The main areas of implementation of innovations and technologies in the ship's solutions discussed in the first part:
— design and architecture;
— weapons and its versatility;
— propulsion and power plant;
— protective solutions.
Design and Architecture
The main innovation in this area — a form of enclosure surface ships and submarines.
For submarines — the creation of a flooded compartment weapons. Follow the development of this innovation can be in a submarine of the United States SSN-23, which entered service with the Navy in 2005.
For surface ships — an architecture hull and superstructure technology "Stealth" by reducing the surface scattering and increase navigability, which brought a housing component to the next level of high quality.
For ships built in the last century, the modernization of the introduction of technology "Stealth" in the hull, superstructure, armament elements in each of these pieces gave an average reduction of EPR in a couple of times. At the moment, the main direction in this area — a change, that is, the substitution of the secondary dispersion diagrams, with forms of "ellipse" in the form of a "cross", which led to a rectangular shape of ship hulls and superstructures. The current building protection requirements for the design of ships — a small silhouette of the body, add a rectangular shape, the elimination of compounds 2-3 sided angles, the introduction of technology, "Dam superstructure" and "the collapse of the board," the general introduction of radio-radar-absorbing materials and coatings. Apart from this, the instrument is in the vertical launchers, used phased array antennas and installation of the mast inside the buildings, the introduction of weapons from malootrazhayuschimi forms, the elimination of all protrusions from the sides and superstructures.
Seaworthiness also maintains a significant but moderate role in the architecture of the body. With the modernization of the ships built in the last century seaworthiness was achieved in the main-board increase in the height of the ship, and to reduce the ratio of length to width. Seaworthiness of the increase, but the speed of the ship is lost. Because solutions to these problems taken another decision. Use shape of the body — "cutting through the waves." The ratio of length to width for all this to be more than 9 units. Another crucial decision — gas outlet pipe with usual place gone to stern of the ship. Plus, this solution still more than minuses, so careful not dwell. Many attempts are to enter into shipbuilding multihull architecture. In particular, zealously such samples taken in the 80's and 90's. Tests have shown that the vast advantages in performing a multiple-ships do not. Travel speed of similar ships in 45 knots and side stability could not outweigh the drawbacks — a little persistence, because at least some penetration into the body leads to the loss of speed and great slopes. But as the patrol boat multihull architecture, it has the right to life.
Armament and his versatility
First time Innovative solutions in the field of arms ships were clearly perceptible in the 80s.
MFKS — functional all-encompassing systems and solutions for control of the ship and its weapons, are the basis of weapons systems. Base MFKS — integration ASBU, CICS, MSA, detection and information exchange. Example — CCS Mk.1. for class SSBNs «Ohio».
On submarines began to create a gateway camera, which can act through special operations troops. The number of groups of about 10 people who are in spetspomeschenii. The room is located in a place where ammunition is stored either in the torpedo compartment to run torpedo. On the deck of submarine rescue ship can be taken underwater vehicles, different containers and midget submarines. Powered by the example of a multi-purpose submarines «Virginia» SSN-774.
There is a new generation of tools — mental autonomous systems and complexes.
It is implemented in the subsequent armed with:
— ballistic missiles, such as the Russian SLBM "Mace";
— homing torpedoes, such as Russian UGST;
— sea-launched cruise missiles;
— anti-ship missiles with active homing;
— anti-aircraft missiles with IKGSN and active homing;
It is expected to adopt guided missiles and artillery range acts to 185 km and equipped with GNSS receivers GPS. The implementation of vertical launchers, for example "Dagger" and "Fort" and universal vertical launchers in the United States, such as UVLM Mk.41, gave rise to a small-sized accommodation weapons on ships and provided a good rate of fire. At this time, virtually all the combat ships are built with the introduction of various modifications UVLM.
Follow brand new development — introduction UAVs to conduct surface and underwater exploration, destruction of mines and other objects. Aerial, surface and underwater BPA may be single or multiple use depending on the task.
The cannon of the future
Innovative solutions make out instruments based on the use of new physical principles:
— complexes beam guns, developments take place, but the problems are related to large power tools;
— propellant gun — electrodynamic accelerator mass. More aware of other names-rail-gun or a kinetic weapon. The gun is also energy intensive, but works successfully carried out in the United States. One of the most successful projects in this field — the electric catapult for aircraft carriers. Expected to set such catapult on an aircraft carrier CVN-78 «Gerald R Ford».
d power installation
Innovation for submarines with nuclear reactors — natural circulation of the coolant at low noise during, and increasing resource nuclear reactor to resource submarine.
Non-nuclear submarine technology provides air independent power plants that the increment in store stroke by 5 times. Long-term development VNEU — introduction of silicate reactors. Our homeland conducting pilot plant experiments. By silicate reactor power of the nuclear reactor will be less than half, and reclaims biological protection. Other subs in the main use low-noise propeller with fixed pitch. Innovative decision — The introduction of an engine pump-type, allowing you to make better low-noise acoustic submarine. At the surface ships are also taken Innovative solutions in the field of power plant. For small ships configuration are unimportant character. On the big warships innovative solution — the creation of a single electronic ET. This has allowed us to implement a complete electric propulsion. Although any source can be used both on traffic and other power consumers. Implementation EEEU will allow to reduce by 40 percent fuel consumption, compared with ordinary power plant that increment the range of the ship. Specifically the way the transition to EEEU will enable the installation tool on the new physical principle. The emergence of massive — up to 50 MW, and compact EEEU expected in 2015. An example of the use of power thrusters — British destroyer project 45.
Subsequent innovative solution — the use of a rudder propellers placed in their motors. Case Study — UDC French "Mistral". Another solution — Equipment huge warships water-jet engines. Example of use — German MEKO A-200SAN.
On this day protection technologies submarines and surface ships strongly enough. The special structural protection as the concept is virtually absent. Protection solutions for submarines are considered as measures to improve stealth. For surface ships protection solutions are considered as measures of structural protection as everyday tools and implements of mass destruction. New technologies for surface ships in the area do not actually have been some trials to use technologies that have already tried to apply. NBC protection as Innovative system was used except on the same ship — the destroyer Zumwalt DDG-1000. Protection is designed as a closed-ventilation, eliminating the loss of personnel toxic substances act.