Pre-Christian history of Russia is often shown in a dark color, our ancestors in her "wild" barbarians in animal skins living by hunting and fishing in the primeval forests and swamps. The only bright spot, the Vikings look normal, "brought" the light of the foundations of civilization to Russia (according to the Norman theory) and Princess Olga savages trying to instill the principles of Christianity. As a result, the majority of Russian citizens pre-Christian history of Russia — a real terra incognita ("Unknown Land" from the Latin.).
In fact, at the present time, Russia needs a bit of German "Ancestral Heritage" (Ahnenerbe). You do not have to get up and speak in a pose like ugh "abomination" fascism. Gloomy Teutonic genius of many new products introduced in the global circulation. It is clear that mysticism, the occult, racism and Nazism do nothing in such an institution, but that spend a great job in the field of archeology, history, the origins of Russia needed.
Tribes or the state
When people talk about the Old State ("protogosudarstve"), you can often hear about tribes — clearing, Slovenia, Drevlyane, Krivichi, radzimichy and many others. At the word "tribe" there is an image of the North American Iroquois kakih-nibud or Papuans, but never developed community.
Although in reality, any Slavic-Russian "tribe" was Union or supersoyuzom tribes that controlled a vast area (equal to or significantly more European kingdoms). The union has been developed control system: an elected prince, the magistrates, the army, the squad, the board of the nobility, the boyars, the national assembly — Chamber. Tribal alliance was primarily a phenomenon is not generic, but a political and territorial. Each "reign", or "land" was not only "his reign," but also "the laws of their fathers," that is, the legal system.
In Western Europe is very serious about the titles. So the message Bertinskie annals of the embassy of the "people Ros" to the Emperor Louis the Pious francs (in 839), ruler of the Rus called the "king." After more than a century Princess Olga (Christian name Helen) called "Queen Helen" ("Chronicle Reginona continuers"). Oriental sources called Rus rulers "kings" and "lords" (imperial title). Russian land called the state, so the Arab Ibn Haukal said: "Ar-Rus, as well as al-Khazar and al-Serir — is the name of the state, not the people and not the city."
And the fact that in the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) did not recognize the dignity of "kings", calling the "archons" (elders), said only the policy of "Constantinople." Romans considered themselves the heirs of the Roman Empire, all the surrounding nations were to them "barbarians." In Constantinople, did not recognize the royal title, and for the Bulgarian king (although Bulgaria several times threatened the capital of the empire), Emir of Egypt, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.
To contemporaries from the West or the East, Russia was a powerful nation, not worse kingdoms of Europe, or the powerful and rich Khazar Khaganate.
Norsemen called the Old Russian state — "Gardarica," ie, "the state of cities." Should not be surprised that the term translated as "fence, fence, strengthening" or "yard, enclosed space." At the time, the main importance of the city — is to strengthen the fortress.
For example, the largest city in the Mediterranean — Constantinople, was called the Scandinavians Miklgard (Miklagardr). And according to the German chronicler Titmara Merzeburgskogo Kiev was the capital of a rival of Byzantium — Constantinople. Noted a large number of cities in Russia and Eastern sources, Arabic Ibn Ruste wrote that Russ "many cities."
Clearly, the people of the East who are familiar with Baghdad and Cairo, the Scandinavians, who saw the city of England, France, Spain and Italy, are unanimous in asserting that the pre-Christian era were Russes city. And, in an amount such that it caused surprise experienced travelers.
Such a source, as "Bavarian geographer" — a list of people and tribal alliances, mostly Slavic origin, who inhabited the area in the east of the IX century Frankish state, reports of dozens and hundreds of cities (!) In East Slavic principalities. So at bougie passed was 231 degrees (city), Ulichi -418 etc.
And time was the city, so there were craft "ends" (quarters). Russia was famous for its craftsmen. Russian arms it was already quite sold goods, Russian swords, according to contemporaries, not inferior or Arab Frankish blades. Ibn Rust mentions the beautiful armor of the Slavs, and in the French poem "Renaud de Montauban," speaks of the "great chain mail of Russia", which became the main character.
Many believe our ancestors primeval pagan, though if you try to understand the faith of their ancestors, it is clear that it was a sunny, bright belief, full of universal harmony, goodness and justice. The concepts of our ancestors that we absorb from childhood through fairy tales, old Russian epics, still do not give us completely degrade, become a "two-legged vegetables."
It is foolish to think that paganism Russes — a wild, backward beliefs. Modern Japan, India, but in many ways, and China retain their ancient beliefs and do not suffer from this. They make the lives of their peoples intelligent, can hold back the onslaught of "universal" (Western) values.
It is interesting that much faith Russes alive today, she continued not only in fairy tales and epics, but absorbed into Christianity. Making it Orthodoxy ("Glory Rules"). Key mifoobrazy preserved: the Christian Trinity, the image of the Virgin, George overcomes the serpent — Slavic Triglav, Mother Lada — rozhanits, Perun overcomes the serpent (Vélez-hair), etc.
Russian should know their roots, their ancestors faith who believed one God the Father, the parents of all things (Rod), Mother Earth, God the Son (Sun).
Russian alphabet. Literacy
For centuries the Russian told that writing a "wild heathens" gave "good Greeks" — the monks Cyril (Constantine) and Methodius. But now we have a lot of data that the Slavic-Russes had their own written long before baptism. And writing is a hallmark of advanced civilization.
For example, found two ancient sword (the pre-Christian era), Slavonic inscriptions on them — apparently the names of smiths "Lyudota Koval 'and' Slavimir." And it says that literacy was fairly widespread in Russia — it owned artisans (in Western Europe Diploma owned mostly clergy, even the higher nobility were illiterate). Reported literacy Russes and eastern sources.
Another tangible evidence of the existence of Slavic Literature — is the inscription on the famous "Gnezdovo pots" of the mid 10th century (it is found in one of the mounds in Gnezdovo 1949 DA Avdusinym). The inscription consists of the single word "goroushna" (apparently, mustard), scratched on the surface is burnt pots. There are other physical evidence, as found in Novgorod wooden sticker, in the layers of X century.
In the Life of Cyril ("founder" of Russian literature) reported that going through the Korsun-Chersonesos (ancient city near modern Sevastopol), he saw the Gospel and shepherd written Russian literature.
It should be noted that many ruses were literate before baptism and after the Baptism of Russia. Archaeological findings suggest that literacy was not only the princes, priests, and ordinary people — artisans, merchants, servitor folk.
Thus, our ancestors were highly developed nation, had their power, civilization, long before baptism. 'Black' myth of savagery "ancient Slavs" is an instrument of information warfare, created to destroy the memory of the unique ancient civilization runningaway have an inferiority complex. We have to do a great job of restoring the image of our ancestors, their history, their faith, their spiritual and material culture. Currently, a number of researchers, is making significant efforts to eliminate the "blind spots" in the history of Russia. You can recommend a wonderful encyclopedia M. Semenova, "We — the Slavs" (the author of the famous novel "Wolfhound"), studies of Leo Prozorov ("Seasons of Russian heroes", "Varangian Rus", etc.) and others.
Author Alexander Samsonov