens that too rudimentary hazarstva — those regarded as their ancestor the wolf.
In Chechnya, there is the place name "Army of the Jews", "Barrow, killing Jews» http://www.chechen.org/etnografia/32-byty-chechenzem.html
One of the oldest villages Vainakh — cue (his name reminds Kiev, Kai, and other words related to the Khazarian God), the name of which, according to AI Shavhelishvili occurs ethnonym Kistins.
In the plains of Chechnya and Ingushetia found settlement, a perceived Khazar city. In form and technology Vainakh medieval pottery finds broad analogy with the Khazars.
Even on the Internet forum read: "A Chechen woman said that Chechens — Mountain Jews."
Another online Chechen writes: "we know about the Mountain Jews — those who professed Judaism, but what happened to the Khazars — pagans, this no one znaet.v any case, they are somewhere in the Caucasus, but the trail poteryalsya.vozmozhno , this is the Chechens who were pagans too long. " http://www.interkavkaz.info/index.php?showtopic=18090&st=90
Also on Chechen forum: "All Chechens say teip dzhugti (officially he tapes is not, as it is a prefix to the Chechen clans, such Dzhugti-Bieno, Dzhugti-Sharo ..) is part of the Iranian Tats and feleshtimskih Jews. Dzhugtiysky prefixal teip there from the very beginning chechesnkogo people (!). However, many Chechens will not find this surprising, because our Prophet Noah was a Jew. "
The forum one Chechen write http://www.kavkazchat.com/showthread.php?t=9540&page=32 «Salaam Alaikum Canty Schein sample huag Hund dutstsash Asha? Shay Taipei lyatstsa ditsaysha! Everyone who knows about the tapes. eg with chartho woo sung tha Bakkhi Naha dutstsash heza.charthosh those lyatstsa khobash Hela one Jew woo Gilna olash away dadohan one g1a gilnoy olash do so they are Jews, they say that they Taipan charthoy, charthoy did Tombstone "
Translation: "The world, guys, why do you say that you do not know? It is better to speak of a kind! "Everyone who knows about the tapes. for example, "I chart, I have heard stories of our elders that we have accepted the Jewish family Gilna, from which there is a branch Gilnoy. "Here they are Jews and they say that they Taipan charthoy, charthoy did Tombstone."
And there: Zhukty bu amma h1oran Nohchiyna Tayyip yukeh will ush, h1ints and Masalli will ush-wai evlnashkah m1ea m1eneh, ha vai yuytsar G1oyt1a, Roshni-Chu, Terkyistar irzonash, Berdak1el and Khi ruff.
Translation: "The Jews are, but they are in every Chechen clans, and now, for example, they are in our villages" in every corner "in Goity, Roshni-Chu, Priterechya places."
About the Jewish-Chechen relations and article devoted Alina Lyman: http://vkontakte.ru/topic-11853816_23881173
Opinion about the Jewish origins of Chechens common in different writers from Boris Akunin ("The Death of Achilles") to the participants of the first Chechen war, Vyacheslav Mironov (novel "pagan temple") and journalist Vyacheslav Manyagina (the book "Operation" White House ": Khazars in Russian history» http :/ / www.manjagin.ru/content/view/20/2/) etc.
Characteristic method of political struggle, as accusations of Jewish origin: Khasbulatov blamed him Dudayev and Basayev, Maskhadov — Wahhabis, those — Kadyrov Kadyrov — Khattab and Basayev, etc.
Basayev also talked about his teip of Tats. It is quite possible that, because in Dyshne-Vedeno Shamil selil associated with the Russian people, including visible and Mountain Jews. They are considered true Russian defector. In fact, Russian mountaineers to certainly not run away from the Russian army to the Chechens have fled from ethnic minorities, such as Jews and Poles. They thought wrong Chechens and Russian called "nohchiyn orsash" ochechenivshimisya Russian.
They say that Basayev on the gate house was minor http://www.newpeople.ru/kavkaz1.htmчарто
In the Chechen people joined tapes that come from people who once professed Judaism (andiytsy, ahtintsy, Kabardian, Kumyks etc.).
Chechens have preserved the memory of the Jews' feast day on Friday (Peraska de) — Shabbat. The name of an ancestor Chechens — Malcom (Malkh) is derived from the Hebrew IALC? Interestingly brother-father's name Malka — MaIasha, asking for identification with Moses — cf. S. Dauev considers name of the capital of Ingushetia Magas (Maas) derives from the name of Moses (Musa). That name did wear one Khazar king.
Some tapes and gars in the other Taipei elevate himself to the Jewish ancestor — Jewish taips Ziloy, charts, Schuon and others — see http://www.chechnyafree.ru/article.php?IBLOCK_ID=360&ELEMENT_ID=60635
"And they said yes, they Shonoy, zhugti neki that they constitute more than half of this Taipei, that the village itself Schoen about half divided between those and other.» Http://www.adamalla.com/showthread.php? t = 378 & page = 25
Pro Tape Charts sometimes write that they are Jews or http://www.kavkazchat.com/archive/index.php/t-2606.html Jews and Georgians (Georgian Jews?).
Jewish neki (family) is in the tapes, as Alleroi, Shonoy, Lashkar, Vashindaroy, because they contain infa whole family, generation to generation have known each other http://www.kavkazchat.com/showthread.php?t = 9540 & page = 53
There are Jewish Tape — zhukty live in Sernovodsk, Assinovskaya and Nadterechny districts http://www.chechen.org/forums/showthread.php?t=327
Shota called its roots in the Khazar Khanate, part of Melchi — Tats Mountain Jews.
Dashni (ch1anti) also had Jewish ancestors, in any case, they write on the Internet.
"Zhobi neki" (which is formally part of teip Beno) researchers some Chechen clans belong to the non-indigenous Chechen family, natives of Tats, Jews. "Zhobi neki" disputes the allegations and http://www.okov.net/lofiversion/index.php?t9051.html http://pda.kavkaz.tv/russ/content/2006/08/09/46414.shtml
Ch1anti on his own legend occupied eastern parts of the city to the town of Kizlyar, Astrakhan, it was up to the invasion of Genghis. It is known that the Chechens never owned such a territory, it possessed the Khazars. So the Khazars = Chechens.
Tape Hacharoy: There is a legend that the Tape came from Jews who came to Chechnya from Dagestan, for economic ways of Derbent. The founder of a Jewish merchant teip http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=&oldid=20692411
They say that Gendargnoevtsy and Chentoroy also have Jewish origins.
Old men of teip Ts1echoy (Tsechoy) say that their ancestor was a Jewish prince! But the foundation Ts1echoy orsthoytsev (Karabulak) — see http://orstho.ning.com/profiles/blogs/zagadka-istorii
Orsthoy from my point of view, made up of two words: 1. osry — aorsy — "arsii" — al-larisiya — the so-called warriors of the Khazars, see http://stepnoy-sledopyt.narod.ru/history/pr/hhk.htm and the second word "hoy — goy" — Jewish — people (mn.chislo goyim). "Goy" is translated from the ancient Hebrew as "the people" (plural "goyim", "People").
Jewish Neki is in some clans.
One Chechen online about the connection of its people with the Khazars, wrote: "I talked the other day with another elder of Itumkalinskogo district. He said that we are Khazars, that the Judeo-Jewish half, and the Turkic part (and it was) Khazars is not us. "
On another site a Chechen writes, "Benoy — many of them members of the Jewish blood. Personally, I descended from the highland (the father) and the Equal (by mother). I know that my mother's ancestor teip yavlyaeyutsya Mountain Jews. "
Beno really Jewish name — the name of a descendant of Aaron, the brother and companion of Moses.
Malchijah — the name of a descendant of Aaron, and the name of Taipa in Chechnya. Some say that "Melchi — are Jewish Vainakhs» http://www.iu.ru/biblio/archive/tishkov_ob/03.aspx
In the Internet write "Akky, orsthoy, malhi always at every opportunity and not always the case and the claim did not otmahneshsya that they Nokhchi, and some ethnic groups and in this they are right and they are descendants of the Khazars and their rulers Jewish mazdakitov, ukryvshie in the local mountains, after the defeat of the Khazars Russian princes in the 10th century "
There teip Iudaloy (gidatlintsy), lived in a society Rigahoy (Rishniyal) Chebarloyskogo tukhum. Now live in the Grozny district.
The doctor historian Ibrahim Yunusovich Aliroeva asked what he thought about the Jewish roots of the Chechen clans, that's what he said:
"As for the merger of some Taipei with the Jewish people, it is true. The fact is that after the defeat of the Khazar state (and it was Jewish) Russian prince Svyatoslav, who were in the army and Chechen regiments marched Jews flow in densely populated areas of the Northern Caucasus. Some of them settled in Dagestan (where they formed their own separate ethnic group — States), others settled in Azerbaijan, Chechnya, Kabardino-Balkaria, coat, where the main kind of activity was trade. So far, in some cities, these republics have Jewish street. The question of the merger of the Jews with the Chechen tribes — not new, but it can not be considered obsolete. Many planar tribes have Jewish roots. There is in Chechnya and independent Jewish Taipei (which is called), zones of compact settlement of which are in the Nadterechny district and Terek. The members of this teip has long assimilated and even deny his Jewish origins. Take a specific Taipei has Jewish roots. For example, dishni Taipa. Yes, it is believed that this Tayyip has Jewish ancestry, but at the same time it has other roots. " http://www.chechnyafree.ru/article.php?IBLOCK_ID=360&SECTION_ID=0&ELEMENT_ID=67986
Apparently teip Satti / Sadoi comes from Jews, as it is sometimes referred to as the strange language tapes. Secondly, the word "Sadoi" obviously Jewish "righteous."
Preserved Teptar (historical record), composed of Sheikh Ismail Merzhoevskogo teip Hosr (Khazars).
Tape Kazharov obviously too Khazar origin. Tape Turkhoy be Khazar origin.
