Outstanding People of Nicholas Roerich
First, we will have to remember the well-known both in Russia and in India, artist Nicholas Roerich. It's an amazing life, an amazing creation, it is a wonderful example of togetherness, maybe not on the surface, but still spiritual closeness of our peoples.
Russia and India have noted the importance of maintaining and supporting the unique artistic and cultural heritage of the Roerich family, which is essential for the Russian-Indian friendship.
Vladimir Putin, President of Russia
When I think of Nicholas Roerich, I marvel at the scope and richness of his work and creative genius. A great artist, a great scholar and a writer, archaeologist and explorer, he touched and covered so many aspects of human endeavor. The sheer number of pictures is amazingly thousands of pictures, each of them a great work of art <> his paintings remind us of much of our lives, our thinking, our cultural and spiritual heritage, and we feel that we are indebted to Nicholas Roerich, to reveal the spirit in his beautiful paintings.
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India
His wonderful paintings amaze wealth and subtle sense of color, and, above all, a wonderful pass the mysterious majesty of nature Himalayas. Yes, and it's appearance and nature seemed somewhat imbued with the soul of the great mountains. He was not winded, but emanated from him restrained power, which seemed to have filled the whole surrounding area. We deeply respect Roerich for his wisdom and creative genius. We also appreciate it as a link between the Soviet Union and India, I think the paintings by Nicholas Roerich, his stories about India will give the Soviet people the soul of their Indian friends. I also know that Nicholas Roerich and his family have contributed significantly to the fact that in India a more complete picture of the Soviet Union.
From the interview with the Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi Ludmila Shaposhnikova, in October 1975
Your pictures are deeply moved me. Looking at them, I realized one simple thing, which seems to be very clear and, but which nevertheless have to again and again to discover, namely, that the truth is boundless. Your art is endowed with exceptional features of identity, because it is a great art.
Rabindranath Tagore, a famous writer and philosopher of India
I sincerely admire your art and I can say without exaggeration that never scenery did not make me such a deep impression, as these pictures.
Albert Einstein, the great physicist
Rays shone through the Earth's atmosphere, the horizon was bright orange, gradually passing into a rainbow of colors: the blue, blue, purple, black. Indescribable colors! As the paintings of the artist Nicholas Roerich.
Yuri Gagarin, the cosmonaut. From the logbook. April 12, 1961.
And one more important can be said about the world is a world of truth Roerich. As the name of the truth, I do not know, and who knows the name of the truth? but her presence always excites and illuminates a particular thought, a strange light. The artist took off like a man all superficial, all unnecessary, evil and disturbing, hugged him and land a tender look of love and thought deeply. And to think deeply, I want something prozrevaya silence to no sound, no rustling did not violate this deep human thought.
Leonid Andreyev, a Russian writer.
Nicholas Roerich Rrih (in some sources Roerich, of the name for more details) (September 27 (October 9), 1874, St. Petersburg December 13, 1947, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, India), a Russian painter, philosopher, scientist, writer, traveler, public figure. Creator of about 7,000 paintings (many of which are located in the famous galleries in the world) and about 30 literary works, author and initiator of the International Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments (Roerich Pact), the founder of the international movement in defense of culture.
According to the British Encyclopedia Britannica Nicholas Roerich was a mystic, but he denied it.
Representatives of Roerich since Peter the Great occupied prominent military and administrative posts in Russia.  His father was a famous Konstantin notary and public figure. Mother Maria V. Kalashnikov, came from a merchant family. Among the friends of the Roerich family were such prominent figures as D. Mendeleyev, N. Kostomarov Mikeshin M., L. Ivanovsky and many others.
From his childhood Nicholas Roerich attracted by painting, archeology, history and rich cultural heritage of the East.
In 1893, at the end of the Karl May Gymnasium Nicholas Roerich simultaneously entered the law faculty of St. Petersburg University (graduated in 1898) and the Imperial Academy of Arts. Since 1895, he studied in the studio of famous painter Arkhip Kuinji. At that time, he closely communicated with well-known cultural figures of the time Vladimir Stasov, I. Repin, N. Rimsky-Korsakov m, DV Grigorovich, S. Diaghilev. Already in his student years Roerich became a member of Russian archeological society. Holds numerous excavations in St. Petersburg, Pskov, Novgorod, Tver, Yaroslavl and Smolensk provinces. Beginning in 1904, with Prince Putiatin discovered several Neolithic sites at Valdai (near Pyros lake). Roerich's Neolithic findings caused a real sensation in Russia and Western Europe.
