The fight for the phasing out of military purchases abroad began in India in the spring of 2010. In May last year, Dr Vijay Kumar Saraswat, Scientific Advisor to Defence Minister of India and the control of the defense research and development (DRDO), is responsible for most of the country's military projects, asked the military to "not get involved in the import-art systems." According to him, that the Indian military industry was able to produce competitive products, orders have to be more active specifically in India.
DRDO, Saraswat said, just not in a position to ensure the development of "critical defense technologies" alone — for the creation of project management or any other type of technology or weapons needed investment. "The military must realize that like it or grow stronger intention to import modern systems, they must also participate in the economic and industrial development of our country" — Saraswat said, adding that no foreign military products can not be located in such a makarom to meet the long-term India's defense needs.
Shortly before presentation of the scientific adviser to the Minister of Defence of India some high-ranking military criticized the DRDO for failing to produce modern weapons and equipment that are not only not inferior to foreign swatches, and would be issued at the applicable time frames. The main targets of criticism were the projects of development of main battle tank Arjun, which has been spent 36 years, and the creation of a fighter Tejas, whose first program from 2010 was extended to 35 years.
With all of this to Arjun Indian military than once been accused quality performance, refusing to take the tank into service in 10 years. During the test, the tank is often a problem is detected it in the box, the night vision system, the air-conditioning. Initially, the Army of India Arjun tanks were planning to change all of the T-55 and T-72 Russian production, but later reduced the amount of the order to 2-thousand units, and then — up to 124 units.
With Arjun in India generally incomprehensible story came out, indicating a faster volitional decision of the Ministry of Defence of India did not give the project a stall. In March, the Indian army conducted comparative tests of T-90 Russian assembly and Arjun. Official test score has not been made public, but soon after the end of the test the Indian press was full of reports with links to the military, which claimed that Arjun has eclipsed the T-90 in all respects.
United States began preparations for an attack helicopter victory Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbow Block III in the Indian tender for the supply of 22 combat vehicles. Office of Military Cooperation of the Ministry of Defense has already sent a notice to Congress on the likely supply India 22 helicopters Apache Longbow. It was made in order to approve the deal has been received in advance on the United States will be able to expeditiously conclude with the Indian Ministry of Defence contract for the supply of machines. The total amount of the likely deal with India is estimated at 1.4 billion dollars. At the end of the tender with the AH-64D came out and Russian Mi-28N "Night Hunter".
The whole truth concerning concluded tests if they become known, not very soon. Meanwhile, in the middle of May 2010, the Indian Army placed the order for another 124 Arjun, but a little earlier announced that the T-90 will be the base tank fleet of the country. By some estimates, the Indian military wants to increase the number of T-90 to 2-thousand units.
A similar situation exists around the light fighter Tejas, the development of which began in 1983. First production aircraft the Indian Air Force have only recently — January 10, 2011. With all of this machine is not yet formally entered service — the military wants to conduct tests on fighter combat use. These criteria are not surprisingly, that India prefers to purchase equipment abroad. In 2011, the results should be announced tenders for the supply of 126 medium multi-role fighter aircraft of foreign manufacture, and 22 attack helicopters.
In Russia is modernizing the aircraft carrier "Admiral Gorshkov" for the Indian Navy. The Ministry of Defence of India also spends a lot of tenders for the supply of submarines, drones, transport helicopters and seaplanes. All competitions are participating foreign companies, including those from Russia. India, by the way, generally prefers to take military equipment from Russia: fighters, submarines, frigates … The list goes on.
There is, however, a number of India's own development, which has long been under way. And they are held for the most part because of this kind of equipment purchased abroad is quite difficult, if not maybe. It is a question of ballistic missiles Agni and Prithvi, the interceptor missile AAD, strategic nuclear submarines of class "Arihant" languid and new aircraft carrier class "Vikrant". With all of this the Ministry of Defence of India is still considering buying the U.S. fighter Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II for the Navy and Israel — missile defense systems "Sling of David" (David's Sling) and "metal dome" (Iron Dome) for the Air Force.
Brand new procurement strategy
Against this background, a new document, promulgated January 17, 2011, but came into force on January 1, still, it looks right and revolutionary, and very surprising. Revolutionary strategy of the defense industry is just in an effort to reduce the share of Department of Defense military imports from the current 75 to 25 percent. The strangeness of the same new rules is that they will wear little clear idea of the subsequent military procurement, taking into account that the Indian industry is not ready for an avalanche of military orders, and India itself has managed to agree with the number of foreign suppliers that military imports would be simply impossible to stop even the very few 10 years.
