— design and architecture;
— weapons and its versatility;
— propulsion and power plant;
— security solutions;
We continue to consider the direction of development and introduction of new technologies and innovations, it will:
— crew size, comfort habitats are automated ship;
— Modular solutions and maintainability;
— create universal ships;
Crew, comfort habitats are automated ship
Covered areas tightly woven together. Number of crew previously depended directly from the struggle for survival of the ship. But with the introduction of various systems to ensure survivability of the ship, the crew begin to uniformly reduce to a low level. Innovative solution is the introduction of different options for stand-alone and stationary bots. Work on the creation of bots in this area began in the 80s. The major developers — the Soviet Union, Japan and the United States. The first successful developments in this area began only in our time. Innovative decision in the automation of the ship — the transition to distributed control systems, using fiber-optic bandwidth. In 1-x, it downgraded the total weight of all the lines in-2, much to increment the overall survivability due to duplication of control systems. In the direction of increasing the comfort of the habitat Innovative solution is the introduction of self-contained residential units and small capacity units overpriced room. It should be added as a solution introduction portioned rations long storage or simply — on-board lunch.
Modular solutions and maintainability
The use of various new technologies and innovator of solutions in these areas has already started quite a long time. But in the near future because of the constant rivalry on the naval market, they have found the latest valid and relevant. In the construction of submarines modularity realized in the 50s. The development has been used in the construction of the U.S. SSBN SSBN-598 "George Washington". In its construction were used as much as several compartments of the submarine SSN-585. Such a development is used today in the construction of modular compartments VNEU. In the construction of surface ships modular solutions were used for the first time the German company «Blohm und Voss AG». This decision is understandable as «Mehrzweek Kombinationschiff» — a combined multi-purpose vehicle. The development provides for ship-platform and installation of all ship systems and weapons in the form of «Funk-Uonseinheitensystem fur Wallen-Feuerkit und Ortungsanlagen» — multifunction modules. Installation of the modules takes place in spetsyacheyki on the ship platform. This will provide a spirited substitution of obsolete tools and systems with new solutions. At this time, multifunctional modules for various software created more than fifty species. The very multi-function module is not done in advance, the company-developer stores only technical documentation on the modules. This makes it possible to design a ship under the requirements of the customer. An example of this technology — the Danish multi-purpose CAD «STANDARD FLEX-300."
Now the development has received the second breath, an innovative solution — multi-function modules can be quickly changed to the other, based on the spot. That will allow the ship to function on the fly. Innovations in the direction of maintainability — providing naval equipment warranty period of its operation, which is equal to the term of service of the ship. You can add this solution as a special ship equipment hatches. They can be removed through a variety of equipment failures which have to send for repair to the manufacturer or repair on their own. The first time such a solution used in the development of Russian Project 61. In the extensive use of this technique does not matter.
Universal ships — "integrators"
Development of multi-purpose vehicle with the union of the functions of combat systems of different classes of probable and using of early technology. An example of the use of old times making — a Canadian patrol ship sea mine «Kingston». This combination lasts to this day. Italian ship AVL «Cavour» C-550 project is the UDC, which can be positioned vertical take-off aircraft. But with the coming of ship design officially reincarnated as a light aircraft carrier. From an old project from the ship remained solutions, which provided the possibility of taking on board the Marine units in an amount up to 325 people, making light aircraft carrier to the same landing ship. Hangar deck can arrange not only the aircraft, and armored vehicles. Spanish UDC L-61 project, by contrast, was a generalist AVL-UDC. Design capacity indicate the possibility of dual-use. On this day, the Spaniards built two such ships for the Royal Australian Navy.
Of the other classes for the first time joined in the functions of the patrol boat — Danish troop transport ship «Absalon». The emergence of such ships needed to ensure peace concept. The ship successfully used against Somali pirates. The development of this solution — the creation of the Danish frigate — amphibious transport «Iver Huitfeldt». The Germans did not lag behind the Danes and in 2011 started building «Baden-Wurttemberg». The main difference — no weapons PLO.
Most Innovative ship at the moment is the South American destroyer «Zumwalt DDG-1000." The very title of the applets on which he built in 2007, "surface combatants 21st century," says it all.
The main tasks of the ship incredibly much:
— fire support for amphibious operations;
— conducting combat operations in the battle groups;
— the application of rocket and artillery attacks on ground targets;
— support for ground forces, which are 300 kilometers away from the ship;
— drawing far, up to 2.5 thousand kilometers, strikes with precision missiles;
— providing zonal defense and air defense.
New solutions used in the project of ship:
— introduction of the means of detection, which operate in passive mode;
— the use of all types of missiles with active seeker;
— hull form of "cutting through the waves";
— performance of the housing to the EPA;
— Add-ins with the implementation RPKM;
— airborne missile below deck installation;
— search means mine facilities on the course;
— small crew through the use of automation;
— unified electronic PP & Movers — WRC with the SEM;
— docking camera fodder for boats;
— double board (CGN screen) and dopbronya on the principal compartments;
Keep up with the Yankees and Europeans. The company DCNS offered to do frigate «Advancia». It is proposed that the ship weapon systems based on ONFP — "new physical principles."
Presumably frigate will have a displacement of 4.5 thousand tons, a length of the housing constructed of RPKM — 120 meters.
Other Innovative solutions ship:
— hull form of "cutting through the waves";
— introduction of UAVs;
— weapons: Laser and electrical installations;
— universal, vertical type PU;
— unified electronic EI;
— the use of the ECG with ER or TPE with the highest efficiency;
— the introduction of the effect of superconductivity.
The possibility of the creation of the euro innovator of the project will ship from the company DCNS here and there in 15 years.
Apart from this, the company DCNS in the past year has shown Innovative concept — the ship SMX-25. An innovative solution — the union of parameters submarines and surface ships.
The idea of creation-submarine boat has been offered Russian designers in the 60s. An example of implementation of the idea — Iranian boat submarine-type KAJAMI.
The main advantage of the project SMX-25 — frisky arrival of the ship at a given point and functional missile attacks from underwater position. Ship the project has high automation, which makes it possible to reduce the crew of up to 27 people. But due to the fact that at this time it is only the projects and concepts, and the start of the term is not small, you need about 15 years to start construction, most likely, these projects are to lose their novelty and will be forgotten.