In 1897, Nicholas Roerich graduated Petersburg Academy of Arts. His thesis painting was purchased messenger famous collector of Russian art PM Tretyakov. Vladimir Stasov, known critic of that time, highly appreciated this painting: Certainly you have to visit Tolstoy let him great Russian writer make you an artist. Meeting with the young Lev Tolstoy was fateful. Addressing him, Leo Tolstoy said: Have you ever had to move a high-speed boat in the river? We must always reign above the place where you need to, or drift off course. And in the field of moral requirements must always steer up all life will carry. Let your messenger keeps the rudder very high then doplyvet!
Also a spiritual parting words for Roerich was the words of. John of Kronstadt, a haunted house parents Roerich: No pain! We'll have to work hard for the country.
Nicholas Roerich works hard in the historical genre. In the early period of creativity creates canvases: Elders (1898), Yaroslavna's Lament (1893), Beginning of Russia. Slavs (1896), Idols (1901), building boat, etc. In these works manifest an original artist's talent and innovation in art. Already in the first picture is a unique style Roerich its inclusive approach to composition, clarity and conciseness of lines, color purity and musicality, great simplicity of expression and truthfulness.  The artworks are built on deep knowledge of historical material, convey a sense of the spirit of the time and full of philosophical content.
At 24, Nicholas Roerich became an assistant director of the Museum of the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of Arts, while assistant editor art magazine Art and Art Industry. After three years, he has served as Secretary of the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of Arts.
In 1899, he met Helena Shaposhnikova. In October 1901, held their wedding. Helena was for Nicholas Roerich devoted companion and inspiration, all my life, they will be together, creatively and spiritually complementing each other. In 1902, their son George was born, future scientist-orientalist, and in 1904 Svetoslav, future painter and public figure.
In 1903-1904 Nicholas Roerich and his wife made a trip to Russia, visiting more than 40 cities famous for their ancient monuments. The purpose of this trip in the old days was to study the roots of the Russian culture. The trip result was a large series of architectural paintings (90 studies), and articles in which Roerich, one of the first raised the issue of a great artistic value of old Russian icon painting and architecture.
Saviour and Princes Saints. Tile designs Roerich. Trinity Church, Pochayiv Lavra, Ternopil region, Ukraine
Roerich worked as a painter at the easel, monumental (frescoes, mosaics) and theatrical decor tional painting. In 1906, he created 12 sketches for the church in Golubev's estate in Parkhomovka near Kiev, as well as sketches for mosaics Pochaev Monastery (1910), 4 sketches for the painting of the chapel in Pskov (1913), 12 panels for villas Livshits in Nice (1914). In 1914 he was decorated Church. Spirit in Talashkino (composition Queen of Heaven, etc.).
Nicholas Roerich's multi-faceted talent manifested itself in his works for theater productions: The Snow Maiden, Peer Gynt, Princess Malen, Valkyrie, etc. He was among the founders of the leading ideologues and the reconstruction of the ancient theater (1907-1908, 1913-1914) and marked a unique phenomenon in cultural life of Russia in the first quarter of the XX century, and participated in the Roerich historical playwright cal event and as the creator of the scenery, and as an art critic. During the famous Diaghilev Russian Seasons in Paris in the design of Nicholas Roerich were Polovtsian Dances from Prince Igor by Borodin, Rimsky-Korsakov The Maid of Pskov and the ballet The Rite of Spring by Stravinsky.
Silver Age, which began his career Nicholas Roerich, was a period of spiritual ascent, which certainly had an impact on the formation of the personality of the artist. Galaxy of eminent thinkers: VS Solovyev, EN Troubetzkoy, VV Rozanov, PA Florensky, Bulgakov, Berdyaev and others are introduced to Russian culture a deep philosophical thought, saturate it with intense seeking the meaning of life and moral ideals. Of special interest to the Russian intelligentsia showed culture of the East. In search of values that are universal significance, Nicholas Roerich, besides of Russian philosophy, and studied philosophy of the East, the works of outstanding Indian thinkers Ramakrishna and Vivekananda, works of Rabindranath Tagore.
