100 facts and fables about Belarus 1 part

In Kamenets (district center 39 km north of Brest), preserved to this day the defense watchtower known as the White Tower. Photo: ru.wikipedia.org

As part of a kind of flash mob under the slogan "100 facts about my country. Tell us about the country in which you live the way you see it.
Here's how I see my country, I, Minsker, sometimes I stop within 500 miles of your favorite couch.

1. Watchtower "White Tower" (of which I have already described and shown) in the Belarusian town of Kamenetz, which is the border of the nature reserve of Bialowieza Forest, last name not given, because she was the so-called no earlier than the 19th century, and attempts to cover it with whitewash are and does the period of Soviet power. Forest got its name from the village — Bialowieza, who is now in Poland.

Bialowieza Forest itself is the largest remnant of the primitive relic lowland forest that covered Europe in prehistoric times, but almost always bouncing to match. Part of the reserve of Poland. How to divide the border bison and check whether they have a Schengen in voyages to the relatives, I know.

2. Beginning of all roads in the Republic of Belarus in 1998 counted not from the Post Office, from the granite plaque "zero kilometer" on October Square in Minsk. The bronze blind area around the sign indicate the distance to all Belarusian cities and towns, and the font is more — the capitals of the neighboring countries. Stone, by the way, carved in Portugal, close was not found.

3. Not long ago, the Belarusian scientists and surveyors to pull their socks still calculated center of the universe where the geographical center of Europe! It turned out not anyhow where, as in the ancient city of Belarus, Polotsk, which is immediately erected a memorial. A and the truth: in Lithuania, and Latvia, and Poland and Ukraine geographical center of Europe is already there, and we all no and no. Not good.

4. In Polotsk, on our home educator and pioneer Skarina (sm.p.41), a monument to the unique Belarusian In short letter (she have neslogovoe).

5. The largest lake in Belarus called Naroch. Not Neroh not Nerosh and NAROCH with emphasis on A! And if you believe everything that you can read a lot about Belarus totally fabulous delirium.

6. Transport in Minsk goes on schedule. Most stops equipped with signs and, as if this may sound fantastic, the schedule is maintained, give or take a couple of minutes. Buses and trolley buses, employing the conductor-controller, equipped with the appropriate front plates. Otherwise, buy and punching tickets for travel — taking care of passengers, but if it's there, it goes gladly Minsker "hare." The fare for today bel.rubley 1300, or 16 U.S. cents.

7. National Library of the Republic of Belarus, which opened in 2006 in Minsk, — one of the largest in the world. With a total area of 112 thousand square meters of buildings, books allocated 55 thousand square meters, and weighs twice as heavy as this fool Ostankino Tower — 115 thousand tons. Minchane this "lollipop" dislike, as at the time the Parisians did not like the piece of iron Eiffel, but I think that somewhere in the deep heart of it a little bit proud.

By the way, the surface of the "diamond", completely lined with LED panels, is the country's largest advertising screen area of 1485 square meters. From 9 to 10 pm you all of $ 3 per minute will be able to drive around all you want.

8. If you believe this Wikileaks, the U.S. Embassy in Belarus — one of four in the world to the State Bureau of Diplomatic Security is classified as "critical" because of high intelligence threats. In 2008, when we were little pots not beat the American embassy, and they do decrease the volume of their sensitive information and technology to the "critical" level (2 hours burning).

9. Belarus — partisan edge. During the Second World War it was the most powerful guerrilla movement, already by 1943 controlled 60% of the country and which gave half a million soldiers of the occupation forces (as written on the politically correct ofialnom site MO RB) easy to get from home to work and back. I will say simply: 125,000 intruders guerrillas simply killed, and the rest had to be treated for a long time. In addition more than 440,000 partisans derailed 11,128 enemy trains and 34 trains, destroyed 29 railway stations and 948 enemy headquarters and garrisons, blasted, burned and destroyed 819 railroad and other bridges 4710, killed more than 300 thousand rails, destroyed over 7,300 km of telephone and telegraph communication lines downed and burned on the ground 305 aircraft shot down in 1355 tanks and armored vehicles, destroyed 438 guns of various calibers, undermined and destroyed 18,700 vehicles destroyed 939 military warehouses. This is just something that does not get to take as booty.

It is noteworthy that by initially flourished among partisans of anti-Semitism, Jews had to organize their own partisans, some of which successfully fought until the liberation of Belarus.

