Scientists have proved that consciousness can exist on its own, regardless of the brain.
Revolution in medical science?
British doctors claim to have found evidence of the independence of the human mind from the brain. In their view, the mind continues to live when the person died, and all the processes in the brain has ceased.
In a state where a person is between life and death, there are many unusual vision and sensation. Patients report them after resuscitation. Memories of people returning from the dead, were carefully studied. For those who have passed through clinical death, there is a special term — "near-death experience."
Not written one book on this topic — "Life After Life" by R. Moody, "Life after Death" by A. Ford, "Sacrament of the transmigration of souls" V. Erkov. Collected a lot of facts. But there was a number of issues on which the experts could not answer.
British doctors from the Central Hospital in Southampton conducted research in this area. They surveyed more than 63 patients who were in a state of clinical death after myocardial infarction, and then came back to life.
56 patients did not remember — have lost consciousness and woke up in a hospital bed. At seven survived only vague memories. Four people are well remembered and described in detail all that they have experienced during clinical death. The four experienced happiness and peace. They all felt freed from his body and fell into another dimension, where time flows much faster, and all the feelings are aggravated.
"Our patients have experienced their amazing state at a time when the brain is no longer able to function, and therefore was unable to produce any memories" — writes scientific director of the Central Hospital of Southampton Dr. Sam Man. The doctor concluded that the human mind works is directly related to the brain and can exist without it: "When we examine the brain, it is clearly visible: the cells of gray matter in their structure, in principle, no different from the rest."
One American woman named Marilyn brought to the hospital "to fast" with a diagnosis of myocardial infarction. She felt a sudden pain in his chest was: "I kind of fell out of his own body and without feeling the weight, soared to the ceiling — she recalled later.
— I noticed that the lights are covered with dust, and thought, "What a dirt in the hospital! Dust, then you need to wipe! "I looked down and saw doctors leaning over the prostrate body on the table. Suddenly it dawned on me: this is me!
Then I noticed their children and other relatives who were in another room. They wept bitterly. I wanted to comfort them and say that I feel good, but they have not seen or heard of. Suddenly it dawned on me: I can not give young children! I have to take care of them. " Marilyn died.
Another example — a person the chance to look into hell. A man whose life was unworthy show his mistakes and offer a choice: either you come back to life, or "finally" dying.
A man injured in a car accident, talks about his journey to the other world, "I was all alone in the infinite cosmos. I heard a strange sound, human sighs and groans, but the people were not there, and pretty far away and I looked at them as an outside observer. They wrapped themselves in some kind of robes and all were … severed heads! They suffered terribly. Accidents were doing me signs with his hands, so I approached them. Suddenly struck me like a thunderbolt: I, too, will have to stay here! Then I heard somewhere that I can choose — stay here or go back. "
So, the mind continues to record events when the human brain is unable to function.
Visions come to a stop the brain
To similar results were obtained and Dutch scientists led by Pim van Lommel. They have been published in the medical journal The Lancet the results of 10 years of research in the study of brain function. By applying its own method of working with patients who were in a state of clinical death, scientists have called into question one of the basic tenets of physiology, consciousness is an integral function of the brain. The researchers say: when the brain has stopped livelihoods, consciousness continues to be active.
But that's not all. American psychiatrists also report new results of studies of the problem.
Russian experts in the field of neuroscience, in particular, PhD, Senior Research Fellow Institute of General Medical Sciences resuscitation Galina Alexeeva, writes: "The state of clinical death has sometimes extraordinary effect on people, causing hidden reserves. One of our patients, a girl 17 years after clinical death within 2-3 weeks felt like a totally new person. It was an unusual state of enlightenment and spirituality. She has the gift of premonition of acute events, she could see through, including people who could not even identify diseased organ man. Then it was the state. "
But back to the Dutch medical research. Van Lommel and his supporters are convinced that consciousness can exist independently. They base their statement on the experiments. In studies of this problem, observe the maximum purity of the experiment. To exclude cases of false memories, religious exaltation, and the like, the researchers carefully examined all the factors that may affect self-reports.
All observed were completely healthy mentally. Among them were people of all ages — from 26 to 92 years, men and women, with varying degrees of education and religiosity that heard earlier about the near-death experience or not, have experienced clinical death and one a few times. Conclusions van Lommel unconditional: prismertnye vision occurs at the moment of stopping the brain. They can not be explained by physiological causes — oxygen starvation of the brain cells, etc. The visual impression of blind patients do not differ from the impressions of the sighted.
Clinical death is known to occur as a result of cardiac arrest, followed by respiratory arrest and hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) in the brain. Ten seconds after cardiac arrest brain shuts down — EEG becomes a perfectly straight line.
Van Lommel has set a specific task — with the maximum reliability to find out whether the state of near-death experience was experienced by the patient during clinical death, with an absolutely flat line EEG, and not at the time when the brain is "turned on". And claims that he did it. This means that consciousness exists independently of the brain.
"Not every patient who survived clinical death may have something to remember — about one in five. Our patients talk about the same thing: light, tunnel, rainbow vision. Everyone notes that the "return" is physically very difficult if the body is poured lead. I think — says Galina Alexeeva — that these visions and sensations — the result of a special mental state, which can be triggered not only clinical death. Psychiatrists, in particular, are well aware of such cases — amazingly realistic hallucinations caused profound changes in the psyche or severe disorders of the brain after hypoxia. "
However, Van Lommel insists that if at-mortal condition was caused by physiological changes in the brain or dying cells as a result of progressive hypoxia, or a reaction to the fear of impending death, or the consequence of drug exposure, whereas cases of visions of the afterlife must attend each patient surviving resuscitation. But statistics from his team in 10 years of research, different. Of the 344 patients, 509 underwent intensive care, only 62 people (18%) reported some memories.
Still, there is a soul, and it is immortal
Pim van Lommel's research is acknowledged by many scientists from around the world, have allowed the Dutch scientist closest approach to the proof of the "immortality of the soul."
However, in the last century Archbishop of Simferopol Luke, a distinguished surgeon in the world Valentin Feliksovich Voyno-Yasenetsky, proved the existence of the soul, that is, consciousness, solely on the basis of the richest private surgical practice. And presented his conclusions in "The Spirit, soul and body."
"Man — this is a huge space and poorly studied, his brain holds and stores not only stored for the life of current information, but also the experience of virtually all previous generations of our ancestors. When we examine the person, we will know everything about the world — concludes Galina Alexeeva
Author: Irina Rudskii