The main provisions of the strategy of defense production is a priority placement of orders in the defense industry in India. The procedure will be such — a special commission of the Ministry of Defence will evaluate the possibility of the industry to create products that or other military mission in a timely manner. If the evaluation result is positive, then the order will be placed on Indian enterprises. If negative — India will come out with a tender for the world market.
Indian model class aircraft carrier "Vikrant". Photo from the website bharat-rakshak.com
Interestingly, the assessment of production time will be carried out on the basis of average timing of the release of similar products foreign firms. For example, if the production of Project 11356 frigates (three such ships are being built for the Indian Navy in Russia) takes three years, the same term for the creation of similar ships will be set for the Indian shipyards. For the purchase of arms and military equipment will be carried out tenders, public will be able to accept the role of personal and Indian companies, and not just municipal, as before.
The strategy of defense production permits imports different components, if they are necessary for the defense industry, but create them on the ground in India no longer economically viable or inappropriate. In this case, the rules stipulate that all the imported components should be installed by Indian companies in the areas of the country. In the case of imports of various products in India will have to obtain and production technology.
In the released document also states that the Ministry of Defence of India are often held meetings on purchases from state-owned companies. Special Commission will conduct regular checks, and in general the military will have to actively engage cardboard work. And as it looks right, but it is unclear to what specific deadlines set by all tasks scheduled to embody. The document is not slander, whether reduced dependence on imports of the armed forces for 10 years or for 20. In other words, the new rules, in practice, seems to be designed for the future.
It is interesting that 2011 could be a record for India in terms of military imports. According to the Center for Analysis of World Trade instrument, in 2010, India imported weapons and military equipment to 3.756 billion dollars. According to this indicator, the country ranked third after the United Arab Emirates (6.71 billion dollars), and Taiwan (4.131 billion dollars). With all this the final decisions about buying military hardware the government of India has postponed for 2011.
In 2007, India has entered into agreements with foreign producers for the purchase of weapons in the amount of 4.783 billion dollars, in 2008 — to 4.256 billion in 2009 — to 6.933 billion dollars. With all of this the volume of imports in 2007-2010 amounted to 19.729 billion dollars. No longer just in the UAE — 21508000000 bucks. With all of this in India in 2011, wants to buy six American transport C-17 Globemaster III, vpribavok to the already booked in 2010, 10 such planes. There is also a decision to purchase 126 medium fighters for nearly 12 billion dollars.
In addition, the Ministry of Defence of India wants to order an additional batch of 42 Su-30MKI fighters, the creation of which will be carried out under license from the terrain of the country by Hindustan Aeronautics. In autumn 2010, the Government of India has allocated 2.2 billion dollars for the purchase of 4 U.S. patrol aircraft P-8I Poseidon vpribavok to the already acquired eight. First, 2011 will be declared and a favorite of the tender for the supply of 75 training aircraft.
Project 11356 frigate
However, India still must pay tribute — leading the active purchase of arms and military equipment abroad, the country every time and try to agree on the transfer of technology. If such an agreement can not be reached, ministry Indian defense contract on the condition that most of the purchased equipment will be collected on Indian companies under license. So makarom provided jobs and support companies and the economy of the country.
In January 2011, India began to create a center design of ships for the Navy, which will last 18 months. The fact that such a center will be created, in December 2010, the Minister of Defence of India Arakaparambil Kurian Antony. The new center will design new ships in accordance with the requirements of the Indian Navy. This agency will also be responsible for both the production of the first prototype vessels for testing, after which the passage of the impending creation of the ships will be transferred to one of the Indian shipbuilding companies.
Project funding the creation of the center was set at 6 billion rupees (133 million dollars). Role in the project, other than the Government of India and the Ministry of Defense, take shipyards Mazagon Docks and Goa Shipyard, and the Ministry of Industry of Kerala, where he is the creation of institutions. With a brand new center will be created a school for retraining for work in the design of ships.
According to Anthony, thanks to newcomer center of the Indian Navy will be able to almost completely abandon the import of ships for their own future purchases. These development centers will be done for other branches of the armed forces of India. So far, only one thing is clear: a country that depends on zabugornyh military supplies abruptly abandon the import will be virtually impossible, but with the unveiling of the latest strategy first step is still made.