July 23 Iraq drove through a wave of terrorist attacks. In the town of Mahmood, located 30 km from Baghdad, offenders have undermined the two cars that are stuffed with explosives. If you have any ambulances, another bomb blew up. Then he was attacked a police station. In addition, the explosion occurred in Maden, Najaf, Baghdad and Kirkuk. These attacks led to the deaths of more than 100 man and injuries to 275 Iraqis.
Terrorist acts are the result of a protracted political crisis, which lasts from March 2003, when he was forcibly ousted regime of Saddam Hussein. Initially, all the power was in full occupation administration under the control of L. Paul Bremer. In 2004, the occupiers appointed the first prime minister of the "new free Iraq" — Ayad Allyavi. Previously, he was appointed as the Americans control the State Security Committee of Iraq, a body which is engaged in the oppression of the state of resistance and "mop up" of the former Sunni elite, the military top. Allyavi worked only year, but his achievements were impressive: more than 140 were repressed thousand military forces, the Ba'ath Party, and the intelligentsia. 10's of thousands of people became refugees, fleeing from persecution. Great success headed for a new cabinet in another area: theft of U.S. funds have gained tremendous size. So, in 2005, declared immediately wanted 5 ministers were accused of stealing from the treasury of 1.3 billion dollars. bucks. (!) In 2005, the head of the Iraqi government began a Shiite Ibrahim al-Jaafari, and he failed to return to normal activities of the municipal unit.
In April 2006, Iraqi Prime Minister of Iraq has become Nouri al-Maliki. Evenly he concentrated in his own hands the control over all the major law enforcement agencies, including the armed forces and the Interior Ministry. In the 2010 elections, al-Maliki failed. But he retained his post with the support of the West. This situation has led to a crisis of the central government, strengthening the fight political forces. Withdrawal of the occupation forces in 2011 led to a further escalation of the situation. Al-Maliki, almost immediately gave the order for the arrest of the senior Sunni — Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi. Vice-President openly blamed premiere dictatorial. AlHashemi fled to Iraqi Kurdistan, and later moved to Turkey. In Baghdad issued an international warrant for his arrest and began correspondence tribunal.
At the end of April 2012 the opposition claimed by the head of the government comply with the constitution, appoint-independent control of power structures and to take other "real actions to achieve public consensus." But Al-Maliki has ignored the ultimatum. This caused a new round of opposition activity. The main weakness of countless enemies Nouri al-Maliki is the lack of a strong leader. In the East, the procedure usually lasts for a charismatic leader, and ill-willed. Such in modern-day Iraq yet. Because all samples of different parties, movements and organizations to come to a national consensus, to develop a common example program, find ways out of the crisis, completed in failure.
The situation in the country is critical. Iraq is mired in corruption full, living standards fell to less developed countries (this despite the presence of the tremendous supplies of hydrocarbons), there is lack of fuel, there are power outages, lasting price increase. Education and health ruined. Raises the question: where to go proceeds from oil sales? Part of it goes into the pocket bureaucrats, but get the lion's share of South American and British companies (West reimburse the costs of operation "Iraqi Freedom"). Become commonplace murder of police, military, civil servants, members of the clergy, and of ordinary people. Recent attacks show the weakness of state power and the inability of law enforcement agencies to ensure the safety of their own people. Country hit by religious conflict Shiites and Sunnis.
You can not ignore the problem of Iraqi Kurdistan, which is the de facto independent municipality. Turkey often violates the sovereignty of Iraq, targeting Kurdish rebel bases. In addition, since May 2012 Iraqi Kurdistan has begun shipping the "black gold" to Turkey directly, without the participation of Baghdad. The Turks were not only ignored the protests of the Iraqi government, and expressed their readiness to open a discussion with the prospects of economic cooperation Irbil. Over the last couple of years the government of Iraqi Kurdistan concluded around Baghdad more 40 large agreements with foreign firms, and this trend is only gaining momentum. Erbil partners have become giants such as "Exxon", "Chevron" and "Total". These companies do not take into account the warnings Iraqi government. Iraqi Kurdistan is not dangerous for a huge business.
For Kurdistan can fully follow Iraqi South. Authorities oil-rich Basra are already calling "unfair rassredotachivanii revenues from oil produced in the South" (the province give up to 75% of the revenue of the budget of the country). May 31 in Basra coordination meeting was held four provinces (Muthanna, Zi Qar, Maysan and Basra). These provinces can make the Confederacy of the South of Iraq.
At the moment, the Iraqi government is formidable discrepancy: either to try to crush pockets of resistance and separatism force (this is taking into account the helplessness of security agencies), or reach a compromise with the opposition. Iraq is in danger of collapse, and the latest civilian war. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the withdrawal of Nuri al-Maliki will not solve the problems of the ailing country. He is due to their own resourcefulness managed to immediately take advantage of the support of the United States and Iran, helping to restrain the destructive tendencies.