It is time that people became interested in the Russian origins of our culture. Official historical sources has long assured us that before the Christianization of Rus our knowledge was primitive and poor.
But prochtitav Book of Veles, Slavic — Aryan Vedas, people began to wonder — "And, because each nation has its culture. And what is our culture? Jewish? "
We are beginning to learn their history from the 9th century, where the passing said about paganism and paganism where we pripodnositsya the primitive faith. Christianity went further with his Jewish dogmas and rites. From paganism were carnival, Christmas carols (by the way that the church forbids. Church has always been against science. Now it is adjusted to the science. Though the Bible does not say about our universe, there is no astronomical knowledge. Even people — for himself, must remain a "mystery" — the servants of God "… This is blind faith. A comparison with Slavic — Aryan Vedas, the basis of faith — Maintaining RA — fact-based, logical inferences, conclusions, where the man is the great evolutionary path — to become any more. nothing less than God, the Creator of new worlds — a comparison of work, to say the least, not in favor of the Bible …
Who we are and where from? Birth of a Russian Earth? How they lived and what they believed our ancestors? Usually recall in this connection the words of the first Russian chronicler Nestor Christian era, which began as the chronicle:
"Behold the hold Tale (past) years, from there went to the Russian land, who start the first Bb Kiev knyazhiti, and where Russian Land was there …"
Referring to such sources, we condemn ourselves to advance the study of Russian history at best — since the founding of Kiev. And thus we see that the pre-Christian history and faith monks chroniclers described briefly and very reluctantly.
Christianity in Russia before Patriarch Nikon (in Grozny) was called Faithful and existed in parallel with the Orthodox Church does not have any relation to Christianity, because the Orthodox Church existed before the Christianization of Rus (the first substitution of concepts). "Orthodox" church began as a Russian (ROC) only after the revolution of 1917 (second Pomena). Imagine how the substitution of concepts at various stages? Stole the word "Orthodox" and the word "Russian" from the name "ROC" should be understood as — for Russian, ie Jewish church to the Russian! Now think of the words of Jesus Christ in the New Testament: "I have come only for the lost sheep of the house of Israel"
But is there any other, actually "Vedic" sources? Do not die ancient Slavic pre-Christian (or rather Vedic) tradition?
No. Now we can say firmly, died. Tradition can only be killed together with the people. It is the basis of life itself, language, songs and legends, folk Orthodox feasts and ceremonies.
And indeed the ancient faith of the Slavs and the Rus from ancient times, long before the Baptism of Russia, was called Orthodoxy. Russian called themselves Orthodox, for the glory of rules to follow the Path of rules. She also was named Righteous faith, for the Slavs but know the truth, know the primordial Vedas, the ancient Vedas, the sacred legends about the origins of the Vedic faith, the former first faith almost all nations of the world.
The books from the collection of "Russian Veda" and, above all, in the "Book of Veles," says twenty thousand years, during which time was born, died and revived Russia. The books tells of ancient ancestral home, the land where generations born Russian, the progenitors of various kinds.
And now we must speak not of death, but a revival of the ancient traditions and beliefs, about the Russian Renaissance. Ancient faith never died, still hold many Slavic birth Vedic tradition.
Work to restore Russian Vedic culture began relatively recently, even in very recent past, in Soviet times, it was impossible to even write about it.
Today, public access to such vivid evidence of the existence of ancient Russian Vedic culture and faith as "Book of Veles", "The Tale of Igor's Campaign", "The Tale of Bygone Years" Nestor, "Boyan anthem", other primary sources, and all the folk epic: Legends, Myths , stories, tales, proverbs, etc … However, all this stuff is still not enough to fully restore Russian Vedic culture in full, and therefore it is possible and even necessary to study books other Vedic religions.
First and foremost — the Vedas of India as the best preserved and complete primary sources of ancient knowledge to date.
Today, one looks healthy forces of society uniting Russian idea of the experience of generations of Russian national tradition is thought to be the only possible way for his country. Mental health of a nation can find, just leaning against the net source of national spirit, a prisoner in the great Russian language, songs and epics, in the tradition of old, stored in. Is it possible to grow up to the sky, with no roots?
What exactly are the Slavic tradition now?
