In the history of archeology is inscribed a new bright page. In September, on the slopes of Zyuratkul in Chelyabinsk region found giant drawing of a moose. Geoglyph almost immediately broke all records. He — the only one not only in our country but also in the entire Eurasian continent. He — the largest and oldest in the world! Even the famous Nazca drawings in Peru and no less famous Uffington horse in England is much younger Zyuratkulskom findings in the national reserve.
Discovered antiquity Permian local historian, archaeologist and caver Alexander Shestakov. By the opening of the researcher was for many years. He participated in more than 50 speleological expeditions in the Caucasus, the Urals, Siberia, the Tien-Shan, Crimea, studied and detailed mapping of the caves of the Chelyabinsk region. In 2003, interest in ancient technologies of production cut stone, re-opened and examined in the Ural taiga over 20 quarries. In 2005 Shestakov switched its interests in the ancient cultural sites of the Urals, sought Sejdiu and megaliths. His persistence was rewarded with a vengeance — the scientist found seids twelve and two dolmen. But the real fame Shestakov recently when he became the hero of the TV news and newspaper articles on the opening Zyuratkulskogo geoglyphs.
Back in 1989, during a camping trip in the mountains of the National Park Zyuratkulskogo attentive scientist noticed that in some places the grass grows unevenly. Since then, the anomaly would not let him rest. So, doing landscaping ecological path on Zyuratkul, Alexander was able to properly explore the area. His suspicion that he was faced with something unusual, only strengthened when my eye caught pictures taken from space. Alexander found them silhouette, similar to elk.
URAL record holder
Shestakov has shared his discovery with local archaeologists. Experts led by a senior researcher at the Institute of History and Archaeology, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences Stanislav Grigoryev conducted archaeological exploration in the south-eastern slope of the ridge Zyuratkul. Intuition did not fail Shestakov: Scientists have discovered a huge geoglyph resembling the shape of animal, like a moose. Figure amazed imagination seasoned professionals: up to 218 meters in length, 270 — diagonally!
In the world there is nothing of the sort! Really only would be enough to impress the scientific community in the heart. But the "beast" of a surprise to surprise.
Scientists have long puzzled over who is shown in the figure — an elk or deer. And yet come to the conclusion that this elk. Why? In the Urals, it is this animal has always been the king of beasts.
But the question is: why ancient people literally fighting for survival, need to build in a difficult beast figure Siberian conditions on the ground? After all, surely they had a lot of other pressing business — hunting wild animals, warming shelters and raise offspring, and so on and so forth in all, not to fat, to be alive. But no — enough time and energy on more art.
Alas, the answer to the question, for what purpose geoglyphs were built, no one else has. Just guesses. And not only our scientists, but also abroad. There, over the hill, they are just scratching their heads over why, I ask, on a plateau in the desert of Nazca ancestors of the Peruvians tirelessly painted monkeys, spiders, flowers, straight lines, triangles, spirals? What is it — a message into space sentient beings? After all geoglyphs can only be viewed from long distances, so the ancients clearly hoped that their messages read by aliens. If ancestors had no case to "little green men", to whom they showed their exceptional artistic ability? The most common theory is that geoglyphs — this ancient ritual, and religious facilities. Therefore, these messages were designed that they read some deity.
It is possible that one tribe so that's a strange way trying to defend their place in the sun and the surrounding tribes demonstrated their strength and power. It is today the plateau in front of the ridge Zyuratkul overgrown with grass up to his waist, and once the mountain picture is viewed in full view.
There is another, the most incredible version, you can imagine. According to one Western scholar, the construction of such huge structures was intended to reduce … the birth rate. During the day, they say, to coach Kamenyuki, so the night already and did not want to. After all, every new child in the tribe — it's one mouth, and you try to live and raise a child in the harsh conditions. However, the version does not hold water: after all, probably the ancient eagerly hunted by a predator, rather than to carry heavy Kamenyuki before losing strength.
So, anyway, but only one can be completely sure: Ural elk and other geoglyphs are not just settle one mystery to scientists.