While leading tankostroitelnye powers reflect and wondering need or do not need them to tank the fourth generation, to move from a standstill this question can small and quite tankostroitelnaya country — Jordan. This country has been built and is tested with a tank uninhabited combat module instead of the tower. Specifically, these modules and are the main feature of the fourth generation of tanks.
As no surprise, not looking at the revolutionary spirit of this announcement, it discusses the fairly sluggish. This is due to the fact that this machine disk imaging in fact. Apparently, it is classified. Clearly this is just the joint development of Jordanians and South Africans.
This battle module so far developed under the framework of British Chieftain and Challenger tanks. In general, it is not surprisingly. Because both South Africa and Jordan in the past focused on the procurement of specific British tanks.
The concept of the tower with a small area of the front of the years lured the attention of developers tanks. It provides a significant reduction in the size target, which are tanks for guns of the enemy, and, as follows, the ability to hit, especially when they take up a defensive position — "the tank in the trenches" for ridges or mounds other subjects areas. Moreover, it forces the placement of all crew members in the body, where, being lower in the tank, they will be more secure.
Advantages of the towers with a small area of the frontal share the benefits of remote installation gun on a gun carriage. They should not be connected with the latter, they are superior in other ways, including a small silhouette, best ballistic shape and least reflective surface.
I find the title of the tank did not succeed. But the battle module it has a title — «Falcon» (Falcon). Maybe the same title and get yourself a tank. The development of this module was supported by the military in person — the lord of Jordan Abdullah II.
Major works were carried Jordanian design bureau King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau (KADDB) in collaboration with a number of South African and other companies. KADDB Bureau was created in August 1999 to provide the Jordanian armed forces of scientific and technical services, and a long period of R & D, which helps to organize the industry in Jordan. The main co-executor in the development of office towers Falcon was Mechanology Design Bureau (MDB), based in Pretoria, knowledge and experience which is obtained in the development of South African armored vehicles. Bureau MDB meet in the middle of the rest, with the structural and mechanical design of the tower. His role, along with that of other South African companies, is currently being part of programs from Project Merlin (the cooperation of the military industry in Jordan and South Africa). But the main role in the development of the tower Falcon played the Swiss and British kompanii.Odnoy of the principal goals of the tower Falcon was an increase firepower tank park land forces of Jordan, which has four main types of tanks. Most of them is an old tank Tariq, significantly modernized tank "Centurion" made in England, armed with 105-mm rifled gun L7. The second is the U.S. M60A3 tank, armed with a 105 mm gun M68 U.S., one British guns L7. The third type is tank Khalid, a modification of British tanks "Chieftain" with a stronger power plant, armed as tank "Chieftain", 120-mm rifled gun L11. The fourth and most modern type of tank is "Al-Hussein," the last tank "Challenger 1" of the English army, similar tank Khalid, besides additional special armor "chobhem" and hydropneumatic suspension.
In combat module Falcon 120mm smoothbore gun (CTG), capable of firing the same ammunition that shoots modern Western tanks, including M1 tanks in Egypt, Kuwait and Saudi troops and tanks, "Leclerc", used by the United Arab Emirates.
This tool was created in Switzerland by RUAG Land Systems.I on the views of many, particularly the gun, is the most promising in the middle of other guns of 120 mm. That is, in a gun CTG steel used significantly more highest strength than that of rivals.
This confirms the ultimate tensile stress of its steel is 1300 MPa and 1030 MPa comparing steel used for the production of broadly adopted by the 120-mm smoothbore gun company Rheinmetall and 850 MPa steel used in tank guns such as the previous generation of L7.
As a result, improving the design of the weight and dimensions 120mm gun CTG were not much more weight and dimensions of 105-mm guns, L7 and significantly less than the 120-mm gun of Rheinmetall. Through this gun of CTG absolutely meets all the requirements for the substitution of 105-mm guns on the old tanks. First lchered its going to apply when upgrading tanks Swiss Pz68, so it is planned to install it on the South American M68 and M60A3 tanks.
But back to the tank. The crew had 2 people. Judging from the triplex, targeting and monitoring devices, the commander of a gunner are right — the left of the gun in the case. That is, the crew is, in fact, under the tower. Loading mechanism located in the rear recess of the tower. In my opinion, it's not a very bad decision for the survival of the crew in case of detonation of ammunition. Ammunition must be detonated over the head of the crew, leaving them so Makar, unharmed (of course, how can it be so when a massive explosion).
In fact, that's all that clear on that machine. Because the machine is the most experienced, probably, it will be forthcoming revision. At least, for the emergence of anti-aircraft machine gun, or even what that anti-aircraft systems, I do not see any obstacles.
By the way, the last photo, in my opinion, the tank is shown in the South African camouflage? And yet this is the only photo combat module Falcon-based Chieftain. All other photos it is installed on Challenger.