The Minsk racetrack July 16, 1944, even a parade of liberators, a calculation which went exclusively guerrillas, 30 thousand people. The column also partisans marched goat named Baby, decorated with a ribbon sash with "iron crosses."

10. State Museum of the Great Patriotic War were collected from June 1942, and October 22, 1944 the museum opened its doors to visitors. According to the recollections of staff, to defend the right to occupy one of the few surviving buildings in the city had almost from the arms, the benefit of the last missing and the staff a little less than entirely of the very partisan.

The museum has a rich collection of paintings, portraits and sketches on military subjects. All survivors of the occupation of the artists have been spotted, talented draftsmen of the partisans withdrawn, collected and provided color and fine paper — German staffs of cards. The guides will tell you that the main formal portrait on the back of one of Generalissimo carried print eagle and swastika.

11. The oldest acting school in Belarus — a teaching and Learning Complex "Borunsky nursery — Secondary School" in Oshmyany region, near Golshan (Grodno region).. After the reform of the Order of monks Bazilian received privileges from the king and the pope, as a result, Borun in 1617 opened a primary school for future monks and priests.

12. Belarus are considered a national treasure survived to the present day Slutsk belts. Woven of silk, gold and silver, these symbols of high birth had a length of 2 to 4 and a half feet on each side of the bore from 2 to 4 different patterns. Tied by a party outside the belt and worn every day, and at the wedding, and at the funeral. Widely known fake Slutsk belts from Lyon. Wove, worn belts and helped bind men only. There has been a belief that if a woman's hand touches the precious yarn, fabric and loose belt can be immediately discarded.

13. Belarus — the only country in Europe (from 47 countries), which is not included in the Council of Europe, and yet content with the status of a candidate for membership. "We have no leverage over Belarus" — throw up their hands in Strasbourg. Still — no unallocated tranche threaten or intimidate non-recognition of the election, nor close to enter its territory Belarusian authorities there can not. Already. C on the other hand they work less — Belarus can not make a claim to the common European Strasbourg.

14. We often hear the slogan "Belarusian Wetlands — Light of Europe." I do not know to date is Europe, but the fact that each of our 1.7 million acres of wetlands annually removed from the atmosphere 550-1880 kilograms of carbon dioxide gas (10-20 hectares). It is a pity, though, that with all of this while there is a barbaric inning for peat and sapropel.

15. Fluctuations in relief in the city limits of Minsk are 99 meters vertically, but you will never hear "up the street" or "down the avenue," though visually bias may be evident. Minsker more likely to say "to the center" or "in the direction of the ring," "towards Brest." Dad's friend from Alma-Ata, remember, was quite taken aback by the fact that we do not completely understand the chorus in what is a direction — "up Bogdanovich."

16. Belarus — home of elephants. In 2006 while laying the line of the Minsk subway, at a depth of 8 meters was discovered and raised meter bone fossil woolly forest elephant (or a mammoth, as you like).

17. 50 years ago, in 1962 at the Minsk factory calculators Ordzhonikidze was released first in the Soviet Union serial semiconductor computer "Minsk-2". Interestingly, the State Committee for Electronics of the USSR, which was sent for approval to the draft Terms of Reference for the "Minsk-2", initially refused to accept it. The fact that the official bureau of Plant was engaged testing and upgrading existing computers rather than creating new ones. Minsk plant engineers for its development, so to speak, got into someone else's turf. It was only after the personal intervention of the BSSR leadership failed to approve the project, and the "Minsk-2" went to series.

18. Exactly 400 years ago magnate Lev Sapieha, the Chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, has completed construction of family home — the castle and later a grand palace complex in the small town Ruzhany that halfway from Minsk to Brest. Palace, as you see, has got serious, but remains immensely impressive, especially as multi-storey basement treasure is still intact, and last summer we lost his voice, picking out our inquisitive children. At various times, then kept the treasury and archives of the principality, visited by kings and trailed conspiracies, good half hectare area of the front yard can be alone. Now the palace intense restoration: a fully restored entrance gate to the right wing. Palace in the background Ruzhany on almost all photo is heaven, because it is built on a man-made hill.

They say, in the spring 1706 at the height of the war in North Ruzhany Karl XII personally rushed to plunder the palace and was very, very disappointed when I saw the palace was completely looted.

