Guatemala. Maya

There are lots of theories about the origin of cultures and peoples who inhabited the once vast expanses of Central and North America. Until now, scientists have no consensus about how there was an ancient Maya civilization and why it died away. Some believe that the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica came from Egypt. They brought with them the ability to build the pyramids and write hieroglyphs.

Others are convinced that the ancient inhabitants of this continent are descendants of immigrants from Asia. This, incidentally, is confirmed by the similarity of genetic analysis of blood taken from representatives of the American natives and residents of north-east Asia. Apparently, Asians in America have started to enter another 50 000 thousand years ago. Probably, they brought with them knowledge of the calendar, ritual and hunting skills.

In the XIX century, the extremely popular theory was that the Maya were descendants of the inhabitants of Atlantis and Mu, which went under water. In the XX century was common to say that as if aliens from outer space brought to the territory of the elements of extraterrestrial civilizations of Mesoamerica.

Be that as it may, there has always been around Maya aura of mysticism. Until recently, scientists believed that the Maya were peaceful and enlightened people, priests and astronomers. It was believed that they did not live in the cities and in the villages and in settlements with almost communist form of human society. It is usually contrasted with the Aztec way of life, with the massacre at the pyramids and bloody conquest. However, it later turned out that the Maya were not pacifists. They respected the force of arms. Mayan priests, as priests of the Aztecs, and brought human sacrifice to the gods.

Especially modern scientists surprised that the city-state emerged in almost impenetrable jungle, where the Maya civilization has faced great difficulties. In general, all the earth was covered with vegetation, the Indians, who had to have a sacred significance. Force, filling the plants, the earth and the rain were sacred. In the center of the universe was a huge ceiba tree, which is now one of the symbols of Guatemala. The roots of it goes to the underworld. The trunk was in the middle, and the tip of the heavenly and the upper world. Maya believed that the souls of the dead go up and down the axis of the world-tree trunk, on top of which sat a divine bird symbolizing the heavenly kingdom. One of the Mayan common belief that prior to the beginning of creation God existed in the form of a tree, which conceived of a potential life. Then God began to blossom tree, the fruit of it fell and broke, swept through the land that should exist. The Indians believed that the Seibu covered 400,000 papillae, nourishes all things.

Gvatemala.Mayya

The life of the Quiche Maya, perhaps, the most numerous tribe of the Maya, was imbued with a fixed idea of inheritance of power. The sources of this power is considered a space creature and the royal ancestors, embodied in the figure of the ruler, his flesh and blood, clothing and behavior. Rulers, as well as the cosmic tree that was the center of everything in heaven and on earth. They were called "swing kin" or "the great ruler of the Sun." They were sacred part of the clothes, intricately decorated with patterns of bright and colorful items. That government was the central figure whose rituals updated world and inspire citizens to unprecedented labor achievements. The book of the Maya-Quiche "Popol Vuh", the "Book of the Council", explains that the creation of man to the gods created the firmament. It came suddenly, as only gods pronounced the word "land". Three times higher beings have tried to create a human, but all attempts ended in failure. Only on the fourth of white and yellow maize gods created people who became their debtors. The existence of the people become dependent on the divine gifts in the form of children and harvest. Man, however, was obliged to take care of the gods, give them food and recognition. One of the victims, which brings the rulers, was bleeding. It was believed that through wounds on the genitals in the world of men penetrated the higher beings and ancestors who were connected with the ruler. Through wounds on the genitals descended into the world of the divine power of the stars that gave the world the vital energy. Letting the blood out of the penis, Indian rulers imitated a woman's ability to menstruate, and therefore give life. In other words, the Maya rulers were for his people both male and female champions nursing gods.

Gvatemala.Mayya

The life of the Quiche Maya, perhaps, the most numerous tribe of the Maya, was imbued with a fixed idea of inheritance of power. The sources of this power is considered a space creature and the royal ancestors, embodied in the figure of the ruler, his flesh and blood, clothing and behavior. Rulers, as well as the cosmic tree that was the center of everything in heaven and on earth. They were called "swing kin" or "the great ruler of the Sun." They were sacred part of the clothes, intricately decorated with patterns of bright and colorful items. That government was the central figure whose rituals updated world and inspire citizens to unprecedented labor achievements. The book of the Maya-Quiche "Popol Vuh", the "Book of the Council", explains that the creation of man to the gods created the firmament. It came suddenly, as only gods pronounced the word "land". Three times higher beings have tried to create a human, but all attempts ended in failure. Only on the fourth of white and yellow maize gods created people who became their debtors. The existence of the people become dependent on the divine gifts in the form of children and harvest. Man, however, was obliged to take care of the gods, give them food and recognition. One of the victims, which brings the rulers, was bleeding. It was believed that through wounds on the genitals in the world of men penetrated the higher beings and ancestors who were connected with the ruler. Through wounds on the genitals descended into the world of the divine power of the stars that gave the world the vital energy. Letting the blood out of the penis, Indian rulers imitated a woman's ability to menstruate, and therefore give life. In other words, the Maya rulers were for his people both male and female champions nursing gods.

