Such a gift of fate, I could not even dream of. It never occurred to me that I find to meet with inscriptions relating to the early Middle Paleolithic, if not earlier period. Moreover, I have analyzed this subject is fundamentally changing the idea of the geographical distribution of early Russian culture. Studies, the text I was in the process of learning interesting historical events in a book published by the publishing house "Veche" [1, p. 13-14].
The most sensational discovery. I'm almost finished processing the book when I was pointed to a message about the most ancient sculptural depiction of man in the age of 2 million years. Chapter from a book on the great mysteries of history, called "The fact that there should be", and the section of this find — "Clay figurine of Nampa, Idaho." I will bring this section entirely.
' In 1889, in Nampa, Idaho, was found an elaborate small clay figurine depicting a man. Figurine recovered in drilling wells with a depth of 90 meters is what he wrote in 1912, John Wright: "According to a report on the execution of the work, before you reach the reservoir, which was discovered figurine, drillers were about fifteen feet (5 m) of the soil, then about the same thickness of a layer of basalt, and after him — several alternating strata of clay and silt … When the depth of the well has reached about three hundred feet (90 m), pump, sand suction, was to give to the mountain a lot of clay beads coated with a thick layer of iron oxide some of which do not exceed a diameter of two inches (5 cm). At the bottom of the reservoir there were signs of the underground layer of soil with little humus. It is from this depth of three hundred and twenty feet (97, 5 m) and the figure was derived. A few feet below the sand rocks already gone. " Here's how Wright describes the statue: "It was made of the same material as the mentioned clay balls, about half an inch (3.8 cm) tall, and has a striking perfection portrayed the human figure … The figure was clearly female, and her form there where the work has been completed, would bring glory to the famous master of classical art. "
"I showed the find to Professor Putnam — continues Wright — and he immediately drew attention to attacks on the surface of iron figures showing its rather ancient origin. Red spots of iron oxide anhydrous located in remote places so that it was difficult to suspect fraud. Back in 1890 on the site of detection figurines, I conducted a comparative study of iron oxide stains on the figure and similar spots on the clay balls that are still caught in the dumps extracted from the hole rock, and came to the conclusion that they are almost identical. This additional evidence, along with more than sufficient evidence pioneering figures, confirmed by Mr. J. Kammigom from Boston (who acted as Chair of the construction site of the Oregon railroad, was personally acquainted with all the witnesses and finds himself visited the site a day or two) put an end to any doubts about the authenticity of the relic. To this we must add that the item found in the whole match other material evidence of the existence of ancient man found under the lava deposits in various parts of the Pacific Northwest. In addition, a statue of Nampa is striking in its similarity to "Aurignacian figures" that are found in prehistoric caves of France, Belgium and Moravia, and especially the famous "shameless Venus" from Logerot-Bass. " Figurine of Nampa has also similarities with the famous Willendorf Venus, whose age is estimated at about 30 000 years.
Wright examined drill holes, trying to figure out whether the statue could not fall down from one of the upper levels. Here is what he says about it: "Anticipating objections, I started looking for more information. Well, six feet in diameter (1, 8 m), was withdrawn in the cast iron pipes, gradually as you move down, the increasing above — section by section — and the bolt that eliminates hit anything on top. Once the crust of lava were completed, the drill has not been used, and drilling continued by introducing pipe breed while removing it with a pump for sucking sand. "
Geological Exploration Department of the United States indicates that the clay layers at depths of 90 m "refer to all appearances, to the formation of Glennz Upper Ferry Idaho, whose age is usually determined by the Plio-Pleistocene." Basalt is covering the formation Glennz Ferry top sredneplystotsenovym considered. In addition to Homo sapiens sapiens, no other humanoid creature, to our knowledge, never made works of art, like a statuette of Nampa. Consequently, modern humans have inhabited America at the turn of the Pliocene and Pleistocene, which is about 2 million years ago, "[2002, p. 13-14].
