As Ivan the Terrible was afraid to Batura

Ckazhytse, please, our forefathers fought a duel?

Michael Karpovich

For almost a century means sorting out relationships in our society is not practiced. In the old days it was like in humans.

In the early Middle Ages, there were dueling in the form of court fights, ardaliyav. Their members engage in a duel in the presence of priests and officials. The winner not only celebrated its advantage in confidence and skill, but also admitted to not guilty.

Another kind of duel matches were during the war, when the parties have attempted to resolve the case is not a battle, and martial arts warriors or elected governor. We under the influence of Western Europe began to occur jousting duel. We know, for example, in 1390 agreed compete against brother Prince Jagiello Pinsk Narimunta and German knight of the army of Vytautas, which then sought to win from Jagajly Vilnius.

In the XVI century, in an era ON classic duels. The famous Statute of 1588 he wasand a special article that duel sternly forbade threatening disobedient administrative and criminal sanctions, including the death penalty.

However, the ban was not complete. The Grand Duke and the hetman could give permission, for that would "cause great and important." The reasons are. In 1581 th Stepan Batura received an insulting letter from Ivan the Terrible. Our monarch replied challenge to a duel, "Take the gun, sit on a horse, sydisya with me in the selected hour, show me what you like and trust the man his righteousness. Rassudov dispute the sword to less Christian blood flowed." Kremlin tyrant of his righteousness, apparently, is not trusted, because he found the courage to call for at least a written response.

Guardians of the host was the governor of Moscow and Shumsky, who in the same year, during the siege of Pskov our troops handed informed challenge to a duel from the Crown Hetman Jan Zamoyski. At the appointed place duel Moskvich, violating the word did not appear.

Yes, despite the veto, the duel of noble status became more advanced. Saber and pistol fighting deputies of the Diet and the Regional Parliament. Had enough of those for whom byaskontsyya duel turned into a way of life. Among them, for example, Prince Boguslaw Radziwill, who in his youth traveled to Europe, having featured in several countries in dozens of duels.

Grodno Sejm of Poland in 1678 took another decree banning duels. Yes, it paid little attention, a fortiori in vogue fights the causes of which were Litsvinka beauty and polkas. Because of their beauty every one rastsvitala age, the number of duels also grew. Even in a little later representatives of aristocratic families Ludwik Pac Michael and Adam Czartoryski Yuri twice went to the barrier, to find out who loves Anna Sapyazhanku.

Our compatriot Russian writers Thaddeus Bulgarin, who hailed from the reins, he wrote about that time: "And in the war and in peacetime we were looking for danger in order to adopt bold and confident. Painful, saber fight, violence — it was all content of our military life. Riot should be punished, but not dropwise officer's honor … fired rarely, but were cut for any little. And after the custom of reconciliation, and then balyushki and friendship. "

Recent history shows Belarus: a centuries-old tradition of the ancestors not quite sunk into oblivion. Plays a tradition that in the mid-1980s, writer Vladimir Domashevich, known for their commitment to whiteRussian language, sent a challenge to a colleague on the literary workshop of Ivan Chigrinova.

And to me, looking so-called "National" TV channels, sometimes you want to place a call over a dozen people who have long been atrafiravalasya human quality that is called conscience.



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