Minister of Economic Development Elvira Nabiullina and EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht signed a Memorandum of Understanding between Russia and the European Union on completion of bilateral negotiations on Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
According to "RIA Novosti", a document signed by a few hours before the opening in Brussels on the 26th EU-Russia summit, contains an agreement on the settlement of the issues of the future of Russia's obligations in the WTO, including the obligation to export mytse and rail fares. Thus, Russia and the European Union concluded bilateral negotiations on Russia's accession to the WTO, of which Moscow is trying to become the past 17 years.
WTO — An international organization created for the purpose of international trade liberalization and regulation of trade and political relations between the Member States. It includes more than 150 countries. Usually negotiations and the accession to the organization cumulatively take five or six years. Russia has been negotiating since 1993, when she filed a formal application for accession to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which was the successor to the WTO. WTO members are Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Georgia, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan.
The negotiations dragged on, in particular, due to the fact that the main partners of Moscow — Brussels and Washington DC — showed perseverance by mytse the forest and fees for Transsibirskiya flights, the level of state support of the Russian agricultural industry norms and phytosanitary and veterinary control. In October, a long and complex bilateral negotiations with the United States have been completed.
In Last year,, in preparation for the signing of an agreement on the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia are many it was suggested, that the three countries will join the WTO together. In particular, the Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin stated that Russia is a priority for the Customs Union, and for the sake of his accession to the WTO can wait.