Acquaintance with the Oriental philosophic thought is reflected in the works of Nicholas Roerich. If the artist's earlier paintings stories were ancient pagan Russia, colorful images of the folk epos (Build a City, Evil, Overseas visitors, etc.), then from the middle of 1905, many of his paintings and sketches were devoted to India (Lakshmi, the Indian Way, Krishna , Dreams of India and others). The ancient cultures of Russia and India, their common source, Roerich interest as an artist and a scientist. In his conception of history is crucial ratio of temporary categories of past, present and future. It measures the past and present of the future, when we call to study the past, we will only do so for the future. From ancient wonderful stones add up coming stage.
From 1906 to 1918, Nicholas Roerich is director of the School of the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of Arts, while engaging in teaching. Since that time, the artist has always participated in international exhibitions. Acquainted with his work in Paris, Venice, Berlin, Rome, Brussels, Vienna, London. Roerich's paintings acquired Roman National Museum, Louvre and other European museums.
Around since 1906, there has been a new, more mature period in the work of Lev. Changed its approach to historical theme: history, mythology, folklore turned into sources, from which the artist draws the material for metaphoric graphic language. His art combines realism and symbolism. In this period, increasing search master in color. He almost gives up and goes to the oil tempera technique. A lot of experimenting with the composition of colors, using the method of laying a colorful tone to another. Distinctive and original art of the artist was noted art critic. In Russia and Europe in the period from 1907 to 1918 was published nine books and dozens of art magazines dedicated to the works of Roerich. Leonid Andreyev figuratively named artist of the world perpetrated by Power Roerich.
In 1909, N. Roerich was elected an academician of the Russian Academy of Arts and a member of the Academy of Reims in France.
Since 1910, he leads the World of Art Art Association, whose members were A. Benois, L.Bakst, I. Grabar, V. Serov, K. Petrov-Vodkin, B. Kustodiev, Ostroumov-Swan Islands, Serebryakov, and Z. etc.
Greatest intuitionist century, by the definition of AM Gorky, N. Roerich expressed in symbolic images on the eve of the First World War, its disturbing premonition: pictures Fairest City enemies anger, Last Angel, glow, human affairs, and others have shown the issue of combating two principles of light and darkness, passing through all the work of the artist, as well as the individual's responsibility for their own destiny and the world. Nicholas Roerich, not only creates pictures of anti-war character, but also writes articles on the protection of peace and culture.
In 1915, Nicholas Roerich makes a report to Emperor Nikolai II and Grand Duke Nicholas (Jr.) with a call to take serious measures for national protection of a people's cultural treasures.
In 1916, because of a serious lung disease, NK Roerich at the urging of doctors and his family moved to Finland (Serdobol), on the shore of Lake Ladoga. The proximity of Petrograd allowed to do business Art Encouragement Society School.
March 4, 1917, a month after the February Revolution, Maxim Gorky gathered at his apartment a large group of artists, writers and artists. Among those present were Roerich, Alexander Benois, Bilibin, Dobuzhinsky, Petrov-Vodkin, Schuko, Shalyapin. The meeting elected the Commission on the Arts. Was appointed chairman of Gorky, assistant chairman of the Benois and N. Roerich. Commission dealt with the affairs of the development of art in Russia and the preservation of ancient monuments.
Cultural and educational activities in Europe and America
After the revolutionary events of 1917, Spain closed the border with Russia, and Nicholas Roerich and his family was cut off from the motherland.
In 1919, having received an invitation from Sweden, Nicholas Roerich was going to exhibitions in Scandinavia and in the fall of that year, at the invitation of Diaghilev draws in London Russian operas to the music of Mussorgsky and Borodin.
In 1920, Nicholas Roerich proposal comes from the director of the Chicago Institute of Art to organize a large exhibition tour of 30 U.S. cities. Among the 115 canvases were exhibited: Treasure of the Angels (1905), The Last Angel (1912), daughter of the Vikings (1917), Call of the Sun (1918), Rapture (1917), a series of heroic and Dreams of the East, and others shows were a great success. In America, Roerich had written a series of paintings Sancta (Holy), New Mexico, Suite Ocean Dream wisdom, etc.
In America, he founded the cultural gap itelskie organization, which became an important cultural center, unite many prominent artists. In November 1921, in New York opened Master Institute of United Arts, the main aim of which was the rapprochement of peoples through culture and art. Defining the objectives of the Institute, Roerich wrote:
Art unite humanity. Art is one and indivisible. Art has many branches, but the root is the only One feels the truth of beauty. For all the gates to be opened sacred source. Light art will illuminate countless hearts new love. First, it will unconsciously feel, but after it clears all human consciousness. How many young hearts are looking for something beautiful and true. Give the same to them. Give people the art to which it belongs. (NK Roerich About Art)
Almost simultaneously with the Institute of United Arts in Chicago was established association of artists Cor Ardens (Burning Heart), and in 1922 there was the International Cultural Center Corona Mundi (Crown of the World). In November 1923, opened a New York Nicholas Roerich Museum, which contains a large collection of paintings by the artist.
