One of the most ancient images of patchwork sling, in which children were relates to I millennium BC It was found in the tomb Montuemhata, high priest of the god Amun, in western Thebes, along with other images of women living at the time. I must say that at the time (~ 720g. BC) in Egypt women's rights — the daughter of Pharaoh, "the wife of God."
Subsequent references to the sling is at the beginning of the XIII century — the threshold of the Renaissance. The frescoes in the Arena Chapel del Padua (1304-1306) Florentine painter and architect Giotto di Bondone (c. 1266 or 1276-1337) depicted scenes from the life of Christ and the Virgin. On some of them captured the exodus from Egypt of the Holy Family. Artist definitely take into account peculiarities of clothing of the time, and it was very natural that Mary has a baby myself.
Image of women with children in a sling, and later we find: in the paintings of Italian painters of the XVI century Pellegrino Tibaldi and Andrea Ansaldo. Save the image of women in traditional rural costumes, lovingly staring at the children they carry in a sling. For example, Rembrandt painted a woman with a baby strapped to her back.
Prototypes of such bands and apparel can be found in the culture of almost all nations. In Russia, children were frequently in the hem, scarves, or even just a sling wicker boxes. Hence the famous phrase "bring in the hem."
Many nations in Africa, Asia, and the Roma and are still kids on his rags and shawls, and Eskimos have special clothing — amauti, park for carrying a baby.
In the nineteenth century, in the "high society", a new approach to child-rearing, which promotes distance and detachment in order not to spoil the child and prepare him for the rigors of life. His role in this was played by the emergence of wheelchairs, the first of which was created in 1840 for Queen Victoria. Women immediately wanted to be "better than the Queen." No need to care for the child was a sign of a wealthy family with a lot of workers. Sling-wearing in "civilized" countries was virtually forgotten.
Revival of the tradition to wear a sling children began in the second half of the twentieth century. Its origins are likely to be found in the growing interest in social life malotsivilizovannyh tribes and peoples of Africa, Tibet, etc. There are comparative studies of various parameters of the development of children living in civilization and in the conditions close to the natural environment.
In 1956, the French Marcel Behr The same study conducted in Uganda and get unexpected results. It was found that the level of mental and physical development of young Africans from poor families in the early years of life is much overtaking European children, although little later Europeans and catch them because of the achievements of civilization. And the younger the child, the greater the gap was in the indicators.
As it turned out, the reason for this was the difference in parenting style. Mama-African does not keep the baby in the crib, no carries in a wheelchair and do not put in the playpen. Since the birth of the baby is on the back of my mother, tied her scarf. Child learns by seeing what he sees his mother, constantly hears her voice, is involved in her life, falls asleep and wakes up with her. The proximity to the mother the baby more calm and gets rich material for the development of the senses, which leads to faster rates of mental and physical development.
In 1985, the American pediatrician, the parents of eight children, William and Martha Sears began the study in an effort to justify the positive effects associated with the wearing of a child.
Having tried a lot of ways to wear and accessories for children, the After working up a lot of miles with your own children and watching the other parents we realized why the Western countries in mothers not to wear on their children: they just awkward to use existing devices. The other children are the same people, using a long flap that ends in a strap thrown over the shoulder. This patch looks like a part of the national dress, and frequently is such — they write in their book.
By the beginning of XX century in different countries around the world, many mothers, psychologists and doctors have begun to use and recommend the wearing of children in patchwork sling, the word "sling" came into use.