Vedism or pravedizm — is the oldest monotheistic faith, that is, the belief in the existence of God, spiritual knowledge, handed down to us in the sacred texts, in the form of folk Orthodox tradition in the form of oral tradition.
If we turn to the original meaning of the word FAITH, contained in the ancient runic texts, we get the following interpretation:
FAITH — modern sounding ancient image of a two runes:
1. Runa "Veda" — means the Veda of reference, ie the ability to come to know the Divine Wisdom of God, and having become slaves of the Most High, to tell it to others.
2. Fleece "RA" — means the Sun, Light or Light of Truth of God.
So then faith — is Shining the Light of Wisdom and Truth of God.
Today, on the revitalization of the old faith and the work of many, many of our fellow citizens.
Now the rules get in the path of many. In Russia today, there are already hundreds of Vedic communities, reviving the ancient faith, ancient knowledge, rituals and martial arts.
So who is now among those who direct their efforts to revive the ancient Vedic culture and Vedic Knowledge? Even today, these people, united in various community quite a lot. And every day in Russia, they are becoming more and more.
You can just give some notation these directions:
Orthodoxy — the glorification of "rules" — the spiritual world of God and His children Grandparent — light Slavic Gods and Goddesses.
Rodnoverie — belonging to the Faith and the genus in all its forms: from the Almighty, in the images of Rod-Grandparent and Virgin, to the earthly father and mother. This contains the notion that this belief — native, not foreign.
Vaishnava — Vaishnava worship, praise and spiritual flock to God in the image of Vishnu (elevated) and Krishna (Kryshen).
RUSVEDIZM — anastasiytsev movement, followers of Anastasia was, a book Megre ancient Vedic roots of Slavic civilization.
Agni Yoga — followers of Roerich, by following the Vedic knowledge disclosed Roerich in his writings.
Vedic culture — a phrase from the concepts of "Veda", "Cult", ie, worship, praise and "Ra". That is, it is worship, worship Shining Light of Wisdom and Truth of God.
Thus, the different communities call this faith in different ways, but all agree on common definitions — "Vedic culture" and "Veda", because they are found in all of these names.
So whether in the present circumstances and at this present time, the need to clarify the differences and disputes about who has more right to the truth and who is closer to God? And maybe still is the highest point in the cooperation and joint efforts to revive Vedic culture and Vedic Knowledge in Russia? Is not that what we all want from God? After all, even as many people are living in unbelief, ignorance and error. For even so much to be done. Vedic religion, in the form of various branches of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism, folk beliefs, now professes a quarter of humanity.
In India alone, home to more than 1 billion people, Hindu or Vedic religion that is based on the ancient Vedas, now professed by more than 80% of the population. In Nepal, as until very recently, the Vedic religion was the state. And it's not only about India and other Asian countries. In Europe, America, Australia, there are various Eastern religious societies, based on the Vedic worldview, and covering one-tenth of all believers. Hindus and Zoroastrians (Parsis and algebra) are represented in the parliaments of India and the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Developed forms of Vedic religion are the spiritual foundation of the Vedic Indian and Iranian Zoroastrian (Avestan) literature, with thousands and millions of volumes of ancient writings and contemporary interpretations.
The most famous books of Vedic religion of India — the Vedas. Four of them. Rig Veda — "Veda hymns," Sama-Veda — "Veda chants" Yajur Veda — "Veda of sacrificial formulas" and Atharva Veda — "Veda spells." Later, the Vedas were composed commentaries — hundreds of philosophical treatises: Brahmins Samhita, Upanishads and Aaranyaka.
Additional Vedic literature of India — is the Mahabharata, the Ramayana and the Puranas. Heroic poem Mahabharata Indians revered as the fifth Veda, it is the greatest poem in the world, including one hundred thousand quatrains. In fact, the Mahabharata is a separate literature (the famous Bhagavad-Gita — the culminating part of the Mahabharata).
Ramayana — is a poem about an ancient hero and king of India Rama, the incarnation of God. The Puranas are a collection of stories of the incarnations of God, the life of the demigods.
Zoroastrian literature of Ancient Iran represented primarily Avesta, which has four parts: Yasnu ("worship"), Vispered ("all of the major head"), Videvdat ("the law against the demons") and Yashty ("Hymn").