Paintings, fees for making plays, published numerous articles, income from U.S. public cultural gap itelskih Roerich organizations provide an opportunity to make a scientific expedition to Central Asia. December 2, 1923 Nicholas Roerich and his family arrives in India, which attracted him not only as an artist but also as a scientist who is studying a number of issues related to global migration of ancient peoples and finding a common source of Slavic and Indian cultures. Here begins the route of the expedition to remote areas of Central Asia. In addition to artistic problems, said afterwards Nicholas Roerich, in our expedition, we had in mind to get acquainted with the situation in Central Asia, the monuments of antiquity, to observe the current state of religion, customs, and noted traces of the great migration of peoples. This latter problem has long been close to me. Complicated route of the expedition passed through Sikkim, Kashmir, Ladakh, China (Xinjiang), Russia (with a stop in Moscow), Siberia, Altai, Mongolia, Tibet, in unexplored areas of Trans. The expedition lasted from 1924 to 1928. The dream of the Przewalski and Kozlov, the expedition of Nicholas Roerich was a triumph of Russian studies in Central Asia. On a unique route and collected materials it rightfully occupies a special place among major expeditions XX century.
Were conducted archaeological and ethnographic research in unexplored parts of Asia, marked on maps and refined dozens of mountain peaks and passes, found rare manuscripts, the richest linguistic materials, works of folklore, to make the description of local customs, wrote a book (The Heart of Asia, the Altai Himalaya), created about five hundred paintings, which the artist displayed a picturesque panorama of the expedition route, launched the famous series of paintings of the Himalayas, created a series of Maitreya, the Sikkim way, his country, the Teachers of the East, etc.
Himalayan Research Institute Urusvati
Extensive scientific data collected during the expedition Roerich, required systematization and processing, and at the end of the expedition in July 1928 in the Western Himalayas, in the valley of Kullu, N. Roerich founded the Institute of Himalayan Studies Urusvati, which in Sanskrit means the Light of the Morning Star . Here, in the Kullu valley, will be the last period of the artist's life. Director of the Institute became George Roerich, the eldest son of Nicholas Roerich, an orientalist from around the world. He also led the ethnological linguist nical research and exploration of archaeological sites. The institute has medical, zoological, botanical, biochemical and many other laboratories. Were important developments in the field of linguistics and philology East. Collected and translated into European languages rare centuries-old written sources, were studied half-forgotten dialect. Visiting scholars and temporary staff collected botanical and zoological collections.
The Institute collaborates with dozens of research institutions in Asia, Europe and America. Kullu came from research materials to Michigan State University, the New York Botanical Garden, Punjabi University, the Paris Museum of Natural History, Harvard University, Cambridge, Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences. Famous Soviet botanist and geneticist Nikolai Vavilov Academician contact the Institute for Scientific Information Urusvati and got out the seeds for its unique botanical collection. Also collaborated with the Institute of such eminent scientists as Albert Einstein, Louis de Broglie, Robert Millikan, Sven Hedin, etc.
In the years 19341935 Nicholas Roerich led an expedition in Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and China, organized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to collect seeds of plants to prevent the destruction of fertile soil layers. Anticipating the threat of ecological disaster, Nicholas Roerich wrote at that time: Due to the ignorant and destructive treatment of the person with the forest and all the vegetation, desert grew to ominous dimensions. It is terrible to see how obezzelenenie increasingly blurs the protective and useful surface of the earth.
The expedition consisted of two parts. The first route included Khingansky Barginskoe Ridge and Plateau (1934), the second of the Gobi Desert, Ordos and Alashan (1935). These routes pass through the territory of Inner Mongolia, located in the northern and north-eastern part of modern China. As a result, it was found about 300 species of drought-tolerant plants, collected medicinal plants, carried out archaeological research, collected ancient manuscripts, which were of great scientific value.
