Read the famous Englishman Jerome Gorseya notes, dates from the end of the XVI century. In 1589 he once again goes to Russia. Keep in mind that 100% of foreigners visiting Russia, and later Russia, were not only merchants or ambassadors of the documents, but foreign agents. Spies, to put it simply. Or the Holy See, or any European monarch. And their notes — a kind of reports to the center. So here is what this Horsey. (Quoted by Jerome Horsey. Writings on Russia. XVI — early XVII century. M.: Moscow State University Press, 1990.)
And still there are many idolaters who feed at home, as it were Penates, some snakes with four short legs like a lizard with a black body and a fat …
Reptiles tore spears
"I left Warsaw in the evening, moved across the river, which was lying on the bank of the poisonous dead crocodile, crocodileserpent, which my people are torn belly spears. At the same time spread a stench that I was poisoned and he lay sick in a nearby village, where he met a Christian sympathy and help me, the stranger that miraculously recovered. "
That is in the area of modern Belarus, western Russia, this experienced agent, a senior employee of the British trading company, which has repeatedly traveled to Russia and knew the area, reveals the unknown animal.
Then take notes more authoritative in the historical science of man, is also a professional spy, Sigismund von Herberstein, Austrian and papal envoy. He has been to Russia twice. Earlier Gorseya. In 1517 and 1526, respectively. His analytical review "Notes on Muscovite Affairs" is considered by many scholars completely reliable. Here's what he wrote again about the western region of Russia.
"This area abounds with groves and woods, to witness the terrible events. And still there are many idolaters who feed at home, as it were Penates, some snakes with four short legs like a lizard with black and bold body, with no more than three spans in length and called givoitami (Givuoites). Yearly to people clean their home and with a kind of fear with the whole family reverently worship them, crawls to the set meal. Misfortune attributed to the fact that the snake-god was poorly nourished. "
(Quoted by Herberstein Sigismund. "Notes on Muscovite Affairs." St. Petersburg, 1908.)
Three inch — about 60-70 centimeters. "Penates" referred Herberstein, this deity, patron of the hearth of the ancient Romans, that every educated man, brought up to the Greco-Roman mythology, it was then clear.
What we have read the reports of two foreign agents travel to Russia? In the XVI century in the west lived strange creatures resembling modern crocodiles or lizards, huge monitor lizards. Fiction? Hardly.
"People are much poyadosha"
And what we wrote in those years about these unknown animals?
If you open the "Complete Collection of Russian Chronicles", there is a section of Pskov Chronicle under the year 1582 you can find an amazing record: "In the year 7090 (1582) izydosha korkodili lyutii animals out of the river and the path zatvorisha, many people poyadosha and uzhasoshasya ye people and God by Molisch all the earth and again spryatashasya and other izbisha. That same year, Prince Ivan passed away in Sloboda, November 14 Day. "
That is, again, western Russia, again unknown "korkodily", but they are not tame, "household gods," and the evil predators to attack people!
Authoritative Russian scientist, academician of the USSR, and later the Russian Academy of Sciences, the historian Boris Rybakov was firmly convinced of the existence of the ancient crocodiles in the territory of Russia. He gives another example of a chronicle. Also from the same area.
In Mazurinskom Chronicle has an amazing story of transformation Volha (Magus, Volkhov), son of Prince words, the founder of the city Sloveneska now Novgorod. Thus, the prince called a river, which flows into Lake Ilmen Shelon name of his wife, and the other arising from flowing into the lake, and later back to the Volkhov, in honor of his son. Who becomes a werewolf.
"Bolshii son Prince thereof word Volkhov besougodny and sorcerer Lute in lyudeh then byst and devilish tricks and dreams are happening, and transform into the image of the beast lyutago korkodela and zalegashe retse Volkhov to the waterway and it nepoklanyayuschihsya pozhirashe marketing, marketing spewing potoplyashe, this same for the sake of the people, then neveglasi, wretched existent god of thunder and his naritsahu or Perun narekosha. "
On the death of Magus he "with many tears from neveglas that buried byst cursed with great feasts Pohansko, and the tomb of him ssypasha Velma is high, for theirs is nasty. And three of the damned dneh triznischa prosyadesya land and Devour korkodelovo vile body, and his tomb is waking reported bet on it in the bottom of hell, Who to this day, will tell yakozhe, mark your pit is not yet full. " Again "korkodel"! And on the river Volkhov. The same area. Clearly, this is a colorful legend and metaphor. But … the concept … You read these stunning information, you begin to think, maybe, the then Russian people confusing you? Where, in general, clear word "korkodil" crocodile? What they meant by it?