It was mentioned only sacred book of the contemporary denominations, not less extensive literature provide archaeological and ethnographic research in various countries of the East. Well as more recent works, based on the Unreached to us priestly books (eg, "Shah-Name" poet Ferdowsi).
And it would be wrong to assume that all of these texts are not related to the Russian Vedic tradition. On the contrary. Many of these texts tells of the lands lying to the north of India and Iran. This important and very ancient land description single Vedic civilization that existed in ancient times, and is revered and honored ancestral Aryans, the source of the Faith and Vedic Hindus and Zoroastrians.
Consideration should be given community of many texts, myths and stories of Russian and other Vedic traditions. Texts can be placed next Russian folk songs, spiritual poetry and similar texts of Indian and Iranian Vedic literature.
Compare these things will inevitably lead to the conclusion that the knowledge preserved in Russia and songs which have as their basis the same roots of Vedic culture.
The great spiritual heritage of Russia Vedic rightly be placed next to the living tradition of Vedic Eastern countries.
Ancient songs and tales in the oral tradition of Russia is well preserved. They are poetic, are available. Often Russian tradition sets forth the ancient song, very much loved by the people and not distorted by time. You can call the revered Old Believers "Book of Doves," "Book of Animals", "secret book", the "Golden Book" and many other popular books.
A complete set of Slavic folk songs, tales, fairy tales and legends, spiritual poems — thousands of volumes. They contain the same reflection original Vedas.
In addition to thousands of volumes of Slavic folklore Russian Vedic literature is also presented Ancient Texts. First of all — the "Book of Veles", then — "Boyan Anthem" and "The Tale of Igor's Campaign". Already now, monuments enough to talk about the great Russian Vedic literature and literary culture.
But how many more secrets of the ancient culture will be revealed over time? How many ancient books available to us now?
Some of them, apparently, is in the closed state depositories of Russia. Some are still in the early XIX century, was taken from the Russian Empire, mostly in Austria. Now these manuscripts scattered in private archives and libraries in Europe and America and honored cryptography.
So if not to restore the ancient Vedic Culture hidden key to the soul of the Russian people? And the way to a revival of Russia?
On the subject:
Russophobia (from Russian, etc., Greek.?? — Fear) — prejudice, suspicion, aversion to everything connected with Russia and / or Russian, a special case of xenophobia.
The term "Russophobia" was used Russian poet Fyodor Tyutchev the emergence of European hostility to Russia after the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution of the Russian troops in the 1848-1849 Austrian Empire, the Russian Empire and then became known as "the gendarme of Europe." Russophobia Tyutchev contrasted Panslavism.
Russophobia classified as follows:
- Russophobia on cultural and domestic violence that occurred in the West because of its understanding of cultural and economic superiority. Typically, such an attitude in Western countries (Germany, USA, UK) based on the idea of Russian as "barbarians" with poor material culture and a commitment to autocratic governance, versus democratic governance. With the fall of the "iron curtain" that view again actualized as a negative attitude to Russian and Russian-speaking immigrants (due to their involvement in specific areas of criminal activity — prostitution, Russian mafia).
- Russophobia on the liberal and national liberation soil. Proceeds from the Russia (first imperial, then Communist) as a force, overwhelming and depressing every manifestation of freedom, both inside and outside, and about Russian — as the agents of this force (which was expressed in the famous aphoristic definition of Russia as an "international policeman "). This attitude was born during the Holy Alliance, and stick with it much of the European public opinion, Custine from monarchists to socialists of Marx, Engels, etc. These provide updates with any act of suppression of Russia or the Soviet Union national liberation movement (Hungary, 1848 and 1956, Poland , 1831 and 1863, Czechoslovakia 1968, repression in the Soviet Union of any manifestations of nationalism of small nations, the conflict in Chechnya in the 1990s — 2000s.).
- Russophobia racially motivated. The idea of Russian — and Slavs in general — as "inferior race" actively used in Nazi propaganda.
- Russophobia immigrants — most evident on the Internet, in a free communication. Manifested in various political and other forums in the form of comments against all events in Russia.
AI Fursov historian believes it is necessary to distinguish between:
- Situational hostility to the Russian.