19. Since 1978, the U.S. Bureau of Gdańsk for alcohol, tobacco and firearms prohibited import into the country's most famous Belarusian vodka because zubrovka fragrant grass, on which the whole thing infused at the rate of 2 pounds per ton of grass vodka contains poisonous element — coumarin . Itself zubrovka fragrant, growing only in Bialowieza is food for bison, from which called. And available in Zubrovka scented coumarin glycoside gives tincture characteristic aroma and pungent taste and promotes appetite and improve digestion. So the author will drink yadu in full of (a joke, zubrovka not have the most popular drink).

20. Belarusian cuisine exists and thrives. Original and unique, and even incorporated the best of Russian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Polish food, spiced Jewish nuances — it's like something special! Pancakes, witches, stuffed fish, chicken stuffed with liver pancakes, grandmother, friedge, machanka, zrazy … no, fie on this online, I will go chicken in honey and mustard and garlic cooked.

21. During the first 9 months of 2011, a Ph.D. in Belarus to 28 scientists. That's an average of 3 people per month. It is in all branches of knowledge collectively, from earth sciences to philosophy.

22. Belarus — the only country in the former Soviet Union, to restore the Soviet flag (with minor modifications). Local wits immediately dubbed him "Sunrise over the marsh" (or "sunset over the swamp", as you like).

At the core of the ornament on the flag pattern is a "rising sun", woven in 1917 Matryona Markevich, a peasant village Kostelische modern Senno Vitebsk region. He was found in the archives Belpromsoveta and was originally intended for women's clothing. It is worth mentioning that Belarus — the world's first country to use national pattern as part of the national flag.

23. It is believed that when the dear God gave countries minerals Belarus ripe just the finish. But it got a whole but the sombrero, meaning Starobin potassium salts (near the town of Soligorsk) — the largest in the world, more than 9 percent of the world's proven reserves, second only to one field in Canada. Billions of tons. Tidbit, really.

24. The longest street in Belarus — Minsk's Independence Avenue. During its history, it is not only grew in length and width, but also changed the 14 titles. This is one of the last main neoclassical ensembles in the world architecture, one of the longest streets in Europe, the applicant for inclusion in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.

Here is a list of all names (thanks to Capital TV channel CTV)
1) Since its inception in 1801, the governor of Zachary Korneev Zakharievskaya street was called;
2) during the French occupation in 1812 — New Town;
3) in the next century — again Zakharievskaya;
4) during the German occupation in 1918 — Gauptshtrasse;
5) in 1919, after the proclamation of SSRB — Soviet;
6) one year later, during the Polish occupation — Adam Mickiewicz;
7) after the restoration in 1920, the Soviet government — again Soviet;
8) during World War II — first Gauptshtrasse again;
9) Then, as the occupation — the street March 25;
10) after his release in 1944 — again, the Soviet;
11) from 1952 to 1961 — Prospect them. Stalin;
12) from 1961 to 1991 — Leninsky Prospekt;
13) 1991 — Prospect Skarina;
14) May 7, 2005 — Independence Avenue.

25. In Minsk (and it may be that everywhere, I will not lie) decided to duplicate the huge number of the house numbers on the level of 3-5 floors, which is very easy to navigate without a navigator.

26. By the number of hoards detected each year, Belarus traditionally is ahead of all of Europe. As they say, a treasure — a monument to those who lived well, but ended badly. This is to ensure that large and small wars in the area was so much that it is difficult to calculate. So there is every reason to believe that the time sleeping in the Belarusian land treasures that would otherwise not be called as legendary. This is the notorious "Moscow trophies" Napoleon drowned somewhere in the Berezina, and the missing 12 gold apostles princes Radziwill. Figures of the Apostles, cast in full growth of gold and silver, in particular, are described in the notes of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire Adamovich Adam Czartoryski (1770-1861): "The rich castle Nesvizh. Alone jewelry gathered by 5 or 10 million ducats. Precious collection of arms, books, diamonds. But there is nothing more than a collection of the 12 apostles, five of them of pure gold and studded with precious stones. "

27. After receiving the license Belarusian motorist must stick to the body of his swallow's a sign, and not to exceed two years, under penalty of a specified speed. Restriction, in my view, to some extent by the careful attitude to the neophyte from others drivers.

28. One of the few roads where almost the entire length of permitted speed of 120 km / h — M1 highway Moscow-Brest. But be prepared for the 60 km / h in 4 points and naselenke payment.

