Region Indian Ocean considered one of the more fundamental areas of the United States of America, namely, for its naval forces. This is due, first, to the constant build-up of the struggle for spheres of political and economic influence, the sources of raw materials. Now the area is building up naval force in the criteria of strengthening political differences of appearance and energy problems. Military build-up is a necessary condition for solving certain geopolitical problems associated with the interests of the United States in the Indian Ocean.
The role of the Indian Ocean in the world is determined primarily by its geographical and military-political situation, and economic and political features. The region covers all the Muslim countries. On the shores of the Indian Ocean placed 34 countries with a total population of 1.2 billion people. Despite the fact that most of them at the present time have become politically are independent, for the most part characterized by their political backwardness and high dependence on foreign finansovlozheny. In addition, it is worth noting also the fact that in this area there are also those "explosive" countries such as Yemen, Somalia, Pakistan and Iran, which are placed in a specific proximity to the main trade routes and which are the central core of international terrorism, drug trafficking and piracy.
In the Indian Ocean region are critical Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, on the shores of which are two very unstable countries: Pakistan and Burma. Thus, in the case of the collapse of state and regime change in Pakistan or intensified competition in China and India for energy resources in Burma inevitable configuration throughout the region. As can be seen, the Indian Ocean — a combination of constructive prepyadstviya Islam with statist aspirations 2-important countries in the Asian region. And the fact that India and China are the main attention is given to their capacity of naval power, directly shows that the land both of these countries feel completely confident. It is clear that between the naval forces of these countries encounter friction and disagreement, because the U.S. Navy assigned the role of peacemaker in a typical likelihood of conflict.
In the Indian Ocean, the Yankees attracts tremendous availability of sources of raw materials, namely, oil fields in the Middle East. In addition, this region accounts for about 70 percent tin, 20 percent copper, 45 percent chromium, 70 percent of gold, 30 per cent of manganese ore, and about 85 percent of world production of natural rubber. There are also significant supplies of iron ore, uranium, coal, platinum, diamonds, bauxite and antimony.
In the middle of the total volume of goods that are transported through Indian Ocean, about 80 per cent is oil. Its transportation is engaged in three-quarters of all tankers that are sent to the United States of America, the Far East and Western Europe. Besides the fact that the Indian Ocean is producing over 200 million tons of oil, immediately undergo fundamental oil paths that link Europe and America to Southeast Asia and East Africa. So Makarov, it is clear that the Indian Ocean plays a very significant role in the world economy.
At present, the Indian Ocean and is the main energy trading method, and in the future will only increase its value. According to projections, the demand for energoelementah in the world in the coming decades will grow virtually on one second.
As mentioned above, the active policy with regard to the impact of the Indian Ocean region, not including the United States, is also carried out in India, and China.
Need to see that there is much that India successfully develops commercial matters with the states of the Arab world, in addition to that it intensively increases its naval forces. Even at the present time it is one of the larger naval nations in the world, having the presence of 155 warships. In the period of 3 years following the Indian government is also planning to make up arsenals by 3 nuclear submarines, and the same number of aircraft carriers.
The consistent expansion of India is faced with the impact of China's interests in the region. China has already adopted a brand new maritime strategy, which won the title translated from Chinese as the "string of pearls". According to her plans to build a network of ports in friendly countries, fueling Fri, container depots, construction of pipelines and sea routes in order to get unlimited access to marine sites and energoelementam.
Of course, that similar activities do not really like the Indian government. A constant clash of political and economic interests will only lead to more competition. Because the naval forces of the United States, according to the approved policy of the United States, to be solved in the area Indian Ocean several global problems: the problem of the Great Near East, strengthening the military presence of China and India, also struggle to maintain control over the southern belt of the former Soviet Union.
More legkorazreshimoy The problem can be considered as the confrontation of India and China as well as India — it is a friendly country and an ally against the U.S., and China — not the opponent and the opponent in the geo-political and economic sphere. So Makar, the main task of U.S. naval forces would be to use the military power of India to contain China. Coupled with the fact very fundamentally to try to engage the Chinese navy in the world alliances as well as liaise between Beijing and Washington is a very important factor for the stabilization of the situation in world politics. Moreover, it is worth noting the fact that Indian ocean — Is not only a way of transportation energoelementov, and route of drug trafficking, as well as it should, will inevitably be a need for police operations. To solve this problem will need to work closely Navy 3 countries — the U.S., India and China — for the creation of marine patrols.
All of these reasons contribute to the fact that America has begun to build up its own military presence in the Indian Ocean. To solve these problems was created 5th Fleet U.S. Navy, which is composed of combat ships of the Pacific and Atlantic fleets. Area of Responsibility 5th Fleet — the north-western region of the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf and the reddish sea.
Indian ocean is the responsibility of the Pacific Fleet, in which there are now 175 warships and auxiliary vessels, as of 1600 aircraft and helicopters. In addition, there is in service with the Navy and 36 SSBNs, each of which is armed with missile launchers "Trident-2" in the quantity of 24 units. The total number of personnel is about 270 thousand people.
The United States is constantly strengthen its military presence in the Indian Ocean, namely in the Persian Gulf in an attempt to keep control of Makar Iran. Now the region is a multi-purpose aircraft carrier group, headed by a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier "Carl Vinson". The group also found cruiser and a destroyer squadron, kitted out with cruise missiles "Tomahawk" (their range achieves 1.6 thousand km).
Moreover, in the Persian Gulf and is guided missile destroyer, which is engaged in the process of conducting operations against the pirates, and the amphibious assault ship with the Marines. In the northern part of the Arabian Sea is a battle group led by the aircraft carrier &qu
ot;Abraham Lincoln", guided missile cruiser and a destroyer in the rocket. This group charged with providing assistance to NATO troops in Afghanistan.
There are also the two amphibious ships, one of which — the helicopter. In the northern part of the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean are 3 nuclear submarines, one of which is armed with 154 missiles "Tomahawk".
In addition, according to the statement of Admiral Jonathan Grinerta planned to gain the 5th Fleet by 4 helicopters CH-53 Sea Stallion and 4 mine trawlers. In the Persian Gulf will also be targeted patrol speed boats, gear Mk 38 machine guns, with which you can very well repel small enemy ships. It is also understood that the same languid guns can be installed on large ships, including the aircraft carriers.
So Makar, the Indian Ocean, according to the views of military and political control of the United States, is a fundamental strategic area which to use for a specific military objectives. Recently, the problem of the greatest Yankees is Iran, but it is possible that they choose, and even a potential enemy …
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