Lenins mother-in-law

About teschah often written in satirical terms, emphasizing their stupidity, wickedness and quarrelsomeness. But there are other mothers-in which sometimes keep the family and all their belongings. Such was the mother Krupskaya. Hope — in the home "complete sad sack" — kitchen work openly called "Mura". Place hostess in a small family leader took Elizabeth V., her mother (1843-1915 years). So far, this worthy woman remains in the shadows, if about Lenin and his wife, written thousands of books, of Elizabeth V. nobody even wrote a little essay.


Tistrovy

Elizabeth was born in the family of the Altai mining engineer Vasily Tistrova, ancestral roots hiding in northern Germany and Denmark.
After graduating in 1822, Mountain Corps, he was sent to the Altai state factories, which successfully married Alexandra Gavrilovna, the granddaughter of the famous inventor in hydrotechnical Kozma Dmitrievich Frolov (1726-1800), Managing Zmeegorskimi mines. Few people know that under his mechanic worked II Crawlers, creator of the first steam engine.

It is known that the inventor is dead, without waiting for the test machine, so Kozma Dmitrievich brought his case to the end. One of his sons, Peter Kozmich Frolov led Altay factories, was even Tomsk governor, has done much for the development of culture in the Altai. He died in St. Petersburg in 1839, as a senator, and a secret adviser.

Elizabeth V. Tistrova (left) with his daughter Nadia
Elizabeth V. Tistrova (left) with his daughter Nadia

In the Altai Tistrovyh born nine children, Elizabeth — one of the youngest. All in the family evolved well, while in 1844 Gavrilovna Alexander died and her husband was seriously ill. Soviet historians believed that if he died, but it is not. Tistrov died in 1870 in St. Petersburg, being retired. However, by the time the family connection is broken, and Elizabeth was not even at the funeral of his father. Took care of the children's relatives, who then arranged them into state schools. So Elizabeth with her sister Olga were in Pavlovsk Institute for Noble Maidens in St. Petersburg.

In Pavlovsk Institute

About the study, which lasted eight years, Elizabeth V. told his daughter Nadia, which is reflected in his memoirs. They show that the sisters Tistrovy study well, but Elizabeth did not differ exemplary behavior.

In an effort to show the "early revolutionary" mother, Nadezhda reports that Elizabeth could "pull off a classy lady sandwich and feed their hungry girlfriends", "make a bomb boss room door" with a straight face, to withstand the cries and reprimands classy ladies, do not recite because the other student did not learn … Nadezhda in the memories of her mother clearly admired rebellious character, forgetting about the pedagogical aspects of the problem.

Marriage

After graduation, Elizabeth got a place home mentor children in the family of the landowner in the Kielce province (now Poland).

Cute educated girl enjoyed success with local officers, but was in no hurry to get married, garrison life in some remote place it does not appeal to me.

But when one of her fans, Constantine Krupski, went to the newly opened Military Law Academy in St. Petersburg, she accepted his offer. It was thought that the differences in the suppression of the Polish uprising of the brave officer KI Krupski — a good party. By the way, no revolutionary, he never was. This myth is the conscience of Nadezhda and party historians.

Constantine Ignatievich Krupski - father of Nadezhda
Elizabeth V. Tistrova (left) with his daughter Nadia

In the Altai Tistrovyh born nine children, Elizabeth — one of the youngest. All in the family evolved well, while in 1844 Gavrilovna Alexander died and her husband was seriously ill. Soviet historians believed that if he died, but it is not. Tistrov died in 1870 in St. Petersburg, being retired. However, by the time the family connection is broken, and Elizabeth was not even at the funeral of his father. Took care of the children's relatives, who then arranged them into state schools. So Elizabeth with her sister Olga were in Pavlovsk Institute for Noble Maidens in St. Petersburg.

In Pavlovsk Institute

About the study, which lasted eight years, Elizabeth V. told his daughter Nadia, which is reflected in his memoirs. They show that the sisters Tistrovy study well, but Elizabeth did not differ exemplary behavior.