- Russophobia developed as an ideological system.
Selected papers examples Russophobia mentioned from the beginning of XVI century. At that time, Russia and the Russian hit, according to modern Danish Slavist PW Moeller, one of the "open" Western European countries and peoples. Their manners and customs of Western Europe learned with interest, and often with horror. The notes of the foreigners visiting Russia often seen negative comments about the Russian and Russia. However, these negative characteristics to the end of XVIII — early XIX century were not carrying signs system. Also, there is a view that Russophobia as a single belief system began to form much earlier, by the XVI-XVII centuries, but does not manifest itself clearly due to the fact that Western European states, to enter into the most extensive contacts with Russia (naprimerAvstriya Habsburg), seen in her ally to contain Ottoman expansion in central Europe.
At the end of XVIII — first half of the XIX century, there is a formation of Russophobia as a system serving a hostile policy of any of the powers in relation to Russia. Having originated in France after the fall of Napoleon in 1815, the empire Russophobia migrated to England in the 1820s and 1840s, was formed by the most complete. Between the Hungarian Revolution of 1848-1849 and the Crimean War. Russophobia of 1853-1856 in England at its peak and to some extent spread to many other European countries. Fursov describes a system Russophobia as "psihoistoricheskoe weapons", which aims to prove, including by Russian, that their development does not fully comply with the Western type, interpreted as "normal" and therefore subject to the Russian-win state of psychological protection.
According to the expert of the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights (MBPR) S. Charney, there are so-called "low" and "elite" Russophobia.
- Blowing (mass) Russophobia — negative attitude to the Russian, exists in the general population.
- Elite (political) Russophobia — anti-Russian actions by the authorities of a state or region.
Russophobia elite is not always mates with Russophobia grass roots. Negative attitudes to the Russian in the population can be tolerated by the authorities, not prone to Russophobia. In other cases, on the contrary, anti-Russian rhetoric and actions of the ruling elite can coexist with a predominantly positive attitude towards the Russian in the national environment. The most dangerous is the simultaneous display of mass and elite Russophobia. One of the hazard criteria of ethnic phobias — the presence of influential political and social movements, which find wide support among the population, and aiming at the destruction or expulsion of a people. In relation to Russian such appeals were heard in Nazi Germany ("The Russian must die so that we lived").
In the 1990's. similar Nazi slogans appeared in the separatist Ichkeria ("Russian, do not leave, we need slaves and prostitutes" — the inscription, lined with white stone, with Dudayev was at the entrance to the Terrible) and were accompanied by massive violence "squeezing" Russian-speaking population from Chechnya. In the 2000s, the Samara Regional Duma deputy Svetlana Kuzmina celebrated Russophobia Chechens members of illegal armed groups:
Militants said to her personally do not have any complaints. "You blame only that the Russian" — the refrain.
History Russophobia national policy makers and widespread public sentiment can be traced quite clearly from the 1840s, when the anti-liberal and imperial militarist policy of Nicholas I, after some military successes was to raise concerns and perceived by some European powers as a threat to their interests.
I still see articles alleging that the streets of Russian cities, wandering polar bears, and farmers from radiation "poorly lit at night."
In 2004, an international organization Gallup International (USA) conducted a worldwide survey, "The voice of the people" against the people of the various countries of the leading nations of the world ("Group of Eight"). Compared to other members of the "Group of Eight" is the most critical attitude of the inhabitants of the Earth looks to Russia and the United States.
The lowest approval rating was in the U.S. (34% of respondents regard it negatively). It is followed by Russia (25%) and the UK (18%). The least negative attitudes cause Canada (8%) and Italy (11%).
Leader in the positive attitudes of the public — Canada (49%). U.S. received 40% positive responses, and the lowest rate in Russia — 31%.
