XX century was the most destructive of Slavic civilization. At the beginning of the century is acquired was a "letter of Kitezhgrada" then — the mysterious "Veles book" found after the First World War and who mysteriously disappeared in the flames of World War II.
Mysterious boards Izenbeka
In December 1919, the White Army Col. Theodore Izenbek found in the devastated the Prince's Palace of the Grand Burluk (now Kharkiv region) abundance plates with strange writing. Officer in his youth worked as an expedition of the Imperial Academy of Sciences and, realizing the importance of old plates, take them with you. Soon driven revolution, 32, was an outcast in Iran, but did not part with the finding.
And in 1923, the Belgrade newspaper "New Times" reported a white officer, offers scientists tablets with strange lyrics.
But professor Solovyov said that it is a fake. Izenbek went to Paris, then — in a quiet Brussels. There, he comes close to the same immigrant Yuri Mirolyubovo — poet, journalist and a chemist, a polyglot who owns seven languages (including ancient). But only three years later Izenbek trusted Miroliubov and showed their boards.
Therefore, to understand that his friend had not dealt with his find and keep it just out of the consciousness that it is a mystery. Asked our host and peace permit under his eye rewritten boards mixture of Greco-Gothic and Sanskrit letters. After nine years of study, he began to decipher the text: "… Vles book, even our God, the natural pribezitsa Kieu bo … power …". Realizing the importance of the document, the peacefulness offered Izenbeku display boards scientist emigrants. In "Russian Club" coryphaeus Middle reputed Professor Eck, and friends refer to him. A bunch of boards with inscriptions have also generated interest Vergun, Sheftel and mysterious "assistant" Professor Pfeiffer.
August 13, 1941 Izenbek dies suddenly. He bequeathed his property Miroliubov but of 60 expensive paintings and other stuff was not important — a bag of boards. It turned out that they had already visited the German "Gauleiter" … Going forward, I note that over the years, the study of the captured material, in a document of "art-intelligence" SS "Ahnenerbe" researchers will meet in the act of a secret clearing in the name of the expert Ratibor of Antiquities Pfeiffer …
After the war Mirolyubov reported to the Russian Museum archive in San Francisco about the loss. This intrigued the White General Kurenkova (known as "etymologist and Assyriologist A. Cours"), and in September 1953 in the anthology "The Firebird" (USA), published his first article on the "tablets". It attracted the attention of Professor University of Canberra Paramonov. In its submission, "plank Izenbeka" and were named "Veles book."
In 1959, Paramonov made reference to the Soviet Slavic Committee copies of photographs to the informal boards "Vles the book, …", but in its accompanying text incorrectly states that it is a photograph with boards made Mirolyubovo. From this point a debate about the degree of authenticity of the lost books of the protograph.
Prominent scientists — Buganov, Zhukovsky, Rybakov — denied its existence. Artsikhovsky, Kondratyuk other regenerated concept that allowed Tvorogova in 1990 to provide the public "Veles book" in a fairly full … all acted on the basis of which the publisher Russian magazine "Facts" in Sweden Shtepa said: "Nobody in this era seen original manuscripts of Herodotus, Aeschylus, Sophocles, and so on, but this does not prevent us to put their pieces, read the story. It's better to let someone who doubts the authenticity, to prove their suspicions, otherwise, according to the ancient legal principle, the entity (person, romance, history, message) is not to blame for these suspicions. " In fact, even in the extant form of "Veles book" has become one of the pages of culture is reflected in the novels, films, works of art.
Whatever it was, but from the "plates" were drawing and three photocopies of them so questionable "decode" the text. And researchers have called for help Codicology — method "archeology" of books, which is based on the systematic analysis of the evidence obtained during the inspection of both internal evidence (existing doubts should be resolved in favor of the document) and external (what sources other than the analyte of the monument contain attesting to its accuracy, reliability and authenticity).
One of the first serious evidence of the possible existence of "plates" were evidence of medieval Arab authors that the "ancient Russo" cut text on birch boards. The same can be said of the written materials, coinciding with the alphabet "Veles book."
Sensational was discovered in the Danube basin writing Vinchanskogo type (VII — IV century BC), connecting researchers with the Wends and Rasen. Considering ethnicity — hairdryer / venedinym, some scientists say the Phoenician (Venetic) literature, as Slavonic. As established, writing Vinchanskogo type found among the monuments Tripoli culture, which existed in the area between the Danube and Dnieper IV — III century BC
For the first time on the mysterious signs on Tripoli ceramics noticed Linnichenko, Chvojka and Yavornytsky early last century. And at the finish line for many centuries, scientists have noted signs of similarity Vinchanskogo writing letters "Veles book." Marks it as a whole meet the written records of ancient Slavic Europe. Several dozens of sources suggest that some nations of Eastern Europe to the 988 used as Arabic, Latin, Greek, Hebrew and other alphabets, often mixing them in a single text.