29. During World War II housing in Minsk was destroyed by 70%, utilities 80%. On the day of the liberation of Minsk units of the Soviet Army and partisans of Belarus (3 July 1944), the city is a solid pile of rubble, ash and smoldering ruins.

30. Twice in the history of the Mogilev sovetstkuyu almost became the capital of the BSSR. The first time — in 1938, when the Soviet border ran just few kilometers away from Minsk. Even begun reconstruction of the city, but then went and happened accession of Western Belarus and the idea of moving the capital to Mogilev disappeared. Second serious issue of transferring arose after the liberation of Minsk from the invaders — the city was almost completely destroyed, and saw two options: Storey Minsk in a new place, or move the capital to the other. But it did not.

31. Minsk ghetto was one of the largest in Europe, and in the occupied territory of the USSR has the second highest number of prisoners after Lviv, which employs 136,000 people. On 39 streets and alleys, covered with barbed wire, was first 80,000 and then over 100,000 prisoners. The Nazis were brought here Jews from seven countries in Western, Central and Eastern Europe. In a very few survived. In place of mass executions, the so-called "The Pit" is now a monument.

Near the building of the institute "Belgosproekt" has survived three-tiered conical machine gun bunker, built by the Germans on the border of the ghetto and detailed to him embrasures. During the construction of the institute tried to demolish the building, but the demolition was not taken, but were afraid to blow up because of the calculated for the case of dynamite and he formed "Belgosproekt." Therefore loopholes walled, whitewashed and left as is.

32. That the citizens of Belarus did not prevent elect and to be elected, an observer mission from the OSCE Minsk asked out there.

33. Independence Square in Minsk — not the biggest square in Europe. It's just one of the biggest in Europe for the primacy belongs to the Freedom Square in Kharkov.

34. The biggest problem with the teaching of the Belarusian language and the Belarusian language began when in 1962 Nikita Khrushchev spoke on the steps of the Belarusian State University, "The sooner we forget their national differences and speak in Russian, the faster we arrive at communism." Evil tongues say that in doing so he trampled the Belarusian language textbook. At the same time, he promised that Belarusians will be the first person who comes to communism, because it completely and finally steel instead of the Belarusian people by the Soviet people.

35. Dog in the Belarusian language — male. "Perche blin sabaki" — our equivalent of saying "worst-first".

36. Entering into or coming out of the underground metro Minsker necessarily hold the door in front of you.

37. "Dazhynki" — a harvest festival. Instead of traveling on corn on the combine, Lukashenko raised at the state level of the traditional autumn holiday (or to be precise, daveshny's celebrate the successful completion of the entire village, the battle for the harvest), on which the people in the cluster sums up cleaning company, honors the winners of the competition and distributes machine kicked lazy. Each year, the venue is assigned a new district center, and full-year local government puffs and leads his town in perfect order, repairing roads, completes housing, paint, whitens, sweeps and shaking with fear. Very useful initiative, in my opinion.

38. As a result of the Chernobyl radioactive contamination underwent 23% in Belarus, affecting more than 2 million people (out of the available 10). In the areas marked in orange and red people can not live EVER.

39. At 300-350 Belarusian children annually first detected cancer. This problem causes the physicians of the National Research Center for Pediatric Oncology and Hematology be simply miracles of heroism and professionalism. Results of child survival times higher than European: with chlamydia — 93%, in acute lymphoblastic leukemia — 75%, with nephroblastoma — 84%.

40. In utter confusion Belarus can lead question "Tell me, is there any famous people from Belarus, well, except for Lukashenko's." Having found his voice, the other person will pour first and last names, because, as it seems, any educated individual should know about Euphrosyne of Polotsk, Marc Chagall and his teacher Yehuda Pen, Kalinouski and Tadeusz Kosciuszko — national hero of the three countries are Poland and the USA , Maxim Bogdanovich Karatkevicha and Vladimir Bykov, astronauts Peter Klimuk and Vladimir Kovalenko, Jaures Alferov and his Nobel Prize Alexander Chizhevsky with its chandelier, the first President of Israel Chaim Weizmann and Golda Meier, of "Mr. No" Andrei Gromyko, about seven-time champion world, three-time Olympic champion in freestyle wrestling Alexander Medved, flying through the Olympic stadium, the Soviet flag in one arm's length, about gymnast Olga Korbut and writer Olga Gromyko, finally. Then, looking into your eyes round, Belarus stops zamolknet and just wave her hand — a list of his countrymen, he did not mention, is enormous, and it is impossible otranzhirovat. Let me take you just about three tell.

