There are many legends about the origin of walking doll
At the end of XIX century in Russia there was imported from Japan a figure of the Buddhist saint Fukuruma. Figures depict the sage with elongated head of much thought and was a five nested one inside the other figures.
Turner Basil Zvezdochkin machined from a tree similar figures, which are nested one inside the other, and the artist Sergei Malyutin painted their particular painting. In the first doll was displayed in folksy town girl costume and the toy consisted of eight figures.
According to the first legend — the name 'Matrona' was then widespread. Hence the name — "dolls."
The second legend says that the prototype Russian doll has Indian roots. The origins date back to the ancient Indian sage Daruma (in Sanskrit — Bodhidharma), the V century, moved to China. Daruma called to the truth through silent contemplation, and wooden dolls, invest in one another, contributed to this. Curious coincidence, the IAS (Matryoshka) with Old Indian, or rather, the word Aryan MATRI (mother). In Indian (Vedic) mythology divine mother personified the creative forces of nature. Matri seen as feminine personification of the creative power of the great gods: Brahma, Siva, Skanda, Vishnu, Indra, etc. The number of Matri ranged from seven to fourteen. Matryoshka — it is the "mother", which symbolizes, in fact, a family, and even composed of a different number of figures that symbolize children of all ages.
A third legend, the dolls were known much earlier. Some ancient Indian legends include the divine origin of these figures to the third millennium BC and link them to the original home of the ancient Indian, situated on the territory of modern Russia. Translated from Sanskrit, the original language of the Aryans, "Mat-r sh-ka" — a "Mother Risshii-ki" or "Mother Zion cheerful", "Goddess Risshii, growing." Apparently, so Matryoshka immediately gained unprecedented recognition in the world as a symbol of Russian folk art.
There is a belief that if you put a note inside the doll with the desire, then it will certainly be fulfilled (and the more labor invested in the doll, that is more than a place in it, and the better the painting dolls, the faster the wish will be granted.)
Matryoshka — is the well-being, warmth and comfort in the house. It is our philosophical culture. So chances are that the first master carved doll, remembered and knew Russian fairy tales — in Russia often projected myth in real life. In other words, one within the other hidden, done — and to find the truth, you need to get to the bottom, opening, one by one, all the "cap — scolding." Maybe that this is the true meaning of this wonderful toy as Russian nesting dolls — a reminder of the descendants of the historical memory of our people!