Year is not over yet, and insurers panicked: 2011 may be the most expendable in the history of mankind: the natural disasters only in the I half-year have cost a whopping $ 265 billion
In this case, the vagaries of weather from year to year more, they are more expensive. In the nineties of the last century disasters have cost about $ 50 billion a year in the new millennium prices have doubled, and a record number of natural disasters in 2008 increased the amount of damages to $ 200 billion and this year's first half blocked this sad record.
Increasingly anomalies over vast territories. In the spring drought experienced by the strength of the area from Western Europe to Siberia and China. Last summer, catastrophic storms, and those crops that spared the heat, and finished off the water. In the United States because of the record heat wildfires reached more than one million hectares, floods and tornadoes raged in several states.
The EU fears that because of disasters reduced harvest of wheat, rice and other crops have come true: the price of food up and rushed for six months increased by 33%.
"Bagnet" rating was the most expensive natural disasters this year. Accumulated more insurers announced $ 265 billion — almost a trillion.
Number 10. Tornado in Blagoveshchensk, Russia
July 31 at the center of Blagoveshchensk 13 minutes raged powerful tornado that killed one person and injured 28 more, damaging hundreds of buildings.
The damage is estimated $ 1.7 million case is remarkable in that the elements raged long and in a town with just over 200 thousand people. That is, each blagoveschentsu tornado cost $ 5.
Number 9. Livni and fires in Brazil
In August, more than 8.5 million hectares of Brazilian territory suffered from conflicting disasters. Livni were brought cold Arctic front, they are deprived of shelter and more than 13 thousand people, 600 more flooding was worth living. The water struck the arid regions of Pernambuco and Paraiba, the level of the rivers rose to 10 m, a quarter of the country covered forest fires. Rains were worth $ 353 million, the same — the fires.
Number 8. Volcanoes of Italy and Argentina
June 4 volcano in Chile — Puyehue — started spewing ash column rose to a height of 10 km. I had to cancel flights to South America, serious damage was done of Agriculture of Chile and Argentina.
July 19 woke up Mount Etna in Sicily. Because the ash had to close the airport in Catania. So far, the losses are not counted, because although the volcano sleeps surrounding towns and fields of ashes, admire it, tourists come, which increases profits. However, as in South America and Sicily will miss not only the profits of farmers and airlines but also the tourism industry. The number of passengers decreased by 70%. The tourist flow will be reduced by at least 50%. Especially anoint the volcanoes in the ski resorts. In total, the damage from the fire-breathing mountains in South America is $ 647 million
Number 7. Summer storm in the Alps and the devastating rains in Ukraine
In July, the Alps covered ice storm. Snow fell in some Austrian, French and Italian towns near the mountains. Mountain stage of the famous Tour de France was in doubt. The snow was lying not too long, however, he managed to wreak havoc in the $ 3-4 million
In Ukraine, there was no snow, but her tormented storm storms and fires. Livni broken power lines, the wind blows the roof of houses and blurring of the road, flooded fields, and forest fires destroyed. For 7 months of 2011 was 32 000 402 Fire, which is 8.9% more than in the same period last year. Material costs increased by 54%. Destroyed 13 thousand 221 building, killing 1,624 people. Losses amounted to $ 187 million
Showers and thunderstorms are raging in the country since May. In Simferopol, Ternopil and Luhansk regions of heavy hail. July 26 because of the rains subsided ground under the building of the Verkhovna Rada and the Presidential Administration. Losses of $ 625 million
Total losses in Ukraine in I half-year are estimated at $ 812 million
Number 6. The drought and famine in East Africa
In August, the strongest in 60 years drought in East Africa adopted the scale of the disaster. Due to the fact that a large part of the expected harvest perished on the continent of starving more than 12 million people. Residents fall and die on the road, comes to cannibalism. Suffer from a lack of food as Somalia and Ethiopia, and before more or less prosperous Kenya. UN intends to allocate $ 360 million to help the starving, the World Bank will help with $ 500 million Total $ 860 million is obtained, and this is just extra help. The damage is calculated at least $ 1 billion
Number 5. Floods in India
The reason is the same — heavy rainfall. Brahmaputra river burst its banks and flooded the east of the country. The water hit about 150 thousand people, 50 people were killed. Estimates of damage — $ 1.2 billion
Number 4. Drought and rains in China
Severe frost drought gave way, and she — the rains. China in July suffered from rainstorms that caused flooding, strong for 100 years. Affected more than 3 million people, half a million had to be evacuated and destroyed nearly 2 million homes and 990 businesses were under water 170 hectares of fields. According to rough estimates, the damage from the spill was at least $ 770 million
In late July, the country's raging storm and tempest. 54 people were killed and mud flows washed away roads in several provinces, such as Shandong, Sichuan, Hubei and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Total of thunderstorms affected nearly 7 million people, and the damage is estimated at $ 620 million
Total bled the various elements of the PRC on the $ 1 billion 390 million
Number three. Earthquake and snowfall in New Zealand
In July, the New Zealand city of Christchurch earthquake, and the third for the year. February's 6.3-magnitude earthquake caused losses of $ 12 billion, summer shocks were intense. For example, the July about 7.8. In winter, killing more than 180 people. The city is actually erased from the face of the Earth. On his recovery will require $ 1.5 billion and 20 years.