The first active promoter of anti-Russian views (as to how government policies themselves Russian) in England was General Sir Robert Wilson, who during the war in 1812 as an official observer for the Russian army from England. Although Wilson had the status of non-combatants, he has participated in many battles and won the Russian nobility of Alexander I. Returning to England, he began to actively debunk romantic SUBMITTED on Russian, which then prevailed among the British public, who saw in Russia, an ally in the struggle against Napoleon I: he accused the Russian command to complete incompetence that allowed Napoleon with a significant part of his army to withdraw from Russia and again sit on the throne of France, the soldiers and the people (especially women) — in extreme cruelty to prisoners, tsarism — harboring plans to capture Constantinople and India and world domination. All these ideas, some dating back to the "will of Peter the Great", he stated in anonymously published book, A sketch of the military and political power of Russia, in the year 1817. The ideas presented in the book, which was a success (it was reprinted five times), is not met then the wide sympathy and support.
Autumn of 1829 saw the publication of On The Practicability Of An Invasion Of British India: And On The Commercial And Financial Prospects And Resources Of The Empire, written by Colonel George Lacy Evans, who developed the hypothesis that the feasibility of capturing (or destabilization) Russian British India . The book has been favorably accepted in society and especially in government circles — after the success of the Russian army against the Turks in the summer of 1829 (taking Erzurum iAdrianopolya) frightened the government of the Duke of Wellington. Since that time, concern in the ruling circles of Britain began to cause expansion of Russia in Central Asia, which is also seen as a potential threat to the trade monopoly of the British in India. In addition, the persistent hostility to modern Russian monarchy fed her by Queen Victoria, which, coupled with the continued successful operation of the Russian army against the Ottoman Empire (see the Russian-Turkish war) have led to the fact that England has acted directly on the side of Turkey against Russia in the Crimean War (1853-1856), and in 1878 filed a Russian ultimatum.
However, in England, appeared occasionally book (research) of Russia, it is benevolent in tone and meaning to draw conclusions. Thus, in 1877, in preddveriiRussko-Turkish War of 1877-1878 (Britain remained neutral, which was crucial for the political leadership of Russia), published the book Mackenzie Wallace, a semi-official "Moskovskіya Vіdomosti" devoted a lengthy review, recommending the book as well impartial study of modern Russia, designed to "eliminate prejudices." The book was translated and published in Russia soon.
Political analysts Nikolai Leonov and Natalia Narochnitskaya, the historical roots of contemporary attitudes to Russia to the United States to be found in the Cold War, when Americans feared the expansion of communism. They believe that because of the prevalence in American society and political circles propaganda clichés cold war attitude to the Russian, and especially in Russia as a state, can be openly hostile.
One of these stamps of the Cold War — the content of which was released in 1959, the law 86-90 "On the Captive Nations" (main article: Captive Nations Week), which was attended by such racist and untrue statements in historical terms, as "Russian communism" and " Communist Russia ", which resulted in the Russian people, he dropped out of the list of victims of the communist regime. For many years, the Congress of Russian Americans (CRA) has been fighting for the abolition or at least change the text of the law.
Also, since the Soviet era in the United States there is a misuse of a commonplace term "Russian mafia." According to the CRA "is not among the ethnic Russian criminals that make up this mysterious" Russian mafia "" and similar term offends millions of ethnic Russian who made a major contribution to the scientific and technical, and social areas of American culture.
According to political scientist Andrei Tsygankov, the vast majority of the U.S. media and the political class demonstrate basic misunderstanding and unwillingness to understand Russian realities. "Constantly discussed topic supposedly growing trend toward authoritarian rule and imperialism against neighbors such as Georgia and Ukraine, corruption, continued instability in Chechnya and the North Caucasus, Russia's cooperation with anti-Western regimes". All this contributes to the image of Russia as at least hostile to America. Against this background, the facts are hardly noticeable improvement in the lives of Russians, and most importantly, says Tsygankov — "distorts the very trajectory of Russia's development." Instead of understanding that "Russia is somehow selected from a situation of poverty and life," society "is inspired idea that the country is moving in the wrong direction and that this is due to the reluctance to follow the example of the West."
Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on International Affairs Vasily Likhachev believes that a number of American ideologues Russophobia was always characterized by:
Confronting the Germans and Slavs is rooted in the deep Middle Ages. French historians of the XIX century Lavisse E. and A. Rambaud called him "the eternal struggle." Resettlement of Germans from central Germany to Eastern Europe began to XII century and continued in one form or another to the XX century. In journalism and scientific papers, this expansion was named the "onslaught of the East." In Nazi Germany, this phenomenon has a particular form. In accordance with the ideas of the Nazis to acquire living space for the German race was supposed political and military annexation to the Reich territories of Eastern Europe, followed by assimilation, deportation or destruction of the local population. Such intentions are reflected in the German documents, organized under the title "General Plan East". Russian racial terms were considered by the Nazis least germaniziruemym people, and by 1942 the German anthropologist Wolfgang Abel program was developed "progressive destruction of Russian race", according to which part of the occupied territories of the Russian (in the north) is still subject to Germanization, and the rest were be deported to West Siberia. The term "relocation" is frequently found in German documents, and, according to some researchers, refers to the long-term migration projects (20-25 years after the supposed victory in the war), although it does not specify how they intend to implement. However, other sources note characteristic of the Nazi substitute the word "resettlement" concepts of destruction and genocide, that is perhaps not just a cynical euphemism, but a way of thinking. In any case, the call "Russian must die" was heard in the widest circles of Nazi Germany.
Encountered in contemporary radical currents (as nationalist and liberal) opinion that the Nazis to the population of the USSR was not determined by racial criteria, but only the nationality of the communist state does not hold water, because of Soviet citizens of German descent attitude was fundamentally different, though noted their non notions of "nation of winners."
In 2000, President Vladimir Putin suggested that Russophobia in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union is the result of errors in the relations with the socialist countries, in particular the security solutions to political crises in the GDR (Events June 17, 1953 in East Germany), Hungary (Hungarian uprising of 1956 years) and Czechoslovakia (Prague Spring 1968).
According to Oskar Krejci, Czech political scientist, Professor Matej Bel University in Banska Bystrica (Slovakia), the main reason for the negative attitude towards Russia in the Czech Republic is the fact that the current political and cultural elite of the country belongs to a generation whose political views were formed under the influence of suppression "Prague Spring" of 1968. The deployment of troops of the USSR and other countries of the Warsaw Pact in Czechoslovakia in 1968 ("Operation Danube") caused a significant reduction in the number of supporters of leftist and a sharp drop in sympathy for the Soviet Union among the Czechs and Slovaks. For most people, this generation of present-day Russia, despite the changes that have taken place since the collapse of the Soviet Union, is still regarded with fear and suspicion.
According to Jiri Mashtalka, MEP (Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, the leader of the group "Friends of Russia" in the Parliament of the Czech Republic), after the "Velvet Revolution" in 1989 Czech policy was characterized by stereotyped and artificially induced fears about Russia. In particular, most of the ruling elite and the most influential media are averse to all that is connected with the former Soviet Union, including the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany — liberating mission of the Soviet Army is only as a way to "socialist slavery." In the social sciences strengthened geopolitical approach, according to which a decisive contribution to the victory of the Soviet Union was intended solely to promote the imperial ambitions of Moscow.
At the same time there is a deep disappointment leftist Czech Republic caused by the fact that Russia actually threw his former allies in the lurch by making them subject to prosecution by the new political elite. Mistrust also left due to the presence in modern Russia the huge gap between rich and poor people and serious domestic problems.
According to Jiri Mashtalka, Czech society is actually deprived of contact with the modern Russian culture in the Czech Republic for the most Russian films are shown the first half of the 1990s. Deliberately cultivated a negative attitude to Orthodoxy, which is given for "Byzantine backward that is in direct conflict with an enlightened Catholicism and Protestantism."
On the economic cooperation with Russia is "the road to the socio-economic backwardness, the orientation of the low quality and standard of living."
While Jiri Mashtalka notes that, as the results of public opinion research in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, despite attempts by politicians and the media to promote Russophobic sentiment, only a small portion of the population in these countries feel that Russia is a threat to peace.
However, according to surveys conducted in August 2008, more than two-thirds of Czechs consider Russia an undemocratic state, and 41% feel the threat posed by Russia. To date, about 64% of Czechs can not forgive Russia for invading Soviet army, and the occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1968 Although for the last time, the ratio of the Czechs to Russia gradually improved, the war in South Ossetia has changed this trend.
Speaking of Russophobia in Poland, to appear, to make the distinction between the Russo-phobia as a manifestation of the centuries-old rivalry between Russia (Grand Duchy of Moscow, Russian kingdom) and Poland (Rzeczpospolita), on the one hand, and household Russophobia — on the other.
