Iran and the United States. Antiaircraft nuances of a hypothetical war

The situation in Iran every day or all looks the least optimistic. All often claimed to be war. If this proves to be true, it is at the moment you can read about the small chances of winning Tehran. Yet, in any case he will fight and not give up without a fight. In recent years, Iran has rapidly increased its military power and makes new standards weapons. It is unlikely that they will be able to secure victory in the conflict with superpowers such as the U.S., but some problems may be even greater, the enemy will not escape.

Hardly from the U.S. military not expect any unique ways of war. With nearly one hundred percent probability of an attack on Iran will start with air strikes. Not the least role it will play in all these events. It's already pretty spent the conduct of the war, and it is unlikely the Pentagon will compose something new. We can not say that this strategy is unsuccessful or ineffective. At the time, specifically aviation has provided a quantitative and high-quality advantage in the recent war in Iraq. With all this emphasis on air strikes instead of ground has permitted to significantly reduce the loss of both sides: Iraq has lost about 20 thousand soldiers and officers killed and more than 70 thousand more were captured. The losses in technology were also very tangible — more than three and a half thousand tanks and about 2.5 million units of other armored vehicles.

Once I started talking about the war in Iraq, it should be noted that thrashed the Americans not only military targets. Significantly damaged infrastructure. Because of the defeat of 126 bridges and many routes messages were actually one hundred percent paralyzed transportation by rail. Shots on electric stations and other elements of the energy infrastructure have reduced production of electricity by more than eight times. In the end, the Iraqi army, not to mention the civilian population because of the actions of enemy aircraft was left with little or no regard: most of wire communications sought to repair severe. In addition, the experience of the introduction of modern aircraft and weapons showed that the "typical" attack on targets in a certain area can damage the rally 15-20% of the equipment and personnel of the enemy. If the connection is the enemy is "locked" in a certain area, for example, between the bridges destroyed, the systematic and ongoing work of aviation can kick and 80, and 90 percent of the enemy forces.

Iraq can be considered entirely appropriate example of attempts to forecast the course of the war in Iran: the geographic and climatic conditions in some of these states as identical. According to most of the areas Iran more or less normal movement, and even more transfer huge numbers of troops can only be on the road — highway or steel. Accordingly, these communications are of particular enthusiasm for the attacking side. Railway communication, as well as the highway will be subject mined from the air. The system GATOR, which includes anti-tank and anti-personnel mines, is used for more than 20 years, but during that time its combat effectiveness almost fell. In addition, for the scrapping of the railway communication — ways, bridges and stations — with the respective circumstances, you can use ordinary svobodnopadayuschie bombs, not even kitted sets of JDAM. It is clear that with such a weapon to break through to the big node will be hard, but for every kilometer tract SAM complex will not put. As for the auto road, they just profitable to mine: a bomb crater just fall asleep or just drive around, and from the mine site are not easy to get off.

Immediately to the blocking of communications in the United States Air Force will be engaged in a hypothetical conventional war and has already become a classic work on search and destroy ground targets principle. Naturally, they will be protected by air defenses, but one of the near-term trends in the development of the U.S. Air Force is the development and application of instruments managed, having a sufficient range of acts. So Makar, the pilot can let a missile at the hostile acts of short-range air defense missile systems, without going into his kill zone. For the destruction of a long-range anti-aircraft systems in handy full range of guided weapons and electronic warfare.

Overall, the prospects for the Iranian army are not the greatest: South American pilots can fight a war, and have a decent experience in this case. So the emphasis in preparation for possible war on Tehran is making defense systems. In this area, one must admit, special success with Iran has not and most likely is not expected. Great expectations management of the Islamic Republic lozhilo on S-300, an agreement for the supply of which was concluded in 2008. But in the summer of 2011 it became clear that due to the UN Security Council resolution deliveries canceled. Salting Iran R. Sajjad in January of this year said that the advance payment of 160 million dollars have already returned to the "wallet" of Tehran, and together with it the penalty, the amount of which was not called. Representatives of the "Rosoboronexport" immediately denied these words: they explained that sanctions are due to force majeure incidents, and therefore no penalty will not be paid.

Fortunately for Iran, he has his own creation of different types of guns. In appendage to that before the imposition of sanctions Our homeland has put about 3 x 10-s anti-aircraft missiles "Thor" and a certain amount of "armor." According to the initial plan must accompany a column of armored vehicles on the move and protect them from attacks from the air, but there are reports that Iran's air defense system because of these small numbers are used only to cover the extra principal objects. In addition, a number of Western sources claimed that Belarus was a couple of years back gave Iran a certain amount of the S-300. A clear and definite number of transmitted SAM modification is not specified. Just the usual confirmations or denials that there is no disk imaging and do not seem to be.