W. Laudayev claimed teip Varanda "alien origin." They had taken female circumcision, which took place in ancient times, the Jews. At the origin of the Khazarian teip may indicate the name of the Khazar cities — Vabandar (Vanandar).
Tape Gunay, somehow attributed Russian origin, in fact, he, as the name implies, comes from gyuenov — Khazars. Khazar town called Andrew Guen-Kala, ie Guenskaya fortress; Guen is considered natives of Chechnya. The very word 'Gwen' reminds Jewish. "Cohen."
Just tapes allegedly of Russian origin and Arseloy Orsi, may be due to the element "pc", ie how to understand "Rus" (ors), — in fact these names sound "bars" (Arcilla) — the name of the native land of Khazars, see above. Storm (cf. Chechen "dogs") in the Khazar "wolf", which is associated with the totemic Barsils-hazarmi.
About the name Batukayev said they were Jews by birth.
There is (was) Jewish teip Zhugty. In Urusmartane have zhugti-neki, they live in and Berdykel Goity http://www.amina.com/kamina/27078.html
According to Ahmad Suleymanov name Shotoyskogo (SHUOT) Society (Tukuma) comes from the word "shot", "shubut" — ie Shabbat. This is more obvious when we remember their names in the documents and Dagestan in the Russian sources XVI-XVII centuries. 'Shibut', 'shibutyane', 'shibutskie people. " In fact Shatoevskom borough now considered not only Shuyta, but some other communities, such Hildeha (Chaldean), Hachara (Khazars), Mulka (Malchus).
Shonoy (Shuanoy. Nozhayyurtovsky District), almost all of them are Jews by birth.
Some of them say that the Tape is half Jewish, some more … And that is no small Shonoy tapes, I must say. Among them there were and are Mujahideen, is holder of the Order. http://www.adamalla.com/showthread.php?t=378&page=11
"In the village lived Shuang Chechen Jews, while the appearance of them out there do not know well before we took to his Jewish masters teip on iron, they accepted Islam, they were given a Chechen» http://www.amina.com/kamina/27078 -p5.html
Name tukhum Sharoi resembles the name Sharon Valley in Israel http://www.eleven.co.il/article/14753 from the name of the valley is a common name in Israel, Sharon, for example, is known military leader and politician Ariel Sharon.
Close to the border (Chechen-Dagestan) is a ground-Yalhoyn Mokhk. This is a former tributary. They paid tithes. They say a lot of descendants of Jews — Tape Yalho ("Yalh" — a "six" in Chechen. Whether this is not the Sabbath?).
1appaz nek1ir Gendargno, are said to have Jewish roots http://www.adamalla.com/showthread.php?t=1132&page=10
They say that among teip shonoy have a whole branch, which is called "Iappazi-neke" born Jewish. They are called so because the head of the family (a Jew) was a shoemaker. They say all that he could say in Chechen — a "Appazov." Appazov means the currency. They fought Tasha Hajji Sayasansky: because for him they are going to adopt Islam.
They say that in the village of Mairtup many descendants of the Jews. There's even a woman make dhikr.
One Chechen from Argun that said that Chechens CECA "descendants of soldiers Khazars Khazars (…) lived on the edge away from the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains a little closer to the Kalmyks. But there was a flood, and they all died, and finished off the remaining Slav Svyatoslav remaining hazarin named Seli (Seli tempting to think that a warrior Sur) went to the Chechens in Nashhu, here he married the daughter of Prince Kumyk, kumyk Shah took Tarkovsky tribute all the Chechens tried to kill him, but sat down on a horse coming out against his army instilled such fear in the Shah, that he gave her his daughter and took her to the place he left this Sesan and from them went sesanoy. In the event of a crisis in the war approached sesanoy, sesanoy rushed into the thick of battle »http://www.kavkazweb.net/forum/index.php?showtopic=53384
In the village of Nozhai-Yurt have separate Jewish names.
To the name of Jewish descent include Sadykov and Bogatyrev
Once upon a time was a militant ethnic Chechen society "Baloyi", from which the yalharoy, akkhy and orsthoy. The word 'Baloyi "resembles the Hebrew Har Baal (" Highlanders "," home mountain ") and the Hebrew word" Baal "-" sir. "
The Chechens converted to Islam can be seen from the example tukhum Vagmaadul, "descendants of defeatists and former infidels (non-Muslims)," one of the clan leaders who were defeated by troops of Tamerlane and forcibly converted to Islam.
Among the laws of Moses, there are those that recently used among Chechens. For example, the following law: "… if the bull was Bodley yesterday and the day before, and warned his owner, but he has not kept, and kill the bull man or woman, the bull let stoned, and its owner is subject to death." http://www.nohchidu.com/index.php/2009-12-28-12-29-03/2009-12-28-12-53-03/2009-12-29-09-45-56
For the Muslims of the North Caucasus are characterized certain version of Islamic Sunni. Rather strange exception is made only Chechens, including Sufism and distributed where the entire population is divided between the two major Sufi orders ("tariqa") — "Naqshbandi" and "Qadir." Sufism is the esoteric side near the Jewish Kabbalah.
Tape Turley seems Iranian / Tat / the Mountain Jewish descent, as indicated for example, that in antiquity Turley was a center of Zoroastrian fire-worshipers. Name teip Turley (Tlerloy) resembles the word "Torah."
One of the subgenera ethnic society Shirdi called "Juda neke."
Interestingly nickname Khazar Jew David — Alroy resembling name teip Alero.
During the Caucasian War murids of Imam Shamil forcibly convert the Jews who lived in Avar and Chechen localities in Islam. Their descendants, until recently, kept the memories of his Jewish origin.
Chechens were known under several names, including — "Melchi", "hamekity", "gardens". These names are preserved in the birth name: Sadoi, Melchi (Myalhy) etc. These names remind Jewish (kindergarten — "righteous" Melchi — "Prince", etc.).
In Dzhambulat Suleymanova, the book "Descendants of Noah", is a fragment of one case where Arab and Chechen students in Jordan read some words of Abraham, and the Arabs do not understand, and Chechens understand.
Jordanian Chechens claim that Abraham spoke purely Chechen. It is excavated and proved to many scholars of the world Chechen scientist (linguist) Abdul-Baqi al Shishan, at loggerheads with his father, Abraham said to his father Azariah, "Toja lattes and Azar ball!" That translates: "Throw it on the ground mount, Azar." He was referring to the idols. Everyone knows that Father Abraham was an idolater.
The Khazars some Vainakhs remnants of Turkish holiday Nevruz — a spring festival (One) Heavenly God Tengri, revered by the Khazars. Celebrating jumping through fire. According to another version, the feast of Nowruz Bayram not jump over the fire, and the guys (men) went to the sixth (with flag) and sang religious songs, and the girls went to a meeting and was tied to this pole scarf or belt.
Was the last capital of the Khazars on the Volga, in Astrakhan. Interestingly, there is an old Chechen tradition, in which the ancestors of the Chechens came from Astrakhan http://www.literatura.tu1.ru/books/predaniya/002.htm
Interestingly, when in 1944 the Chechens were deported, Rabbi Grozny gathered all the Jews and said, "Damn everyone who touches the property of our fellow Chechens"
In the years of Ichkeria Dudayev, Maskhadov's been a debate about belonging to some of the Jewish clans and the Chechen people http://zhurnal.lib.ru/a/anchukow_s_w/chastx2kzip.shtml
I have already noted that the customs are like mountaineers generally Hebrew but there Chechen dance when men run around — zikr.
It is believed that the zikr — vestige of pagan sun worship, but it is similar to the Jewish ceremonial procession of people dancing in a circle — hakkafot (`bypass around '). Hakkafot mentioned in the description of the celebration of the victory of the Hasmoneans over the Greeks, etc.
Orthodox Muslims believe that Sufi ritual — the legacy of Judaism: "What is worship with dance, tambourine and singing — Jewish innovation, which penetrated to practice Islam, confirms what was said in one of the books of the Old Testament of the Jews:" Sing to the Lord a new song, His praise in the assembly of saints. Yes, Israel has fun on his Creator and the children of Zion be joyful in their King. Let them praise his name with faces on the tympanum of the harp and sing to him yes. For the Lord delights his people … Praise Him with the psaltery and harp. Praise him with timbrels and with dances, praise him with the strings and organ … '. " http://ksunne.ru/zabl/sufi/jis.htm
About the proximity of Sufism to Judaism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7ALLXjKlNk&feature=related
See also about the relationship of the Chechen and Jewish dhikr http://cyclowiki.org/wiki/Хаккафот
On Majack mound, in the layers belonging to the Khazar period, the safety of individual inscriptions made runic letter taken from the ancient Turkic peoples. Emphasis is placed on two labels containing personal names: "Mind and Angush our names," "Elchi and Ata-ach, and their three Beech." Mentioned in the inscriptions of the names of five, at least, 4 associated with Chechen names. Thus, the mind — a personal name, is still widespread among the Chechens (name Umayev) and Angush in Chechen means literally "see the horizon." Angusht known village in the Tara valley, the name of which is modern ethnonym Ingush. Elchi / Elcha means in the Chechen language "prophet" or "messenger of God" and it could be used as a proper name. It seems also that the Chechen elcha arose from the merger E Sha / E sa — "the prophet himself / God's light." Finally, Beech — another Chechen name that is now used almost exclusively as a childhood nickname. http://www.nohchidu.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=103&Itemid=110
Dagestani scientists Salih Salikhov showed that on the border of Dagestan and Chechnya was a large fortified Khazar city Belenjer that he believes modern Almak http://www.almak.su/index.php/istoria/51-2011-02-06-00- 14-52.html
Previously lived Almak Chechens: "In some Chechen sources indicate that" Almak "- a village akkinskoe" Almakhoy "(in some Chechen sources — Almkhoy).