Thus, in 1884, found the remains of a pagan sanctuary near the village of Bush (now Yampolsky region of Ukraine). On limestone wall revealed the names of the gods Perun and Horsa, and the dungeons of the complex — ceramic bowls. The central part, which is preserved to this day — a complex symbolic bas-relief. It between the "world tree" and the horns of a deer carved plaque in signs. Rethinking "bushskogo" plot — a miniature of the Bulgarian hymnals XIV century, which is illustrated as a quotation from the psalm: "He also wants obrazom Jelen no source of water, If ye my soul pants for you, O God. '
Known and direct illustration sketches "Veles book" and the following description Mirolyubova: "Every time a line was held to the line pretty rough. The text was to write under this line. " In addition to the later models of the text formatting (such as the Orthodox integument XV — XVI centuries., Print Kiev magistrate XVII century), can result in the recently published Old Slavic inscription: "Zacharias" on a coin-Derham Abbasid Caliph al-Mahdi, 776/777, the B / p>
Author inscription "hung" Arabic letters under line. Certain features of the text books are similar and in the Novgorod birch bark, graffiti ancient cathedral in Kiev, Novgorod, and Polotsk. And speak of the "absurdities" of the language, "Veles book" also should be cautious. For example, a very controversial opinion of some scholars of East Slavic polnoglasii as primordial, and the only possibility. Variants of Veles-HAIR-au-Vlasov could coexist in different dialects of the same territory as the current versions coexist Volosiny, Volosozhar, Vlastsi, Vlasozhalitsa etc. as the names of the most important for the Slavs of the constellation Taurus the Bull, (directly associated with the cult of Vlas Velez).
Perhaps even before X century in Russia was conducted chronicles. We have heard information about the common source of the "Tale of Bygone Years", "Primary Chronicle" — "the great chronicler of Russian", etc. By the XII century in Russia could not be less than 100 thousand books. Already since XII century went lists of prohibited works like "Aristotle gate", "Kolednik", "Volhovnik", "Zeleynik." No doubt, some "pagan" tablets with the letters kept by collectors XIX century. These findings also support the theory that the monument, similar to the 'plank Izenbeka "could exist.
Meanwhile, the array Doctrine be divided into three parts: the similarity of the chronicles, a collection of liturgical sacred texts and instructive story.
She tells of how even after 1,300 years before Germanariha, the ruler of the Gotha Powers (died 375), which existed in the area between the Dnieper and the Volga with a pronounced German dominated, the Old Slavic tribes of the genus Bohumír Slavuny and his wife came out of the "Seven Rivers" , got "to the Carpathian Mountains" and "Sea Goth." Conducted tribes forefather Oph, his sons were Kyi, Paschek (Cheeks) and Torovato (Horeb?). In battles with the Goths, Huns, and other ethnic groups they conquered territory "Velikograde" from Golunov (Golyni) to Voronzhentsa. Later, the city ousted Kyi, the Slavs were united around Prince Lebedyana. Then ruled valid, Serezhen, Vseslav, Dir and Askold. After Dir and Askold God "turned away his face," the Slavs, because "these princes were baptized by the Greeks." Mentioned parish Ereka (Rurik?) And the exploits of Prince Bravlin, who took Surozh (Sudak Crimea?).
These data overlap with the ancient chronicles: Ioakimovskoy, Ipatiev, Mazurinskoy with Arabic writing "Majdal al-Tavare» (XVII c.), The folklore of different nations, for example, the old Armenian legend about the founding of the city in the country Paluni Kuary. Attention is drawn to the certificate of "Ra-river" (the ancient name of the Volga-Ra), a tributary of the "sea Fasiskoe." River Phasis, now Rioni, flows into the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the old name, as you know — "Hvalisskoe" or "Derbenskoe" sea. Recently found that in II-I millennium BC. e. Volga could flow into the Black Sea and then, by the geotectonic processes have changed direction.
