May 16, 2010, the year when the time was already past midnight, in the window of the house of the young man was thrown light grenade. The apartment was an everyday family idyll: a seven-year slumber daughter, grandmother looks telly. Grenade fell completely beside the bed malehankih girls and burned a blanket. A few seconds later the door flew off from a massive stroke, and people ran into the apartment, armed to the teeth. Random shot hit the larynx malehankih girls and led to her death.
Police missed: they tried to capture a man which suspected in the murder of a child, but the villain was exactly one floor above. The story did not take place in a war zone somewhere in Iraq, and in a big Detroit. As a result, the coordinated work of police officers, Ayana Stanley Jones, 7 years old, broke up with his own life.
That's just such stories quite unique in the United States law enforcement agencies. "Effective" ways to capture more criminals would be suitable for the hot points.
The militarization of the police in the United States — is a very scary trend observed over the last 30 years. Breaking into houses to people using strategy and the strategy of warfare, and create a massive education — a "normal" practice in the United States.
Once a year, the police makes about forty thousand operations, and most of them carried out in the framework of the fight against drugs. But very often there is no need to resort to such constructive ways of combating crime. As a result, people who are not violent, not armed, are sudden and quick attack. Occur and the "misunderstanding" when deep NIGHT MODE to the apartment or house to nothing can break people involved police, armed with the latest technology. But in the end killed and injured innocent people.
What is the reason for such a turn of events? Why all the police car is more like a repressive apparatus of violence?
Initially, the police were designed to ensure public safety and not violating the constitutional rights and freedoms, and to work within their own competence. On the other hand, the military intended to destroy the physical and material forces of the enemy, inflicting the most damage.
The police officer and military officer — are representatives of 2-different camps that are diametrically reverse puzzles. That's just all these grades are more like each other, as if the war were to defeat being in the towns.
Law on Emergency competencies sheriff, passed in 1878, outlawed the introduction of military forces inside the United States. But supporters of the militarization of society have found loopholes to implement the plans. For example, a list of competences of law enforcement agencies, among which — control over migration, went to the military. Congress of his actions partly forced police to use military means to address the goals. Troop SWAT, made in the late 60's (riot police), is the result of such policies.
In general, many believe the emergence of such parts bullied. In 1966, a man, climbing to a 32-storey tower, kept shooting at random passers-by. Just half an hour, he killed 15 people and wounded 46.
Internal security Yankees was called into question. Specifically, such a turn of events gave rise to strengthen law enforcement and work "ahead of the curve." Another bloody episode of 1969, when the South American commandos fought for four hours with the "Black Panther", strengthened public opinion and the militarization of the police has permitted to perform.
The next 20 years were marked by the strengthening of the police. In 80 years of emergency law recognized competence in full flouted under the pretext of generous drug. Drug Mafia, by the way, never defeated.
1981 th year remember the adoption of the law "On military cooperation with law enforcement." He canceled a number of provisions of the previous legislation and made a legitimate application of advances in military science, equipment, and military professionals to train the personnel of the police. It was assumed that such measures are already in the coming years will help to eradicate drugs.
In the wake of the trend adopted a lot of action on the part of the Government of the United States and the presidential administration, as a result of which the difference between law enforcement agencies and the military was virtually erased. The apogee of this trend was the "Memorandum of Understanding" signed in 1994, the year between the U.S. Department of Defense and the Ministry of Justice. The document gave the right of the police at the city level to use military technology of the federal troops. Earlier, heavy machines were designed for use only in the event of war.
More than a million different pieces of military equipment was handed over to the civilian structures from 1995 to 1997, the year. In the next two years, the number of vehicles has increased to four and a half million units at the disposal of eleven thousand police departments.
The scale weapons can be, having considered the next number. In December of 2005, 17 thousand police departments have at their disposal military equipment, the total cost of which has passed for seven million dollars. This amount consisted of more than 250 aircraft, 181 grenade launcher, almost eight thousand M-16 rifles and other "toys huge boys."
And "sin" does not enjoy all this arsenal. Just behind the militarization of the police applets, growth in the use of fighting techniques and tactics has grown exponentially. Already in the late 20th century, 9 out of 10 American cities, where there were more than 50 thousand people, has its own riot police. It is twice more than 80 years. The trend has lasted now.
But the military-minded part of the politicians, it was not much. In 2002, the Ministry of State Security United States opened a grant-making program from the police department. They were used in order to obtain additional police equipment, including assault.
Such a municipal policy, which meant cramped police and military cooperation has allowed personal military equipment suppliers get their hands on "bread" of customers. Calling on local departments to develop grants, suppliers guns have been intensively to call the police to buying the latest solutions. They held seminars on how to effectively use gun, distributed leaflets and other promotional materials. Many factories conducted a complete branding to capture the credibility in the eyes of potential buyers.
But if it is somehow above all fit in the campaign against drug trafficking, the latest trend look, very little ominous. Police departments began to buy armored tanks. It's not the cheapest "toys": in the town of Roanoke, Virginia, such apparatus was purchased for 218 thousand dollars. Of course, the example is contagious: more offices dreaming of a similar purchase.
Paramilitary police of the town of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, hurried to buy Lenco BearCat, which is famous for its own military might. They can ram the wall to carry up to 10-ka armed servants of the rule of law, relaxed withstand direct fire attacks. It costs almost 227 thousand dollars.
To implement such an expensive purchase, they need to be competent justification. And it was found: the incre
asing attacks on police officers. But if you believe in statistics, it is not so: once a year from the beginning of the century in the country killed some 50 ministers of law and order in the performance of its own obligations.
Supporters of militarization of society and lead other arguments. The tanks can be used to combat the terrorist threat, and to minimize the impact of natural disasters. But such is not necessary, as previously in similar situations, no police Tank has not found his introduction.
Spectacular raid on drug lords, worthy of Hollywood movies were not really necessary element in combating the spread of infection. They cause tremendous rejection of ordinary people who are not convinced that similar results could not be achieved without the introduction of such a large-scale violence. What a temptation "palnut" from the police all the above.
What will people feel, peacefully asleep in bed when his house was broken into a lot of obscure people in camouflage with a gun at the ready? Light grenades, gun-muzzle, full search, trampling on the rights of civilians? Despite the absence of physical injury, to experience a similar invasion psychologically very hard. Protest can not, because it can be interpreted as an attempt to drag authorizing the use of violence.
One of the politicians subtly noted the appointment of a fighter: pulverize a target, not bothering to read aloud her rights. Militarization of the police is bound to lead to a change in psychology. Why use civil remedies if possible once palnut? It remains only to pass a law that would exempt from liability in such cases.
What the Yankees be the enemy troops on their area? Poor neighborhoods of Chicago, Washington, Detroit repeatedly tested for the likes of "intervention" of police. The militarization of the United States brings blood, destruction and legal nihilism.
But can the military, for which the armed conflict — the usual environment, to maintain peace and tranquility in the society? Can the men who were trained to kill, to read the man his rights?
If militia and then continue to evolve in the army, then the future of the United States of course. It will be of a police government where society is in a rigid framework. In general, for many this is not a trend but a reality.