The tradition of celebrating the New Year with a Christmas tree, in company with indispensable Santa Claus and Snow Maiden, so ingrained today in all the republics of the former Soviet Union, it seems that this tradition has always existed. One hundred ten years ago, in a book published in St. Petersburg "Christmas Tree", said: "Everything is already used to this custom, without Yule tree — no holidays, Christmas holidays — not a holiday."
In 1906, philosopher Vasily Rozanov wrote: "Many years ago I was surprised to learn that the custom of the Christmas tree is not one of the indigenous Russian custom. Tree is now so firmly taken root in Russian society, that no one will not even think that it is not Russian … "
Indeed, the eastern Slavs worshiped trees always, but mostly cult tree in ancient Russia was always birch, fir tree was considered a death: accidental still fir branches made pave the road along which the funeral procession. In Russia descended from eating the word "Els" has even become one of the names devil, the devil, "And whose Jelsa you want?" And "spruce head" is called stupid and stupid man.
There was also a custom of boas and even suicides buried between two trees, turning them face down. In some places, the ban was extended to land eat the house for fear of the death of a male family. Spruce, like aspen, forbidden to build houses. Fir branches were used and are still used extensively during the funeral. They are placed on the floor in the room where the dead man lay. The death symbolism ate reflected in proverbs, sayings, phraseology:
"Look under the Christmas tree" — seriously hurt;
"Under the tree to please" — to die;
"Spruce Village", "spruce Domowina" — the coffin;
"Go for a walk or spruce track" — to die, etc.
"Holiday" tree-death value received in Russia Peter I returned home after his first trip to Europe (1698-1699). By decree of 20 December 1699, in which "the example of the Judeo-Christian nations" day "new year" (previously celebrated on 1 September) transferred on January 1, Peter I «arranged — according to A. Panchenko — ekstralegalny coup. " This day was declared a holiday: the houses were ordered to hang "ornaments from trees and branches of pine, spruce and juniper."
It is noteworthy that the first imposed on us before the Judeo-Christian "Happy New Year" started to "decorate" the roof pubs. Therefore taverns were popularly known as "tree." It is noteworthy that in Western Europe in the XVIII century, the custom install Christmas trees in homes was not there, but an exception was Germany XVI century. Only in the early XIX century, the Christmas tree has been gaining in Europe (but Russia Tree of Death has already appeared, and it is essentially unchanged Sephardic clarifies goals), while remaining in the words of Charles Dickens, "beloved German undertaking" (note at once that it is in Germany and France was for centuries lived Sephardim).
In Russia, the first to put a Christmas tree in their homes in St. Petersburg, "the Germans" (that is, as we have seen, were Sephardic Jews, of which there were at least a third of the population of St. Petersburg. Influx of Germans in St. Petersburg, where there were a lot since its foundation, continued and in the early XIX century). This custom they had taken over the capital know (imitate the Russian Sephardim). Rest of the population of the capital for the time referred to it or indifferent (in Russian villages understandably tree also did not survive), or do not know about the existence of such a custom.
But little by little (and sluggish sequential tactics against us Sephardim used continuously) Christmas perversion (or perversion, is a favorite tactic of the Sephardic Jews), conquered and other social strata Petersburg. In the mid-1840s (due to unnoticed, consistently achieve their goals) explosion — "German habit" begins to spread rapidly. Petersburg was literally covered "saucy boom": the tree talking to the press (who owned it at the time?), It has been selling death-trees before Christmas (Jesus the Jew, by the way, the New Year is celebrated on the day of circumcision iudoiisusa and that, as expected the Hebrew Law, the eighth day after his birth), it began to organize in many homes north of the capital.
The custom came into vogue, and by the end of the 1840's Christmas is a perversion in the capital familiar and commonplace subject "Christmas interior." "In St. Petersburg, all obsessed with Christmas parties — ironically on this II Panayev. — Starting from a poor room clerk to the magnificent interior, all in St. Petersburg, burn, shine, shine and shimmer Christmas tree in the evening. Without trees now exist can not. As for the holiday if you do not have a Christmas tree? "
And, indeed, strange people, annually celebrates its own destruction, is not it? ..