That's almost all ethnonyms and names are similar to the famous document of antiquity. As an example, at the news of the names of cities and Golunov Voronzhents. From the texts of ancient authors (for example, Herodotus) is known mountain Gelon conclusively identifiable scientists with Belsky mound on the Vorskla River (now Kotelevsky district, Poltava region). And Golunov "Veles book" and Gelon represent three building, surrounded by a common shaft. In "tablets Izenbeka" Golunov mentioned in connection with the cult of birds Swa (Swe) — protector and patron, and birdlike cult statuettes — a typical finding for Belsky settlement. Voronzhents "Izenbeka boards" is not without reason is identified with the modern city of Voronezh. And instead it is the Old Slavic monuments, including settlement and burial grounds, as well as inscriptions Runic-like characters from the beginning of our era.
Its sacred texts …
They mention to forty names of gods, are organized by the cathedral community. Among them is the Triglav. Moreover, the text speaks of a plurality of Triglav, subordinates' first Triglav. " Studies mythology confirms this fact. World order "Veles book" threefold in all: "For the mystery that is great: as Svarog and Perun — is at the same time and Svyatovit." It is highlighted that "there is … err, who count the gods, so sharing Svarga. They will be rejected by Rod, because they do not heed the gods.
Is Vyshen, Svarog and other — are set? For God — and one, and plural. And let no one shares of the set does not say that we have many gods. " Such an interpretation of paganism explains why the preaching of St. Andrew were taken Slavs, thereby obtaining an impetus to the development of literacy, because Christianity involves reading of sacred texts. Attempts to use Christianity or uzkoetnichnyh uzkogosudarstvennyh contrary to world order. "Veles book 'negative view of the missionary activity of the Byzantines, and in Slavic folklore" cunning Greeks "- the Byzantine envoys Patrick — transformed into the image of" Fox Patrikeevna. "
The researchers observed that none of the reconstructions of Slavic paganism, made on the basis of scientific and documentary, does not contradict the texts of books, demonstrating the highest spiritual potential of the ancients. Their beliefs in this context that the part of the Fatherland, to merge with the culture of ancestors, also "had language to refer to God."
Not by accident, apparently, to the XI century, it is estimated contemporaries in Kiev about 400 churches convened with the faithful ringing.
People to understand the depth of the Christian doctrine, in Russia called wise. Balanced policy conducted Christianization of Kievan Rus Prince Yaroslav, nicknamed the Wise. At the beginning of XI century, for example, to residents of the settlement of baptism Bear angle, it does not destroy the temple whitish. In his new city — Yaroslavl — Christian and pagan communities live together, mutually multiplying culture of Russia. Bear, one of the symbols of Veles, and now you can see the coat of arms of the Volga city. "Remainder" of the apostolic heritage cherished in their hearts and Catholics, Protestants, and Orthodox Christians. The "remnant people" with respect the culture of other nations.
And instructive story …
They are relevant today: "In vain we forget prowess of past centuries and go to God knows where. And so we look back and say, as if we are ashamed to know both sides are right and Navi, and manage your way and understand. "
IX century (they end with "plank Izenbeka") was a watershed in the history of the Slavic civilization. Spreading in space and time, people began to lose touch with each other, including the spiritual. At that time, there were St. Cyril (Constantine) and St. Methodius, to arrange a schedule in accordance with the principles of Christianity than that determined the development of the Old Slavonic language and style. The book tells of a certain Cyril "(Greeks) said that we have established script, so we took it and lost his. But think about Cyril, who wanted to teach our children and had to hide in our houses, so we did not know what it teaches our writing, and how to bring our offering to the gods. "
Unfortunately, the "boards" do not report about what Cyril question: the former in the Christian mission in Kiev during the Askold and perhaps create synthetic rusichej for Cyrillic, or on Cyril (in fact, until his death in 869, bore the name of Constantine ) Sort Glagolitic. Indeed, in one of the letters of Pope John VIII (XI cent.) Says Kirill just found, reconstituted and streamlined ancient Slavic alphabet.
This evidence is particularly valuable, since John VIII was familiar with Methodius. A follower of Cyril and Methodius Chernorizets Brave (X c.) Acknowledged that, until the Christian Slavs "traits and cuts and chtehu gataahu." The role of the Brothers from Salonika, after ordering in accordance with the established rules of Christian Slavic liturgical texts, was to break "trilingual heresy" (her followers recognized canonicity only Hebrew, Greek and Latin). Kirill said that the heretics that dominated in Rome: "Whether there is still rain from God at all, it does not shine for all the sun, not the same and we all breathe the air? Do not you feel ashamed to admit only three languages, and all the nations and tribes tell them to be blind and deaf? "
Crusade against books Slavs
Apparently, even then Rome harbored plans crusade against the Slavs.