Roerich Pact and Banner of Peace
In his philosophical and artistic governmental essays Roerich creates an entirely new concept of culture based on the ideas of the Living Ethics. Culture, according to Nicholas Roerich, is closely linked to the problems of space and the evolution of humanity is the greatest pillar of this process. Culture rests on Beauty and Knowledge wrote. And repeating the famous phrase of Dostoevsky with a small correction: Awareness of Beauty will save the world. The beauty of a man known only through culture, part of which is creativity. This is stated in the books of Living Ethics, directly involved in the creation of which took Roerich. Helena recorded and displayed the Nicholas Roerich Living Ethics ideas in images.
A broad definition of Culture Nicholas Roerich included a synthesis of the best achievements of the human spirit in the field of religious experience, science, art and education. Nicholas Roerich formulated the fundamental difference between the cultures of civilization. If culture is related to the spiritual world of man in his creative self-expression, civilization is only an external arrangement of human life in all its material, civil aspects. Identification of civilization and culture, Nicholas Roerich argued, leads to confusion of these concepts to the underestimation of the spiritual factor in human development. He wrote that wealth alone does not give Culture. But the expansion and refinement of thought and sense of beauty that gives sophistication, the generosity of spirit that distinguish a man of culture. That he can build a brighter future for their country. Based on this, mankind must not only develop a culture, but also must protect.
In 1929, Nicholas Roerich in collaboration with Dr. international law and political science, University of Paris G. Shklyaverom prepare a draft Treaty on the Protection of Cultural Property (Roerich Pact). Together with the Treaty NKRoerich offers a distinctive sign to identify the objects of the Banner of Peace, which is a white flag with a red circle and fit it with three red circles symbolizing the unity of past, present and future in the circle of eternity. For international cultural activities and initiatives of the Covenant in 1929, Roerich was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. From the text of the appeal committee to nominate candidates for the award:
Since 1890, Nicholas Roerich in his books, lectures, studies, paintings, and in many areas in which to show its outstanding personality, effectively explaining the doctrine of international brotherhood. His advocacy of the world adopted in more than 21 countries, and its recognition and influence indicate a range of activities in which Professor Roerich was invited to take part.
Pictures of one of the greatest artists in the history of the known reflects the great beauty and spiritual light, symbolizing his teachings. <>
We firmly believe that the final and stable world peace is attainable only by educating people and by constant and impressive propaganda fraternity established culture, poetry and beauty in all spheres of life. Proceedings Roerich for the past thirty years, this great call to the world: people love each other.
In 1930, the text of the draft agreement with accompanying treatment Roerich to the governments and peoples of all countries, is published in the press and sent to the government, scientific, artistic, and educational institutions around the world. As a result, many countries have formed the committee in support of the Covenant. Draft Covenant was approved by the Committee for Museums of the League of Nations, and the Pan American Union.
The first and second paragraphs of the Covenant states:
Educational, artistic and scientific institutions, scientific missions, personnel, equipment and collections of such institutions and missions will be considered as neutral and as such will be subject to patronage and respected by belligerents. <> Institutions, collections and mission, based on the registered e Roerich Pact, put a distinctive flag (Banner of Peace), which would give them the right to special protection and respect of the warring states and peoples of all treaty countries.
Postage stamps of Mexico.
To make the UN emblem and symbol of the Banner of Peace
Roerich Pact is of great educational value. Pact for the protection of cultural treasures is necessary not only as an official body, but as an educational law that from the first day of school is to educate the younger generation with noble ideas on the preservation of the true values of humanity, said Nicholas Roerich.
Supported the idea of the Covenant, Romain Rolland, Bernard Shaw, Rabindranath Tagore, Albert Einstein, Thomas Mann, HG Wells, etc.
The signing of the Covenant was held April 15, 1935 at the White House in Washington with the personal involvement of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Original document was ratified by 21 countries of the Americas. Further to the Covenant has joined 15 other countries.
Roerich Pact was the first international instrument specifically dedicated to the protection of cultural property, the only agreement in this area, those parts of the international community before World War II.
A few years after the war, the Roerich Pact played an important role in shaping the international marketing rights norms and social activities in the field of cultural heritage. In 1949, the 4 th session of the UNESCO General Conference, it was decided to start work on the international marketing rights to regulate the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.
In 1954, the Roerich Pact was the basis of the Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, as proposed by NK Roerich special flag, the Banner of Peace, declared facilities are inviolable and all the treasures of culture and art, and still flies over many cultural and educational institutions worldwide.