Other sources call — Almukhe as village-based and kurchaloytsami chunguroytsami. " http://www.almak.su/index.php/istoria/50-qq.html
According to one of the oldest traditions, the ancestors of all Chechens were three brothers — Ha, Ako (ACS) and the Chateau. Ibn Rust calls Khazar king Shat / Shad.
Home to the Chechens tradition is certain country Sham. Modern Ethiopian researcher Sergeyev Jable-Selassie found in ancient manuscripts stored in Axum, the news of the Jewish principality Sham, and Prince Zinovise.
Some Chechens believe, apparently, that the Khazars were Chechens, Jews and Gentiles Chechens: "Chechens, people from the Khazar elite (hazroyn Ely), they were Jews. Other Chechens, pagans, were led troops, military leaders, in general held important military posts (g1oy, t1emloy) (Avlur of them was). Here are the first, the descendants of the Chechen elite Judaism is the very zhugty, so they just neki. Beno zhugti-neki is benoytsy-Jews, the Khazar elite alroy zhugti-neki is the same as any zhugti-neki this past Chechen-Jew »http://www.amina.com/kamina/27078-p12.html
Chechnya and Dagestan were primary nucleus of the Khazars — Serir kingdom, which by Noordin Kodzoevs been home to the Chechens: "Part of the Alans, who lived in the territory of Sarir, in the contact area with Dagestan and Turkic tribes — the territory of modern Vedeno and Nozhai-Yurt district, which territory is considered the birthplace of the Chechen people and language (changed under the influence of Dagestan and the Khazar language Alanian Language) — gave rise to the modern Chechen nation. " Recall Serir where I came from Khazar Jews — is the Arab writers Christian country, ruled by Bagram Chubin. He was the leader of the Jewish party, and probably with him, not with mazdakitami, for the appearance of the Caucasus Iranian Jews, though his descendants vykrestilis themselves. Serir was on the territory of Chechnya and contemporary Andean villages.
More Chechen connection to the Jews living in Georgia confirm the Chechen tribes Khevsurs, Svan and Tushin who consider themselves descendants of the Jews, and a legend associated with Judaism. Ancestor Khevsurs (kevsury from "kevsur" where "Kev", "cue" is Khazar deity) was a Jew, a satellite of Queen Tamara. Celebrating Saturday. In one Svan villages so far as relics kept ancient Torah scroll to the middle of the twentieth century. Svan elders, taking important decisions for the community, vowed on this scroll. According to legend Kumyk (Khazar) ethnogenetic roots had kind Svan princes Dadeshkeliani (Otarsha). Ethnogenetical according to information recorded in the Caucasian MM Kovalevsky and others, the father of this ancient Svan kind Otar Dadeshkeliani (circa 1570) "was one of Tarkovsky Kumyks, and his offspring seized power in his own hands and gradually subdued the whole of society princely Svaneti on the lower and the upper course of the river. Inguri. " Center princely Dadeshkeliani were sat. Barsh and Inguri. Representatives of the ruled in the western part of Svaneti in 1570-1857. Prevailing at the Swan dynasty that he calls Kabardian and "migrated from the north." Good links exist between Svanetian Prince Otar Dadeshkeliani and Kumyk Prince Agalar Khan. Both of them in 1715 at the invitation of Balkar, participated together at obschebalkarskom gathering convened to review major case — disputed land issues between Balkarian society. In princely Svaneti as among Kumyks, Balkar, Karachay, the custom atalychestva, levirate. Dadeshkeliani princes gave children in the care of "Circassian side" Balkarian. For example, in 1850 a branch of the princely family Dadeshkeliani — Otar Dadeshkeliani — converted to Islam. These princes intermarried with balkarkami. Marriages with balkarkami by order book. Dadeshkelani concluded and submitted peasants. History shows that the descendants of Prince Dadeshkeliani in the nineteenth — early. The twentieth century. served in Dagestan and maintained close friendships with Shamkhalov Tarkovsky. For example, in 1914/16 the military governor of the Dagestan region Colonel Prince Dzhansoh Tengizovich Dadeshkeliani. Svans gave many celebrities (name Svanidze), the oligarch Tariel Oniani. Svan dream of self, Sean, Shuang (cf. Ashina — family Khazar kagan) called Chechen tribe tsanar (Sanar — literally Sana'a, al-plural, hence the actual "Chechen") and Mount Kazbek (in the ground mohevtsev) Ossetians also be called Sana-hoh/sanskaya mountain. By Svan are Dvali and rachintsy. The presence in the North Caucasus Svan says gidronimika and architecture of ancient towers in Balkaria and legends themselves Svan. To indicate Tushin uses the term "Mosoh."
Ethnonym mosoh towards this Nakh tribe interesting because Ptah Regensburg, during his stay in Baghdad, "his eyes" seen messengers of kings' land Meshech "who said that" the Jews have become the kings of Meshech and all of their land, "and that among the residents Meshech are teachers who "them and their children in the Torah and the Talmud of Jerusalem." What is that Meshech? In nahchi have similar names, for example. MaIasha, kinsman ancestor Malka Chechens, Ingush names Mashigovy, Mashhoy, — came from the village of Mashhe (Mashhe) Dorian society mountainous Ingushetia Moshhoevy (Mashhoevy). Maskhadov famous name apparently also from here.
The name of this people like Meshech Kumyk naming Chechens — Mechgizy, Michigishi, Michigash.
Proverb, that "the earth to Idala Vainakhs go back," also points directly to the origin of the Chechens from the Khazars, for they really had all the North Caucasus and the Volga (Itil). By "Kartlis Tskhovreba" Caucasia (Vainakh) and Leckie (varnishes, Lezgins) live in the Caucasus, and the plane to the north of it to the "Great River, which flows into the sea Darubandskoe (Caspian Sea)," — the Volga, which is also called the "Great River Hazareti" . Chechen connection with the Khazars still felt in the Chechen ethnography. Modern ethnological memory Chechen ethnos stores knowledge of distant lands of Chechnya, adjacent to the Black Sea, to the Don and Volga.
That the ancestors came from somewhere Vainakhs the Middle East, speaks in favor of Jewish origin.
Another confirmation of the Khazars and the community is Vainakhs word 'Pechenegs. " This nation was at war with the Khazars. The name itself is derived from the Pechenegs clearly Chechnya: the 1st part of the name is a form of the genitive Vainakh words bachcha (Bachi), "leader, chief", part 2 — Nakh word nak 'son, the child ", in the plural form. h word neky (nakay) "children generation."
Again, remember that Mas'udi "Sabir" — Turkic name of the Khazars. Ie Savirs — is the Khazars. According to ST Eremin, hones large tribal union, otherwise known as Savir. Hones — is Dagestani Huns. KV Trevor Hons locates between the rivers. Sulak and Samur and believed their ancestors Dagestan. Movses Kaghankatvatsi identifies the Huns (Hons) from the Khazars (Hazira). Hence the name of the Dagestani nahchskoe River Koisu (Karakoysu, Kazikumuhskoe Koisu, Avar Koisu, Andean Koisu) G1oy-hee (Hoi-hee, hee Hon), ie River Hons. Ethnonym Savir / sauir can be associated with the name of Dagestan nahchinskim suvri / suyli — "army men", "people-army." NG Volkov said Hons ancestors not only Dagestan but nahchi (NG Volkova Ethnonyms and tribal names of the North Caucasus. M.1973, p.130). In Chechnya, the plane also has 2 "Khon" rivers and G1oyt1a G1oy yist-and high mountains river Hohn, 2 auls Hone, now abandoned and populated nahchi Khevsuri (people of Jewish origin). In the center of the Chechen plains is Mount G1uyt1a court. Among nahchi have taips "Hoy" and "Guna", ie hones-Huns. In Kazbek district of Dagestan village there, early in the last century, the population nahchintsami, with the same name nahchinskim Guna — Guna Taipa family nest.
Chechen national motto: "1ozhalla I Marsh (Liberty or Death)" is identical to the motto of Jewish Zealots time of the Jewish War "Freedom or Death."
Ingush term ala, Ela ali ("prince") with the same meaning is present in the language of the Chechens, clearly derived from the Semitic. Alai, Alain, alu, silt, e, al — "Prince", "gentleman", "lord", "lord". In its ancient sense ("lord", "God"), the word Al (ali) can be found in the pagan pantheon theonyms Vainakh — Cases Sela Tusholi, Raola, Magal. In "On the Origin of the ethnonyms" Alan "and" gIalgIa "ND Kodzoev convincing etymologies ethnonym "Alan" on the basis of the Ingush word "Ala" with the suffix into the "H" and, thus, ala + n = alan — God belongs to God. Hebraism also be considered the word "Adam" — humanity, "adamash" — people, "al-Malla" — humanity (cf. Hebrew adam "man, the human race, a group of people, the humanity", "s" — people). Sun in Chechen malh, indicating Semitic rudiment, the more so, as the Semites, Malchus is and God.
Ingush were divided into 12 Shahar, cf. 12 tribes of Israel.
The Ingush kept women saying "To you Neil swallowed!"