By XII century was ended Venetic civilization: the place of the ancient temples crushed castles, churches and monasteries. Center of civilization, along with the refugees moved to Kievan Rus, but here pseudo literature to create images of barbarism pagan Slavs.
Smashing the pre-Christian monuments, the clergy of different faiths engaged mutual destruction of these ancient libraries. Since the beginning of the XIII century in Russia there was censorship, arrange trials of the "depth" of the book, suspicious content. And by the XVII century libraries of monasteries and churches mostly old Russian lost fund. But the "renunciation" of the book continued to exist. In 1677 Patriarch Joachim ordered the removal of the liturgical books and other pages that differ from the "Book of Moscow", and send books to Moscow for censorship. In the end, killed tens of thousands of ancient books.
Policy of Peter I on the "purification of extra stories" were invited by Western scientists who created the school "Germanophiles" and "skandinavomanov." Achieving faster "European integration" of the new empire, they spread the legend of the "weird Slavs", allegedly called the Germans, Normans. Approval of the legend preserved prevented documentary sources. And not because there the night of 21 on April 22, 1718 Library and Archives burned Kiev-Pechora monastery, and in 1780 died in the conflagration of the book collection of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy?
The remains of the spiritual heritage of Kievan Rus was trying to save the heir to the ancient Slavic Sorbian, the kind of Srpska (Zerbst) Catherine II. Empress spared from persecution for "faith" Believers and collected a personal library of ancient manuscripts. In "Notes on Russian history," she noted: "The Slavs in the east, west and north had Shreds areas that Europe is not left a bit of land to which they do not touch … Slavs long before the birth of Christ had a letter." After the death of the queen of her book collection also was lost …
In general, the Old Slavic books were stolen and sold abroad, they are not allowed to read or keep homes: pre-Christian Chronicle ought to burn, "at least one story related to discharge the same." The same fate awaited them abroad.
Inquisitor Slavic civilization
Antiques for the destruction of our industrial base has supplied Nazi Germany, hated Slavic civilization.
In the middle of the XIX century by one of the centers of the revival of "German spirit" Austria was once conquered by the Germans in the Slavs. There, in the town of Lambach, abbot Hagen decorated the walls of the Christian monastery swastikas and attached to the "Germanic religion" parishioners. Around the same time in the monastery church choir singing boy who dreams of becoming a Catholic priest — the future Hitler. However, Hitler's fascination with religion in the interpretation of Hagen eventually led to the creation of the Third Reich.
Early Christian "salted" (ie "walking the Sun"), the sign of the two crossed Latin S (Sacro-Sanctum) — a symbol of inviolable sanctity — was rethought fascist theorists as "protisolonnaya" swastika and the Schutzstaffel — «security detachment." The members of this "unit" took the form of a symbol of original sin — "death's head" — and received from Hitler the right to perform any of the crimes in the service of the "German honor." Ideological "core" of the SS in 1933 was the organization "Ahnenerbe" ("Ancestral Heritage").
The Nuremberg Trials of Nazi showed much of the "old guard" CC had an excellent education. One in four had a doctoral degree, most of these "intellectuals" in the service is the "Ahnenerbe" and that they are organized in the occupied territories of the destruction and extermination of Slavic antiquities libraries of these people on a pre-arranged plan, as well as personal interest in books and manuscripts. In this activity carefully concealed SS "Ahnenerbe" aimed at depriving the conquered people of their historical memory.
Have "Ahnenerbe" information on the "Book of Veles" — would not miss it, contrary to the official conclusion of the Reich: European civilization is the product of de racially pure Germans. But it will take some time, and in the "Walpurgis Night" Fascism — April 30, 1945, leaving in shame and corruption, Hitler was aware of and writes: "The future belongs entirely strongest eastern nation, Russia."
Yes, World War I ended the line output of the Slavs Elbe — Elbe its ancient, lost them in the IX century. In Szczecin, the front wall of the hall German town hall, which has become a museum, was soon laid the cultural layer of this town and show who was first on the Odra (Oder). The showcase was put statue Triglav, Polish archaeologists discovered under the foundations of houses German Pomerania …
Archives of the SS "Ahnenerbe" went to the Red Army, and he was taken to the Soviet Union as a trophy. Circle of history has closed. But the book of ancient wisdom still not been found. Find it continues. By calling archive Yuri Mirolyubova bequeathed his Moscow October 6, 1970 in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean in the last moments of life on board the ship "Visa" to head for Europe …