41. Skaryna — born in Polotsk educator, pioneer, philosopher and humanist, translator, writer, physician, social activist, in short, "all of our number one." Began to publish books for 50 years before Fedorov. In 1534 went to Moscow to his Bible, which is published in the Belarusian language yet in 1517, but only just got away from the angry priests, scribes, desired to burn heretics alive, books were lost. However, Fedorov and then on a similar occasion will be forced to flee from Moscow to the city, but that's another story.

42. Ignacy Domeyko — Chile's national hero, after whom Santiago set a magnificent monument with the inscription: "Edukador Grande" (Great Illuminator) and whose date of death was declared a day of national mourning in Chile. Geographer, geologist, naturalist and explorer, reformer of the Chilean education system, the rector of the University of Chile. In honor of Don Ignacio Domeyko named city at the foot of the Cordillera, a port on the Pacific coast of Puerto Domeyko, Pueblo Domeyko place at an altitude of 975 meters above sea level, volcanic ridge in the Andes' Cordillera de Domeyko "length of 350 kilometers, a mineral Domeyko, fossil slug Nautilus Domeycus, violet Viola Domeykiano, ammonite Chilean Amonites Domeykanus well and there on the little things — the streets, squares, museums, the asteroid. Chileans obviously loved him.

43. Masherov Peter Mironovich — First Secretary of the Communist Party of Belarus since 1965, 15 years head of the Republic, in its way a phenomenon in the ranks of the communist nomenclature: LOVED it! Not just respected, and loved the partisan, teacher and a great organizer. I remember my grandfather, who was a rather big post in the building, a person stinging, sharp-tongued and few authorities recognize, for Peter Mironovich could only gasp. They say that when Masherov absurd, tragic and very mysteriously died in 1980, people were crying, and the funeral of this magnitude Minsk did not know either before or after.

44. Until 1945, the city Slavgorod in Mogilev was called Propoisk. Renamed in connection with awarding division liberated cities, ranks Guards. In his memoirs, the former commander of the 3rd Army, Lieutenant General A.V.Gorbatova, there is mention of the report of the commander of a division, "… I can take the city, but please do not instate Propoisk." Heeded. Renamed the city, all the business somehow.

45. Business card of Minsk — Red Church (aka Church of St. Simeon and Helen, was constructed in 1906-1910) in the main square of the country was almost torn down after the war, very much he did not fit into the Government House complex, built by architect Langbard in 1935.

Active supporter of the demolition was my grandfather on my father, a famous leader in the construction of what he was then, apparently realizing something for himself, regretted the rest of his days.

46. Government House — one of the few buildings that survived intact in the last war. The Germans used it as a barracks, and the retreat turned into a powder keg literally — in the game to save the document with a list of explosives, which the government house was literally packed with: almost 2 tons and 184 donorita stokilogrammovye bomb. Why not blow up — a mystery to this day.

47. Minsk recovered from the ruins, including, and German prisoners. Practically their hands built architectural ensemble of the main post office of Leninsky Prospekt to Victory Square. According to eyewitnesses, the prisoners were treated by a godly, watered, fed, not heated their ovens, the sick and the maimed were let go back home in the fall of 1945. But by May 1950, once again the stories of those who were aware of, and archive documents from Soviet captivity home left 85% of those on whom there were no atrocities against our people: 3214000 474 soldiers from the 3 `777` 290 prisoners.

48. Belarus still make wonderful knitted and sooo, I must say, not bad looking at ladies underwear. I'm sure the brand "Milavitsa" should be familiar to you: MILAVITSA. The ancient Slavs, by the way, Milavitsa called Venus.

49. In late 2011 Belarus has sold Gazprom Transgaz our gas transportation system. "- And we have gas in the apartment, it's time! — And in our pipeline, here! Beee … "

50. The most correct drivers live in Belarus in Vitebsk region. In general, the further north we visit, the more tactful relationship to you on the road. Whenever possible, passenger car and a tractor and take the right, often leaving on paved shoulder to miss you, hurrying to their urgent business. In response made sure to thank the triple flash of emergency gang — SPA-SR-BO!.

To be continued ….

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