The structure of the family, named in honor of the Hindu god of fire, for the moment comes four missiles that can be distinguished by the numbers in the index. All missile "Agni" have different range and, as a consequence, different purposes. Thus, the "Agni-1" is a short-range missiles, and can fly only at 500-700 km. "Agni-2" and "Agni-3" belongs to the class of intermediate-range ballistic missiles, and "Angie-5" tightly closer to the sacred barrier separating large and intercontinental range acts. Similarly, missiles are different sizes, a launch weight, the weight of the warhead, etc.
Most freshest announcements about rockets "Agni" are connected with the training launch, held on August 8. The launch pad test site on the peninsula Wheeler (Bay of Bengal) was launched missile "Agni-2". It is said to have gained its own conditional successfully target and hit it. Range Launch exceeded the estimated two thousand kilometers. According to reports, the greatest distance at which it is able to proparhat rocket, equivalent to two and a half miles tyscham. Ballistic rocket "Agni-2" was put into service in 2002 and is the main medium-range missile in the Indian armed forces. In developing the "Agni-2" was taken into account the experience gained in the development of short-range missile "Agni-1". Moreover, the first stage of the rocket with the two in the title is actually one hundred percent similar to "Agni-1". Both of these missiles have the appropriate feature: they are transported and launched from launchers on car chassis. In addition, for the "Agni-2" was developed a set of tools that allows you to transport and use a missile with a suitable way to finish railway platforms. Thanks to the mobility and range missile "Agni-2" can hit targets at the least sensitive areas thirds of Asia.
Follow rocket family — "Agni-3" — was put into service in the past 2011. She also belongs to the class of intermediate-range ballistic missiles, but has a larger radius of acts than the "Agni-2". The required load weighing one ton can be delivered over a distance of 3500 km. The greatest weight of the warhead is seeking 1,800 kilograms. This capacity can be equipped with "Agni-3 'as a conventional and nuclear warheads. The maximum power of the warhead is estimated at 250-300 kilotons. Starting weight of the rocket, reaching almost 50 tons, it is not lawful to do on the car launcher chassis. For this reason, "Agni-3 'only run with a train or from the mine complex. So Makar, the third rocket family retains mobility of their own predecessors, immediately improving the performance of this range and throw weight. With a range of 3,500 km run under attack from the territory of India will be possible, for example, large administrative centers of China, including Beijing. As for davneshnego foe India — Pakistan — that "Agni-2" and "Agni-3" overlap its area with a vengeance. To reliably objects Pakistani Indian missile men can not even come near to the border.
The logical continuation of a series of Indian ballistic missiles (at least, in terms of name) was to be the "Agni-4." But there were no proven data concerning the existence of such missiles there. Instead it has become clear about the missile "Agni-5", which has a much greater range. Even before the trial, "Agni-3 'and making it to the Indian armed organization of defense research and development (DRDO) has announced its readiness to begin flight tests of the newest missile. Initially, they were scheduled for the spring of 2011, but later transferred to them a couple of times. In the end date of the first launch was scheduled April 18, 2012, and are not left without problems. On this day, at the site was bad weather, which is why "Agni-5" flew only on the 19th.
We have to admit that the constant postponement of the still gave up their own — all the technical issues have been resolved and the rocket successfully delivered a training warhead to the target area. Pyatidesyatitonnaya three-stage missile covered a distance greater than 5 thousand kilometers. With all this DRDO officials say that the greatest range missile "Agni-5" is 5500 km. The limit is 5 and a half thousand kilometers of the border is, upon which a ballistic rocket becomes intercontinental. A good first start newest rocket has permitted Indian engineers and military brag plans. For example, in 2014-15, the brand new missile will be put into service and will go in the series. In addition, the recent Indian designers will develop a shared-warhead with blocks of personal guidance. This will significantly increase the required load the combat potential of each missile individually and the armed forces as a whole.
Soon after the announcement of the first flight of the rocket "Agni-5" began to spread rumors of a brand new project, the Indian rocket scientists. Fabulous programm "Agni-6" involves the creation of a ballistic missile with a range of about 10 thousand kilometers and reentry warhead. But on this project so far there is no official data, in addition to work on the newest ballistic missile still going. Would be entirely possible that the "Agni-6" will have a small range and will replace the very first rocket family.
Regardless of the features of a promising missiles, already at this point you can make the appropriate conclusions. In recent years, India has become naikrupneyshim importer of weapons and military equipment. It says about the attention given to their armed forces. Immediately procurement New Delhi conducts several joint projects with zabugornom countries (including the Russian), is also engaged in independent development of a number of particularly fundamental systems. These include ballistic missiles, anti-missile systems, and nuclear weapons. Everything points to the fact that India wants to be a favorite of your own region in the military-political nuance. Of course, in so doing, it will have to compete with China. In the process of this "competition", according to reports, in 2020 India will stage ends with the creation of their own nuclear forces. In the "triad" will include several regiments with a large ballistic missiles and intercontinental range, 4-5 submarines armed with strategic missiles and fighter-bombers, with the possibility of incurring of conventional and nuclear munitions.
By the time the Indian nuclear triad apprehend own final look, maybe there will be put into service until the fabulous missile "Agni-6" with a range of more than 10 thousand kilometers. This delivery system can significantly change the balance of power in the Asian region and to bring India into the number of favorite war countries, of course, subject to the present and all-round development of the armed forces. It is entirely possible, and even expected, that some countries in the region, first in Pakistan, will be open to show their discontent. But the leading countries of the wo
rld are unlikely to begin to incriminate India in evil intent, as is done with Iran and North Korea. Maybe not all know about the plans of Indian control, or simply do not have the amount of disk imaging tribute to draw conclusions and official statements. Perhaps, India does not produce unpredictable memories "unreliable regime." Either way, no one bothers Indians lead their own projects and to build ballistic missiles of various ranges, and to strengthen its armed forces.
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