In an effort to show the "early revolutionary" mother, Nadezhda reports that Elizabeth could "pull off a classy lady sandwich and feed their hungry girlfriends", "make a bomb boss room door" with a straight face, to withstand the cries and reprimands classy ladies, do not recite because the other student did not learn … Nadezhda in the memories of her mother clearly admired rebellious character, forgetting about the pedagogical aspects of the problem.

Marriage

After graduation, Elizabeth got a place home mentor children in the family of the landowner in the Kielce province (now Poland).

Cute educated girl enjoyed success with local officers, but was in no hurry to get married, garrison life in some remote place it does not appeal to me.

But when one of her fans, Constantine Krupski, went to the newly opened Military Law Academy in St. Petersburg, she accepted his offer. It was thought that the differences in the suppression of the Polish uprising of the brave officer KI Krupski — a good party. By the way, no revolutionary, he never was. This myth is the conscience of Nadezhda and party historians.

Constantine Ignatievich Krupski - father of Nadezhda
Constantine Ignatievich Krupski — father of Nadezhda

However, the groom Elizabeth liked. As can be seen from the photos of those years, he was a dark, handsome face framed by black hair, mustache and sideburns — southern traits he inherited from grandmother, beautiful Turkish woman, who knew the legend of all Krupskaya. In addition, Constantine was well versed in literature, well-written, but not published.
The couple settled in St. Petersburg, in 1869, had a daughter, Hope. And still, she and her husband had no luck.
In life, he was an ordinary loser. Despite the protection of his older brother, a lawyer, Alexander Krupsky, Constantine graduated from the academy among the last in their performance.

Get a decent place in the military justice system was not possible. With great difficulty, again with the help of his brother, he had received a military commander Groetskogo district of Warsaw, but here the service had ended in failure. For omissions (mostly imaginary detractors), he was put on trial and denied the post with the stigma of "banned from holding public office in the future." Began wandering through Poland, Ukraine and elsewhere Constantine did not stay long, the money in the family was never enough. It lasted seven years. Finally, in 1879, Elizabeth Nadya came to St. Petersburg, the relationship with Alexander Krupsky been restored, come here and Constantine. AI Krupski by then resigned and served a lawyer, and before that he served as a prosecutor Volyn province. Brother intervened
case of Constantine, and the Senate, not only acquitted him of a criminal record, and even allocated about 11 thousand rubles in damages to the victim.

Put money in the bank, so that Elizabeth with Nadia were not that poor, seems to many. In 1883, Konstantin Ignatievich died, and the future chief's wife and mother were alone.

"My mother took care of him"

Elizabeth V. thankful when her Nadia, apparently "sat up on the shelf", became the bride of such an intelligent and educated man like Vladimir Ulyanov. The latter liked it too, because constantly regaled with fresh pies and other culinary delights. When Lenin was exiled to Shushenskoye, she happily went there with her daughter.

In his notes, NK  Krupskaya sought to show "early revolutionary" mother
In his notes, NK Krupskaya sought to show "early revolutionary" mother

How their relationship in the future? Apparently, not easy. Elizabeth V., understanding their role in the family, though the end of life was acting independently. She could not criticize people who "do not do this thing." This tells in his memoirs Menshevik Potresov Alexander, who knew the family of Lenin. He writes of the "daily struggle" of Vladimir with Elizabeth V. and said that she was the only person in their environment, which gave the chief resistance.

NK Krupskaya wrote in his memoirs: "They are often at odds with Vladimir Ilyich, but my mother always took care of him. Vladimir was also attentive to her. " In the matter could equal partners, comrades politics, revolution, and mother-in-law Lenin was far from these problems, its more concerned domestic issues. Lenin saw it all "nonsense." It was pretty flexible person, knowing that a serious quarrel with her mother, he can not cook, and put up with its claims and demands.

When fate brought Ulyanov abroad (first in the years 1901-1905, then from 1907 to 1917-D), Elizabeth V. scary not like to live there. She kept trying to go back to Russia, he wrote letters to numerous relatives, but did not receive an invitation — no one needed was an elderly woman. So Elizabeth V., with the accompanying spouses Ulyanov links everywhere, wherever they threw fate, and died in exile.

Vsevolod Abramov

Category: Mystery stories

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