In recent years, especially brightly proved the importance of air defense. Opponents of NATO troops entrenched in the "unreliable countries," could not give a significant rebuff U.S. Air Force and friendly countries it. As a result — both in Afghanistan and in Iraq, the terrorists were absolutely obliged to turn away from the rigors of battle and go to the guerrilla strategy.
Nedavneshnie in Libya also confirmed the need for harsh air defense system. Libyan army, not the poor man on the mainland, and has not been able to provide stern resistance and NATO aircraft, as a result, suffered a severe loss in ground equipment.
As you know, it is best to learn from others' mistakes: so real to avoid the nasty consequences and gain time. That's another country — Iran — has placed particular importance own defense. Condemnatory statements about Iran's nuclear programs from sound have long, they are all used. Well, the debate about the shortcomings of democracy in this country, as in any other though, were the basis for countless jokes. But one can not exclude the possibility of entering Iran on a par with Iraq or Afghanistan, which has already taken place, "the introduction of" democratic foundations of military means.
Back in 2007 Iran graduated from the negotiations with Russia and signed a contract for the supply of anti-aircraft missile systems S-300. Selection of the Islamic Republic is clear — With-300 has all the appropriate skills to meet the challenges of defense facilities from air attacks. But the Russian air defense missile systems to Iran and have not got. Our homeland has been obliged to abandon the supply because of UN Security Council resolutions. Iran did not accept such a turn, and he filed a lawsuit in the United Nations International Tribunal, but so far no proceedings are over.
Almost immediately after the Security Council resolution and the subsequent termination of the contract, Iran began developing its own anti-aircraft missile system. Understandably, the court case not fast, and the clouds thicken over the state can at any moment.
First, in 2010, Iran announced the start of work on his air defense system that would be able to make konkurentnst Russian S-300, and a number of characteristics and outshine him. In the autumn of the same year at the latest missile tests sent Shalamcheh («Shalamcha").
As the launcher has been selected machine made on the basis of the South American SAM MIM-23 Hawk. Iranian "Hawk" was named Mersad. First instances of the machines were made in the middle of last year and then also started commercial establishment.
Judgments of secrecy Iran did not disclose details of the latest missile. Global public only found out about its medium-range (possibly up to 150-250 km) and speed — up to 3500 km / h There were also a few photos, which showed that "Shalamcha" outside does not differ from the more of old times Iranian Shahin missiles and their layout from the compositions of South American Hawk.
When were the first information about the Shalamcheh and resounding declaration of the competition with the S-300 Russian experts at immediately christened their bluff. They have proven their expression in that South American-based set of 50s you can not do something modern, not to mention promising. Dramatic improvement traits asks tough configurations entire complex, including the exterior.
Constructors, the Iranians did not listen and continued Russian colleagues tests "Shalamchi."
First, in September 2011 at a military base Khatam al-Anbiya accomplished festive ceremony of transfer of troops to the first rockets Shalamcheh. Commenting Adopt the latest missiles, Iranian Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi has made a resounding statement: "Shalamcha" can not only detect and storm the many types of goals, and do all this in the criteria for electronic countermeasures the enemy. Also, eventually became known technical details rocket. With a mass of about 650 kg, it accelerates to a speed of 2.7 times greater than the speed of sound, and can hit targets at a distance of 40-50 km. The height at which rocket can storm the goal — from 60 meters to 18 km.
Not the best data, but the fact of the creation of the rocket goes about Iran's ability to produce weapons without the help of others. In addition, the photos posted on the missile shows that it is installed on the radar with a phased antenna array, which also states that the development of an Iranian instrument.
All the same, "Shalamcha" is a profound modernization of an old missile complex MIM-23 as well as it should, can not compete on equal terms with modern standards. With This task will be to cope SAM "Bavaria-373", which is still in the design stage. On this set of disk imaging is less than "Shalamche", but Tehran has declared that all the flaws and problems of S-300 will be considered and not fall into the "Bavaria-373." When the new complex at least come to the tests — is unclear.