Sensational find of the season in the Donetsk region was discovered in the east of the district Dobropilskiy the heavy stone calendar age of about 3.5 thousand years.
Employees of the department of archaeological monuments of Donetsk regional museum for the first time in many years, summoned journalists to show the "catch" of the year. And they still have something to brag. Particularly impressed with the solid sandstone weighing a hundred kilograms. He was photographed and filmed by the camera almost as a Hollywood star. But recently he was resting under a Popov Yar, on the border Dobropilskiy and Constantine areas.
— There is a very interesting bar where almost always beat the lightning. Local afraid of this place. It does seem to be some kind of unusual concentrated energy — shared the expedition leader, Senior Researcher at the Department of archaeological monuments Candidate of Historical Sciences Yuri Polidovich.
Scientists have thoroughly investigated the five mounds. By agreement with the local authorities, the monuments are not plowed, until archaeologists have finished work.
— In the largest burial mound found, which is about five thousand years. Next to the bones of the dead — the image of the stop, applied red mineral paint — ocher, — said Yuri Bogdanovich. — Probably, here is the idea of rebirth after death. Quite a few burials were children, which rarely happens. Near the remains of the baby we found two vessels, one of which is decorated with images, icons, deciphering which — in the future. Caught a rare pair burial teenagers, next to which was based on the bones of the leg of lamb or a goat. Such "toys" are still having fun The kids in Mongolia and Kazakhstan.
Edward Kravchenko shows Sidorovsk archaeological finds of the monument.
Before him on the table — vessels found in the burial mounds Popov Yar.
Edward Kravchenko shows Sidorovsk archaeological finds of the monument. Before him on the table — vessels found in the burial mounds Popov Yar.
The most surprising finding is related to the late Bronze Age. This is a unique sand plate, perimeter pitted neat crescent, and the center has a number of lines. It overlaps one of the burials and became a major sensation of the season.
— We consulted with astronomers, and they confirmed a bold version of it — a kind of calendar, where the number of lunes coincides with the cycles of the sun, and the number of the devil — the cycles of the moon — explains Polidovich. — On the back of the stone, which is about 3.5 thousand years, also includes similar images, but half-erased, if there is a draft, and here — he pats his hand over the grooves are clearly visible — made a clean sweep.
According to the archaeologist Anatolia Usachuka under this strange slab buried a teenager, perhaps — a student priest. "He was the representative of the first settled the steppe people -" srubnikov ", — said Anatoly. — These pagans were living from the Volga to the Dnieper, were difficult economy, built of stone and wooden buildings were leaders administrators, melted bronze. The dead were buried in the ground pits with stone floors, laying dead in a sleeping position: on the left side, arms folded in the face.
Of the three tombs belonging to the Middle Ages, especially striking was that, where sleep the eternal sleep soldier allegedly Polovtsian. "He was buried with armor-piercing sword, quiver. And comrade — a horse. Rationalism was then at the height of: meat eaten, and the skin of the skull and put their feet in the grave. And rite complied with, and the wake was enough "- smiles Polidovich.
Interestingly, the last refuge of a warrior, as well as located next to a woman's burial, the top covered … wheels.
Colleague Polidovicha and Usachuka, Edward Kravchenko, worked on the largest monument of archeology of the region (the area — more than 120 ha) — archaeological complex near the village of Sidorovo (Slavic region). There's quite a few have found arrowheads, coins Arab Caliphate, interesting charms.
And experts DOKM visited the Krasnodar region, where St. Petersburg scientists have studied the famous Scythian burial mound of the seventh century BC, and with the Moscow conducted excavation of the Christian church of the tenth century on the territory of Sochi. The finds were so interesting that they even adjusted for Olympic construction plans (Sochi, recall, is going to take the Winter Games in 2014). And the bones found in the center of the altar (most likely — relics of the martyrs) were transferred under construction nearby parish church of St. Prince Vladimir.
Andrew Krivtsun. Photo by the author.
See also: The Nature of Antarctica, a mammoth found in Yakutia.