There were old churty with Stars of David on Chechen cemeteries http://amina.com/kamina/17277-p158.html
The Ingush graves too, had been a Star of David http://www.kavkazweb.net/forum/index.php?showtopic=45187
True, the Chechens do not consider themselves to be descendants of the Khazars. Only some, for example. Basayev admitted Khazar origins of his people (scientific origin of the Chaldeans and the Chechens proved by Tats Pantiukhov, some researchers nahchinskie Aramaeans and Phoenicians see pravaynahov; Dzhambuolat Suleymanera schitet that "Facts nahchinsko Semitic lexical parallels are obvious and they are extensive"). But it is interesting that, as I believe the Khazars — Withdrawal of Armenian Jews and many scholars deduce ancestral Chechens from Urartu (hence the link nokhchi — the people of Noah, and Noah is associated with Ararat). This opinion was expressed, for example. Oganesovich Ara Stepanyan. These linguists believe that the Nakh-Dagestani language formed in the Armenian Highlands. The Vainakh urartians lot to do with the vocabulary and morphology. Entire phrases and suggestions Urartu. lang. coincide with the Nakh in content and structure of the building, "Menua se-al-i-e" (urart.) — "Menua — with the ol '(nah.) (cheb." Ali ") -" Menua says, "" Iese ini agubi drank "(urart.) -" Ace and Apara agna "(nah.) -" I dug this channel "," Haldane Uli Tarai Sarduri — B aliyah "(urart.) -" Halad taro (Yolu) Sarduri ol '( tries.) — "Hald powerful Sarduri says," "drank Garou Ildaruniani Agushi" (urart.) — "Apara Ildaruani ogush har dy" (nah.) — "Channel branch (outlet) to Ildaruani holds", etc. The names of the villages in Chechnya also remind Armenian: and there and in the Armenian village of Hoi An is known, the name of the Chechen village Erzi tune Armenian city Alzi, Arzan, Arzni, Erznka and Erzurum. In Chechnya — Shatoi, Armenia — Shatikov in Chechnya — Kharachoi, Armenia — writhing in Chechnya — Armkhi Armenia, Armenia — Urme, Arch, in Chechnya — Targim, in Armenia — the bankers, and here and there Gekhi in Chechnya — Assy, Armenia — Azzi, etc. The most numerous Chechen teyp Benoy stems from the "Hurrians," that is, apparently, the Armenians.
The name itself teip Benoy think is associated with the Hebrew name Vahan, Baan, hence the region in Armenia Wang (data Orbeli, in the early XX century. Vanzo believed to be descendants of the Jews). Khazar Jew writes that the Khazars came from Armenia.
Many do Vainakh and Armenian words are the same, such as "bun" — the nest, "far" — pregnancy, "tour" — a sword, "Bird" — a fortress, "Khazneh" — the treasure trove, "Kurt" — building, "Arch "- a bear," gas "- goose," Bad "- a duck," ball "- cherry," IOC "- dark brown, etc.
Number of Chechen historians (S. Dzhamirzaev, S. Umarov and others) place of residence of its original Vainakh ancestors called Urartu.
Georgian historian IX. Arsene Safareli told how Theodoros Rshtuni pursuing Armenian leader John Mayravanetsi, expelled him from the country, "he turned and fled toward the Caucasus Mountains. He came in and settled Kombechan in Vayots Dzor (Armenian Valley), where students scored himself and founded the school. " According to sources, the Georgian Patriarch of Georgia David Garadzheli was forced to speak in Kombechane in Armenian. Academicians Marr in "Arkaun — Mongolian name of Christians," according to Ishhanike — Armenian king Kombechana. Long neighborhood Armenians Kombechana with Vainakhs left their mark in various fields. Prof. Desheriev wrote that the names found today in the folklore and the echoes of paganism Vainakhs like vishaps, Kaji, ajah, Erd go of ancient Armenia. Ingush folklore hero's name Kuryuko comes from the Armenian word "Kurki" — an idol.
The Armenian scientist of encyclopedic VI. Ananias Schirakatsi in "Armenian geography" in which the first mentioned self Chechens' nohchamatyane "- people speaking in Chechen. Where such awareness by the medieval scholar Vainakh vocabulary? The answer to this secret is in the "Geography", where Ch. XI: «Province of Armenia is Fovena and Kombisena and Orkhistene. They are on the border of the Caucasus mountains. " He further wrote that the province lying north From p. Chickens between Iberia and Albania, along the river. Alazani to the Caucasus Mountains, populated by ethnic Armenians and geographically, the region is called the "cover Ike" — Little Armenia. The fact that the southern part of the central Caucasus consider Armenia testified Apollonius of Rhodes, who lived in H in. BC: "Phasis (Rioni River) flows from the mountains of Armenia and Colchis into the sea."
Chechens sometimes call their country Nohchimohk ("land Nakh") — cf. that in the south of Lake Van was Armenian principality mocha. On Armenia and indicates that dzurdzuki — ancestors of the Chechens — have migrated to the Caucasus from Urartu. Urartian tribes lived on the shore of the lake. Urmia. There was a city Durdukka. On behalf of the city, and called the tribes migrated to the Caucasus 'durdukami' (dzurdzukami). The language in which they spoke related languages Vainakhs. Arax — Chechen Eraskh, "River Revolutionaries" and the era — the Chechen ethnos.
On the wall of the fortress towers Ingush Egikal there are signs of the Armenian temple writing. In Ingushetia, the ruins are three churches. During the excavation of one of them, archaeologists found a tile with Armenian letters. In mountainous Ingushetia is a mountain Guy, Guy river, there Armenian place names like Hacha court (cross-peak), Hach-ara (Phillips glade), River Arm-hee (originating in Armenia), the river Kombnevka (ie Consequential Kombechana). In the tradition of the founder of the Ingush and the founder of 3 powerful tower settlements — Egikal, Hamhi, traded that are among the oldest, is ethnic Armenian.
Hajiyev researcher in the book "In the ancient times", wrote: "The proximity of the genotype Ingush living in the North Caucasus, the genotype of the Armenian people can not be treated as a fact of random coincidence."
Ossetian poet Joseph Tsiskari writes that their family friend Arshak a paper that their race dates back to the Armenian kings Arsacides. In Ingushetia was rassprostranen so-called. Phrygian cap "Kurhars", which was a hat-free, ie unmarried women. Wrote about Professor kavkazoved LP Semenov, who noted that in other North Caucasus kurhars not known, and the Vainakh language means nothing. However, the word lends itself to interpretation of the Armenian language. "Kur" — a sister, "hars" — the bride.
Armenian myth of the Milky Way corresponds to the relevant Vainakh. The Vainakh it is believed an evil spirit, chained in a cave. A similar motif is fixed and the Armenians. Similar stories of Armenian legend of "Nazar the Brave" and Ingush "Brave Naznay."
Khazars, Armenians (and Kurdish Jews) believe their ancestor Togarmah. The word 'Vainakh "recalls Van (Biaynili) — area of Ancient Armenia (of Jewish origin Vantsev see Armenians and Jews, the name comes from the Hebrew names or Ba'al Noah = Noah). The document of the nineteenth century. meets this definition: "Okochanami (synonym like the Khazars and the Chechens. — AZ) called settlers Persians and Armenians came out of Persia, who settled in the vicinity of the Holy Cross (Holy Cross — is Budyonnovsk earlier — Khazar city Madjar. — A. C). " And indeed he, called the Holy Cross was founded by Armenians and the mat. According to Chechen traditions the way they came in contact with the people of Armenia, "Said Ali was the ruler of the state but there was Shama violent overthrow of Said Ali. Said Ali with his family and followers moved to his cousin, who ruled in Nakhichevan. After a while Said Ali died and was buried in Nakhchivan, and his family went to the mountains of Abkhazia after the overthrow of the ruler of Nakhichevan. Since they moved to Abkhazia where Nashah and settled there to live. We grandson Said Ali had 7 children under the second name was called Aki Beni and so on. " Shem or Shemariah — it Sumer, Mesopotamia. Thus, the first ancestors of the Chechens lived in Babylonia, and then moved to Armenia, where — in the North Caucasus. Recall, however, that in Babylonia lost 10 tribes of Israel, as Moses Khorenatsi writes that their increase in Armenia. Leonti Mroveli, tells us that: "… came warlike tribes gonny (honni), driven by the Chaldeans, and, having obtained the land from the ruler bunturkov, settled in the curtain and began paying tribute bunturkam" (bunturki — Indigenous Peoples of the Caucasus), and because Hun (hones) are identified with the Khazars, these last came from Babylonia. Armenians name Ashkenaz first appears in connection with the Jews in the Jewish-Khazar correspondence. Finally, and Armenian authors wrote about eviction from Armenia Persian Jews. Shemeud-Din Dimeshki called Khazars Armenians. And Khazar Jew wrote that the ancestors of the Khazars came from Armenia.
At Ashkenaz ethnonym stop, because it combines the Armenians and the Jews and the Khazars, but the word Ashkenaz "Ishkuza" Chechen and means "they are here": the first part of the word — ish, (they) Chech.,-Coosa-(here) Chech.
The connection between Armenia and Khazar Vainakhs indicated by the fact that the Ingush are the legend of Armenian Egi and his brother Eban http://www.prokavkaz.com/t1607-topic
We should also note that in the history of Kizlyar (Chechnya's neighboring and lying on the ground in the opinion of the Khazar F. Westberg and PK Kokovtsov) yet rich (yeah) Armenian named Kazar. This again confirms the relationship of the Armenians, the Khazars and Vainakhs. http://www.chechen.org/history/102-tarikhi-kyzlarkala.-istorija-kizljara..html
Stood on the site of the legend of Kizlyar Sharoi akintsev settlement.