Back in 1974, a Polish immigrant politician Juliusz Meroshevsky wrote in his article, "'The Polish Complex" and the territory of Russia, OLS, "published in the published in the French magazine" Culture "of the collision," the Polish and Russian imperialism ":
Russia — an imperialist power, because I always had such … None of us knows what at heart and thinks that it plans to Brezhnev. However, we know from history that think and plan his predecessors over the past two hundred years. Therefore, we conclude that the Brezhnev feels the same way as its predecessors, because "in fact nothing has changed …"
On the other hand, he said, and "for Russian Polish imperialism — forever live historical trend" — "a desire to restore the Polish empire XVI and XVII century."
Arena clash of interests between Moscow and Warsaw — now independent, and the time of writing were part of the Soviet Union, Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus. Juliusz Meroshevsky Noting the continuing part of the Polish emigration claims to "Lvov and Vilna" as integral to the second part of the Commonwealth, has pointed out that "the Poles — assimilators more dangerous than Russian. To Poles can fully deploy their assimilation wings only need the appropriate environment, "and therefore" Jagiellonian idea "- the concept of Poland's eastern policy, based on the idea of federation of Poland and the regions that are in the area of" Polish cultural influence, "-" for Lithuanians, Ukrainians and Belarusians is a pure form of traditional Polish imperialism. "
It is the territory of Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus over the ages determined by the shape of the Polish-Russian relations. The rivalry between Poland and Russia in these areas has always pursued the goal of establishing the rule of one party or another, and not of good neighborly relations. According to Meroshevskogo, "it is impossible to discuss the Polish-Russian relations in the area apart from OLS (Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus), since the Polish-Russian relations have always been a feature of the situation that prevailed in these areas in a given historical period."
This approach remains to this day, having appeared particularly acute in 2004-2005 due to the activation of the opposition in the Ukraine and Belarus.
According to the long-term case studies carried out by the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine national index distancing in relation to Russian has the lowest rate among all non-titular nationalities, reflecting the fact that Ukraine's population belongs to the Russian almost as positively as the Ukrainians. According to surveys, 87% of Ukrainians are ready to accept Russian as residents, 8% — just as tourists, 5% do not let them be in the Ukraine. At the same time, a case study in 2000 showed that the population of Lviv region from all foreign countries most negative attitude towards Russia (20%). A 2005 survey found that the least positive about Russia are vzapadnoukrainskih areas and in Kiev and Kiev region.
Russophobia expression at various levels:
- During the presidential elections in 2004, published an open letter to Ukrainian writers to vote for Viktor Yushchenko. Letter Motley Russophobe statements — so, predicted that if the victory of Viktor Yanukovych fulfill his election program in Ukraine will be placed Russian military bases (due to failure of Yanukovych course on European integration in favor of rapprochement with Russia), Ukraine will be involved in the Chechen conflict, which lead to "capture militants schools and hospitals."
- According to the Foreign Ministry on June 16, 2008, the Russian language in Ukraine is subjected to all kinds of persecution. So, for the past 16 years, the country issued more than 70 laws and regulations designed to limit his public life. In particular, it pointed to the forcible transfer of Russian-language education in Ukrainian, which is confirmed by official data: 20.6 thousand of pre-existing secondary schools in Ukraine teaching in Russian is only 1345.Vysheperechislennye facts — only a small part of what actually happens to the "erosion" of the Russian language in Ukraine, which is the subject of hard and massive pressure on the administrative line. These include measures to oust the Russian language from the TV and radio, Ukrainization film distribution, translation of higher education in the Ukrainian language, the reduction of import Russian knig.V his reply comments the Ministry of Foreign Affairs pointed to the insufficient number of Ukrainian schools in Moscow and recommended that the Russian side concerned about the conditions of functioning of the Ukrainian language in Russia and providing cultural and educational needs of Ukrainians living there. It was noted that the Russian side, in his statement did not give any evidence to support the oppression of the Russian language in Ukraine. According to these data of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, in Ukraine in 2007/2008 academic year teaching in Russian was carried almost 1.5 thousand secondary schools with an enrollment of 442 thousand students. In addition, training in the Russian language was carried out in 31 universities of the country. Registered in Ukraine in 2343 Russian-language printed editions, and in the collections of Ukrainian libraries have more than 59 million copies of books in Russian. Russian language can be heard everywhere on the streets of Ukrainian cities. Statements about the infringement of interests of Russian citizens, ubezhedeniyu Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, are nothing but a far-fetched formulations, does not reflect the real situation with the Russian language in Ukraine.