We are dealing with a revived fossils?
Russian people knew perfectly well what was said. We must understand that a significant number of Russian pilgrims visiting holy sites in Israel, Egypt and Syria, and certainly seen these crocodiles. And calling the predatory creatures that appeared near Pskov, "korkodilami 'ancestors were well aware of what they are saying. According to leading researcher of Slavic paganism academician BA Fishermen in his book "Ancient Pagan Russia", back in IV-X centuries Novgorod Slavs worshiped mysterious god pangolins in the form of "karkodila."
"Echoes of the archaic cult lizard preserved in Novgorod, where the shrine of Perun Dobrynia established in 983, preceded by some kind of sanctuary" korkodila. "
The image of the Raptor occurs repeatedly among the monuments of culture and archeology of Novgorod and Pskov land. Full image of the beast in various household items at the time — plates, bowls, weapons. Academician Rybakov considers that the existence of the "Russian crocodile" no doubt, because they have left their traces in the place names of many of the rivers and lakes of the North-West of Russia. Lizard river, lake Yaschino, settlements Lizard, Small Lizard, and not far from the wedge was even Krokodilny Saviour Monastery! Now it is the village of Spas-Krokodilino.
Getting closer to our time. Here is the official document does, however, were of central Russia. He is being held in the archives of the city of Arzamas:
"In the year 1719 on June 4 days in the county a great storm and tornado, and hail, and many cattle and all living creatures were killed. And fell from the sky serpent, God angrily blasted and stank abominably. And I remember the grace of God the Sovereign Order our All-Peter I from summer 1718 collection and Kunshtkamere Her curiosity for different, monstruzov and freaks all, stones and other celestial wonders, this dragon was thrown into a barrel with a strong double wine … "
Signed paper Zemsky Commissioner Basil bayonet. According to the description, offensive monster, fallen from the sky, had short legs and huge mouth full of sharp teeth. That is, in the description of a typical giviot, seen for 200 years before Herberstein, and it stinks just as dirty as "korkodil" described Gorseem!
Now let's look at the problem through the eyes of modern science. According to the description, the current animal experts attribute to the crocodiles, but rather to Ichthyostega. Ichthyostega — born early tetrapods lived about 367-362,5 million years ago and is the first intermediate between fish and amphibians. Ichthyostega may be transitional forms between Crossopterygii fishes and land vertebrates. In Ichthyostega had legs, but they certainly could not be used for walking. Ichthyostega had a tail fin and some senses only function in water. Their bodies were covered with small scales.
Indeed, very similar to Ichthyostega crocodile. But they died out millions of years ago. So are some individuals lived for some 150-300 years ago, and the terror of our ancestors? Completely. Recall that another crossopterygian creature thought to be extinct millions of years ago, the coelacanth, caught the first time only in 1938 at the confluence of the river Chalumna the Indian Ocean. It was a sensation because it was thought impossible to meet the same age living dinosaur, and known only from fossils.
Surprisingly, the latest information on the "northern crocodile" absolutely dated recently. In the second half of the XIX century, when the inventory of utensils one of the churches in Belarus met this form: "As we opened the cellar ecclesiastical saw shkilety, very old, because I had not been yellow, and white-white. One shkilet like men, only a huge increase, the other — a beast, like a krokodilets. We lay side by side, and between them a lot snuck scattered. "
Minsk regional historians believe that the last animal was caught in the Tatar wetlands — that swamp again in 1885! His effigy long graced zoological cabinet Minsk real school. And just perished in the turmoil of the Civil War of the early twentieth century. Now in Tatar marshes, is the center of the city, the Palace of Sports. But the description is the same "givoity." Black, up to a meter and a very fierce.
These animals can survive now? Most of the commentators, cryptozoologists, replied in the affirmative.