Last week was marked by a number of applications of control and defense of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. The President of the United Shipbuilding Company (USC) R. Trocenko during the internationality Maritime Defense Show in St. Petersburg, said: "The Russian Navy aircraft carriers are needed." In 2016 USC will begin to design such a ship. Build the first in a new millennium, Russian aircraft carrier will begin in 2018, and in 2023 it will be launched.
Discussions on the design of new Russian aircraft carriers are already about 2-years. But the claims of naval and industrial figures contradict one another. That carrier is not needed, it is necessary — but only in the future. It is necessary to build two or three superkorablya, and almost a week later claim that requires five or six. All in all, not counting the inconsistencies do not say anything definite.
In late 2010, Navy Commander Admiral Vysotsky said that now conducted development work on the plan to construct a new Russian aircraft carrier. And he is about to be ready. In general, soon, Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov announced funds for the construction of aircraft carriers in his office there.
Of congruent leapfrog can only be realized that the need for aircraft carriers, no one denies. But as long as there are different opinions about when and how to build aircraft carriers. R. Trocenko says: aircraft carrier should only be atomic and have a displacement of 80 tons. Here it is necessary to notice that the construction period of 5 years for such giant looks just unrealistic. Keep up to 7 years!
Now aircraft carriers are needed to ensure the combat strength of dissimilar joints strike force. In other words squadron of surface ships. It's no secret devoid of aviation "umbrella" war ships in the ocean do not live long. Moreover, the numbers of aircraft needed to ensure greater survivability of the submarine fleet. Including — in deploying missile submarines naval strategic nuclear forces (SSBNs). This task, of course, is important for an aircraft carrier. As pointed out by Admiral Vysotsky, without air cover "combat stability of missile submarines of the Northern Fleet will be reduced to zero already on the second day."
In a sample of 2-3 aircraft carriers in handy for Northern and Pacific fleets. That is, until one aircraft carrier group is on duty in the ocean, 2nd prepared to change it, and the third runs scheduled maintenance.
Virtually all military analysts mean: for the base of modern nuclear aircraft carrier will be taken Russian plan 11437 — "Ulyanovsk". This 75-tysyachetonny ship started up for scrap in Ukraine 20% readiness.
We are all well-represented: in this case from the "Ulyanovsk" in terms of something brand new and still is, the only common dimension. Too much a lot of water under the bridge, and very varied demands. A new aircraft carrier should be subtle — in other words, to have the appropriate "stealth ships" littered with boards, add-ins with minimal protrusions. He must carry air defense and missile defense. It will not be long-range anti-ship missiles — they have enough for the escort ships. A aircraft carrier let it carries more aircraft, fuel and ammunition for them. It is thought that the aircraft will be totally different than planned to set out on the task requirements. Apparently, it will ship version of the aircraft fifth-generation T-50.
Also quite clear that his power plant will not be a steam turbine. A similar set now at our sole aircraft carrier until "Admiral Kuznetsov". Since it was a lot of issues and problems do not repeat any lust fleet, nor sudprom. Consequently have to make a choice between a gas turbine and nuclear power plants.
All the same, R. Trocenko have: a nuclear aircraft carriers in the Russian Federation plans to build the first atomic destroyer. Apparently, it was decided to revive the idea of "national nuclear fleet" on the new historic Loop. Will or not — a simple question. Considering that the new Russian corvettes being built completely caught up in displacement frigates, and they, in turn, are able to compete with the destroyers, one can imagine: a new destroyer significantly grow and catch up with the cruiser. This all means only one thing, the future main striking unit surface fleet will be a big warship with a displacement of 10-12 tons, equipped with numerous cruise missile launchers, anti-ship, anti-aircraft and anti-submarine missiles.
Pull to our homeland build 10-12 nuclear superkorabley, a nuclear aircraft carriers, 10 s nuclear and diesel submarines, 25 frigates and corvettes 40-50 different size? Even after two decades? All the same, it appears that the plan is "atomic superesmintsa" will give way to more moderate gas turbine ship several smallest dimension and price. A manager of USC just announced their desires.
