Nan Madol is considered one of the most bizarre buildings of antiquity. The construction of this city without windows and doors, located on the tiny Pacific island of Ponape, it took 250 million tons of basalt, which is comparable in terms of the construction of the Great Pyramid in Egypt.
Some basalt beam dimensions and weight is greater than any of the two million units in the pyramid of Cheops. Nan Madol long since abandoned, its walls proglyadyvaya through the dense mangroves, suggest a superstitious terror to the people that now live nearby.
In the Age of Discovery sailors from Spain, Portugal, Holland and England, returning from distant voyages, and told many incredible stories about the wonders of the Pacific Islands. People scientists generally believed such stories usual sailor's tales. Not many believed the history of Spanish Captain Alvaro Saavedra, who in 1529 told about the wonderful island of Ponape, which lies between the Hawaiian archipelago and the Philippines. Saavedra claimed, the island has ruins of temples, palaces, strange large buildings, stone embankments. According to him, vaguely resembled a ghost town Venice.
Almost three centuries geographers considered Ponape descriptions, until the island during the circumnavigation of 1826-1829 years. on the sloop-Senyavin "has not visited Russian sailor Fedor Petrovich Litke. It was he who made the first maps of the island, described his mysterious ruins and mapped the neighboring islands. Looking around the ruins, Litke was convinced: the residents left the city for a long time, and only on the opposite side of the island lived in primitive conditions of a handful of natives. Unfortunately, all the information on Ponape collected Litke, lost in the archives of the Russian Geographical Society and never fully published.
In 1857, the ruins of Nan Madol superficially explored American Gyulik. and a little later — head over heels Pole, who settled on the island and was the first relatively detailed plan of the mysterious ruins. At the end
XIX century to Ponape got English adventurer and adventurer Christian, who subjected the ruins of Nan Madol this plunder, but he almost died at the hands of local residents who wanted to take revenge for the desecration of revered ancient tombs.
The first major archaeological investigation of Nan Madol later undertook a German scientist Paul Hambruh, who established that all the islands in the lagoon of artificial origin. He charted 92 such artificial islands, channels, among which is literally teeming with electric eels. By 1914 Hambruh and other researchers found that only Nan Madol was about 800 stone structures, including walls and harbor construction. The main temple was built of megalithic blocks. Around all buildings unknown constructors built five-meter high wall of Cyclopean masonry.
In the words of Aboriginal Hambruh found that once ruled the island of São Deleur princeling, who became the founder of the dynasty of the fifteen Priest-Kings. Allegedly belonged to them and the merit of the construction of these buildings. He wrote, and the legend of the islanders of the main goddess of Nan Madol — turtle-Nanun sunsan. For it was a palace with a swimming pool, and the very goddess adorned with mother of pearl. During the holidays the priests took her on a boat along the canals and on behalf of shouting divination. Then the goddess of roasted and ate solemnly. Americans in 1958 at the bottom of the wetland pond inside the temple found the shells of thousands of goddesses.
Even then, the archaeological discoveries at Ponape caused a lot of fabulous hypotheses. Some researchers have argued that the island discovered the remains of the legendary Atlantis, while others have seen in the stone houses traces of colonial-Inca alleged links to the islands of Peru.
It has been hypothesized that Ponape was an outpost of the Egyptian pharaohs in the Pacific. Over time, other popularizers of science will reach that will be announced construction of Nan Madol the work of the ever-present aliens.
I must say that in 1946, Ponape became a protectorate of the United States, after which he was declared a closed area — on the neighboring islands of planned testing of nuclear weapons. During the Second World War, the island was occupied by the Japanese. But only after 1958, when American archaeologists were allowed to begin the study of Nan Madol. thanks to the natives learned that during the Japanese occupation excavated in many parts of the island, something found and taken away.
The islanders told about any metal objects, sculptures and sarcophagi. The Americans then sent an official request to Tokyo, but Japanese officials said that they did not know about it. However, over time it became known that the Japanese have found in the earth walls of a large number of coffins made of pure platinum. According to some sources, the sarcophagi were hollow inside, on the other — they rested body unusually tall people.
With great panache Americans worked on the island until 1986, making it over time many archaeological discoveries. With 58 islands in the lagoon, they found the tomb of the priests and tribal leaders. In the study of the tower called Nan Duvas scientists got a surprise: a large tunnel, pierced in the coral limestone, leaving under the waters of the lagoon.
It turned out that all the man-made island in the lagoon connected the network of underground tunnels and caves. At depths of 85 and 100 feet were found near the island fell to the bottom of some stone columns and stone structures. Design, these could once be part of the embankment surrounding the city of Nan Madol, but … 12,000 years ago.
Later, an Australian researcher David Chail-address and his team found in underwater boulders off the coast of Ponape such as crosses and squares, which were photographed by divers off the coast of the Japanese island of Yonaguni famous.
And at the end of the eighties a researcher who is interested in magnetic anomalies in the basic beams of Nan Madol, put a pocket compass kodnoy of the thick walls. The arrow-rotate and rotate without stopping "- says Childress.
Where are born typhoons
The strange electromagnetic phenomena peculiar to the ruins of Nan Madol, paid attention the first European colonists. At night, were often seen running through the walls of electric shocks, ball lightning and some glow. The natives believed and did the walls a bit of abode of evil spirits, and among them there were strict taboos to visit Nan Madol in the night.
When, in 1907, the German governor of the Marshall Islands by the name of Berg visited Ponape, then laughed at the native superstitions. Wanting to dispel the silly prejudices, he went to spend the night among the ruins. The next morning, Berg was found dead. Doctors could not determine the cause of death, but most likely it was caused by the very same electrical anomalies.
What is curious, about 340 miles south-east of the island of Kosrae Ponape there. where there are ruins of a very similar structures of magnetized basalt, bearing the name of InSAR. The same channel embankments, walls and cyclopean structure of basalt beams. The only difference is that the ruins of InSAR European colonizers in the early XX century was turned into a quarry and thereby caused them irreparable harm. That, however, did not stop in our time American researcher Frank Joseph to draw attention to the fact that Ponape and Kosrae are located in the place of the Pacific Ocean, where the most powerful typhoons originate.
Since the emergence of modern science associates typhoons not only with changes in temperature, but also with electromagnetic phenomena plan, Joseph suggested that in ancient times, Nan Madol and InSAR worked on high-altitude atmosphere, like the modern American HAARP installation or Russian "Sura". They forced the nascent typhoons in the same rain down and lose their strength, eliminating the metropolis — Atlantis — from their damaging effects. That is immensely remote from us the era they probably represented a more complicated than it is now, the complex, from which time has left only stones. Much later, judging by the radiocarbon data in the XIII century on Ponape reappeared people. But it was already not knowing even ceramics savages.
Secrets of the twentieth century, in March 2012
See also: What is plastination?, The oldest archaeological finds.