In the legendary Afkule archaeologists have found an ancient metallurgical plant.
On the surface is a chore to light unexpected results. 15 years of excavation and only now, archaeologists came across a major find.
"Horn of the mountain, that is, it's been a single production, combined into a single complex," — says Natalya Krylasova, head of archaeological excavations in with. Christmas.
Permian archaeologists found an industrial plant from the early 14th century — then this place is abandoned people. And at a time anywhere in the Perm region of settlements existed at this level.
Find hidden underground secrets allowed special device "Idnakar", working on the principle of X-rays.
"These are large facilities: the remains of the foundations of buildings, covered pits or shafts, that is not visible on the surface," Igor, clarifies Zhurbin, head of the Laboratory of Physical-Technical Institute, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Here and find metallurgical complex. Crucibles and debris around the waste. It is already clear, the ancient city was divided into artisan quarters. Here coopers, followed potters, blacksmiths and so on.
This defense shaft served and no one cared about him since the beginning of the 14th century. But in spite of this no later conquerors, no natural factor could not erase it from the face of the earth. It is clearly visible today in the 21st century.
Surprisingly different — it seems it was the most tolerant city in the days of the medieval religious wars. Although it created the Bulgars, the first carriers of Islam in Russia.
"We are here not only religious symbols associated with Islam, but also with Orthodoxy, paganism, that is, it is a certain point where the multi-ethnic population lived in peace and harmony", — says Andrey Belavin, director of the Perm branch of the Institute of History and Archaeology UB RAS.
Chronicle Afkulu archaeologists looking for a long time. It was the center of civilization in the wild Parma. This brought the Eastern gold and silver were taken away what had to be hunters and gatherers in Siberia, and their leaders expensive weapons and utensils. It is not clear how the legendary lost Afkula. No trace of the devastation. Those who came in the 16th century Russian city named this rotten place. Scientists are wondering — or it shows the epidemic, or just about Afkuly rickety houses. But archaeologists believe the residents of the city left it in a hurry. Why, remains a mystery.