At one time, in 1962, the "Caribbean crisis" gave a strong push to active measures to accelerate the deployment of intercontinental range BR. Creating a "potential enemy" eign stationary systems underwater situation negated potential SSBNs with a range of 1500-2500 km. In 1963, the Commission on Military-Industrial Committee (MIC) at the direction of political management puts puzzle to make a preliminary design of missile complex (SC) D-9 with liquid rocket firing range of meaningful and complete study of its location on the submarine. The developer of the preliminary design of Kazakhstan elected SKB-385 (now of "Municipal Rocket Center named Dr. VPMakeev"). Design studies submarines assigned to CDB and CDB-16-18, and the above-water carrier CDB-17. For the first time in Russian practice solutions to fundamentally question the system "weapon — the carrier" brought headaches universities 3 departments: CRI-88, Ministry of the Defense, CRI-45 and TSMNII Minsudprom-1, 1, 24, and 28 universities Ministry of Defense, the Navy. At the end of the 1963 R & D "Design and research to substantiate with the ROK Navy ships D-9" finished. CRI-45 recommended: range of 9,000 km, the number of missiles 16-24, single-shaft nuclear submarine, the power of 40 mW. The basic constructor RK VP Makeev recognized these compelling results and invited to join the Institute, participants in the development of preliminary design. But the rivalry of developers is not only a sign of a market economy. It was like a submarine in the middle of the designers and creators of missiles between VN Chelomey, VP Makeev and others right experience designing sea missiles for submarines with the start out of the water was not. Offered in the main existing ICBMs. SN Kovalev: "At one of the meetings Chelomei turned to me with a proposal to take to the submarine missile, the length of which is commensurate with the length of the submarine, and it should start by putting the submarine upright Agency (" priest "). Certainly, I said that this is unrealistic. " After that, the metropolitan OKB-52 (Head VN Chelomei) has proposed to set on submarines and surface ships of the finalized land-based solid rocket UR-100 (range of 11,000 km, but the weight and dimensions were more than about 1.5 times longer than the missile complex D-9, a dry start of transport and launch a glass with a gap between it and the shaft ~ 0.5 m) The authority of the Design Bureau and personally VN Chelomeya were so high that the MIC has assigned to work and given the option, with all this in different versions (submersible launch pads, diesel-electric submarines and surface ships). For the main institutes — Comparison of options and advice. Just this "unannounced tender&
quot; and was the scene of the collision strongly different opinions. Air draft version withered away of natural causes. In the opponents remained CRI-88, located in the same office with the SKB-385 and DB-52. After burning the discussions became evident that CRI-88 on marine residency UR-100 will not insist.
As a result, at a meeting of the Defense Council political control, in techno vniknuvshim heart of the matter, it was decided to follow the path of the creation of the Republic of Kazakhstan E-9 on the basis of liquid-propellant rocket in the version VP Makeev, which was later sold to the SSBN "family" 667B — the basis of today's Russian SSBNs.
After lengthy discussions, the decision is made — to build SSBN 941 and 667BDRM immediately. A little more than 10 years and PL 667BDRM will form the basis of today's naval strategic nuclear forces, having passed the appropriate upgrades to extend the life and increase combat effectiveness. Popular wisdom says: "can not enter into the same river twice." But there are no rules without exceptions. In the middle 90's again raises the question of the development of a new (4th generation) SSBN-based solid-fuel missile, with a uniform surface with a dry start option of transport and launch of the glass. At the moment this option well covered in the media and statements by the Chief of Defense, the Navy, etc. This type of SSBN "Northwind" with a missile "Bulava-30."
The idea is entirely nuclear aircraft carrier fleet has long ago and firmly minds Admirals leading fleets. The U.S. military in their time building a nuclear cruiser, which was calculated to cover the nuclear aircraft carriers. Planned and nuclear frigates. In general, it turned out that a small ship, least 12-14 thousand tons displacement, atomic reactor does not give any of benefits. The significant weight of the reactor and its eats the gains that had formed due to lack of fuel tanks. As a result, the United States abandoned the "wholly nuclear fleets" as Utopian, and nuclear cruisers and completely written off.