Yet it is doubtful origin Chechens from Syria or Iraq, more plausibly assume Shami Shamkhalate Tarkovsky. That is, the Chechens used to live on the earth Kumyks (Khazars), but then, perhaps because of the invasion of enemies, move to the West. Tarkovsky good fellows (tarkhoyn k1ant regime) are the heroes heroic epic songs (illi) Chechens. Endoethnonym Chechens' nahchoy "means" people of Noah "(Kumyks according Dzhamalutdinov Karabudahkentli as Khazars, erected himself the son of Noah — Japheth and his sons Camara, Turks and Khazars). According to the "Schedule of income Shamkhalov» (XIV-XV and XV-XVI centuries). "Michihich (Chechnya) is owned entirely (mulk)" Shamkhan Tarkovsky, education tenure which refers to 1442, more precisely, "… was Michikich Shamkhan own destiny" . Not later than 1582, by brittle Shamkhalate ro-donachalnik zasulakskih Kumyik Princes Sultan Muth received his inheritance "all lands lying between Sudak and Terek, with the lower part and Michikicha Salatavskogo County to Mount Kerhi (Kenkhi, Chechnya), on the border Gumbet. " He is reported to Chechen tradition, who lived in the Western Mountainous Chechen society Nashhoy (Nashha) ancestor Chechens Tinavin-Vis, son Molkha, where Chechens settled in the foothills, to pay tribute. Kumyks known in mountainous Chechnya — part of society Cane Mokhk, bordered to the south by MIaysta society where father lived Tinavin-Visu Molkh or Molkhu and where Chechens settled in Nashihe. The same name is repeated in the name of the farm Kayla, now with the Ingush. Alkhasty, located on the left bank. Assa. Their ancestor Honey is considered a descendant Shamkhalov Tarkovsky or people close to them, and he (or his father) came from the plane to the mountains, as Shamkhalov not get along with. Honey found in the name of those names three former Ingush villages: Medarovyh, Medoeva (honey) in a. Targim by p. Assos, Medarovyh and honey among the names considered incorporated in the Inga-shskuyu Wednesday. The form of Médard on laws Vainakh languages could be absorbed from the Turkic. madyr, batyr (the hero), and then out of it formed a version Med. After fleeing from the PWM-vendetta Kumykov was the ancestor residents. Bavli (BIavla "tower"), who consider themselves a separate genus within teip TIerloy. According to the legend of a Chaynakh. Guna kidnapped daughter Shamkhan Chechu Tarkovsky, which, after his death, moved to the valley and laid between the rivers. Sunzha and Argun, Chechen-Aul, from which there is the Russian name nahchi. Türkizms Chechen language kumykskom-Khazar origin. Many Chechen tapes kumykskogo origin, such Tarkhoy. To stay in Ichkeria tarkovtsev name indicates village Bai Tarki — Bai Targu.
On the explicit origin of the Khazars themselves Kumyks see eg. http://kumukia.ru/modules.php?name=Pages&file=print&pid=9391
Doubts about Arab Chechens even stronger if we pay attention to the fact that of the Azerbaijanis Kabardians Kumyks and some of the other peoples of the Caucasus there are stories of Arab ancestry from among close to Magomed that is clearly related to the adoption of Islam.
Chechen Wikipedia article http://ce.wikipedia.org/wiki/Самоназвание_народа_Нохчий people Nokhcho Self says:
"Chechens joined relatives in Chechnya already creating another realm which was called Haz Are (Beautiful land, territory)" '(Khazar) Khazar Khanate in Haz-arrest' 'the head of which was ruled Keganhoy (chech. KIaganhoy) Melchi, of Melchi Tukkhma (chech. Malhy) Melchi. the term is a term Keganhoy (Khazar) Khaganate. by the way Sasanami built the first fortress in Derbent against the forces of the Caliphate, whether we like it or not the story and the fact that not much of the Chechen-sasanov fought against the Caliphate, and most of the Chechens is the king Yazdegerd III, (son Shahriyara son Khusrau II , Grand Arena (Eran) 650g BC. Oe. kingdom Arenshahr) defected to the Caliphate and waged war against the faithful not so Sasana Chechens retreated to their ancestral land and took up defensive positions in Derbent, times were troubled Nokhchi for the people in society was three religions of Christianity, a small part of Zoroastrianism, Islam, but in 730 g. BC "'King IbrahIim"' adopted religion of the prophet Moses, IbrahIim sent people to the east that they would bring the book of the Prophet Musa (Moses), after the Chechen IbrahIim king called all his religious Ulama Council, and after discussions, a counselor convinced him that the religion of the prophet Moses is right, this way he took the religion of Moses, in general, in the Chechen lands in 730 had already been four religions. "
Ingush called "Jews of the Caucasus."
Nashh — "the mother of cities Chechen." Interestingly, his name recalls the name of the prince and the judge Khazar Jews knee Isahara According to Eldad ha-Dani — Nahshon (it is important that Nachshon — a judge, for in Nashh and went to trial.) In Nashhe almost gray. XIX c. store huge copper pot decorated with longitudinal plates on which were engraved the names of indigenous Chechen clans. The boiler was sawn into wafers by order of Imam Shamil, who sought to destroy everything connected with the ancient history of Chechens, either tower or old letters and manuscripts. In Nashhe also said to have kept the national news — koman teptar telling of the origin of the indigenous Chechen clans, and the national press — koman Muharam. Why Shamil fought Chechen history? Of course you can not explain it and struggle with the remnants of Christianity, Chechen nationalism (he was trying to blend into one people nahchi and Avars), but because you can assume here and anti-Judaism — an inveterate anti-Semite, he is, as we know, was at war with the Mountain Jews.
From Nashaha are 12 tribes, societies (3 in Ingushetia and Chechnya, 9), cf. 12 tribes of Israel.
To think and Mountain Jews in the old days was known about the relationship with the Chechens, for only the Jews did not take part in the robbery of property in the Chechen deportation of 1944. This view is confirmed by my correspondence with the Mountain Jews of Chechnya, for example, V. Rabaev also hinted there for some views of the Mountain Jews of kinship with the Chechens and those — with the Khazars.
Probably why the Spaniard in Russian service van Galen, a member of the Caucasian War, mentions that Ender had fought against the Russian Jews, the people of this village.
Ethnonym Ingush (g1alg1ay) comes from the toponym Onguch, vulgar understood as "the place where the visible horizon" ("en" — horizon, "Gooch" — shows — suffix). But in fact, the name of the place name is derived from the okochir / akachir / Akatsirs — Khazars. The Ingush are many names, one of which I am a part-dzhuga — can be understood as "the Jew" (Dzhogustovy, Dzhugustovy, Dzhukolaevy, Dzhugutgireevy, Dzhogusthievy, Dzhuguthanovy, etc.)? There are also Isupova, Israilov etc. fimiliya Hanakievy — Hankievy of the holiday Chanukah? Medarovy family hails from the village of Alhazarkov (Alkhazurovo / Olhazur), Urus-Martan District / a; names Gutseriev Kozyrev Hasriev, Hacharoev, Khidirov formed from "Khazar", and from "Tats" (Tats — Mountain Jews) — Dadiev, Tatiev , TATA, Tut. Aushev surname name reminds of the royal family from the Khazars — Ashin ("Wolf").
Jewish Ingush names such as Bogatyrev and Vedzizhevy http://www.nmayd.com/forum/showthread.php?t=20&page=2
The Ingush priest, just as the high priest of the Jews, to be outwardly beautiful, with good health, as it serves as a mediator between God and man.
The Ossetian site write that Ingush — the people of the Chechen-Jewish origin.
According to tradition, recorded as early as the first century before the Ingush educator Chahom Akhrieva have some hectares (Hazara?) Had two sons and Galga Gabarti (Kabardian). The first is based "Galgaevskoe society", the second — "Kabardian." But it is known that it is a known genus Kabardians Khazars — Cabaret.
The forums say that "the Ingush and Lamrim is Jewish. If you look at the Ingush they wear hats as Jews. "
Interesting song famous bard Timur Mutsurayev about the fact that 12 000 (12, that is, the number of the tribes of Israel) Chechens liberate Jerusalem. I'm not sure, but maybe the Chechens remained some tradition-Zionist dream of Jerusalem (maybe on a subconscious level) that had led to these songs. In the book, "The people of Russia. Scenic albom "(1877) says:" The Chechens consider themselves the people, chosen by God. " Apparently Jewish influence can be explained by the idea of purity of blood from Chechens.
Many of the old place names in Chechnya and Dagestan Jewish Khazar origin (Aldi-Galen-Goity, Alkhazurovo, Dadi yurts Dzhuvudag, Dzhugut-aul, Dzhugut-Bulak Dzhugut-heap Dzhufut-katta, Gehlen-Goity, Goiskoye, Goity, Goytl , Goyth, Kasyr-Yurt, Katyr yurts Kosyrev-Yurt, Musa, Tata Temirgoy, Hazarkala, Hazaryurt, Hazarmaydan, Hozrek, Chizhnahoy-Goity, Chuzhnohoy-Goity, fortress Malka, Goity river, mountain Samandar, the height on the outskirts of Grozny Goity court, etc.), for example — the Khazars, a hamlet located between the rivers. Hulhulua (Juli) and Dzhalka (sorry), residents were relocated to the village of Russian Great Chechnya. Roshni-Chu village, 7 km south of the district center of Urus-Martan, named on the basis of the Khazar language in its toponymy frequent mention Khazars.
There is a tradition of the Jews in connection with the place names. Since the Village Vasari-khelli (Faranz-khelli) "Faranza settlement" — the ruins of the ancient village in the community M; Aistė near Puog, and said that he was attacked by a large army of the Jews alone.
"A great number of places in Chechnya, and likewise in Karachai and Balkaria (" Zarashky "," Zhygyshky "list-no, apparently needs) is in their names Jewish component» http://www.elbrusinfo.ru/ article_77_.html
Name ruins Meshtaroy (Meshtaroy) "Meshtaroy," which in a. The Gemara, in liters. b. Kay-Erk, comes from the Hebrew Meshiah (Messiah).
There is an Israeli Mokhk (Ezra Mokhk) "Ezra ownership" — arable land on the southern edge of the village Shircha Yurt, hast Ezra (Ezra haste), "an Israeli source," and Israel phalgIa (Izrail phalgu) "Ezra smithy" — is located within the village of Kesh.
There is a river in Chechnya Meshi-hee, the name — from the Hebrew "meshiah" here "sacred river".
There is in Chechnya "clearing Musa" — Musin kIazha (Musin Kazha).
There is a village Dzhugurty resembling ethnonym called Mountain Jews "Djuguri."
There Musin and gu (Musin gu) "Musi mound."
