Hard to believe that a modern office and residential buildings is another Kiev. But antiquity hunters say the same Podol where no dig, run into some amazing things. Multimeter topsoil hiding a whole residential neighborhoods, churches, shops and the strengthening of the ancient city. Once at the center of any construction begins, go to the place of archaeologists and inch by inch carefully examined territory.
Pieces of ivory
In 2007-2008, during the archaeological excavations in the street Spassky, 35 researchers found …
workshop for Checkers In a small area, which once served as a workshop, were found bones and chips for a game called "Tavlya." Unfortunately, as it was played, still have not figured out, but historians agree that Tavlya — ancestor of drafts.
— Material for chips served ivory, which in Kiev brought by merchants from northern Europe — the director of the Kiev Center of Archaeology Michael Sagaidak. — During excavations in the street, we found the Saviour set of figures. Unfortunately, many of them damaged by fire. Probably the reason for this fire, which gave Prince Andrew Bogolyubsky, together with Kipchaks seized and plundered Kiev in 1167.
No less interesting archaeological finds discovered in 2004 during excavations in the streets Mezhigorskaya, 3/7. During stripping walls construction pit at a depth of two meters from the wall split fragment of rock. With its detailed examination of the archaeologists came to the conclusion that this is a chess piece — the first found in the territory of Ukraine. It is made of clay and looks like a man of Asian appearance.
Three years ago, an archeological expedition carried out excavations on the territory of Yaroslavl lane 7/9. Among other artifacts — pottery and household items — Archaeologists have discovered a surprising subject trapezoidal shape. Value of a little more than a matchbox, it is made of black steatite — a rare mineral that can be found only in the Scandinavian island of Gotland. The find was not more than a "hammer Thor" — a charm amulet, which was worn around the neck Scandinavian warriors a thousand years ago. According to legend, before the boy becomes a Varangian warrior priests were hanged about his neck, amulet charm. He was "charged" their spells and designed to protect the person who bore it. Scandinavians believed that such young men protects the god Thor — a mighty giant and master of storms.
Most likely, found the amulet belonged Varangian warrior, who along with other dogs served in the squad prince of Kiev. Archaeologists believe that the "hammer Thor" found himself at an archaeological site by accident.
— On Mount Schekavitsa, according to legend, buried prophetic Oleg. There, according to our assumptions, there is an ancient burial Norman soldiers — says junior researcher Metropolitan Sergey Taranenko Archaeology, who led the excavation. — Most likely, the water washed away the ancient burial ground on Schekavitsa and amulet slipped to the foot of the mountain.
Many interesting findings was made during reconstruction Independence Square in 2001. So, a few dozen meters from the gate Lyadskoye archaeologists discovered fragments of an ancient building. Rather, it belonged to the clerk, who lived in the XII century. At this point, and was found printing Izyaslav, the eldest son of Yaroslav the Wise, who ruled the city since 1054 to 1078. Material — lead alloy with small patches of silver. On one side is engraved print outlet (ornament. — Ed.) On the back — the face of St. Demetrius. This coinage Russian princes adopted from Byzantium. Print found was attached to the official orders Izyaslav Yaroslavovych. By the way, the people of Kiev Izyaslav disliked because he was a man of unbalanced and violent.
Sword of the encrypted message
Archaeologists during excavations often came across old Russian buildings that were destroyed by fire. And the reason is not only the enemy's attack. Before the XVI century in the Upper and Lower Town dominated wooden houses, and the fires were quite frequent. In one of these homesteads burned at the current street Spassky, 35, an archaeologist Natalia Hamayko and colleagues found an old Russian sword. During the fire because of the heat it is strongly bent. But finding unique. These swords in Kiev is not found. We handle weapons extraordinarily beautiful with large "apple" at the end, and the blade is made very skillfully. On the blade archaeologists discovered an inscription in Latin. Unfortunately, decrypt it so far failed, the font is very illegible. By forging technique archaeologists found that the blade came to Kiev from West Germany, and it means that the inscription left Rhine blacksmith who may have engraved on the blade own motto.