Clowns — Ancient Russian Magee

From times immemorial, the people rejoice in Russia buffoons. About them in folklore there are numerous wonderful stories. Thus, near the village of Shapkino that under Mozhaisk, is a mysterious place — Freeze-mountain on which centuries ago were buffoon gatherings. They say that in those days it was possible to observe the most miracles … This was our correspondents told the famous historian, ethnographer and explorer Andrew Sinelnikov.

Secrets of Freeze-mountain

— Andrew, tell us what famous Freeze-mountain.

— First, it is the highest point in the Moscow region. So to say, top of the Smolensk-Moscow Upland. Second, far from the Freeze-mountain rivers originate Moscow Protva and Koloch. There also is the watershed basin of the Baltic and Black Seas.

Very early on in these places is almost uninhabited. But even then there were rumors of Freeze-Hill. Today it is — just a big hill. But in the past, according to residents of nearby villages and Uvarovka Hvaschevka, he was actually a mountain. Then she either slipped, or shrunk, and except for the name of it is nothing left.

The name of the mountain due to the fact that once a year, at the Ivan Kupala, here arranged the holiday buffoons. On this day they would come here from all over Russia, and carried out at the top of their mysterious rites.

— There were buffoons their rituals? Please tell us in detail!

— In pagan times the cult of the god Troyan, who patronized buffoons. According to ancient legend, the Trojan somehow traveled from warmer climates to the north, and sat down to rest in a big hill … Suddenly he felt sad, because he was only half way, and tired, as if the whole way otshagal … And then, out of nowhere, appeared before his eyes cheerful company of brightly dressed people who danced, sang, whistled … All night they entertained Trajan, and in return for that, at dawn, when there was no dancing, happy merry god treated southern wine and said, "Do not grow grapes in your lands , but there is a lot of honey. Your honey is sweeter than any fruit, from and cook "while showering fun. '" Trojan then took from his pocket a silver mask and handed it ringleaders buffoons, promising that this mask will chase away any evil from them and to punish anyone who conspired against them evil … Later in the mask was another feature — it can help any clown could change their appearance and voice …

Trojan marched their way, and clowns hid valuable gift on top of Freeze-mountain. And since then, every year, of Ivan Kupala, when, according to ancient legends, the day is night, and the fire and the water is purified man came there to perform their rites in honor of Trajan …

"The mountain, grow!"

— This is just a legend, or someone really watched ceremonies buffoons?

— Now, of course, nothing of the kind, but the old men told us that before the revolution really buffoons flocked here from all over Mother Russia. Kindled on the top of the fires and conducted various rituals galloped through the fire, pour the water at night and dawn, dancing, and burned and drowned in the river effigies of their enemies …

Then they allegedly began to reel and sing a song, calling, "Gore, grow!". And after a while the mountain and really started to grow! When its top is hiding behind the clouds, one of the buffoons said: "Mountain, stand still!". And she froze … In an instant on top of it began to beat spring. According to legend, its water, if it is washed, young buffoons granted wisdom, old — young, sick — healing … as well as cleans from vsehsglazov and corruption …

Occurred before dawn basic sacrament — the main clown took out of hiding silver mask, picked it up, read the plot, and then the mask was on his hands. Each of those present tried on it on myself, with some asking to change appearance, others — the voice, and others — to punish the enemies … and each gave the desired mask. With the first rays of the sun Trojans gift back caching, and clowns tired to sleep. Gore has slowly dropped in the morning and once again became a hill.

— But you were just clowns and jesters play actors, and now it turns out that they are wizards some …

— Can, and wizards … Take, for example, a deck of Tarot cards. It is believed that the system of divination of these cards originated in medieval Europe, based on the Hebrew Kabbalah, which, in turn, was based on even earlier occult traditions of Ancient Egypt. But our playing cards — this is a truncated version of the full Tarot deck. The very first card in a full deck depicts a young man standing in the garden with a raised right hand, which is sandwiched a magic wand. It is called a magician or sorcerer. In modern decks sometimes — Magician. So, in the Tarot deck, circulated in the European Middle Ages and in Russia before the revolution, it was called the Fool!

Artel, squad, gang …

— And as in Russia there were clowns?

— I had a lot to study the issue. I think that clowns really were priests of the pagan cult of Troyan. Veliky Novgorod is three-headed winged deity worshiped by the name of Lizard Velez-Svarog. But more, it is known in folklore as the Dragon. He had other names. However, being very resourceful deity closely associated with cunning and deceit, Troyan, apparently, also served as the patron of merchants and thieves, like the ancient Roman god Mercury wicked and the Greek Hermes.

Most likely, the persecution of Trajan began under Prince Vladimir the Red Sun, before the introduction of Christianity in Russia. Everywhere idols of the deity at the houses of were defeated and replaced with images of the god of thunder and lightning Perun. The priests of the cult is acute problem of survival. And the decision was soon found.

In 988, is Baptism of Russia, and in 1068 in the annals found the first mention of buffoons. They wandered through Rus artels (then called militia) of several people, sometimes united in bands of up to 70-100 people, had no property, no family … As far as can be judged, "entertaining" activities was their only cover.

"God gave the priest, and the devil — the buffoon"

— And what they were doing, really?

— Witchcraft! They went to Russia and "ruled the world", was treated, predicted the future, conducted rites of youth, ordinances relating to the marriage, and many other rituals. As part of "troupe" often had academic bear. But bear ancient Slavs had long considered sacred animals! Among other things, he was also a member of many magic rituals. Here is just one example. I consider very important in a young peasant family birth of a male child, supports parents in their old age … This was believed by our ancestors, the expectant mother should always touch the bear. And you can find it had buffoons! Much later, when the buffoons is not, for the same purpose the Russian women were put under the pillow of a teddy bear, a ceramic or wooden …

On certain days, the clowns gathered in the field of old temples Troyan, performed their rituals and dispersed to wander further. Of course, this aspect of their work could not remain secret. They took up arms against the power — secular and spiritual. "God gave the priest, and the devil — the buffoon" — a winged saying was common in Russia. Wander the dusty roads under the guise of jesters become dangerous, and then it was decided to select a new disguise. And they went to the same roads from village to village, from fair to fair Ofen-peddlers, hodebschiki-lotoshniki …

And what Freeze Mountain? Perhaps still somewhere in a secret place on the silver it holds magical mask, desire to perform. But long does not happen on a mountain top buffoon dancing, that is not a valid mask to anyone …

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