There are place names and other Judaic such Isrepil togIe Isrepil toga — "Israpil Valley" Israilan her (Israilan dick) — "Israil mill", Israpalan phalgIa (Israpalan phalgu) "Israpil smithy" Israil beriyn to; flocks (Israilan beriyn Kotar ) "Israil children (descendants) farm" — located in the south-east of the Urus-Martan, Israilan kha (Israilan ha) "Israil arable land."
Ustarhan village (village on the river. G1oyty in 1848-49 people were evicted from their places, and moved to G1oyty and Urus-Martan) explicitly called from Tarkhan — Khazar lord. Characteristic name of Derbent in Arab sources — Darband and Hazaran — "Khazar fortress", and this name appears at a time when this fort belonged to the Arabs.
He was well known in Chechnya Bazalay armorer, whose name derives from the name of the Khazar kind — b.zl.
And for the outside observer similarity is obvious — the Internet none of jingo no doubt the origin of the Chechens from the Khazars. Highlanders uprising against Russia resemble Jewish against Rome. And I wonder: once the Arabs for centuries fought unsuccessfully with the Khazars, Khazar outpost called one — Dzhzharvab — from Arab. dzharys — angry, furious, — literally "terrible", and after the millennium has Russian built fortress in Chechnya with the same (but of course Russian) name.
Researcher Sergei Blagovolin also classifies a number of direct descendants of the Khazars modern Vainakhs.
Based on the above, I concluded that the Chechens — are descendants of the Khazars.
There is no such objection — in Leontius Mroveli said that dzurdzuki fought with the Khazars. Dzurdzukami also believe Vainakhs. All this would be great, but alas, nor any evidence that dzurdzuki — it Vainakhs not. Rather, it goes back to the ethnonym Ossetian durdzyk — a "stone pit", "valley", from which "durdzuki" interpreted as "people of the gorge." Even if they accept the version that is dzurdzuki Vainakhs, then, since the chronicle tells of the conquest of the Khazars, a mixture of the invaders was inevitable.
May not agree with me in this way: "The Chechens say their ancestors were kerestanami" (Umalat Laudayev), this other concluded that the Chechens earlier professed Christianity. However, the same Laudayev emphasizes that Chechens "Christians and Jews are called simply" kerestan "that is," those who believe in one God, but do not recognize the Prophet Muhammad. '" Thus The term "kerestan" refers to the Jews, so the claim that the ancestors of the Chechens were "kerestan" can be attributed to the Jews.
Most Khazar Jews accepted Islam after the defeat of the Khazars.
Al-Mukaddisi (to 988/9) wrote: "The inhabitants of the Khazars back … and no longer Jews, and Muslims." Islamization occurred because of anti-Guz — Khazars asked for help in Khorezm. Kwarezmians agreed to help, but only if the treatment of the Khazars in Islam. According to the authors of XIII-XIV centuries., Not only the people, but even the kagan was to practice Islam. Several sources of information remain deaf disobedience Khazars and the occupation of their cities Khorezmian squads.
Islamization of Jewish-Khazar Khwarezmians confirmed and Ibn Ibn Haukal Miskhaveyh whose authority can consider the matter closed. However, other Arab historians, for example by Ibn al-Athir, confirms this: "And in this (year) tribe of the Turks attacked the country of the Khazars, and the Khazars to appeal to people of Khorezm, but they did not have help, saying you are not correct, but if you take Islam, can help you. Those converted to Islam, except their king, and then helped them people of Khorezm and forced the Turks to withdraw from them, and after that their king had converted to Islam. "
However, the coercion of the Mountain Jews to Islam in the new time practiced Fet-Ali Khan, Nadir Shah, Kazi-Mulla, Shamil and others, and was replaced in the Soviet Jews to the chargeability Tatham, Chechen rebel leader Hassan Israilov WWII called clean Chechnya of Jews.
Even according to the first national census in the Russian Empire in 1897 "Chechens followers of Judaism: men -3, -7 women, total 10", that is, the Chechens were still practicing Judaism.
"According to the census in 1922 in Chechnya were dozens of families practicing Judaism Chechens living in the northern regions of Chechnya» http://www.chechen.org/forums/showthread.php?t=327
However, some of the Jews in the East of the Caucasus called Mountain Jews.
See this map 830-1020 years. modern territory of residence is listed as Vainakh Empire of The Khazars http://conflicts.rem33.com/images/Georgia/geor_bahrat.GIF
See images of early "warrior Vainakh" note two stars of David http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/The/chech_alt.htm
The Khazars were closely related ethnically to Kumykov Wed. http://www.kumukia.ru/modules.php?name=Pages&pa=showpage&pid=9356 and http://www.kumukia.ru/modules.php?name=Pages&pa=showpage&pid=9059
Critics may argue my theory: if the ancestors of Chechens had a relationship to the Khazars, why the language of the Mountain Jews dissimilar to the Chechen?
First, prior to Imam Shamil and the Caucasian War, Mountain Jews lived in Chechnya and surrounding areas: "In those days around the town of Kizlyar, Hasavyurt, Kizilyurt, Mozdok, Makhachkala, Derbent Gudermes and Mountain Jews lived." See http:// www.gorskie.ru / istoria / cau-voina.htm
Even much earlier, the Jews are mentioned in the trade with the Chechens, and the Chechens in the stories, such as the war with the Jews, Vasari khelli (Faranz-khelli), the Jewish princes Surakate and Kagari, etc.
When the Jews settled in Chechnya is difficult. In any case, some of the letters of the Andean "Shamkhan" to Kizlyar commandant AM Kuroyedov (April 1782): "And then, [for us] it's up to you the second letter. In these letters contained more than before, for the return of slave (molecules). However, you do not think that the said slave was sold to our people. It sold michigizy (mychykysh) Jew (dzhuhudly). (Orazay G.M.-R. Turkic Monuments Service of Dagestan in the XVIII. (Experience the historical-philological research papers fund Kizlyar commandant "). Makhachkala, 2002.). Thus, long before Berezovsky, the Jews bought the Chechen captive slaves.
Member of the Caspian campaign of Peter I in 1722, JG Gerber, in his book "Description of the countries and peoples of the western shore of the Caspian Sea," writes that the Mountain Jews: "… selling a stolen or captured by Armenian and Georgian Armenians, but this fishery by the Russian authorities for living, is denied"
Get 3 more centuries ago between Jews and Chechens were trade relations — the Chechens Jews sold the captives.
Incidentally, the father of the famous anthropologist, Jews I.Anisimova was a subject of Imam Shamil.
Around Shamil were Jews: Ismihanov led mint and coordinated economic policy, and also made an ambassador Sultan Gorichev Shamil was a doctor, and Ann Uluhanova — his wife (according to other versions, Armenian) http://www.jewukr.org/observer / eo2003/page_show_ru.php? id = 879
One of the wives of Naib Imam Shamil Yunus Chirkey residues was Zainab. In the final period of the Caucasian War in the critical moment of the battle, showing a dagger, she boldly and decisively enticed him into battle murids. And one of the standard bearers of Imam Shamil was the great-grandfather the Mountain Jewish scholar, a native of the village of Tarki Ilya Anisimov — Nisim-oglu. Great-grandfather of the famous sculptor Zori Azgura, author of the monument to Lenin in the central square in Makhachkala, a native of the village of Tat Azgur that was found in the Derbent area served nuker at the Hadji Murad http://www.odnoselchane.ru/?sect = 1567
The Jewish community of Nalchik was founded over 270 years ago, the ancestors of Shamilova natives of Khasavyurt (used to Chechen).
The fact that the Mountain Jews lived in Chechnya before the arrival of Russian exactly known from archival sources:
"In the early 19th century. Removed Mullah attacked with his gang of predators near Grozny, robbed Jewish property, 20chel. killed and many captured. This forced the Jews to flee to Grozny, Russian fortress was the beginning of the base of the Jewish community in the city of Grozny "(central archive 1877.).
"11th Shevat (January 22) 1848." Recalls Rabbi Shimon ben Ephraim — "middle of the night to the village rushed Shamil with their gangs. Many Jews mercilessly killed right in bed, others were beaten with whips and sticks to death, deprived of all confiscated clothing and supplies were in the house. The children then died of hunger and cold. Boys and girls carried them away, among them were my sister and me. They put shackles on us and drove into the mountains. Three days and three nights we were kept in a deep pit, and then sold to one Muslim, with whom we worked like slaves for a bowl of soup a day "(From the records of the ethnographer I.Chernogo).
"Next to the aul settled Jewish quarter. Although the Mountain Jews, when they have a weapon, pohrabree their coreligionists in civilized countries, but it is the people of peace, trade, not used to resort to weapons and had no one else attacks. Therefore Abakar Debiru Naib (Assistant Imam) was easy to beat them. He took them all that was burned down the house and carried away captive of about 80 women and children "(From the memoirs of a Russian officer yanv.1884 25).
During the Caucasian War Chief Rabbi Eliyahu ben Mishael Caucasian Mizrahi in a special message called for Jews to promote all the forces of the Russian army and was awarded the Commander of the Russian troops Earl M. Vorontsov medal for his loyal service to Russia. Jews served as guides and interpreters. One of these conductors was Aaron from Grozny, the Chechens who kidnapped and tortured for a long time, gradually cutting off the hands and feet. " (From records I.Chernogo).
Although there were some Jews who fought the tsarist troops together with the Chechens, as were the descendants of the Jews who have been Chechens fought for CRI against the feds.
In fact, many Jewish intellectuals, social activists and journalists who supported the CRI and defended Chechens, like Yegor Gaidar, Viktor Shenerovich, Daniel Cohn-Bendit, Bernard-Henri Levy, Hope Banchik, Galina Starovoitova, Konstantin Borovoy, Oleg Mihilevich and more. etc.
During one of the Chechen war, died in the bombing of Grozny and the Mountain Jews.
It is difficult to say whether Jew Abramov (who was once Gavoi Chechnya), was a Jew Lev Rokhlin, who fought against the CRI — but he did not highland and European Jew. Koshman Nikolai Pavlovich was the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic at the same Zavgaeve.Togda (1996), in the same government Yefim Gelman Leonidovich was Minister of Education.
