India makes its strategic submarine fleet

In March 2012, the Organization of defense research and development of India (DRDO) conducted a successful test of the first in the history of the country's sea-based ballistic missile K-15. Launch missiles was made with Underwater platform off the coast of Andhra Pradesh. Also by the end of this year will be finished running tests India's first nuclear submarine 'Arihant', which was adopted data ballistic missiles. By taking on weapons complex that will include a strategic submarine missile and sea-based ballistic missile, India will become the owner of this sea of nuclear components, and will be one of an elite "club" of the holders of SSBNs (nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines).

The need for Indian Navy

At first the new millennium Authority of India has taken a hard line on the transformation of the country into a regional superpower. India intends to enter a number of economic and military minions of the world society, why would she just needed to revise the main trends in the development of its own fleet. In a short time, the country has developed a document entitled The Navy's Maritime Capability Perspective Plan or by transferring to the Russian language, "long-term plan of naval construction." At the current time in India has been in his second edition. The main goal of this ambitious applets provide a modern and powerful Navy in 2022.

Refreshed Navy must contain all modern services and possess the skills and the ability to network-centric with sufficient efficiency to solve all the tasks assigned to them. Namely, to conduct combat actions in armed conflict at least some degree of intensity (from local to global) and to implement the policy of nuclear deterrence through the Indian coastal zone, to participate in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations.

India creates its own strategic submarine fleet
Class SSBNs "Arihant"

India pays increased attention to the protection of the Indian state interests in the oceans. And this desire now looks fully justified. By 2025, the Indian economy will be released on the 4th place in the world (almost all of it is tied specifically to the maritime transport). According to the official disk imaging the vast majority of India's trade (77% in value index and 90% by volume) is a means of shipping. It should be added there's the fact that 97% of oil is produced specifically for India on the shelf or a romp in the country by tanker.

Increased attention is paid to the development of a new fleet means of strategic deterrence. The highest secrecy of nuclear submarines armed with ballistic missiles, suggests that the enemy will not be able to find evidence of their deployment, buildup and possible relocation. Specifically, the submarine with nuclear weapons on board are more efficient means of a retaliatory nuclear strike. Modern submarines armed with ballistic missiles that are more desirable standards for the creation of small arms nuclear forces.

Nuclear submarines in service with the Indian Navy.

First SSBN one hundred percent Indian-built received the title of "Arihant" (translated from the Indian "enemy fighter") was launched on July 26, 2009. At the current time it ends running tests. "Arihant" is the lead boat in a series of Indian nuclear-powered ships. Boats are built at the shipyard shipbuilding center in Visakhapatnam on the shore of Bay of Bengal. At the current time there is information that will be made of all five ships in the series. According to unofficial disk imaging costs for the construction of nuclear-powered brain, coupled with the cost of R & D amounted to 2.9 billion. bucks. At the same time the price of mass-produced vehicles will not exceed 600 million dollars apiece.

India creates its own strategic submarine fleet
Class SSBNs "Arihant"

About the beginning of the creation of its nuclear-powered submarine, the project ATV — Advanced Technology Vessel, India announced in 1985. For the base was taken by Russian-built submarine of Project 670 "Skat", refocused on the introduction of ballistic missiles. Boats of this project have a displacement of about 6,000 tons with a hull of submarines — 110 meters, width — 11 meters. According to various reports the speed of the boat in a submerged position can be from 24 to 30 knots. The stated operating depth is 300 meters. Number of crew nuclear submarine "Arihant" is 95-100 people.

The main armament boat on this step will be the 12 ballistic missile K-15 Sagarika, owning a radius of 700 km in the act, and belonging to the class of intermediate-range missiles. In the upcoming data plan to re-ballistic-missile submarines with new made on the basis of "Agni-3", which will have a much larger radius deeds — up to 3,500 km. Missile silos are placed on a boat specifically for robust logging and arranged vertically. Covers missile silos are not in favor of an add contours. In total there are 4 SLBM launchers for K-15 (for 3 missiles on launchers). Torpedoes boat is six torpedo tubes 533 mm, located in the bow. Armament boats up to 30 torpedoes and missiles, "Club-S".

Besides its own nuclear submarines India has received from the RF boat project 971 "Pike-B" in the lease is 10 years. The transfer of the submarine was implemented in January 2012. The contract sum for the entire rental period is estimated at 900 million dollars. The submarine "Nerpa" India has taken on lease in 2006, but the November 8, 2008 during the industrial tests in the Sea of Japan on the boat there was a fire that killed 20 people, another 21 navigator poisoned Freon, which was used in the submarine's fire-extinguishing system . This submarine after repair in December 2009 was incorporated into the Russian Navy. This ship belongs to the submarines third generation to systematize NATO bears the title "Shark 2". Boat was laid down at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur in 1991, but its completion was made possible only after India provided financial assistance to the Russian Federation. As a part of the Indian Navy boat won the title of "Chakra".

India creates its own strategic submarine fleet
Nuclear submarine of project 971 "Pike-B"

Submerged displacement boat is 12 770 tons, maximum length — 114.3 m, width — 13.6 meters. Operating depth — 520 meters, cruising 100 days. Submerged speed — 32 knots. Crew — 73 people out of 31 officer. Price boats as of 2007 year estimated at 785 million dollars.

Missiles "Arihant"

At present, the main instrument of boats "Arihant" is made of spices DRDO missile system with a K-15 SLBM, which can be equipped regardless of the problems as ordinary warheads and nuclear (with a capacity of up to 200 kilotons). This rocket, which is
called as Indian sources Sagarika (in Hindi — "Ocean"), developed with extensive use of developments that have been obtained in the framework of the programs of the KR "BrahMos" and BR "Prithvi". Flight tests missiles K-15 began in 2004 (the first run was made on January 23), according to Indian sources, this missile is not a time to start up and underwater shield, missile launches were recognized successful.
SLBM K-15 is a two-stage, solid-fuel missile. Its length in a special transport and launch container (TLC) is about 10 meters, the greatest diameter of the body 0.74 meters. Launch mass of 7 to 10 tons, the range start — 700-750 km. Throw-missile mass is estimated to 500-1000 kg. In some Indian sources there is information that the creators of the rocket are working to improve its range of up to and more than 1,300 km.

Also, in some sources mention that the DRDO-based ballistic missile "Agni III» under the "black programs" (ie, financed by the private budget papers), Indian sources which bears the title "The program missiles family" K " is developing the newest SLBM K-4 (with a range of 3500 — 5000 km and throws weighing more than 1,000 kg). It is understood that on submarines such as "Arihant" can be placed up to 4 of these missiles. The main purpose of these missiles will no longer India's age-old enemy Pakistan, as in the case of the K-15 missiles, and China. Appear in the Indian press and reports on the work of the SLBM K-5 — intercontinental-range missile. Either way, even at the moment India is one foot entered into an elite "club" of the holders of subs and there is no reason to hesitate is that by 2022 it will become a full member.

Sources used:
www.vpk-news.ru/articles/8901
www.seafarersjournal.com / sminews / indiya-arendovala-u-rossii-apl-nerpa.html
www.arms-expo.ru/053049049048124050052049057048.html

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