- According to the decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, in February 2008, all films exhibited in theaters, should be dubbed in Ukrainian. However, released in May 2008. in Ukrainian rent a movie "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" was not completely duplicated. The film is set in 1957, the Soviet military and the KGB (played Russian actors) are called in Ukrainian dubbing Russian (Ukrainian rosіyanami), and their remarks by laminated — they say, as in the original English language version of the film, in Russian . A replica of all the others (in English) characters dubbed in Ukrainian. Said in Russian as the main "villain", the KGB employee, three times awarded the Order of Lenin, the Ukrainian Irina Spalko.
- October 26, 2005 in Lviv at the football match of the Cup of Ukraine, which met local "Carpathians" and Donetsk "Shakhtar" spectators were handing out leaflets, which on the one hand was the emblem of FC "Karpaty", and the other — for printed lyrics fans with fragments: Batko Bandera slit Come to us, hey! Vіn for us Ukraїnu behavior, gay! Vilna Ukraina Buda, Buda Nenko samostіyna! Gay, moskalіv on nozhі on nozhі Do not cry, old mother, the blues became geroєm! Vіn for Ukraїnu head poklav.
Techa rіchka Tisza in nіy moskalska shelter.
Moskalіv E beat, we Biti znov!.
According to online newspaper "Ukrainian Truth", to distributors to provoke ethnic conflict. The incident was investigated by the local police and the Security Service. Results are unknown.
A distinctive feature of modern historical knowledge in Armenia is the almost complete absence of Russophobia and rossiefobii.
Dedicated to Russophobia seminar in Joensuu researcher Pentti Stranius said Russophobia in the Finnish media brims over. In practice, this is manifested in the fact that almost everyone who lives in Finland Russian may experience Russophobia on himself — says researcher Olga Davydova from Petrozavodsk, working at the University of Joensuu.
To the Editor «Focus Magazine», the first time the issue has affected Russophobia in this country, a barrage of criticism and accusations of pro-Kremlin orientation. Tourism Development Centre and the Finnish Embassy announced the refusal to cooperate with the magazine.
Fyodor Tyutchev after the abolition of serfdom discovered among the Russian intelligentsia in the same "double standards" in relation to the country and Europe:
This Russophobia some Russian people — by the way, very honored. They used to tell us, and they really do believe that in Russia, they hate injustice, lack of freedom of the press, etc., etc., which is why they so dearly love Europe, it undoubtedly has all that which is not in Russia. What do we see now? As soon as Russia, seeking greater freedom, asserting itself more and more, a dislike to it these gentlemen only grew. On the contrary, we see that no violation of justice, morality, and even civilization, are allowed in Europe, not in the least diminished attachment to her. In short, a phenomenon which I mean, of the principles as such can not be out of the question, there are only instincts, and it is in the nature of these instincts and should be sorted out.
On the manifestations of hatred towards Russia as Fyodor Dostoevsky wrote in his "Diary of a Writer":
Is it possible that there is not and will not allow the body to develop a Russian national, its organic force, and certainly impersonal, servile imitation of Europe? So where does that then the Russian-body? Do these gentlemen, what is the body? White Castle, "apostasy" of their country leads to hate, these people hate Russia, so to speak, naturally, physically: the climate, for the field of forest, for order, for the liberation of man, with the Russian history, in short, for all for all the hate.
In modern Russia Russophobia can manifest itself in the most unexpected places and have different forms of expression, since the terrorist attacks in the Moscow metro in 2010 in Moscow appeared the inscription "Death to Russian."
Those who call themselves Russian and advocates for the revival of the Russian culture and faith — called nationalists!
Conclusion — the society is sick — sick Russophobe.
But recovery will come soon! Be sure to come!
This time is coming and you will soon see for yourself!