There were mixed marriages. Ilya Anisomov in his book on the Mountain Jews says that even two of his relatives married a Chechen woman, in one case, a Chechen woman converted to Judaism in the second — the Jews converted to Islam.
For example, remember the old-timers "So for example, I know of a case where there is a child born to work up from Grozny Jewish Cheka even under Stalin» http://www.kavkazchat.com/archive/index.php/t-29116.html
Local Jews knew the Chechen language, made friends with the Chechens http://www.chechenews.com/world-news/breaking/940-1.html
Among the Jews of Nalchik many immigrants from Chechnya, when it was the Caucasian War, for example Alhasovy, Shamilova, Digilovy, Shaulova etc. In fact Jews Nalchik — came from the historical Chechnya (including Khasavyurt) http://www.juhuro.com/index. php? option = com_content & task = view & id = 449 & Itemid = 674
Do not know who (possibly anti-Dudayev opposition) killed in CRI famous scientist Victor Abramovich Kan Kalika and his friend and Vice President for Academic Bislieva Abdul Hamid, who was trying to protect him.
Curiously, the former Chechen President Alu Alkhanov wanted to restore the synagogue http://www.rusk.ru/newsdata.php?idar=714104
And Ramzan Kadyrov said: "If the Jews came to Chechnya, it's okay." In reply, Rabbi Zinovy Kogan proposed to revive the Chechen community and to build a synagogue. Chechen president said he is ready to allocate funds for this mission. The desire to revive the community, said the mayor of Grozny in a personal conversation with Rabbi Kogan http://base.ijc.ru/new/site.aspx?STID=245090&SECTIONID=247017&IID=411453
Interestingly, the deputy minister visited Israel for External Relations, National Policy, Press and Information of the Republic of Chechnya Zelimkhan Musayev "was delighted with the Jewish state» http://izrus.co.il/dvuhstoronka/article/2011-08-01/15101. html
Thus, it is clear that in Chechnya Jews lived long before the arrival of Russian, but because of the radicalization were forced to flee the territory, subject to Russian, or convert to Islam.
Later, when the Caucasian war ended, many of the Mountain Jews have returned to Chechnya.
The question arises, why is the Mountain Jews speak the Tat language?
We know that after the defeat of the Khazars, in 1064, "more than three-thousand families Kafyrov komukov, Khazars penetrate Derbent in the Caucasus and settled in the area of Qahtan (the present territory of Azerbaijan), under the auspices of the Seljuk sultan." (Turan O. History rule of Turks. Istanbul, 1993. P.72).
And later, before the Mongol invasion by invitation Khoresmshah Transcaucasia moved 200 thousand North Caucasus Cuman (Khazars).
In the second half of the 13th century. Ilkhanid — Mongol khans, who were under the power of a vast territory from the Caucasus to the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan to the deserts of Syria, turned Azerbaijan into the central region of their empire.
Religious tolerance early Ilkhanid Buddhist attracted many Jews in Azerbaijan. First Minister Arghun Khan (1284-91), a Jew Sa'd ad-pressure actually directing all internal and foreign policies Ilkhanid. Jew Muhazzim ad-pressure was chief of staff of Tabriz, a Jew Labidi bin Abi-p-Rabi 'who heads the administration of Azerbaijan. Later Jewish Rashid ad-Din (known historian and author of "Collection chronicles" in Persian) was the vizier in 1298 (executed in 1318).
Ibn Haukal (976-977) said that when the Russian Khazar devastated city Samandar (Tarki-Makhachkala) residents recently fled with residents atelier (new Khazar capital on the Volga), many of whom were Jews, in Derbent. "
Later, Mountain Jews fleeing from Dagestan to Azerbaijan (in Cuba, etc.).
Thus, in 1722 the governor of Guba Khanate Fath Ali Khan generously allowed fleeing from Dagestan Jews to settle in the West Bank Gudial-tea near Guba, so formed Krasnaya Sloboda http://www.juhuro.com/index.php? option = com_content & task = view & id = 589 & Itemid = 500
So just do not originally come from Azerbaijan Mountain Jews in the North Caucasus — and, conversely, in tolerable Azerbaijan. More precisely, such migration occurred in both directions several times.
Earlier, in Azerbaijan, especially in Absheron, the population was more tatoyazychnym.
Therefore, it can be hypothesized that the Mountain Jews were tatoyazychnymi so to speak a second time, due to the settlement of Iran and Azerbaijan.
Thus, in my opinion, the opinion of, mountain Jews long time ago, probably from Iran or Central Asia migrated to Khazaria (ie in Chechnya and adjacent part of Dagestan).
Akin opinion Gumilev, who believes that the Jews fled to the area between the Terek and Sulak mazdakitov after defeat of the uprising in Iran.
In Khazaria, they turned part of the population, including the governors, to Judaism.
Mountain Jews themselves have come from Jerusalem, after the defeat of which have gone to Baghdad and from there to the Caucasus and Iran. Mountain Jews — descendants of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.
Creating Jewish parasitic state. Khazar Khaganate
2.24. Creating Jewish parasitic state. Khazar Khaganate
By the time of the arrival of the Jews in the Persian limits of the Khazars, in the State province lived quite amicably White Khazars and Black Khazars. White Khazars called the ruling caste of professional warriors of the Slavic-Aryan, while a black Khazars called Turkic tribes that came down the river in Pa (Itil — Volga) from the depths of Asia, as refugees from the ancient China. They left his homeland after dinlinov tribes, their allies in the struggle for independence against the ancient Chinese. In principle, the Black Khazars were from the yellow race with a touch of black. They were black, resin hair, black eyes and dark skin. That this was the appearance of the name — Black Khazars, because, compared to the blond and blue-eyed Slavic-Aryan, they looked very dark. Anyway, Khazaria existed as a multi-ethnic state in which people are white and yellow races coexisted peacefully. Just as with all of its neighbors. Through the Khazar Khaganate the Great Silk Road and it is this very "like" Persian Jews who came from the tribe of Simon. Judeo-mazdakitam soon joined by their "fellow countrymen" — wealthy Jews antimazdakity who quietly left the revolutionary Persia with all its riches. Leaving Persia rich Persian Jews settled in Romee (Byzantine Empire), where they were welcomed and given the opportunity to live and "work." After the Great "Persian" Persian revolution for a long time was not up to the external enemies. The country was completely robbed first rich Jews who became antimazdakitami that all "their" wealth quietly left the revolutionary Persia. Then the remaining wealth Persian nobility "cleaned up" the poor Jews Exarch Mar Zutry.
From the richest empire in Persia became poverty-stricken country, and after the agony in the summer of 6160 S.M.Z.H. (651 AD) with the death of the last Shah Yezdegerda II, ceased to exist. The Persian Empire created the Slavic-Aryan, the second Jewish "blood letting" did not survive. After a hundred and sixty years after the coup, Mazdak, Persia had disappeared from the face of the Midgard-Earth together with the last descendants of the Slavic-Aryan, who created this empire. Recall that the first Jewish "blood-letting" the Persian Empire was in IV century BC at the time of the biblical Esther. Yes, indeed, "a strange way," a day of celebration of biblical Esther is celebrated today as the International Women's Day! It is curious, is not it? It turns out that day, in fact, praised only one woman — the biblical Esther, a Jew, through which Jews then killed more than seventy-five thousand white Persians — strong people (the color of the nation), along with their wives and children! In other words, white Persians celebrated genocide conducted hands of the Jews, which was only possible through the use of new tactics Jews — Jewish Institute of brides! And it is this day godless Bolsheviks did one of their main holidays after winning the "Russian" Revolution of 1917! But it will happen in the distant future, in relation to the events described, so do not rush it and go back to the past Persian Empire …
And during the first "bleeding", and in the second, the Jews let the blood and in the literal and figurative sense of the ruling caste of the Persian Empire — the descendants of the Slavic-Aryan, who created this state. Produces two types of blood, red blood, human, WHITE GENOCIDE by the Persians, and the "blood" of gold, without which the socio-economic system of the empire, as well as any other country, there can not. Between the first Jewish "bloodletting" and second Jewish "blood-letting" was a thousand years! First Jewish "blood-letting" occurred at the end of the penultimate Night of Svarog, the most difficult time of dawn, and the second, to seek Jewish "blood-letting" happened SECOND DAY POLOVINEPREDPOSLEDNEGO Svarog as evolutionary "sun" is "light", but not "warm" as much as at dawn. The destruction of the Jews of the human "glue" the Persian Empire, while letting the solid state "blood" — gold and silver — did the trick. The Persian Empire, created works of Slavic-Aryan dead … Meanwhile, life went on. On the ruins of the Persian Empire, there were new states were created, mostly Semites gray sub-race people, the descendants of common ancestors with the Jews — the Hyksos. Arab states and the rulers thereof, arose on the ruins of the Persian Empire, however, continued the policy thereof, becoming actively fight against the empire of the Romans (Byzantine Empire). Romans took to his Jewish-antimazdakitov seemingly past would have to be at least thank them for that. But Jewish "gratitude" was very strange:
"… Meanwhile, Byzantium led desperate war with the Arabs. Jews, who find salvation in the Byzantine Empire, would have to help the Byzantines. But they have helped a bit strange. Secretly negotiating with the Arabs, the Jews opens gates of the city at night, and kept out of Arab warriors. Cut those men, and women and children to sell in rabstvo.EVREI same CHEAP skimp slaves, sold them with great benefits for yourself. This might not like the Greeks. But, having decided not to acquire new enemies, they are limited by the fact that the Jews asked to leave. So in the land of the Khazars appeared and a second group of Jews — a Byzantine … ". 