Gvatemala.Mayya
In ancient settlements, which were located in what is now Guatemala, as well as in the rest of Mesoamerican world, lived rich and poor. This is evidenced by the structure of settlement in the city-states. Closer to the ritual centers selilas know. Peripherals populated Indian lyudom simple. The priests carried out observations of the heavenly bodies and compared their progress with a unique calendar, the greatest achievement of the ancient Indian civilization.

Time seemed to priests as something material that exists in three different planes. The man lived in time, created by the gods to the ground. It noted a one-year calendar. The course of human time carried supernatural celestial and subterranean origin who converged on the earthly level. But there was another cycle time associated with the struggle of the gods, abductions, loss of honor and dismembered divine beings. The third time — this time, the Supreme God, God the Creator. Each of the above times in contact with each other. From this man's life was filled with specific power and energy.

Gvatemala.Mayya
Almost all painting and writing scenes contain kalendaricheskie Mayan symbols. Some scientists call these scenes Indian comics. Maya believed that the universe has existed for at least four centuries. This century began in 3114 BC and will end December 23, 2012 a strong earthquake. In addition, the five thousand year cycle, there were several other calendar cycles that the Maya noted, celebrated, and sometimes feared. First time cycle covers 52-year period. It consisted of two calendars. One of them, a ritual, included 260 days. Each day was given to one of the 20 names and assigned one of the 13 rooms. Another 52-year calendar cycle of 360 days. He crossed to the ritual calendar. Maya monuments contain characters and more complex calendar system, which allowed to determine the day on a time plot of 9 million years. This calendar was needed to track the long chain of births and deaths of their ancestors.

Maya believed in life after death. One way in which the Indians have expressed their hope for the revival of the earth after the tests had a view of the heroic journey through the land of the dead — Xibalba. In the underground world of the deceased was subjected to severe trials, including dismemberment, paralyzed with fear, meeting face to face with the rulers of the kingdom of the dead. Among them, by the way, were these: The Collector Blood, Seven Death, Master of pus, Lord of jaundice. One purpose of these tests was to obtain knowledge of the sacred mystery of existence, life after death and the power of regeneration. With the help of friendly spirits heroes Maya usually cope with all the tests were chosen from a terrible Xibalba and attained immortality.

Gvatemala.Mayya
Almost all painting and writing scenes contain kalendaricheskie Mayan symbols. Some scientists call these scenes Indian comics. Maya believed that the universe has existed for at least four centuries. This century began in 3114 BC and will end December 23, 2012 a strong earthquake. In addition, the five thousand year cycle, there were several other calendar cycles that the Maya noted, celebrated, and sometimes feared. First time cycle covers 52-year period. It consisted of two calendars. One of them, a ritual, included 260 days. Each day was given to one of the 20 names and assigned one of the 13 rooms. Another 52-year calendar cycle of 360 days. He crossed to the ritual calendar. Maya monuments contain characters and more complex calendar system, which allowed to determine the day on a time plot of 9 million years. This calendar was needed to track the long chain of births and deaths of their ancestors.

Maya believed in life after death. One way in which the Indians have expressed their hope for the revival of the earth after the tests had a view of the heroic journey through the land of the dead — Xibalba. In the underground world of the deceased was subjected to severe trials, including dismemberment, paralyzed with fear, meeting face to face with the rulers of the kingdom of the dead. Among them, by the way, were these: The Collector Blood, Seven Death, Master of pus, Lord of jaundice. One purpose of these tests was to obtain knowledge of the sacred mystery of existence, life after death and the power of regeneration. With the help of friendly spirits heroes Maya usually cope with all the tests were chosen from a terrible Xibalba and attained immortality.

Gvatemala.Mayya
One of the unsolved mysteries of history is the collapse of the great civilization of the people. In a short, about a century, a period of almost everywhere, many cities and ceremonial centers of the Maya were destroyed or abandoned. The causes of this tragedy for the most part unknown. In the "Book of the Council", "Popol Vuh", a kind of Indian Bible, we find the following line: "Let's go and look for it, and we shall see, there is someone who will keep our sign. And we will find that we will have to say them, and so we will live. "No custody for us", — said the Jaguar Quiché, Jaguar Night, Jaguar and Jaguar Wind Nothing. they heard the news about the city and went there. " It is likely that large areas of civilization underwent a series of internal and external shocks. The population explosion could result in starvation. Lack of food and changing weather conditions may have caused for infection. It may be that an aggressive foreign policy that has already started Mayan leaders, led to acts of mass disobedience and internal revolt. However, none of the above assumptions, to this day, has no confirmation.

Category: Mystery stories

Like this post? Please share to your friends: