Oystercatcher lopaten Sakhalin taimen and entered the list of 100 major endangered species compiled by the London Zoological Society and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
They submitted a new report by the IUCN World Congress, which takes place in South Korea. In preparing the report, involved more than 8,000 scientists, who have identified hundreds of species of animals, plants and fungi from 48 countries, the level of threat of extinction to which today can be considered as a maximum.
This level of threat, experts note, for example, the pygmy three-toed sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus), Tarzan's chameleon (Calumma tarzan), the Jamaican iguana (Cyclura collei), Singapore freshwater crab (Johora singaporensis), New World lemur (Prolemur simus), Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus), saoly (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), as well as other species of fish, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Plants on the list are, in particular, several species of orchids, "palm-suicide" in Madagascar Tahina spectabilis, as well as the famous Attenborough Nepenthes (Nepenthes attenboroughii) — carnivorous plants with a trap in the form of a pitcher, named after British naturalist David Attenborough.
Among the species found in Russia, in the list included Oystercatcher lopaten (Eurynorhyncus pygmeus) and Sakhalin taimen (Hucho perryi). According to the report, the main threat is billed to hunt him in wintering areas in Bangladesh and Myanmar. Sea trout is threatened by excessive fishing and habitat loss due to construction of dams and agriculture.
Scientists point out that the risk of extinction for these species is high because none of them is a direct value to humans. The report titled "Priceless or worthless?" ("Priceless or Worthless?"), However, point out that almost all of them can be saved, if the focus on effective environmental programs.
"All types in the list are unique, and no one can replace. If they disappear, no amount of money will not bring them back. But if you start to act now, we can give them a chance to survive, and it requires the company recognized the moral and ethical position, at which each species has the inherent right to life "- said co-author Ellen Butcher (Ellen Butcher) of the Zoological Society of London, whose words are quoted in the organization reported.
In addition to the list of 100 species most at risk, the report provides a list of species that could not be saved, as well as examples of successful programs for the conservation of rare animals and plants, in particular, the Przewalski horse.