Why China is building a fleet of amphibious ships?

European countries are reducing the cost of all that is possible, and the U.S. plans to save on new submarines several billion dollars. Meanwhile China is not going to reduce defense spending and vigorously improve their armed forces.

Namely, China intensively updates its naval forces. For example, in 2007, the system was made two amphibious ship project 071, third last fall was launched, and the construction of the fourth has already begun. At first glance, nothing special — no matter what kind of sea power seeks to build their own ships. But the project is 071 fascinating because it is the largest developed in China warships. This fact makes the situation even more exciting, because the Chinese were able to do almost sly creation of a very complex project. It turns out China already has a good enough shipbuilding industry. All have reason to use an old phrase, "that's just the beginning."

And judging by the reaction of the Western media, analysts and professionals will be something exciting. A common example of this reaction — a statement by leading special English international institutions' strategic research. Christian de Mier argues that the fact that the construction of a series of large amphibious ships can be considered the real proof of China's goals to significantly strengthen its own fleet. Maybe not even for peaceful purposes. According to de Miera, without landing ships will not do "surgical" military operations in the Pacific. In the context of Beijing's military decision-making is always instantly pops topic of the island-state of Taiwan. Already very many years, various analysts and political experts predict that the seizure of Taiwan by Chinese troops, but so far the active hostilities did not happen. Yet again sounded speculate that "the first 70 zero" provides specifically for landing forces of the National Liberation Army (PLA) on the ground of the Chinese republic. "Taiwanese trace" to strengthen the Chinese navy is rather hackneyed, and, as it should, uninteresting version. If only because if China really wanted to join for themselves Taiwan, he would have done it long ago and without any new amphibious ships.

There is another point of view at the problem. According to her, China no longer wants to "swim" in the boundaries of the territorial waters and the ocean is going to go hiking. In addition, some islands in the South China Sea because of their own deposits of minerals are a tasty morsel for any country in the region, and China — is no exception. The fate of these islands are concerned not only East Asian countries. States were also seen in the manifestation of a certain enthusiasm for the region. Maybe it's true not only the obvious presence around the world. Soon to arrive in Singapore South American amphibious ships, which will be based there, so that the Chinese "071" can be a symmetric response South American fleet. But it is unlikely to expect clashes of Chinese and American ships. For many years, as China did not have a weak government that fails to respond to anger. There are, of course, palpable gap in the quality and partly in quantity, but in modern warfare quantitative and qualitative advantages practically do not guarantee the absence of losses. Well, and is in itself a war for the big states useless.

In the end, the last and most conspicuous own original version of the circumstances of the growth of the Chinese navy. Amphibious ships can be used to great effect, not only in military operations, and in the rescue work. For example, they can carry a huge amount of humanitarian aid and do not need a specially equipped port for unloading it. Right inside the landing dock — it's supposed to project — can be carried up to 4 hovercraft. Accordingly, these boats can be trusted to deliver on-sparing not only the troops and equipment, and medicines, drinking water and other inalienable attributes of rescue operations. Southeast Asia is known for its constant natural disasters, and the army has always affected states, and from time to time and the adjoining countries, are involved in the aftermath. In addition to the specific rescue such humanitarian action can have a positive "side effect" of a political nature. Sometimes we hear that the 7th fleet United States, who participated in the rescue operation after the December 2004 tsunami, not only has promoted the victims, and significantly improved the image of the United States in the region. It should be said that the U.S. side in the rescue operation involved both warships and auxiliary vessels — the carriage of goods initially adapted only the latest. But warships in January of 2005 in the Indian Ocean is not too thumbs thrashed. Completely possible that such "rescue political" U.S. experience some measure inspired by the Chinese command priority construction of amphibious ships.

Analysts and professionals we honored their attention. Now is the time to turn to the official Beijing. He does not hide that he is interested in the development of a massive modern fleet. In the same way are not a secret and purpose of such attention to the naval forces. According to official statements by the Chinese military and political control of the PLA Navy to ensure the safety of the Middle Kingdom's merchant fleet and, if necessary, to come to the aid of the Chinese citizens working abroad. Both of these areas are looked over close to reality: the civilian shipbuilding China has recently entered the third largest in the world, selecting the "bronze" in South Korea. In this case, the vast majority of Chinese shipyards collected on ships walks under a reddish flag with five yellowish stars. As for the Chinese, working outside the country, only in Southeast Asia, they number more than 800 thousand people. In general, the formal prerequisites for the development of the fleet look very, very ordinary, logical and understandable.

One may argue, why China is rapidly developing its naval forces, and why the construction of large ships was launched specifically to the landing. Version, as we litsezreem a lot, and they are all different. Some look more affordable, others less, but all should be of one and the same conclusion: China systematically and deliberately increasing quantity and quality characteristics of its own navy. Yes, most of the recent Chinese art, even with great difficulty can not compete with the ships and submarines of the leading states. Similarly, not every project can be called Chinese ships at one hundred percent of the unusual: the same project 071 is quite very similar to the South American amphibious ships such as San Antonio. But the Middle Kingdom is already quite developed shipbuilding industry to begin to solve the first steps in the construction of machinery, capable qualify for the leading position in the world. So we happen to hear more about ocean expeditions of the PLA Navy, and together with them on new conjectures Western professionals and analysts.

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