Jews opened the gates at night Byzantine cities — is not it, an interesting form of "gratitude"?! Romans themselves were famous for treachery, but even for them the treachery and deceit was excessive. And the emperor Heraclius II invited the Jews to leave the country. This happened in the middle of VII century BC (See Fig. 36). And romeyskoy Jews, who just over a hundred years ago in the lands of the Romans found refuge after the departure of the Persian Empire, and went not just anywhere, but in Khazaria, which for a hundred years earlier, came to the Jews-mazdakity.
And within the Khazars, the former "enemies" — Jews, and Jews-mazdakity antimazdakity peacefully reunited after the "tragic" A split knee Simon, following the uprising of Mazdak. Thus Jews knee Simon again become one in the vast Khazars. The arrival of the Jews in the Khazar-mazdakitov can be explained easily. Additionally, as in the north, and it was nowhere to escape from the "ungrateful" Persians who do not "appreciate" the idea of "brotherhood" and "social justice" that they "free", just a "gift" offered to fighters for "justice" — Jews. But why the Jews, the Romans antimazdakity of "suddenly" decided to move to the north-east? Is it just a desire to reunite with their relatives?!
The answer is much more prosaic. Khazar "sitting" on the Silk Road — who controlled the Khazars, sitting, literally and figuratively, on the gold mine! Both Jews knee Simon could not "pass" such temptation. "Rising" of the Romans and the Persians pockets as well as the treasury of the richest empires, the Jews of the tribe of Israel came into the Khazars, "laden" with gold and silver. Gained "experience" in the Persian empire of the Khazars to no good. Naturally the Khazars they quickly, with such capital, ousted from the parasitic economic niches native parasites. So they have done everywhere. But that was it's not enough! Trade in general, and not just the slave trade, the traditional Jewish source of super-profits (the parasitic trade), could become the golden "key" in the literal and figurative sense, which could open a "backdoor" to the more rapid enrichment than all of what the Jews doing before.
Night was coming next Svarog — welcome to the Jews a time when you can easily "push" on the right "button" of the animal nature of man, and manipulating it, to achieve their cherished goals — the accumulation of gold and silver. Khazaria it was the one for the Jews cherished "door" that could open them access to the execution set in the first stage of the problem. And that is why it is in Khazaria "accidentally" came first Jews in the mid-mazdakity VI century BC, and then the Jews-antimazdakity, after a short stop in Romeyskoy Empire (Byzantium) in the middle of VII century BC Merged together again after a hundred years of "unbearable" for them "separation" and fragmentation, the "poor" wanderers without a homeland, took up another of his great plan. The first "tier" of the Jewish attack on another unsuspecting Khazaria, was the institution of the Jewish bride. Specially trained in sexual magic Jewish women formed an "advanced" series of the attackers. This Jewish "weapon" always acted without the "misfires". Only this time, the strategy and tactics were somewhat different. Giving his most beautiful sisters, daughters, and sometimes their wives, trained sex magic, nobility Khazaria as wives, concubines or sex slaves, the Israelites began their plan. Over time, more and more of the Khazar nobility accepted about women iudeek having heard about their special "talent" and "skills". At a time when the men-Jews, with the vast resources of gold and silver, forced out of their niches local social parasites and traders, women gave birth to a Jew Khazar elite children who are Jewish laws were Jews, were brought up by their mothers as Jews according to the Jewish tradition, but the position in the social system of the Khazars to inherit from their fathers. In Khazaria, as elsewhere in the lands of the Slavic-Aryan empire, nationality is determined by the father, not the mother, due to the fact that the white race is dominated by male Y-chromosome. This is what the Jews had expected in its business plan. Even a boy carrying a sebeY chromosome white race, mature woman Jewess has two active X chromosomes, is born with already suppressed chromosome. Knew about the Jews, but did not know the others. Very few people knew and knows what happened to that part of the Hyksos, who still carry out their task and Dark Forces reached the New Paradise in a strange land of Cush …
Thus, in the upper echelon of the Khazar nobility were born from iudeek children who received, after their fathers, not only their property but also their position. And that is exactly what was needed Zion "Zion." The special position of children born of mixed marriages with the Jew, allowing them not only to take a high position in the hierarchy of the Khazars, but also help their brethren on the right to trade. Gradually the Jews for the mother of the highest nobility of the Khazars became so numerous that they were directly intervene in the Khazar tradition. First, one of the leaders named Bulan restored in summer 6239 from S.M.Z.H. (730 AD) Judaism among his fellow-Jews, and the beginning of IX century AD to its economic might of the Khazar Jews and political added. In the summer of 6308 S.M.Z.H. (799 AD), a direct descendant of Bulan Khazar warlord Obadiah made a coup and made kagan obedient puppet. From this point on Kagan became only the sacred state symbol and personification in the eyes of ordinary Khazars power and wealth of the Khazars. At the time, the real power is completely taken over by the king-Jew (Beck) and his closest Jewish environment. He (Obadiah) made Judaism the state religion of the Khazars. Khazar warrior aristocracy was a very powerful force, and adhered to the Vedic tradition. Jews for the mother of them were not a lot, but … it's time, and the inevitable happened. Using the fact that the identity of the genus Ashina kagan was sacred for ordinary Khazars, based on known Khazar Jewish origin, he with the help of mercenaries — Pechenegs Guz — unleashed a bloody civil war.
After a long civil war with the invaders Khazar Turks were defeated. Part of it was cut out with the women and children, and another part of the Khazars had left their homeland and settled in what is now Hungary. After victory in the Civil War Khazar Jews besieged simple Khazars heavy tribute. After all, they had to pay the mercenaries for their "services" to enslave the Khazars, who provided this "unhappy" Refugees place under the sun. Of the Khazars, who survived and did not leave the home, the Jews made in most of these slaves without rights, prohibiting on pain of death to have weapons and trained possession add-on. Once again, the Jews in a very peculiar "thanked" the people, by providing them with shelter. There is only a question — where and from whom they fled?! The thing is that they are not running away from anyone, but only under the cover of it, doing their program a minimum initial capital-accumulation through the capture of parasitic economic niches.
Capturing the real power, the Jews turned into Khazaria gosudastvo parasite. By controlling the caravan routes and especially the Great Silk Road, the Khazar Jews fully seized the trade between East and West, between North and South, that is, all the trade routes through Khazaria. And that was the Jews in the Khazar TSELYUPRIHODA:
"… The Jews, in contrast to the Khazars, to the IX. actively involved in what was then the international trading system. Caravans that went from China to the West, mainly belonged to Jews. A trade with China in the VIII-IX centuries. was the most profitable business. The Tang Dynasty, trying to fill emptying because of the contents of a large army coffers allowed out of the country silk. For silk and were Jewish caravans to China. Road passed through the steppes of the Uighurs, and on through the Seven Rivers, past Lake Balkhash to the Aral Sea, the city of Urgench. Was a very difficult transition through Ustyurt. Then caravans crossed the river Yaik and out to the Volga. Here weary travelers waiting for rest, abundant food, and entertainment. Beautiful Volga fish and fruit, milk and wine, musicians and beauty charmed caravan. And refuel economy Volga Jewish merchants flocked treasures, silk, slaves. Then the caravan went on, getting in Western Europe: Bavaria, Languedoc, Provence, and crossed the Pyrenees, ending a long way in the Muslim sultans of Cordoba and Andalusia … ". 
Almost complete control of the caravan routes passing through Khazaria, allowed Jews ALMOST SOZDATTORGOVUYU MONOPOLY. Jews began to control the purchase price and the sale price for the goods and being brought. Jewish trading "union" allowed them to agree among themselves on the purchase prices and the prices FOR SALE. As a result, both manufacturers ZAKUPAEMYHTOVAROV and consumers thereof, have been forced to accept their terms. And of course, ZAKUPOCHNYETSENY were minimal, while the goods being sold Prices were highest.
As a result, the Jews make enormous profits by plundering and manufacturers and buyers. In the hands of the Jews into a parasitic TRADE ACTIVITY. In addition, moving their goods from country to country, the Jewish merchants in these countries created their bases. These trade base of the Jews in the countries, became the springboard for their future economic enslavement of those countries. Through these Jews base their trading started slowly as the sand filter into the socio-economic interest of their empires and states. That they are "planted" wherever appearing, corruption, corrupting officials their generous "gifts", by which they sought for themselves special privileges, which, again, gave them additional profits. With virtually unlimited financial resources, they present such "gifts"-bribes to such an extent that even the native social parasites could not stand long competition with them and "went from a distance", allowing them to collect all the "scum." When the civil war in China has meant that silk "river" has become a little "trickle" Khazar Jews found a way out of this situation:
"… The disaster that befell the caravan route from China to Spain -" Silk Road ", of course, reflected in the Khazars. But energetic Khazar merchants led by the governor, the title of which was "Bey" or "malik", found a solution. Their troops moved north. Walking up the Volga, the soldiers destroyed the Khazars and subdued Kama (Volga) Bulgars. Further north stretched the boundless land that called Biarmia Norse sagas, and in the Russian chronicles — Great Perm.
That's where merchants rahdonity (translated as "know the way") and organized their trade settlements — factor. Forests Biarmiya gave precious fur sables, martens, weasels. Not only rahdonity organized child trafficking. Again pulled caravans with furs for the Arab elite, with male and female slaves for their harems of Muslim rulers. Sultans and emirs Baghdad haliafa more prized slave warriors ("Sakaliba") than the wage of the independent groups of nomads … ".  Thus, the Khazar Jews" ride "all the major trade routes of Eurasia (Fig. 37).
 LN Gumilev, "From Russia to Russia," Chapter 2. Slavs and their enemies, with 48, Moscow, "Institute CI DIC", 1997, ISBN 5-87583-007-7.
 LN Gumilev. "From Rus to Russia." Chapter 2. Slavs and their enemies, from 49 -50.
 LN Gumilev. "From Rus to Russia." Chapter 2. Slavs and their enemies, with 50 -51.