Note that the dating of the maximum date in doubt. Of course, in a layer of basalt no finds of this type can not be found: drill grind into tiny fragments and dust any figure. Another thing quicksand (quicksand): it sucks like a liquid jet pump. But that's what makes one think: as you know, the water is sucked, not only directly from the pump, but also from any distance from it, so that eventually all the water level drops. Sand can be imagined as a very viscous liquid, which can no longer pritekat from any distance, but still flowing in from the area near the pipe, so that the pipe is formed around some empty space which will gradually crumble wall overlying layers. Thus, the possibility of getting the object from the upper to the lower is not ruled, contrary to the argument J. Wright. Thus, the level of basalt gives a minimum time limit defined by the Pleistocene. And he divided the early Pleistocene (1,8-0,73 million years ago), medium (0,73-0,15 million years ago) and the upper (0,15-0,001 million years ago). So that the middle Pleistocene lasted from 730 to 150 thousand years ago. Of course, with more depth than had been drained in the sand with clay figures, the more her age. But to be cautious, it is unlikely to deviate far from the proposed date, that is, from the Middle Pleistocene, so it's more likely that the figure of about 800,000 years. Of course, this is also a very long time, longer than the date figures from Berehat Rum. So it will be interesting to get acquainted with the presence on it of written signs.
Figurine placed itself in the form of tracings in three forms: the front, back and side. A rear shows a foreign object stuck in the figure on the front. Both legs broken off, but the location of the pelvis is clear that the figure is on the left leg, right by filing a little forward. Breast lightly scheduled (and thus this figure is very different not only from "Venus" of Villensdorfa but from bbw Berehat of Rum), chubby tummy may be hinting at the early stages of pregnancy. The left leg has survived to the knee, the right — only up to the top of the thigh. On the left hand you can see the brush in broad terms on the right hand is not modeled. Can partly agree with J Wright in commending the level of realism of the figures are much higher than that of other Paleolithic "Venus", that is, the level of small plastic in the Paleolithic was higher than in the Neolithic Age, and in the Middle Paleolithic higher than at the top. In other words, over the ancient image is more accurate.
As for writing, at first glance it does not, however, as usual, it is necessary to go to identify the enlarged picture, Fig. 102.
To read the inscriptions I have a picture is enlarged. First, I consider the upper half of the body in direct color. The boundary line between the hair and forehead Galway ligature forms of speech TEMPLE. I note here that the letters are very sloppy, firm in trudnorazlozhimuyu ligature, large and form a descending line of about 450, which is somewhat surprising. Below angle of about 800 are upward sloping line is also very bad three times the written word MARY. So no doubt remains: Body figures engraved signs, and they are the Cyrillic letters (runes kind) with the usual Russian text.
Below you can read the word TEMPLE in direct and inverted color, and even lower in the inverted color is read word RUSSIA and Runica — SLEPOVOY. The last word is guessed rather than read, and the first time we met. If the word is read correctly (and this is doubtful), then compared to the current France, which was designated as Runov RUS, that is, Russia written, as it were seeing, the current America is Russ blind, blind. This can be seen as a specific meaning. But only from the point of view of modern, metaphorical sense, where the lack of symbolized sticky eyelids. The earlier meaning, and probably more accurate, is the connection with the verb to sculpt, so Slepova — a place where you can blindly something seems out of clay.
The last word is inscribed along the left-hand figure. When handling in color are read two signs runica forming the word LIK, continued below the elbow and I have put in the following figure, where, when you refer to the color of the word is read MARY. Thus we learn not only figurines belonging to the temple of Mara, but also who is portrayed as this woman: the goddess of Slavic mythology, the goddess of death and disease Mara.
Continue reading. On the front there are unread ligature of the letters in the abdomen, then read the words WORKSHOP MARY. Thus found signature, certifying the authenticity of the production figures. A left leg on the thigh when applying the color can be read already familiar figures for the inscription MARY. Thus membership of the figures of Mary church confirmed repeatedly.
Now consider the inscription on the back of the body. On the head are read again the familiar words MARY CHURCH, and on the right shoulder, we see the same word. However, along the back stretches some interesting inscription read that it must turn to the left at 900 and bring in color. Then, you can read the words AND BODY (The letter E is from the non-color plot) JNA SHE. However, the letter A in the word JNA visible unclear, and there is probably two letters E, that is, the word YUNEE. The next word is inscribed without reference to color, and that word — Makazhoi. In other words, this phrase means that the cult of the goddess worship of the goddess Mary younger Mokos (in the Middle Pleistocene, the word has been written by M), and it is good to remember that time (and practically did not remember in the Neolithic). The fact that Mara appears in later mythology Mokos (long Makos was the only goddess), is quite clear, but the question is, whose cult was over, Mary and Rhoda. It seems that after all Mary. First, because usually female hypostasis gods older male. Second, because the temple was originally Mary inside the church Mokos and while underground, but in the heart of the temple Mokos. But the church formed a Rod outer periphery of the temple Mokos. Thus, this inscription solves one of the problems theogonic Slavic pantheon.