So Makarov, more or less modern air defense systems, Iran is not. But there are still two hundred square meters of Russian S-200. Iranians themselves often report back to modernize their forces because we talk about the current state of the existing air defense system similar hard enough. The second largest in the Iraqi air defense is complex MIM-23 Hawk South American production. "Hawk" is almost 10 years older than the Russian S-200, but it is engaged in the development of Iran's defense industry. So, in the last 10-15 years has been launched in the creation of two immediately refreshed version of the MIM-23. Launcher, assembly and the main part of the construction of the complex and anti-aircraft missiles remained without changes, but convincingly updated all the electronics — ground and placed on the rocket. First came the modernization of the "Hawk" entitled Shahin («Shaheen"), and in the past year in Iran began mass creation of rockets Shalamcheh («Shalamcha"). Tehran says that the latest upgrade MIM-23 is allowed to increment the range rocket launch up to 150-200 km, and flight speed now is 3500 km / h If on the basis of rocket fifty years ago really managed to make new ammo
with such features, it is, at least, surprisingly. South American designers of the office Raytheon, created at the time complex "Hawk" refer to the statements regarding the "Shalamchi" with great skepticism, and perhaps they are right. Yet, there is reason to believe that Iran's science and technology has progressed really well. Photos posted on the latest Iranian missile was true it is clear that it has a phased array antenna. Hardly grid is active, but the fact that Iran is quietly, quietly and without much publicity made fully modern system that can read a lot. Unless, of course, she was not phased mock-defunct system.

Also, not so long ago, it became clear to develop a set of "Bavaria-373." Iranians boldly claim that this SAM will, at least, no worse than Russian S-300 to the latest versions. What exactly is being done, how it will look when the new facility and will begin tests, not to mention the adoption of a — is unclear. Maybe the "Bavaria-373" did not even have time to finish before the expected war. So Makarov, it is clear that with the anti-aircraft missile complexes in Iran unenviable situation. Dramatic improvement in any case ask the time, and it may not be enough trivial.

In most similar criteria can be useful even from anti-aircraft guns, including those from mnogokalibernyh. From the last major countries have refused, but Iran apparently did not consider this step right. A couple of years back was held profound modernization of the Russian anti-aircraft gun KS-19-caliber 100 mm, made in the late 40's. Cannon received the latest equipment and guidance name Saeer («Sair"). There is reason to believe that the measures taken by Iranian designers have improved the properties of the gun. Recall unique KS-19 could make up to 15 shots per minute and work on targets flying at a speed of up to 1200 km / h at an altitude of 15 km. In some sources mention that specifically of the COP-19 during "Operation Desert Storm" was shot down by fighter-bomber "Tornado".

Recent years have been marked by a significant increase in applied latatelnyh types of unmanned vehicles. Among them, a lot of intelligence and drums. Accordingly, the modern air defense must be able to strike and UAV. Corresponding feature of modern drone is management by radio. In this case, the signal from the remote control can stifle or even a "substitute." But such action requires modern electronic warfare systems. There are reports that Iran has recently received a certain number of RF systems 1L222 "depot". This information came in very exciting circumstances: in the past year, the Iranian military presented the South American UAV RQ-170. According to them, the management unit was intercepted off the ground, then put him on the Iranian airfield. "Depot", first in the context of the announcements did not appear, but soon recollected about her. Of course, to intercept Iranian drone could be used not only 1L222, but is unlikely to have their Russian counterparts have their own systems, and hardly any third country with an appropriate level of technology and would like to sell Tehran complexes.

As you can see, the air defense of Iran can only be called modern at a stretch. In this case, the result of the war is understandable, in question will only end date. What's all the same in this case you should do the Iranian armed forces? It remains a matter of urgency and to increase the defensive power, or prepare for battle in a very languid criteria. Of course, the big open battles in the style of the second World will not. At least since tribute air support motorized infantry brigade of the United States without any special problems and losses break the Iranian division, not having a respective cover. In this case, topical becomes the strategy of "hit-and-run away." Under the cover of the existing air defense systems (in case of accidental detection of enemy aircraft) or MLRS tactical missiles are promoted to the position rapidly create and volley concealed. The purpose of similar attacks by Iranian forces could become NATO base at a suitable distance, and other objects of the military temper or even mining and processing of oil, located in the Persian Gulf. And in similar ways to the war outcome of the war is easy to foresee. As already mentioned, will be questioned only by its duration and the loss of the parties. After all, the forces are unequal and the advantage in quantity and quality in any way on the side of Iran.

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