Covenant ideas were reflected in the art of Nicholas Roerich. Banner of Peace emblem can be seen in many of his paintings of the thirties. Specifically devoted to the Covenant picture Madonna Oriflamme.
The Second World War. Service to Russia
While in India, Nicholas Roerich from the early days of World War II uses every opportunity to help Russia. Together with his younger son Svyatoslav Roerich, he arranges exhibitions and sell paintings, and all the money transfers to the fund of the Soviet Red Cross and the Red Army. Writing articles in the newspapers, on the radio playing in support of the Soviet people.
In these terrible for Russia the artist in his work once again returns to the theme of the Motherland. During this period, he created a series of paintings Igor's campaign, Alexander Nevsky, Partisans, Victory Knights woke up and others in which the use of images of Russian history and the Russian people predicted victory over fascism.
Anyone who took up arms against the Russian people will hear it on the neck of his. Not a threat, but said so millennial history of nations. Bounced different pests and oppressors, and the Russian people in their immense virgin vyorival new treasures. So it should be. History holds evidence of supreme justice, which many times already said sternly: Not Zamay! (NK Roerich not Zamay! June 10, 1940)
In the leaves of the diary of Nicholas Roerich contains many pages devoted to the military and labor heroism of the Soviet people.
Great country, all the spiritual treasures of yours, all the unspeakable beauty of yours, your whole vastness in all open spaces and tops we will defend.
You will not find such a cruel heart to say: do not think about the motherland! <> After all and above all find construction thoughts that are not in human terms, not in self, but in true consciousness of the world will say: we know our country, we serve it and put our defense forces it
on all its routes.
In 1942, before the Battle of Stalingrad, Nicholas Roerich hosted in Kullu freedom fighter Jawaharlal Nehru and his daughter Indira Gandhi. Together to discuss the fate of the new world, in which the long-awaited freedom triumph conquered peoples. Talked about Indo-Russian Cultural Association, wrote in his diary Roerich, it's time to think about cooperation useful and constructive. Indira Gandhi remembered a few days spent with family Roerich: It was a memorable visit to the gifted and wonderful family, where everyone was in itself a remarkable person with a well-defined range of interests. I remember Nicholas Roerich himself, a man of extensive knowledge and vast experience of life, a man of great heart, deeply penetrates all that watched. During the visit, expressed thoughts and ideas about the development of closer cooperation between India and the USSR. Now, after India gained independence, they got their real incarnation. And, as you know, today between our two countries, there are relations of friendship and mutual understanding.
When Hitler's troops invaded the USSR, many, Nicholas Roerich asked his staff to serve the cause of mutual understanding of the two powers, Russia and the United States. And in 1942, New York was established American-Russian Cultural Association (ARCA). Among the active employees were Ernest Hemingway, Rockwell Kent, Charlie Chaplin, Emil Cooper, Sergei Koussevitzky, P. Geddas, V. Tereshchenko. Activities of the association welcomed scholars from around the world, Robert Millikan and Arthur Compton.
The global recognition of the Russian artist and philosopher, is evidenced by the fact that more than a hundred institutes, academies, scientific corporations, cultural institutions worldwide elected him an honorary and full member. In India itself with Nicholas Roerich were personally acquainted famous Indian philosophers, scientists, writers and public figures.
In India, the artist continues to work on a series of pictures of the Himalayas, is more than two thousand paintings. For Roerich mountain world is an inexhaustible source of inspiration. Art critics have noted a new direction in his work and called the master of the mountains. In India, the series were written by Shambhala, Genghis Khan, Kuluta, Kullu, Holy Mountains, Tibet, ashrams, etc. Exhibitions masters exhibited in various cities in India, and were attended by a large number of people.
Nicholas Roerich always remained a patriot of Russia and a citizen, having himself only a Russian passport. The thought of returning home did not leave him ever. Immediately after the war, the artist asked for a visa to enter the Soviet Union, but December 13, 1947, he dies, and without knowing that he was denied a visa.
In Kullu valley, the site of the pyre was set a large rectangular stone, which bears the inscription:
December 15, 1947 there was a burnt body of Maharishi Nicholas Roerich great Russian friend of India. Let there be peace.
Testament of Nicholas Roerich
Like home. Love the Russian people. Love all the people in all the immensity of our country. Let that love to teach and love all mankind. <> Love the motherland in every way and she will love you. We love country rich. Wider than the road! Is the builder! Is the Russian people!
Site dedicated to Roerich.
Roerich Art gallery.