A fragment of the left rear leg, I looked outline. Here, too, you want to rotate the image 900 turn left and in color, and then read four words: The place is nice and the temple. Indeed, a place for the church Mary was chosen the best, the most central and yet most secret. The last of the inscriptions on the back of the body is on the left hand, it is also necessary to turn 900 to the left and turn in color and then read too far unknown inscription: MAKOZHI PRIESTESS (The second word is read from right to left, and the letter C is shown a mirror, this way of writing was used only in early antiquity.) This is a very important point: it is shown that the first Mara understood not as a goddess but as a priestess Mokos, and only later it had risen to the status of a goddess. This is completely in tune with the later origin of the Virgin Mary, which also was the first priestess of the goddess but Mary, from which derives its name, as well as the problem as a condition to remain a virgin priestess status. Thus, another feature emerges Slavic theogony: first in Mokos were priestesses who are not honored, then began to read, and then they are a cult has grown to the point that they were considered goddesses. Apparently, just elevated to the status of goddess meant getting their own church, does not enter into the temple Mokos. In any case, among the Bronze Age megalithic structures called dolmens that are released from the temple Mokos and greatly increased in size temple Mary.
On a side view of the head in reverse color Runica read written word LIK, and without treatment — the word MARY. Such a designation we have already met. On the left shoulder blade in reverse color shows two letters, B and M, whereas in the direct color can be read through the letters AKOZHI, and the line between the left arm and back when you turn 900 right — the words of the temple and RUNES ALIVE (mark you — the syllable). And the back, when you turn 900 left, and outstanding color MAKOZHI read word. Thus, a phrase In MAKOZHI LIK MARY CHURCH, RUNES ALIVE MAKOZHI. By ALIVE runes mean, apparently, writing on action figure, give it a sacred character, and because it RUNES MAKOZHI, they mean Runica. The last inscription on the left leg forward and inverted color read MARY CHURCH. So, the face of Mary is necessarily present in the temple Mokos and runes Mokos (Runica) — Mary in the Temple. This is the connection between the two goddesses.
If we discard the duplicates, the overall text, read us on figure would be: MARY CHURCH RUSI SLEPOVOY. LIK Mary. WORKSHOP MARY, MARY CHURCH. BODY AND SHE YUNEE Makazhoi, and the temple a good place, MAKOZHI priestess. In MAKOZHI LIK MARY CHURCH, RUNES MARY CHURCH ALIVE MAKOZHI. Total — 31 words. For such an early inscription is a lot. From the inscription we learn that Mara as priestess Mokos still very recently found not only their own church, and his own studio, but has not yet acquired the status of a goddess.
The problem the authors label. Apparently, and this figure of Mary with the text hardly left Neanderthal. In general, the whole situation is in another continent to North America. However, if you carefully read the message J Wright, a very interesting pattern: on the banks of the American River Middle Pleistocene (a typical sedimentary sand and clay say it is in favor of the rivers) lived, apparently, the Cro-Magnons, who may have not been in Europe . They were his farm, spoke in Russian, considered their homeland Russ, and a particular section — CLAY Rus (Slepova RUS), worshiped Mokos (which then had a sound MAKOZH) and her priestess Mare, which, however, already has a temple inside the temple Mokos. However, later many volcanoes in North America came to life, began erupting magma, which gradually covered the American continent is a layer of basalt. If we proceed from the fact that almost 100 meters high in the area naroslo for about 2 million years old, and with a rough assumption that the rate of increase of both sedimentary and igneous rocks were the same, we conclude that, for 1 million years, growing 50 m, or 100,000 years — 5 m, the massive volcanic eruptions in North America, has made it impossible to stay there a man which had a period of 200 to 100 thousand years ago. Apparently, this was the reason for relocation of Cro-Magnons in Europe. Idaho is located in the western U.S., the Bering bridge not far from here.
On the other hand, reveals a very interesting archaeological situation where the archaeological remains of the past are covered by later volcanic rocks, so if in the twentieth century, there was a special kind of archeology, underwater archeology, but now the real sensational discoveries to be made so-called "podbazaltnoy" archeology. However, apparently, before it is still quite far away, so that the findings of the type described can be made only by chance.