But these natural anomalies in New Zealand did not stop. In August, the country for the first time in 70 years covered by snow. In some areas, the temperature dropped to -5 ° Celsius, 13 degrees below normal. The storm also affected Wellington — capital. Damage — a few tens of millions.
Number 2. Australia nearly drowned, and the U.S. have experienced all
States are tested for strength. The number of tornadoes and tornado exceeded by June 1000. 523 people were killed. Peaked in April (360 people), why some see link to the Japanese disasters.
In summer, the south of the country embraced the strongest over the past half-century drought. Especially burned off Texas two months, the thermometer kept at around 37 Celsius. Forest fires have covered an area of 1,000,000 hectares. In June, the country was flooded: Mississippi because of the rains overflowed its banks, the water poured into the state of the same name, as well as in neighboring Tennessee, and Arkansas. The damage amounted to nearly $ 10 billion if we add a record winter snowfall and drought, the result — $ 20 billion
Water is a severe blow and Australia. In December 2010hlynuli rains that continued and January. Flooded vast tracts in the states of Victoria and Queensland, killing more than 20 people. Floods washed at least $ 10 billion
Total — $ 30 billion, an average of $ 15 billion to the country.
Number 1. Japanese apocalypse
March 11 series of tremors, the magnitude of the most powerful of them was 9 — maximum in the conventional scale — shook Japan. Following the earthquake on the east coast of the country devastated by the tsunami height of 30 m were killed or went missing more than 20,000 people. The country's leadership is discussing the idea of building take-away on the coast of the capital, where seymicheskaya activity is high. Estimated Japanese government estimated direct losses of $ 300 billion, and that does not include man-made disasters at the Fukushima nuclear power plant caused by the cataclysm.
Consequences. The collapse of the economy and the war for food
All these disasters could survive even with the expensive, if it is the 2011 they are qualitatively different. Floods and droughts capture large areas, destroying agricultural regions and deplete the soil. Even if the next year according to the climate conditions will be favorable for agriculture, it is still picking vegetables and fruits will be reduced by at least 15-20%. It is not surprising that only half of the food I rise in price by a third. Prices may rise even faster. UN due to expensive food predicts food riots and revolution. There is a version that the current foreign policy is designed with the economic leaders of the struggle for resources: land, access to minerals and, most interestingly, for the water shortage which, in spite of the flood is expected in the second half of this century.
With agriculture is closely related light industry, especially textile. Floods in India, China, Australia and Pakistan have reduced the supply of raw cotton, the price of it reached an absolute maximum. So the price of clothing of cotton fabrics will grow at least by 20-30%. Do not fall behind and wool, especially business suits. The reason — the weather in Australia. Suffer transport infrastructure and tourism. Transport as a branch waiting for restructuring — to increase its market share will be relatively safe means of transportation, even at the expense of speed. The problem will be damaged disasters transportation arteries.
In general, there will be soul-searching, because disasters, according to many scientists, will increase that knock down position as the dollar and the euro and advancing them on the heels of the yen and the Swiss franc, and the yuan. Reversal of markets to resources, which lasted for 1.5 months, will be a multi-year trend, the food might reach the price of gold, and the yellow metal — to regain the status of not only the reserve, but the full-length live coins.
Recall, the experts believe that the catastrophic floods linked, and meteorologists predict that in 50 years the average annual temperature will rise by 2-3 degrees, and in the Crimea can be grown bananas.